Table of Contents
Mar. Drugs, Volume 17, Issue 7 (July 2019)
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Cover Story (view full-size image) Biosurfactants represent a prominent example of valuable compounds that are synthesized by a [...] Read more. Biosurfactants represent a prominent example of valuable compounds that are synthesized by a multitude of microorganisms thriving in the oceans to allow an adaptation to the very specific environmental conditions. These compounds constitute amphiphilic secondary metabolites which exhibit surface-active properties and can be produced from renewable resources, making them useful for diverse applications. This review summarises the structural diversity of biosurfactants focusing on low molecular weight compounds produced by marine microorganisms. Additionally, biotechnological applications are described with special emphasis on bioremediation of oil-contaminated environments. Furthermore, novel exploitation strategies are suggested in an attempt to extend the portfolio of marine biosurfactants. View this paper.