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Proceedings, Volume 12, IQIS 2018

11th Italian Quantum Information Science Conference

Catania, Italy | 17–20 September 2018

Volume Editors: G. Falci, E. Paladino, M. Palma, G. G. N. Angilella, A. La Magna and F. M. D. Pellegrino


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Cover Story (view full-size image) Since 2008, Italian Quantum Information Science (IQIS) conferences have aimed to bring together [...] Read more.
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Editorial

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Open AccessEditorial
Quantum Information Science in Italy (IQIS 2018 Editorial)
Published: 21 June 2019
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Abstract
The 11th Italian Quantum Information Science conference (IQIS 2018) took place in Catania, Italy, at the Monastero dei Benedettini, from September 17 to 20, 2018. IQIS 2018 was organized by the Department of Physics and Astronomy “E. Majorana” of the University of Catania, [...] Read more.
The 11th Italian Quantum Information Science conference (IQIS 2018) took place in Catania, Italy, at the Monastero dei Benedettini, from September 17 to 20, 2018. IQIS 2018 was organized by the Department of Physics and Astronomy “E. Majorana” of the University of Catania, and by IMM-CNR, Catania. The conference also hosted an event dedicated to the FET-Flagship 2018/28 on Quantum Technologies. These proceedings collect papers contributed by the participants, which extend presentations delivered at the conference, and were subjected to peer-reviewing. They provide a snapshot of the contributions (mainly, but only) by the Italian scientific community to the developing field of quantum information and related subjects. Full article

Research

Jump to: Editorial

Open AccessProceedings
Preserving Nonclassicality in Noisy Communication Channels
Published: 25 June 2019
Viewed by 132 | PDF Full-text (270 KB)
Abstract
Nowadays, the transmission of quantum information, especially for the distribution of cryptographic keys, is required on a global scale. The main obstacle to overcome in free-space communication is the presence of turbulence, which causes both spatial and temporal deformations of the light signals [...] Read more.
Nowadays, the transmission of quantum information, especially for the distribution of cryptographic keys, is required on a global scale. The main obstacle to overcome in free-space communication is the presence of turbulence, which causes both spatial and temporal deformations of the light signals that code information. Here we investigate the extent at which the transmission of mesoscopic twin-beam states through asymmetric noisy channels degrades the nonclassical nature of the photon-number correlations between signal and idler. We consider three nonclassicality criteria, all written in terms of measurable quantities, and demonstrate, both theoretically and experimentally, that the asymmetry introduced by losses affects the three criteria in different ways. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Hilbert Space Structure Induced by Quantum Probes
Published: 25 June 2019
Viewed by 135 | PDF Full-text (403 KB)
Abstract
It is unrealistic to control all of the degrees of freedom of a high-dimensional quantum system. Here, we consider a scenario where our direct access is restricted to a small subsystem S that is constantly interacting with the rest of the system E [...] Read more.
It is unrealistic to control all of the degrees of freedom of a high-dimensional quantum system. Here, we consider a scenario where our direct access is restricted to a small subsystem S that is constantly interacting with the rest of the system E. What we investigate is the fundamental structures of the Hilbert space and the algebra of hamiltonians that are caused solely by the restrictedness of the direct control. One key finding is that hamiltonians form a Jordan algebra, and this leads to a significant observation that there is a sharp distinction between the cases of dimHS3 and dimHS = 2 in terms of the nature of possible operations in E. Since our analysis is totally free from specific properties of any physical systems, it would form a solid basis for obtaining deeper insights into quantum control related issues, such as controllability and observability. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Entropy Area Law in Quantum Field Theories and Spin Systems
Published: 3 June 2019
Viewed by 208 | PDF Full-text (216 KB)
Abstract
The entanglement entropy measures quantum correlations and it can be seen as the uncertainty on a quantum state. In one spatial dimension, the entanglement entropy scales as the boundary that divides two subsystems, so an area law has been proposed. However, the entanglement [...] Read more.
