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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(3), 507; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030507

Parental Psychological Control and Emotional and Behavioral Disorders among Spanish Adolescents

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Teacher Training College, University of Extremadura, 10071 Caceres, Spain
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Received: 29 November 2018 / Revised: 6 February 2019 / Accepted: 8 February 2019 / Published: 12 February 2019
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Abstract

There is no denying the fundamental role played by parents in the psychosocial development of their children—either as a liability or as protection against mental health disorders. This study seeks to ascertain, by means of odds ratio statistics (OR), the correlation between parental psychological control and emotional and behavioral disorders. A total of 762 students took part in this study, with an average age of 12.23 years—53.8% of whom were girls and 46.2% were boys. Children and adolescents reported their parental psychological control and their emotional and behavioral disorders (i.e., emotional and behavioral problems, internalizing and externalizing problems). Minors who perceive their psychological control as high are 6 times more likely to suffer from internalizing disorders and 4.8 times more likely to develop externalizing disorders. Furthermore, the probability of suffering externalizing disorders is higher among males who perceive a high degree of psychological control. This study breaks new ground on the importance of perceived psychological control—considered as a negative form of control by parents—in the emotional and behavioral disorders among children and adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health; emotional disorders; behavioral disorders; adolescents; family; parental psychological control; parents mental health; emotional disorders; behavioral disorders; adolescents; family; parental psychological control; parents
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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León-del-Barco, B.; Mendo-Lázaro, S.; Polo-del-Río, M.I.; López-Ramos, V.M. Parental Psychological Control and Emotional and Behavioral Disorders among Spanish Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 507.

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