Topical Collection "Encyclopedia of Social Sciences"

Editors

Prof. Dr. Michael McAleer
E-Mail Website
Collection Editor
Department of Finance, College of Management, Asia University, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
Interests: economics; financial econometrics; quantitative finance; risk and financial management; econometrics; statistics; time series analysis; energy economics and finance; sustainability; environmental modelling; carbon emissions; climate change econometrics; forecasting; informatics; data mining
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Chia-Lin Chang
E-Mail Website
Collection Editor
1. Department of Applied Economics and Department of Finance, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
2. Department of Finance, College of Management, Asia University, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
Interests: economics; econometrics; financial econometrics; statistics; quantitative finance; risk and financial management; energy economics and finance; time series analysis; forecasting; technology and innovation; industrial organization; health and medical economics; tourism research and management
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Philip Hans Franses
E-Mail Website
Collection Editor
Department of Econometrics, Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam, PO Box 1738 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Interests: economics; econometrics; statistics; time series analysis; forecasting, marketing research; marketing

Topical Collection Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Encyclopedia of Social Sciences provides a comprehensive reference work covering the following disciplines and subdisciplines in the Social Sciences, highlighting Economics, Finance, Business, and Other Social Sciences, with each chapter having a designated Editor with expertise across a wide range of subdisciplines:

Chapter 1: Economic Theory and Econometrics
Edited by Michael McAleer

Coverage includes: Economic Theory, Microeconomics, Macroeconomics, Econometrics and Statistics, Mathematical Economics, Organizational Economics.

Chapter 2: Finance
Edited by Chia-Lin Chang

Coverage includes: Investment Finance, Risk and Volatility, Corporate Finance, Behavioral Finance, Energy Finance, Industrial Organization, Health Economics.

Chapter 3: Business
Edited by Philip Hans Franses

Coverage includes: Accounting, Marketing Science, Management Science, Behavioral Science, Administrative Science, Decision Sciences, Public Policy, Tourism and Hospitality.

Chapter 4: Other Social Sciences
Editor yet to be chosen

Coverage includes: Political Science, Social Psychology, Sociology, Education, Law, Library and Information Science.

We will release this topical collection as an independent encyclopedia book once a certain amount of entries are published. Book chapters are not limited to the above four disciplines. Additional chapters may be created based on the number of entry papers published under a specific topic. If you are a social science researcher or interested in the Social Sciences, please feel free to share what you know as an entry paper in this collection.

Prof. Dr. Michael McAleer
Prof. Dr. Chia-Lin Chang
Prof. Dr. Philip Hans Franses
Collection Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the collection website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Encyclopedia is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

 

Published Papers (17 papers)