The entanglement entropy measures quantum correlations and it can be seen as the uncertainty on a quantum state. In one spatial dimension, the entanglement entropy scales as the boundary that divides two subsystems, so an area law has been proposed. However, the entanglement entropy diverges logarithmically at conformally invariant critical points, so the area law does not hold. The purpose of the work is to find a way to get more information about a critical state. The ground state of the Heisenberg XXZ model at criticality is analyzed by means of critical Ising eigenstates. Two ways of analysis are followed: a basis made of Ising eigenstates is built up and used to represent the XXZ ground state, then the Shannon entropy in the new basis is computed; the adiabatic evolution from the Ising ground state to the XXZ ground state. The result is that the Shannon entropy in the Ising basis scales linearly with the length of the system, while a phase transition is encountered during the adiabatic evolution. The conclusion is that there is no net gain in information after the procedure and possibly it is related to the fact the two systems stand in different phases. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Coexistence of Different Scaling Laws for the Entanglement Entropy in a Periodically Driven System
Published: 25 June 2019
Viewed by 121 | PDF Full-text (490 KB)
Abstract
The out-of-equilibrium dynamics of many body systems has recently received a burst of interest, also due to experimental implementations. The dynamics of observables, such as magnetization and susceptibilities, and quantum information related quantities, such as concurrence and entanglement entropy, have been investigated under [...] Read more.
The out-of-equilibrium dynamics of many body systems has recently received a burst of interest, also due to experimental implementations. The dynamics of observables, such as magnetization and susceptibilities, and quantum information related quantities, such as concurrence and entanglement entropy, have been investigated under different protocols bringing the system out of equilibrium. In this paper we focus on the entanglement entropy dynamics under a sinusoidal drive of the tranverse magnetic field in the 1D quantum Ising model. We find that the area and the volume law of the entanglement entropy coexist under periodic drive for an initial non-critical ground state. Furthermore, starting from a critical ground state, the entanglement entropy exhibits finite size scaling even under such a periodic drive. This critical-like behaviour of the out-of-equilibrium driven state can persist for arbitrarily long time, provided that the entanglement entropy is evaluated on increasingly subsytem sizes, whereas for smaller sizes a volume law holds. Finally, we give an interpretation of the simultaneous occurrence of critical and non-critical behaviour in terms of the propagation of Floquet quasi-particles. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Manipulating Quantum Many-Body Systems in the Presence of Controllable Dissipation
Published: 25 June 2019
Viewed by 144 | PDF Full-text (1823 KB)
Abstract
We discuss two quantum simulation schemes in which the coupling to an external bath may give rise to novel and interesting many-body physics. Namely, we first address the effect of local Markovian baths on the quantum annealing dynamics of an Ising-like chain: deviations [...] Read more.
We discuss two quantum simulation schemes in which the coupling to an external bath may give rise to novel and interesting many-body physics. Namely, we first address the effect of local Markovian baths on the quantum annealing dynamics of an Ising-like chain: deviations from adiabaticity may display a nonmonotonic trend as a function of the annealing time, as a result of the competition between nonadiabatic effects and dissipative processes. Secondly, we provide a framework to induce persistent currents through the coupling with a structured reservoir which generates nonreciprocity, without the need of any applied gauge field. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Experimental Investigation of Quantum Decay via Integrated Photonics
Published: 11 June 2019
Viewed by 201 | PDF Full-text (957 KB)
Abstract
Whereas classical physics generally predicts an exponential trend for the temporal decay of an unstable state, quantum mechanics provides a rather different description. The decay is initially quadratic, while at very large times it follows a power-law. Actually, the latter regime has never [...] Read more.
