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Open AccessArticle

Corona Angelica Pannoniae: ‘...ecce Angelus Domini’

by Edina Eszenyi
Institute of English and American Studies, Department of English Literatures and Cultures, Pázmány Péter Catholic University, 2087 Piliscsaba, Hungary
In Loving Memory of Márton.
Arts 2019, 8(4), 141; https://doi.org/10.3390/arts8040141
Received: 28 August 2019 / Revised: 17 October 2019 / Accepted: 18 October 2019 / Published: 23 October 2019
The article examines the Hungarian corona angelica tradition, according to which the Holy Crown of Hungary was delivered to the country by an angel. In order to embed Hungarian results into international scholarship, it provides an English language summary of previous research and combines in one study how St. Stephen I (997–1038), St. Ladislaus I (1074–1095), and King Matthias Corvinus (1458–1490) came to be associated with the tradition, examining both written and visual sources. The article moves forward previous research by posing the question whether the angel delivering the Crown to Hungary could have been identified as the Angelus Domini at some point throughout history. This possibility is suggested by Hungary’s Chronici Hungarici compositio saeculi XIV and an unusually popular Early Modern modification of the Hartvik Legend, both of which use this expression to denote the angel delivering the Crown. While the article leaves the question open until further research sheds more light on the history of early Hungarian spirituality; it also points out how this identification of the angel would harmonize the Byzantine and the Hungarian iconography of the corona angelica, and provides insight into the current state of the Angelus Domini debate in angelology. View Full-Text
Keywords: angelology; angels; Angelus Domini; angelic coronation; St Stephen I of Hungary; St Ladislaus I of Hungary; Matthias Corvinus; Chronici Hungarici compositio saeculi XIV; Hartvik Legend; Luigi Lippomano angelology; angels; Angelus Domini; angelic coronation; St Stephen I of Hungary; St Ladislaus I of Hungary; Matthias Corvinus; Chronici Hungarici compositio saeculi XIV; Hartvik Legend; Luigi Lippomano
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Eszenyi, E. Corona Angelica Pannoniae: ‘...ecce Angelus Domini’. Arts 2019, 8, 141.

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