Special Issue "Selected Papers from IEEE ICASI 2017"

A special issue of Micromachines (ISSN 2072-666X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2017)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Shoou-Jinn Chang

Department of Electrical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
Website | E-Mail
Interests: optical and electronic devices, semi-conductive materials, nanotechnology
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Teen­Hang Meen

Chair of IEEE Tainan Section Sensors Council Department of Electronic Engineering National Formosa University, Yunlin 632
Website | E-Mail
Interests: photovoltaic device; dye-sensitized solar cells; nanotechnology
Guest Editor
Dr. Stephen D. Prior

Aeronautics, Astronautics and Computational Engineering, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 7QF, UK
Website | E-Mail
Interests: microsystem design; nanotechnology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The 2017 IEEE International Conference on Applied System Innovation (IEEE ICASI 2017) will be held in Sapporo, Japan, on 13–17 May 2017, and will provide a unified communication platform for researchers on a wide range of topics. The Special Issue on “Selected papers from IEEE ICASI 2017” is expected to select excellent papers presented at IEEE ICASI 2017 regarding the topic of “Micromachines”. In recent years, applications of advanced nanomaterials in microelectronic and photonic devices have been a highly-developing field, due to their light weight and flexibility for daily use, which has the potential to be deployable. Nanomaterials, which provide one of the greatest potentials for improving performance and extended capabilities of products in a number of industrial sectors, are a new class of materials, having dimensions in the 1~100 nm range. The most successful examples are seen in microelectronics, where ‘‘smaller’’ has always meant a greater performance ever since the invention of transistors: e.g., a higher density of integration, faster response, lower cost, and less power consumption. Therefore, the field of nanostructure devices has been the subject of reviews. We invite investigators to contribute original research articles, as well as review articles, which will stimulate the continuing efforts to understand the microelectronic and photonic devices with nanostructure. Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Nanoparticles, nanowires, or nanosheets: Preparation and applications
  • Nanostructures for microelectronic and photonic device applications
  • Nanostructures for energy applications
  • Optical properties of nano and microdevices
  • Combinatorial methods for photoactive material design and optimization
  • Nanotechnology on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS)

Prof. Dr. Shoou­Jinn Chang       
Prof. Dr. Teen­Hang Meen
Dr. Stephen D. Prior
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Micromachines is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Nanomaterials
  • Photonic Devices
  • Nanostructure
  • Optical Properties
  • Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS)