2022

Jump to: 2021

Entry
Inhabited Institutionalism
Encyclopedia 2022, 2(3), 1494-1502; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030101 - 16 Aug 2022
Viewed by 404
Definition
Inhabited Institutionalism is a meso-level theoretical approach for evaluating the recursive relationships among institutions, social interactions, and organizations. This theoretical framework offers organizational scholars a multi-faceted consideration of coupling configurations that highlight how institutional processes are maintained, challenged, and transformed without reverting to [...] Read more.
Inhabited Institutionalism is a meso-level theoretical approach for evaluating the recursive relationships among institutions, social interactions, and organizations. This theoretical framework offers organizational scholars a multi-faceted consideration of coupling configurations that highlight how institutional processes are maintained, challenged, and transformed without reverting to nested yet binary arguments about individual agency and structural conditions. Full article
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Entry
Society, Work and Precarity
Encyclopedia 2022, 2(3), 1384-1394; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030093 - 22 Jul 2022
Viewed by 366
Definition
One of sociology’s core tasks is to explain how societies work and change. Work plays a crucial and fundamental role in the formation of societies and is also a major driver of social change. It is therefore of key sociological interest to understand [...] Read more.
One of sociology’s core tasks is to explain how societies work and change. Work plays a crucial and fundamental role in the formation of societies and is also a major driver of social change. It is therefore of key sociological interest to understand how work creates and changes the social conditions we call societies. However, work also creates different levels of freedom and equality; which manifest as different types and degrees of precarity in what I call ‘work societies’. Full article
Entry
Organizational Justice: Typology, Antecedents and Consequences
Encyclopedia 2022, 2(3), 1287-1295; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030086 - 06 Jul 2022
Viewed by 412
Definition
Organizational Justice is an individual’s perception that events, actions, or decisions within an organization adhere to a standard of fairness. Justice researchers have categorized justice into four types, differentiated by how fairness is evaluated by employees: distributive, procedural, interpersonal, and informational justice. Organizational [...] Read more.
Organizational Justice is an individual’s perception that events, actions, or decisions within an organization adhere to a standard of fairness. Justice researchers have categorized justice into four types, differentiated by how fairness is evaluated by employees: distributive, procedural, interpersonal, and informational justice. Organizational justice perceptions have consequences for the employee and the organization: increasing job satisfaction, commitment, and trust; and decreasing turnover, counterproductive work behaviors, and even workplace violence. Contemporary organizational justice research seeks to understand how to restore justice after an injustice has occurred. Full article
Entry
Social, Cultural, and Economic Determinants of Well-Being
Encyclopedia 2022, 2(3), 1183-1199; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030079 - 27 Jun 2022
Viewed by 521
Definition
Individual well-being is influenced by a number of economic and social factors that include income, mental health, physical health, education, social relationships, employment, discrimination, government policies, and neighborhood conditions. Well-being involves both physical and mental health as part of a holistic approach to [...] Read more.
Individual well-being is influenced by a number of economic and social factors that include income, mental health, physical health, education, social relationships, employment, discrimination, government policies, and neighborhood conditions. Well-being involves both physical and mental health as part of a holistic approach to health promotion and disease prevention. The well-being of a society’s people has the potential to impact the well-being and productivity of the society as a whole. Though it may be assessed at the individual level, well-being becomes an important population outcome at the macro level and therefore represents a public health issue. Full article
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Entry
Unveiling Neuromarketing and Its Research Methodology
Encyclopedia 2022, 2(2), 729-751; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2020051 - 13 Apr 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 732
Definition
Neuromarketing is the union of cognitive psychology, which studies mental processes, neurology and neurophysiology, which study the functioning and responses of the brain and body physiology to external stimuli, and marketing, which studies valuable exchanges, to explain marketing effects on customers’ and consumers’ [...] Read more.
Neuromarketing is the union of cognitive psychology, which studies mental processes, neurology and neurophysiology, which study the functioning and responses of the brain and body physiology to external stimuli, and marketing, which studies valuable exchanges, to explain marketing effects on customers’ and consumers’ behaviours and on buying and decision processes. It includes a set of research techniques that, by observing and evaluating how the brain and other body parts respond, avoids possible biases and provides truthful and objective information on consumer subconscious. The term “consumer neuroscience” covers academic approaches using techniques such as fMRI, Eye Tracking, or EED. The objectives of this entry are to show what neuromarketing is and what added value it brings to the study of consumer behaviour and purchase decision processes. The conclusions show a favourable future and positive attitudes towards neuromarketing. Full article
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Entry
Buddhism in Addiction Recovery
Encyclopedia 2022, 2(1), 530-537; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2010035 - 22 Feb 2022
Viewed by 858
Definition
Buddhism was established by Guatama Buddha as a practice to liberate sentient beings from suffering. Mindfulness-Based interventions (MBIs) are Western psychologists’ adaptation of mindfulness/Vipassana to treat mental illnesses. In addition to mindfulness, Buddhist recovery peer-support programs also adopt the Four Noble Truths, the [...] Read more.
Buddhism was established by Guatama Buddha as a practice to liberate sentient beings from suffering. Mindfulness-Based interventions (MBIs) are Western psychologists’ adaptation of mindfulness/Vipassana to treat mental illnesses. In addition to mindfulness, Buddhist recovery peer-support programs also adopt the Four Noble Truths, the Noble Eightfold Path, and the Five Precepts, which are the Buddha’s prescription to cease suffering and to discipline one’s ethical conduct. Full article
Entry
Role of Happiness When Evaluating Society
Encyclopedia 2022, 2(1), 230-236; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2010014 - 21 Jan 2022
Viewed by 895
Definition
Happiness, or life satisfaction, has become an important factor when considering what should be the objective of a society. Understanding the nature of happiness is thus important. The text offers a biological—specifically evolutionary—framework, which suggests that happiness can be described as the net [...] Read more.
Happiness, or life satisfaction, has become an important factor when considering what should be the objective of a society. Understanding the nature of happiness is thus important. The text offers a biological—specifically evolutionary—framework, which suggests that happiness can be described as the net impact of positive and negative feelings. It follows that a key issue is to explain what these feelings are about. The present situation and options for improving the score of happiness are discussed. Full article

