Table of Contents
Nutrients, Volume 11, Issue 6 (June 2019) – 242 articles
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Cover Story (view full-size image) Over 20 years ago, the Harvard Nurses’ Health Study suggested women were at risk of type 2 diabetes [...] Read more. Over 20 years ago, the Harvard Nurses’ Health Study suggested women were at risk of type 2 diabetes if they ate a diet rich in high glycemic index (GI) carbohydrate foods. Since then, some inconsistent findings have made the subject controversial. In this thorough systematic review, more consistent results occur among studies using high quality dietary instruments. Across the range of diets eaten globally, including persons of European and East Asian ancestry, the relative risk appears almost 2-times higher for high versus low GI diets. Insufficient data was available for persons of African or South American descent. A high glycemic load (GL), the quality (GI) multiplied by the quantity of carbohydrate eaten, appears just as hazardous as GI. These risks may be higher in persons consuming little dietary fibre, while moderate alcohol consumption was associated with lower risk in males. View this paper