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Nano-Scale Positioning Design with Piezoelectric Materials
Micromachines 2017, 8(12), 360; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi8120360
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 3 December 2017 / Accepted: 8 December 2017 / Published: 12 December 2017
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Abstract
Piezoelectric materials naturally possess high potential to deliver nano-scale positioning resolution; hence, they are adopted in a variety of engineering applications widely. Unfortunately, unacceptable positioning errors always appear because of the natural hysteresis effect of the piezoelectric materials. This natural property must be [...] Read more.
Piezoelectric materials naturally possess high potential to deliver nano-scale positioning resolution; hence, they are adopted in a variety of engineering applications widely. Unfortunately, unacceptable positioning errors always appear because of the natural hysteresis effect of the piezoelectric materials. This natural property must be mitigated in practical applications. For solving this drawback, a nonlinear positioning design is proposed in this article. This nonlinear positioning design of piezoelectric materials is realized by the following four steps: 1. The famous Bouc–Wen model is utilized to present the input and output behaviors of piezoelectric materials; 2. System parameters of the Bouc–Wen model that describe the characteristics of piezoelectric materials are simultaneously identified with the particle swam optimization method; 3. Stability verification for the identified Bouc–Wen model; 4. A nonlinear feedback linearization control design is derived for the nano-scale positioning design of the piezoelectric material, mathematically. One important contribution of this investigation is that the positioning error between the output displacement of the controlled piezoelectric materials and the desired trajectory in nano-scale level can be proven to converge to zero asymptotically, under the effect of the hysteresis. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from IEEE ICASI 2017)
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Open AccessArticle
Investigation of CMOS Multiplexer Jet Matrix Addressing and Micro-Droplets within a Printhead Chip
Micromachines 2017, 8(12), 346; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi8120346
Received: 14 August 2017 / Revised: 19 November 2017 / Accepted: 22 November 2017 / Published: 29 November 2017
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Abstract
In this study, we demonstrate and investigate a new droplet injection design. We create a thermal inkjet (TIJ) printhead using an application-specific integrated circuit system and bulk micromachining technology (microelectromechanical systems). We design inkjet printhead chips with a new structure and investigate their [...] Read more.
In this study, we demonstrate and investigate a new droplet injection design. We create a thermal inkjet (TIJ) printhead using an application-specific integrated circuit system and bulk micromachining technology (microelectromechanical systems). We design inkjet printhead chips with a new structure and investigate their properties. For the new structure, the integration of complementary metal-oxide-semiconductors (MOSs) and enhancement-mode devices, as well as power switches and a TIJ heater transducer, enables logic functions to be executed on-chip. This capability is used in the proposed design to address individual jets with even fewer input lines than in matrix addressing. A high number of jets (at least 896) can be addressed with only 11 input lines. E1 (Enable 1) and E2 (Enable 2) are set up dependently, and they have the ability to reverse their signals in relation to each other (i.e., if E1 is disabled, E2 is enabled and vice versa). The E1 and E2 signals each service 448 jets. If one of the MOSs is turned on, then it corresponds to a power line with a similar function. If an addressing gate terminal of the other MOS has a discharge action, then we can control a different heater to generate heating bubbles in the jet inks. The operating frequency for addressing these measurements is 18 kHz in normal mode, 26 kHz in draft mode, and 16 kHz in best mode. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from IEEE ICASI 2017)
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Open AccessArticle
Web-Based Remote Control of a Building’s Electrical Power, Green Power Generation and Environmental System Using a Distributive Microcontroller
Micromachines 2017, 8(8), 241; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi8080241
Received: 29 May 2017 / Revised: 1 August 2017 / Accepted: 2 August 2017 / Published: 4 August 2017
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (6471 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This article proposes a novel, web-based, remote monitoring and control system design for a building’s electrical power, green power generation and environmental system that will save energy. The supervisory control system is based on the use of distributed microcontroller architecture to access programmable [...] Read more.
This article proposes a novel, web-based, remote monitoring and control system design for a building’s electrical power, green power generation and environmental system that will save energy. The supervisory control system is based on the use of distributed microcontroller architecture to access programmable logic controllers (PLC) and remote input/output devices through the system hardware framework with uniform Ethernet technology. The programmable logic controller (PLC) can access and control devices directly or through RS-232 and RS-485 serial communication. The distributed microcontroller is the control module designated through an open-source firmware, to transform heterogeneous communication to Modbus transmission control protocol (TCP) communication and to achieve the exchange of information between the host and client controller. The proposed supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system is based on the professional software of InduSoft Web Studio and provides a supervisory control design with a friendly human–machine interface. The system can realize real-time data acquisition and storage, control command transmission, system security and power trend analysis. Finally, the proposed SCADA system can be built directly into the hypertext markup language (HTML) and HTML5 and run on the web server, allowing access from a personal computer or smartphone web browser. Our system goals are to greatly reduce system complexity and maintenance costs with a simple Ethernet architecture. The control system can be easily expanded with the same technology culture outside the restrictive one of the large companies. Hence, this system can easily be used in a smart home system to enhance the quality of its inhabitants. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from IEEE ICASI 2017)
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Open AccessArticle
Flexural Properties and Fracture Behavior of Nanoporous Alumina film by Three-Point Bending Test
Micromachines 2017, 8(7), 206; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi8070206
Received: 30 May 2017 / Revised: 17 June 2017 / Accepted: 21 June 2017 / Published: 27 June 2017
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (3452 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This study investigated the influence of porosity on the flexural property of a nanoporous alumina film. When the porosity of the alumina film increased, both bending strength and modulus declined. The results from the bending test revealed that the setting of the film [...] Read more.
This study investigated the influence of porosity on the flexural property of a nanoporous alumina film. When the porosity of the alumina film increased, both bending strength and modulus declined. The results from the bending test revealed that the setting of the film during the bending test had significant influence on the flexural property. Fracture only occurred when the porous side of the alumina film suffered tensile stress. The ability to resist fracture in the barrier layer was higher than in the porous side; the magnitude of the bending strength was amplified when the barrier layer sustained tensile stress. When the porous layer suffered a tensile stress, the bending strength decreased from 182.4 MPa to 47.7 Mpa as the porosity increased from 22.7% to 51.7%; meanwhile, the modulus reduced from 82.7 GPa to 17.9 GPa. In this study, the most important finding from fractographic analysis suggested that there were a localized plastic deformations and layered ruptures at the porous side of the alumina film when a load was applied. The fracture behavior of the nanoporous alumina film observed in the present work was notably different from general ceramic materials and might be related to its asymmetric nanostructure. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from IEEE ICASI 2017)
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