2021

Jump to: 2022

Entry
Interdisciplinary and Integrated STEM
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(4), 1192-1199; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1040090 - 11 Nov 2021
Viewed by 997
Definition
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) is an approach and movement in innovative educational practices from the primary level internationally. This would provide a platform for an inquiry approach, creativity, and innovation in young children and formulate a path for changes in existing [...] Read more.
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) is an approach and movement in innovative educational practices from the primary level internationally. This would provide a platform for an inquiry approach, creativity, and innovation in young children and formulate a path for changes in existing practices. The STEM approach is widely accepted as a key educational practice; however, it is dealt with as a combination of disciplines in actual teaching and learning practice. Coherence in this interdisciplinarity and integration has yet to be evolved as a practice in synthesising and designing instruction and could be harbinger for an effective design for future practice. Integrated and interdisciplinary STEM can only generate powerful knowledge to deal with issues that are affecting the planet and bring abiotic and biotic equilibrium. Interdisciplinary and integrated powerful knowledge (IIPK) can act as a roadmap for innovation that can bring changes in existing practices, produce informed citizens, build capacity for informed decisions, and generate sustainable living practices. Interdisciplinary and integrated STEM could lay foundations for IIPK and generate a mindset, approach, and practice. IIPK could lead to the formation of new paths for energy generation, transport, agricultural practices, medical treatment, and clean environment. Interdisciplinary and integrated STEM is not seen in actual practice anywhere nowadays. For coherence in curriculum, implications in instructions need reform and development by the governments across the world. That could lead to a new policy for interdisciplinary and integrated STEM. Full article
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Entry
Inward FDI: Characterizations and Evaluation
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(4), 1026-1037; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1040078 - 08 Oct 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 960
Definition
Foreign direct investment can be defined as an investment made by an entity (usually a company) incorporated in a home country in the business interests of a host country, in the form of either establishing new business operations or acquiring controlling interest in [...] Read more.
Foreign direct investment can be defined as an investment made by an entity (usually a company) incorporated in a home country in the business interests of a host country, in the form of either establishing new business operations or acquiring controlling interest in existing business assets. Foreign direct investment is expected to meet the following characteristics: (1) the capital movement is typically accompanied by further technological, material, information, financial or personnel flows; (2) the foreign direct investor effectively controls facilities abroad; and (3) the investor has a long-term interest in the host country. Full article
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Entry
Deep Meaningful Learning
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(3), 988-997; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1030075 - 18 Sep 2021
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 2017
Definition
Deep meaningful learning is the higher-order thinking and development through manifold active intellectual engagement aiming at meaning construction through pattern recognition and concept association. It includes inquiry, critical thinking, creative thinking, problem-solving, and metacognitive skills. It is a theory with a long academic [...] Read more.
Deep meaningful learning is the higher-order thinking and development through manifold active intellectual engagement aiming at meaning construction through pattern recognition and concept association. It includes inquiry, critical thinking, creative thinking, problem-solving, and metacognitive skills. It is a theory with a long academic record that can accommodate the demand for excellence in teaching and learning at all levels of education. Its achievement is verified through knowledge application in authentic contexts. Full article
Entry
The Barnett Critique
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(3), 964-973; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1030073 - 13 Sep 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 961
Definition
The Barnett critique states that there is an internal inconsistency between the theory that is implied by simple sum monetary aggregation (perfect substitutability among components) and the economic theory that produces the models within which those aggregates are used. That inconsistency causes the [...] Read more.
The Barnett critique states that there is an internal inconsistency between the theory that is implied by simple sum monetary aggregation (perfect substitutability among components) and the economic theory that produces the models within which those aggregates are used. That inconsistency causes the appearance of unstable demand and supply for money. The incorrect inference of unstable money demand has caused serious harm to the field of monetary economics. Full article
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Entry
Digital Literacy and Electronic Business
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(3), 934-941; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1030071 - 07 Sep 2021
Viewed by 1236
Definition
Digital literacy is a term that traditionally describes the extent to which a person is able to use interactive digital devices for living and working, such as computers and smartphones, as well as services delivered through these devices. The advent of the digital [...] Read more.
Digital literacy is a term that traditionally describes the extent to which a person is able to use interactive digital devices for living and working, such as computers and smartphones, as well as services delivered through these devices. The advent of the digital society at large and electronic business, specifically in the past decades, has broadened the use of digital devices beyond the isolated uses of working and simple communication; this advent has created digital ecosystems in which workers and consumers are embedded to various degrees, such as social media platforms or integrated shopping and media platforms. This embedding implies that a traditional, narrow notion of digital literacy needs to be extended and made more precise. For this purpose, we use the related notions of digital dexterity, digital proficiency and digital awareness. The term digital dexterity describes the extent to which an individual can handle or operate digital devices or services from a physical perspective. The term digital proficiency describes the extent to which an individual can use digital means to effectively and efficiently facilitate their living and working. The term digital awareness describes the extent to which individuals can understand what their position in digital ecosystems is, including the opportunities and threats of participating in these ecosystems. Digital literacy in the modern, broad interpretation is then the combination of digital dexterity, digital proficiency and digital awareness. Full article
