Arts, Volume 8, Issue 4 (December 2019) – 45 articles
Cover Story (view full-size image): Part of a Special Issue on animals in ancient material cultures, this article examines the place of the elephant in art and history during the Hellenistic period (from the reign of Alexander the Great to that of Cleopatra VII, ca. 335–30 ʙᴄᴇ). The author argues that, in the ancient mind, the elephant belonged to the same natural realm as mythical animals such as the unicorn, griffon, and dragon, among others. This observation is significant, because increasingly, more people will actually have seen the animal in the same period, as the elephant was regularly employed in warfare. It thus came to symbolize military triumph over foreign foes and became particularly associated with the posthumous portrait of Alexander the Great. View this paper
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