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Brazilian Art and the Dilemma of Globalization: Strategies of Internationalization and Cultural Affirmation in Two 1990s Biennials

Department of Plastic Arts, University of Campinas, Campinas SP 13083-970, Brazil
Arts 2019, 8(4), 136; https://doi.org/10.3390/arts8040136
Received: 27 July 2019 / Revised: 30 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Decolonizing Contemporary Latin American Art)
This paper will address specifically the 24th edition of the São Paulo Biennial (1998), which took up Oswald de Andrade’s concept of anthropophagy as a guiding axis, but it will also bring to light the first edition of the Mercosul Biennial, which was held in 1997 in the city of Porto Alegre, situated in the south of Brazil, with the intention of establishing itself as a space for promotion of Latin American art. Both biennials are private entities, supported by autonomous foundations, but which require public funds to carry out their shows. It is noteworthy that those two shows were held a few years after the third edition of the Havana Biennial, which is widely recognized as a landmark in the history of the biennials based on South–South dialogue. I will point out the connections between the proposals of these exhibitions as well as relate them to the Brazilian economic situation at the time and the dilemma of globalization. View Full-Text
Keywords: São Paulo Biennial; Mercosul Biennial; Latin American art São Paulo Biennial; Mercosul Biennial; Latin American art
MDPI and ACS Style

Morethy Couto, M.F. Brazilian Art and the Dilemma of Globalization: Strategies of Internationalization and Cultural Affirmation in Two 1990s Biennials. Arts 2019, 8, 136.

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