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Entry
The Capital Asset Pricing Model
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(3), 915-933; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1030070 - 03 Sep 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 969
Definition
The capital asset pricing model (CAPM) is an influential paradigm in financial risk management. It formalizes mean-variance optimization of a risky portfolio given the presence of a risk-free investment such as short-term government bonds. The CAPM defines the price of financial assets according [...] Read more.
The capital asset pricing model (CAPM) is an influential paradigm in financial risk management. It formalizes mean-variance optimization of a risky portfolio given the presence of a risk-free investment such as short-term government bonds. The CAPM defines the price of financial assets according to the premium demanded by investors for bearing excess risk. Full article
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Entry
Next Generation of AMR Network
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(3), 871-892; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1030067 - 26 Aug 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1371
Definition
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the top 10 global public health threats facing humanity, especially in low-resource settings, and requires an interdisciplinary response across academia, government, countries, and societies. If unchecked, AMR will hamper progress towards reaching the United Nations Sustainable Development [...] Read more.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the top 10 global public health threats facing humanity, especially in low-resource settings, and requires an interdisciplinary response across academia, government, countries, and societies. If unchecked, AMR will hamper progress towards reaching the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including ending poverty and hunger, promoting healthy lives and well-being, and achieving sustained economic growth. There are many global initiatives to curb the effects of AMR, but significant gaps remain. New ways of thinking and operating in the context of the SDGs are essential to making progress. In this entry, we define the next generation of the AMR research network, its composition, and strategic activities that can help mitigate the threats due to AMR at the local, regional, and global levels. This is supported by a review of recent literature and bibliometric and network analyses to examine the current and future state of AMR research networks for global health and sustainable development. Full article
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Entry
The New Sociology of Religion
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(3), 822-830; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1030063 - 18 Aug 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 883
Definition
The new sociology of religion differs from the classical and mainstream sociology, which was in force until the end of the last century, in that it no longer considers religion only as an independent variable, but places it together with other dependent variables, [...] Read more.
The new sociology of religion differs from the classical and mainstream sociology, which was in force until the end of the last century, in that it no longer considers religion only as an independent variable, but places it together with other dependent variables, so that it becomes possible to investigate new themes, especially those that do not consider religious involvement—from atheism to the phenomenon of ‘nones’ (non-believers and non-practicing), from spirituality to forms of para-religions and quasi-religions and the varied set of multiple religions. Full article
Entry
Working Capital
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(3), 764-772; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1030058 - 06 Aug 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 990
Definition
The simplest net working capital can be defined as the difference between the value of current assets and short-term liabilities together with other short-term accruals. It is equivalent to the part of the current assets financed with equity, provisions for liabilities, long-term liabilities, [...] Read more.
The simplest net working capital can be defined as the difference between the value of current assets and short-term liabilities together with other short-term accruals. It is equivalent to the part of the current assets financed with equity, provisions for liabilities, long-term liabilities, and the remaining part of accruals. Therefore, it is the capital that finances only that part of the current assets that are not financed with short-term liabilities. This amount is financed with fixed capital. Summing up, net working capital is the fixed capital that finances the company’s current assets. Full article
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Entry
Non-Patent Literature
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(1), 198-205; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1010019 - 12 Feb 2021
Viewed by 1836
Definition
Non-patent literature is defined as scientific publications, technical standards, conference proceedings, clinical trials, books, manuals, technical or research reports, or any other technical scientific material which is cited in patents to show what has already been published and disseminated about the invention to [...] Read more.
Non-patent literature is defined as scientific publications, technical standards, conference proceedings, clinical trials, books, manuals, technical or research reports, or any other technical scientific material which is cited in patents to show what has already been published and disseminated about the invention to be patented, in order to justify its novelty. These documents are considered technically relevant to the patent granting procedure and are cited along with other patents related to the same subject matter. Full article
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: European Monetary Union

Authors: Ralf Fendel, Andre Schmidt

WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management, Burgplatz 2, 56179 Vallendar, Germany

Title: Typology, Antecedents, and Consequences

Authors:  Amelia Stillwell                                                                                                             

Assistant Professor of Management at the David Eccles School of Business, University of Utah.

Title: Financial Integration in Preindustrial Europe
Authors: Pilar Nogues-Marco

Université de Genèvedisabled, Geneva, Switzerland

Title: Social and Economic Determinant of Well-being

Authors:  Valjean Livingston                                                                                                           

Norfolk State University, 700 Park Ave, Norfolk, VA 23504, USA

Title: The Subject of Codesign/Participatory Design

Authors:  Kimberley Gomez

                                                                                             

                                                                                                              

 

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