Whereas classical physics generally predicts an exponential trend for the temporal decay of an unstable state, quantum mechanics provides a rather different description. The decay is initially quadratic, while at very large times it follows a power-law. Actually, the latter regime has never been observed experimentally. Here we employ arrays of femtosecond-laser-written optical waveguides to optically realize quantum systems where a discrete state is coupled to and can decay into a continuum. The transverse optical modes represent distinct quantum states of the photon and the temporal evolution of the system is mapped into the longitudinal propagation coordinate. By injecting laser light in the fabricated structures, and by imaging with high dynamic range the scattered light from above, we are able to observe experimentally different decay regimes, including the power-law tail. This process can be viewed as the quantum simulation of a quantum decay phenomenon. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Two-Qubits in a Large-S Environment
Published: 13 June 2019
Viewed by 168 | PDF Full-text (233 KB)
Abstract
We analytically express the loss of entanglement between the components of a quantum device due to the generation of quantum correlations with its environment, and show that such loss diminishes when the latter is macroscopic and displays a semi-classical behaviour. We model the [...] Read more.
We analytically express the loss of entanglement between the components of a quantum device due to the generation of quantum correlations with its environment, and show that such loss diminishes when the latter is macroscopic and displays a semi-classical behaviour. We model the problem as a device made of a couple of qubits with a magnetic environment: this choice allows us to implement the above condition of semi-classical macroscopicity in terms of a large-S condition, according to the well known equivalence between classical and S limit. A possible strategy for protecting internal entanglement exploiting the mechanism of domain-formation typical of critical dynamics is also suggested. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Advances in Sequential Measurement and Control of Open Quantum Systems
Published: 24 June 2019
Viewed by 161 | PDF Full-text (735 KB)
Abstract
Novel concepts, perspectives and challenges in measuring and controlling an open quantum system via sequential schemes are shown. We discuss how similar protocols, relying both on repeated quantum measurements and dynamical decoupling control pulses, can allow to: (i) Confine and protect quantum dynamics [...] Read more.
Novel concepts, perspectives and challenges in measuring and controlling an open quantum system via sequential schemes are shown. We discuss how similar protocols, relying both on repeated quantum measurements and dynamical decoupling control pulses, can allow to: (i) Confine and protect quantum dynamics from decoherence in accordance with the Zeno physics. (ii) Analytically predict the probability that a quantum system is transferred into a target quantum state by means of stochastic sequential measurements. (iii) Optimally reconstruct the spectral density of environmental noise sources by orthogonalizing in the frequency domain the filter functions driving the designed quantum-sensor. The achievement of these tasks will enhance our capability to observe and manipulate open quantum systems, thus bringing advances to quantum science and technologies. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Dynamical Casimir Effect and State Transfer in the Ultrastrong Coupling Regime
Published: 20 June 2019
Viewed by 178 | PDF Full-text (280 KB)
Abstract
The dynamical Casimir effect (DCE) manifests itself in the ultrastrong matter-field coupling (USC) regime, as a consequence of the nonadiabatic change of some parameters of a system. We show that the DCE is a fundamental limitation for standard quantum protocols based on quantum [...] Read more.
The dynamical Casimir effect (DCE) manifests itself in the ultrastrong matter-field coupling (USC) regime, as a consequence of the nonadiabatic change of some parameters of a system. We show that the DCE is a fundamental limitation for standard quantum protocols based on quantum Rabi oscillations, implying that new schemes are required to implement high-fidelity ultrafast quantum gates. Our results are illustrated by means of a paradigmatic quantum communication protocol, i.e., quantum state transfer. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Privacy in Quantum Estimation
Published: 25 June 2019
Viewed by 127 | PDF Full-text (250 KB)
Abstract
We introduce the notion of privacy in quantum estimation by considering an one-parameter family of isometries taking one input into two output systems. It stems on the separate and adversarial control of the two output systems as well as on the local minimization [...] Read more.
