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Special Issue "Nutrition, Diets and Public Health"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2018

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Assoc. Prof. Dr. med. Cem Ekmekcioglu

Department of Environmental Health, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15, A-1090 Austria
Website | E-Mail
Interests: nutritional physiology; public health nutrition; evidence-based medicine; chronobiology
Guest Editor
Assist. Prof. Mag. Dr. Petra Rust

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
Website | E-Mail
Interests: nutrition throughout the lifecycle; nutrition monitoring; public health nutrition

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The cornerstones for good health are, primarily: Engaging in regular physical activity, not smoking and practicing a health-promoting eating pattern. Healthy nutrition and maintaining a normal body weight are very important for reducing the risk for cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus and certain cancers, in front those of the gut. On the other hand, several observational studies and meta-analyses have consistently shown that, for example, a high intake of red and processed meat can significantly increase the risk for these non-communicable diseases. In addition, not only too much, but also too little, e.g., an insufficient intake of certain food (groups), like vegetables and fruits, and essential nutrients, are well known to adversely impact our health. Therefore, humans should follow a balanced diet to ensure the adequate intake of health-promoting food components and, at the same time, avoid energy-dense and nutrient-poor foodstuff.

For this Special Issue on “Nutrition, Diets and Public Health,” we are interested in original research and all kinds of review articles studying or summarizing the effects and importance of nutrition on human health. The focus lies on human studies, with basic science investigations only welcomed if they are part of a human/clinical study. The topics we are interested are broad and include food, macronutrients or micronutrients and human health, the relationship between eating behaviors and chronic diseases, methods and efforts to improve healthy eating, nutritional assessments of food and nutrient intakes, human obesity, nutrition in the different stages of life, and, of course, highly up-to-date topics like salt, fructose or vitamin D and health.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. med. Cem Ekmekcioglu
Assist. Prof. Mag. Dr. Petra Rust
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • nutrition
  • diet
  • food
  • nutrients
  • public health nutrition
  • chronic diseases
  • obesity
  • epidemiology
  • human studies
  • nutritional assessment
  • epigenetics

