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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(3), 501; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030501

Prevalence of Dietary Behavior and Determinants of Quality of Diet among Beneficiaries of Government Welfare Assistance in Poland

1
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Work Physiology and Ergonomics, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, 91-348 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 24 January 2019 / Accepted: 31 January 2019 / Published: 11 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Diets and Public Health)
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Abstract

Diet, as a modifiable factor for good health maintenance, reduces the risk of numerous non-communicable chronic diseases and prevents premature death. The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of a dietary behavior and to find out what the determinants of diet quality among the low socio-economic status population are. The studied sample consisted of 1710 respondents. Only 3% of the beneficiaries had healthy dietary habits. Unhealthy dietary habits dominated in all the study group regardless of the subjects’ level of education (p < 0.001). Higher odds of unhealthy dietary habits were reported among the respondents with primary, vocational, and secondary education than among the respondents with high education (for the primary education OR = 11.10; 95% CI: 5.86–21.01; p ≤ 0.001; for vocational education OR = 10.54; 95% CI: 5.79–19.18; p ≤ 0.001 and for secondary education OR = 5.83; 95% CI: 3.48–9.79; p ≤ 0.001). The unhealthy dietary behavior prevalence among beneficiaries of government welfare assistance in Poland is much higher than in the general population. Since only educational level is a determinant which is significantly correlated with the unhealthy dietary behavior, promotion of a healthy diet among disadvantaged individuals should be focused on this factor. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary behavior; Dietary Quality Score; disadvantaged groups; low socio-economic status population dietary behavior; Dietary Quality Score; disadvantaged groups; low socio-economic status population
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kałucka, S.; Kaleta, D.; Makowiec-Dabrowska, T. Prevalence of Dietary Behavior and Determinants of Quality of Diet among Beneficiaries of Government Welfare Assistance in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 501.

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