Table of Contents
Nutrients, Volume 10, Issue 11 (November 2018)
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Cover Story (view full-size image) Adhering to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and physical activity (PA) have independently been linked [...] Read more. Adhering to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and physical activity (PA) have independently been linked to health benefits. These behaviours form essential components of the traditional Mediterranean lifestyle. However, their combined effect on metabolic risk has not been systematically assessed. This systematic review with meta-analysis aimed to examine, for the first time, the combined effect of promoting the MD and PA, compared with no treatment, treatment with MD or PA alone, or a different dietary and/or PA treatment, on metabolic risk factors. Findings indicate that, compared to a control condition, promoting the MD and PA leads to greater beneficial effects on several metabolic risk factors. Although studies had high degree of heterogeneity, findings suggest that promoting the MD and PA guidelines together is likely to provide an opportunity for metabolic risk reduction. View this paper