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Pathogenicity and Virulence Factors of Fusarium graminearum Including Factors Discovered Using Next Generation Sequencing Technologies and Proteomics

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Department of Agriculture and Animal Health, Science Campus, University of South Africa, Corner Christiaan de Wet Road and Pioneer Avenue, Private Bag X6, Florida 1710, South Africa
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Agricultural Research Council-Vegetable and Ornamental Plants (ARC-VOP), Plant Breeding Division, Roodeplaat, Private Bag X293, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
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Department of Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Research Unit, College of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Building Block 73, Room 106, Addis Ababa 1000, Ethiopia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(2), 305; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8020305
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 28 November 2019 / Accepted: 29 November 2019 / Published: 22 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fusarium: Mycotoxins, Taxonomy and Pathogenicity)
Fusarium graminearum is a devasting mycotoxin-producing pathogen of grain crops. F. graminearum has been extensively studied to understand its pathogenicity and virulence factors. These studies gained momentum with the advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies and proteomics. NGS and proteomics have enabled the discovery of a multitude of pathogenicity and virulence factors of F. graminearum. This current review aimed to trace progress made in discovering F. graminearum pathogenicity and virulence factors in general, as well as pathogenicity and virulence factors discovered using NGS, and to some extent, using proteomics. We present more than 100 discovered pathogenicity or virulence factors and conclude that although a multitude of pathogenicity and virulence factors have already been discovered, more work needs to be done to take advantage of NGS and its companion applications of proteomics. View Full-Text
Keywords: pathogenicity; virulence; Fusarium graminearum; next-generation sequencing; proteomics pathogenicity; virulence; Fusarium graminearum; next-generation sequencing; proteomics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rauwane, M.E.; Ogugua, U.V.; Kalu, C.M.; Ledwaba, L.K.; Woldesemayat, A.A.; Ntushelo, K. Pathogenicity and Virulence Factors of Fusarium graminearum Including Factors Discovered Using Next Generation Sequencing Technologies and Proteomics. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 305.

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