Table of Contents
Microorganisms, Volume 8, Issue 2 (February 2020) – 169 articles
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Cover Story (view full-size image) The reduction of antimicrobial resistance is a major challenge. The withdrawal of antibiotics for [...] Read more. The reduction of antimicrobial resistance is a major challenge. The withdrawal of antibiotics for growth promotion and prevention of disease in animals is essential avoiding resistances, but this may decrease productivity and affect poultry health due to an increase of gut inflammation. Probiotics are promising products for addressing this challenge due to their beneficial effects on microbiota, mucosal barrier, and immune system to control inflammation. The specific effects that a probiotic should induce on the host to maximize productivity and health have not yet been identified. Firstly, it may be necessary to define the optimal innate immune response in the gut that optimizes productivity and health and to then investigate probiotic strain able to induce these specific responses. Understanding the gaps in host–microbiota–pathogen interaction and related mechanisms involved in the inflammatory response is the cornerstone selecting probiotics by their mode of action.