We introduce the notion of privacy in quantum estimation by considering an one-parameter family of isometries taking one input into two output systems. It stems on the separate and adversarial control of the two output systems as well as on the local minimization of the mean square error. Applications to two-qubit unitaries (with one qubit in a fixed input state) are presented. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Continuous and Pulsed Quantum Control
Published: 24 June 2019
Viewed by 119 | PDF Full-text (296 KB)
Abstract
We consider two alternative procedures which can be used to control the evolution of a generic finite-dimensional quantum system, one hinging upon a strong continuous coupling with a control potential and the other based on the application of frequently repeated pulses onto the [...] Read more.
We consider two alternative procedures which can be used to control the evolution of a generic finite-dimensional quantum system, one hinging upon a strong continuous coupling with a control potential and the other based on the application of frequently repeated pulses onto the system. Despite the practical and conceptual difference between them, they lead to the same dynamics, characterised by a partitioning of the Hilbert space into sectors among which transitions are inhibited by dynamical superselection rules. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Ferromagnetic Josephson Junctions for High Performance Computation
Published: 25 June 2019
Viewed by 113 | PDF Full-text (268 KB)
Abstract
Josephson junctions drive the operation of superconducting qubits and they are the key for the coupling and the interfacing of superconducting qubit components with other quantum platforms. They are the only means to introduce non linearity in a superconducting circuit and offer direct [...] Read more.
Josephson junctions drive the operation of superconducting qubits and they are the key for the coupling and the interfacing of superconducting qubit components with other quantum platforms. They are the only means to introduce non linearity in a superconducting circuit and offer direct solutions to tune the properties of a superconducting qubit, thus enlarging the possible qubit layouts. Junctions performances and tunability can take advantage of using a large variety of barriers and their special functionalities. We mention pertinent results on the advances in understanding the properties of ferromagnetic junctions, which makepossible the use of these devices either as memory elements and as core circuit elements. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
The Friedrichs-Lee Model and Its Singular Coupling Limit
Published: 24 June 2019
Viewed by 167 | PDF Full-text (279 KB)
Abstract
Lee’s field-theoretical model describes the interaction between a qubit and a structured bosonic field. We study the mathematical properties of the Hamiltonian of the single-excitation sector of the theory, including a possibly “singular” qubit-field coupling (i.e., mediated by a non-square integrable form factor). [...] Read more.
Lee’s field-theoretical model describes the interaction between a qubit and a structured bosonic field. We study the mathematical properties of the Hamiltonian of the single-excitation sector of the theory, including a possibly “singular” qubit-field coupling (i.e., mediated by a non-square integrable form factor). This result allows for a rigorous description of qubit-field interactions in many physically interesting systems and may be extended to higher-excitation sectors of the theory. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Exciting Dressed BICs Via Photon Scattering and Delayed Quantum Feedback
Published: 2 July 2019
Viewed by 178 | PDF Full-text (190 KB)
Abstract
We consider a semi-infinite waveguide with linear dispersion coupled to a qubit, in which a dressed bound state in the continuum (BIC) is known to exist. We predict that this BIC can be excited with significant probability via multi-photon scattering in the non-Markovian [...] Read more.
We consider a semi-infinite waveguide with linear dispersion coupled to a qubit, in which a dressed bound state in the continuum (BIC) is known to exist. We predict that this BIC can be excited with significant probability via multi-photon scattering in the non-Markovian regime where the photon delay time (corresponding to the qubit-mirror distance) is of the order of the qubit’s decay time. A similar process excites the BIC existing in an infinite waveguide coupled to a pair of qubits, yielding stationary entanglement between them. This shows, in particular, that photon trapping via scattering can occur without band-edge effects or cavities, the essential resource being instead the delayed quantum feedback due to the mirror. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Slow Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Open Quantum Systems
Published: 10 July 2019
Viewed by 119 | PDF Full-text (202 KB)
Abstract
We develop a perturbation theory to estimate the finite time corrections around a quasi static trajectory, in which a quantum system is able to equilibrate at each instant with its environment. The results are then applied to non equilibrium thermodynamics, in which context [...] Read more.
