Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, Volume 16, Issue 3 (February-1 2019) – 227 articles
Cover Story (view full-size image): Several studies have examined the ties between green space and academic performance, hypothesizing that green space can foster performance and, over time, help reduce health and income disparities. We conducted a systematic review and identified 13 articles that examined associations between academic outcomes and types of green spaces. Of the 122 findings reported in the 13 articles, 64% were non-significant, 8% were significant and negative, and 28% were significant and positive. Positive findings were limited to greenness, tree cover, and green land cover at distances up to 2000 m around schools. End-of-semester grades and college preparatory exams showed greater shares of positive associations than math or reading test scores. Our review shows that the literature on green space and academic performance is small and shows mixed results. View this paper
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