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Intake of Saturated Fatty Acids Affects Atherogenic Blood Properties in Young, Caucasian, Overweight Women Even without Influencing Blood Cholesterol
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2530; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112530
Received: 10 October 2018 / Revised: 3 November 2018 / Accepted: 9 November 2018 / Published: 12 November 2018
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Abstract
Despite a general relation between fat intake and cardiovascular risk factors, the association is often not observed in studies conducted in heterogenic populations, as for population groups, it may differ. The aim of the study was to analyze the associations between dietary fat
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Despite a general relation between fat intake and cardiovascular risk factors, the association is often not observed in studies conducted in heterogenic populations, as for population groups, it may differ. The aim of the study was to analyze the associations between dietary fat intake and lipoprotein cholesterol fractions, as well as atherogenic blood properties, in young and middle-aged overweight Caucasian women. In a group of 138 overweight women, the three-day dietary records were assessed, under-reporters were excluded, and lipoprotein cholesterol fractions were analyzed. For the included 24 young (aged 20–40) and 42 middle-age women (aged 40–60), the intakes of fat, saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and cholesterol, as well as the PUFA/SFA ratio, were assessed. Afterwards, the analysis of associations with blood levels of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglyceride, as well as the TC/HDL ratio, HDL/LDL, ratio and Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP), were conducted. It was stated that the influence of the dietary fat level on lipoprotein cholesterol fractions as well as atherogenic blood properties in overweight Caucasian women is age dependent. For young, overweight, Caucasian women, the influence of the dietary fat level on the lipoprotein cholesterol fractions was not observed; however, SFA intake influenced atherogenic blood properties. For middle-aged, overweight, Caucasian women, the PUFA intake had an especially important influence in increasing the HDL cholesterol level. For overweight Caucasian women, not only should lipoprotein cholesterol fractions be controlled, but also the AIP calculated—especially for younger women. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Diets and Public Health)
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Open AccessArticle Rapid Weight Loss and Dietary Inadequacies among Martial Arts Practitioners from Poland
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2476; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112476
Received: 11 September 2018 / Revised: 29 October 2018 / Accepted: 3 November 2018 / Published: 6 November 2018
PDF Full-text (687 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Healthy nutrition and maintaining a normal body weight are very important for reducing the risk of various diseases not only among the general population, but also among athletes, especially combat sport athletes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of
[...] Read more.
Healthy nutrition and maintaining a normal body weight are very important for reducing the risk of various diseases not only among the general population, but also among athletes, especially combat sport athletes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of rapid weight loss (RWL) and to indicate eventual dietary inadequacies among professional martial arts practitioners. Sixty-two male athletes (aged: 23 ± 4) completed a questionnaire (i.e., frequency of food group consumption, questions about training and RWL) and single 24-h dietary recall. This study confirmed the high prevalence of RWL in athletes (58%) for two to three days before the competition, which allowed for reduction of 3.4 ± 1.0 kg (4.3 ± 1.5%) of their body weight. Many dietary inaccuracies were found such as: lower than recommended by nutrition experts, level of consumption of dairy products, grain products, fruit, and vegetables, and insufficient intake of energy, carbohydrates, minerals (especially iodine, potassium, calcium) and vitamins (especially D, folate, C, E) during the training day. Adequate nutrition is a natural support for the whole training process, and may allow for regulation of body weight in a longer period and in a safer manner; thus, there is a need for nutrition education dedicated to athletes and their trainers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Diets and Public Health)
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Open AccessArticle Intensity of Energy Drink Use Plus Alcohol Predict Risky Health Behaviours among University Students in the Caribbean
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2429; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112429
Received: 21 August 2018 / Revised: 29 October 2018 / Accepted: 30 October 2018 / Published: 1 November 2018
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Abstract
The relationship between energy drink (ED) use and risky behaviours has not been explored in the Caribbean, where youth risky behaviours are prevalent. This paper examines the relationship between ED use and risky behaviours and the moderating effect of gender among 1994 undergraduate
[...] Read more.
The relationship between energy drink (ED) use and risky behaviours has not been explored in the Caribbean, where youth risky behaviours are prevalent. This paper examines the relationship between ED use and risky behaviours and the moderating effect of gender among 1994 undergraduate students in Trinidad and Tobago. Analyses examined the association between ED use and risky behaviours, and the significant predictors of risky behaviours. Analysis of variance determined whether there were differences in risky behaviours between those who used only alcohol or EDs, both alcohol and EDs, alcohol mixed with EDs and neither alcohol nor EDs; and the difference between those with high and low intensity of ED use. In both males and females current use of energy drinks was positively associated with harmful substance use, risky sexual behaviours, and risky non-sexual behaviours, more strongly for males. The strongest predictor of risky behaviours was gender. Males consuming both alcohol and EDs, independently or mixed, were most likely to have risky behaviours. Consistent with previous reports, harmful alcohol use and other risk taking health behaviours appear to be predicted by a combination of high intensity use of EDs and alcohol. In countries like Trinidad and Tobago where violence, alcohol use disorders, STI/HIV infection and teenaged pregnancy are prevalent, the assessment of consumption of EDs and alcohol may be an important potential predictor of health compromising behaviours. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Diets and Public Health)
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Open AccessArticle To Buy or Not to Buy? Consumer Attitudes and Purchase Intentions for Suboptimal Food
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1431; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071431
Received: 22 May 2018 / Revised: 22 June 2018 / Accepted: 4 July 2018 / Published: 6 July 2018
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Abstract
Food system and food safety have drawn spontaneous global attention due to the effect of substantial environmental concerns. Three billion tons of food are wasted every year, estimated as being a third of all produced food. The production of much of this waste
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Food system and food safety have drawn spontaneous global attention due to the effect of substantial environmental concerns. Three billion tons of food are wasted every year, estimated as being a third of all produced food. The production of much of this waste is directly linked to the unwillingness to sell, purchase, and consume suboptimal food that have deviated from regular products in terms of appearance standards, date labeling, or damaged packaging. Yet empirical research on this issue is scarce. This study aims to develop an extended Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) research model, which includes environmental concern and sensory appeal to predict consumers’ purchase intention to suboptimal foods. A total of 539 respondents collected in Taiwan as data input. The empirical results of structural equation modeling (SEM) indicate that consumers’ attitude was the main predictor of their intention to purchase suboptimal foods. Interestingly, this research showed that both perceived behavioral control and subjective norms were not significant predictors of intention. Furthermore, adding environmental concern and sensory appeal as the additional constructs to the TPB significantly increased the explanatory power of the standard model. These findings provide important insights for suboptimal food and useful recommendations for marketing channels, suggesting that promotion of suboptimal food may be the key to potential business. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Diets and Public Health)
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