We develop a perturbation theory to estimate the finite time corrections around a quasi static trajectory, in which a quantum system is able to equilibrate at each instant with its environment. The results are then applied to non equilibrium thermodynamics, in which context we are able to provide a connection between the irreversible contributions and the microscopic details of the dynamical map generating the evolution. Turning the attention to finite time Carnot engines, we found a universal connection between the spectral density esponent of the hot/cold thermal baths and the efficiency at maximum power, giving also a new interpretation to already known results such as the Curzon-Ahborn and the Schmiedl-Seifert efficiencies. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Grassmannization of the 3D Ising Model
Published: 6 June 2019
Viewed by 170 | PDF Full-text (258 KB)
Abstract
The application of Feynman’s diagrammatic technique to classical link models with local constraints seems impossible due to (i) the absence of a free Gaussian theory on top of which the perturbative expansion can be constructed, and (ii) Dyson’s collapse argument, rendering the perturbative [...] Read more.
The application of Feynman’s diagrammatic technique to classical link models with local constraints seems impossible due to (i) the absence of a free Gaussian theory on top of which the perturbative expansion can be constructed, and (ii) Dyson’s collapse argument, rendering the perturbative expansion divergent. However, we show for the classical 3D Ising model how both problems can be circumvented using a Grassmann representation. This makes it possible to obtain an expansion of the spin correlation function and the magnetic susceptibility in terms of the inverse temperature in the thermodynamic limit, through which the values for the critical temperature and critical index g are evaluated within 1.6% and 5.4% of their accepted values, respectively. Our work is a straightforward adaptation of the theory previously developed in an earlier paper. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Extraction of Work via a Thermalization Protocol
Published: 4 July 2019
Viewed by 133 | PDF Full-text (247 KB)
Abstract
This extended abstract contains an outline of the work reported at the conference IQIS2018. We show that it is possible to exploit a thermalization process to extract work from a resource system R to a bipartite system S. To do this, we [...] Read more.
This extended abstract contains an outline of the work reported at the conference IQIS2018. We show that it is possible to exploit a thermalization process to extract work from a resource system R to a bipartite system S. To do this, we propose a simple protocol in a general setting in the presence of a single bath at temperature T and then examine it when S is described by the quantum Rabi model at T = 0 . We find the theoretical bounds of the protocol in the general case and we show that when applied to the Rabi model it gives rise to a satisfactory extraction of work and efficiency. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Digital Quantum Simulations of Spin Models on Hybrid Platform and Near-Term Quantum Processors
Published: 9 July 2019
Viewed by 114 | PDF Full-text (451 KB)
Abstract
Digital quantum simulators are among the most appealing applications. [...] Full article
Open AccessProceedings
May a Dissipative Environment Be Beneficial for Quantum Annealing?
Published: 9 July 2019
Viewed by 110 | PDF Full-text (497 KB)
Abstract
We discuss the quantum annealing of the fully-connected ferromagnetic p-spin model in a dissipative environment at low temperature. This model, in the large p limit, encodes in its ground state the solution to the Grover’s problem of searching in unsorted databases. In [...] Read more.
We discuss the quantum annealing of the fully-connected ferromagnetic p-spin model in a dissipative environment at low temperature. This model, in the large p limit, encodes in its ground state the solution to the Grover’s problem of searching in unsorted databases. In the framework of the quantum circuit model, a quantum algorithm is known for this task, providing a quadratic speed-up with respect to its best classical counterpart. This improvement is not recovered in adiabatic quantum computation for an isolated quantum processor. We analyze the same problem in the presence of a low-temperature reservoir, using a Markovian quantum master equation in Lindblad form, and we show that a thermal enhancement is achieved in the presence of a zero temperature environment moderately coupled to the quantum annealer. Full article
Proceedings EISSN 2504-3900 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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