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Chitosan Use in Dentistry: A Systematic Review of Recent Clinical Studies

1
Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphological and Functional Imaging, Messina University, Messina 98100, Italy
2
Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Odontostomatological Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples 80100, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(7), 417; https://doi.org/10.3390/md17070417
Received: 6 May 2019 / Revised: 11 July 2019 / Accepted: 16 July 2019 / Published: 17 July 2019
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Abstract

This study aims to highlight the latest marine-derived technologies in the biomedical field. The dental field, in particular, uses many marine-derived biomaterials, including chitosan. Chitosan that is used in different fields of medicine, is analyzed in this review with the aim of highlighting its uses and advantages in the dental field. A literature search was conducted in scientific search engines, using keywords in order to achieve the highest possible number of results. A review of randomized controlled trials (RCT) was conducted to evaluate and process all the relevant results for chitosan and oral health. After a screening and a careful analysis of the literature, there were only 12 results highlighted. Chitosan performs different functions and it is used in different fields of dentistry in a safe and effective way. Among the uses of chitosan, we report on the remineralizing property of chitosan which hardens tissues of the tooth, and therefore its role as a desensibilizer used in toothpastes. According to our systematic review, the use of chitosan has shown better surgical healing of post-extraction oral wounds. Furthermore, some studies show a reduction in bacterial biofilm when used in dental cements. In addition, it has antibacterial, antifungal, hemostatic and other systemic properties which aid its use for drug delivering. View Full-Text
Keywords: chitosan; dentistry; oral surgery; dental material; marine drugs chitosan; dentistry; oral surgery; dental material; marine drugs
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Cicciù, M.; Fiorillo, L.; Cervino, G. Chitosan Use in Dentistry: A Systematic Review of Recent Clinical Studies. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 417.

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