Topical Collection "Molecules from Catalytic Processes"

A topical collection in Molbank (ISSN 1422-8599). This collection belongs to the section "Organic Synthesis".

Editor

Dr. Nicola Della Ca'
Website
Collection Editor
Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability (SCVSA), Parco Area delle Scienze 17/A, University of Parma, 43124—Parma (PR), Italy
Interests: catalytic sequential reactions for the synthesis of high value-added compounds from readily available reagents, transition metal-catalyzed C-H activation methodologies, carbonylation reactions, CO2 activation chemistry
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Topical Collection Information

Dear Colleagues,

Catalytic reactions represent an outstanding tool to access structurally-complex molecules of relevant interest for academia and industry. Often, sequential catalytic transformations lead to a high level of molecular sophistication that is hard to reach through the traditional organic chemistry. The use of readily available starting materials avoiding at the same time tedious separation steps increases the synthetic importance and the potentiality of these catalytic processes. The focus of this Special Issue is to present papers that cover the synthesis of a single compound or a family of molecules through a catalytic transformation, including metal- or organocatalyzed syntheses. All contributions on this topic are encouraged.

Dr. Nicola Della Ca'
Collection Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the collection website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

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Keywords

  • catalytic processes
  • metal-catalyzed organic synthesis
  • organocatalyzed transformations
  • high-value added molecules
  • heterocycle synthesis

Published Papers (14 papers)

2020

Jump to: 2019, 2018

Open AccessShort Note
Dimethyl 2-(1-methyl-3-oxo-1,3-dihydroisobenzofuran-1-yl)malonate
Molbank 2020, 2020(2), M1124; https://doi.org/10.3390/M1124 - 06 Apr 2020
Abstract
In this work we report a facile access to a 3,3-disubstituted isobenzofuranone by tandem addition/cyclization reaction to methyl 2-acetylbenzoate in the presence of dimethyl malonate, under basic conditions. Full article
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2019

Jump to: 2020, 2018

Open AccessCommunication
(2S,5R)-2-Isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanone Hydrazones
Molbank 2019, 2019(2), M1062; https://doi.org/10.3390/M1062 - 29 May 2019
Cited by 1
Abstract
Hydrazones were obtained in 76–78% yield via condensation of (2S,5R)-2-isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanone with 4-R-phenoxyacetic acid hydrazides in the presence of a catalytic amount of glacial acetic acid. The structure of the target compounds has been established by FTIR-ATR, Raman, [...] Read more.
Hydrazones were obtained in 76–78% yield via condensation of (2S,5R)-2-isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanone with 4-R-phenoxyacetic acid hydrazides in the presence of a catalytic amount of glacial acetic acid. The structure of the target compounds has been established by FTIR-ATR, Raman, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectral analysis and EI/FAB/ESI mass spectrometry. Thermal properties of hydrazones 3a3e were elucidated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and their purity by HPLC coupled to mass spectrometry. Synthesized compounds were found to exist as Z/E geometrical isomers about C=N bond and cis/trans amide conformers. Full article
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Open AccessCommunication
4b,5,6,9-Tetrahydro-7H-dibenzo[c,e]pyrrolo[1,2-a]azepin-7-one
Molbank 2019, 2019(2), M1061; https://doi.org/10.3390/M1061 - 17 May 2019
Abstract
A simple approach to synthesize 4b,5,6,9-tetrahydro-7H-dibenzo[c,e]pyrrolo[1,2-a]azepin- 7-one has been developed, based on a three-step transformation of 2-(2-bromophenyl)cyclopropane-1,1-diester. The key stage in this method is an intramolecular cross-coupling of 1-(2-bromobenzyl)-5-(2-bromophenyl)pyrrolidin-2-one under continuous flow conditions in an H-Сube-Pro using commercially available supported Pd catalysts. Full article
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Open AccessShort Note
(E)-N′-(4-Fluorobenzylidene)-5-methyl-2-(pyridin-3-yl)thiazole-4-carbohydrazide
Molbank 2019, 2019(2), M1058; https://doi.org/10.3390/M1058 - 02 May 2019
Abstract
5-methyl-2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1,3-thiazole-4-carbohydrazide (1) on treatment with 4-fluorobenzaldehyde in presence of catalytic amount of acetic acid, accessed the target compound (2) with the yield of 79%. The target compound was confirmed by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, FT-IR and LCMS. In vitro [...] Read more.
5-methyl-2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1,3-thiazole-4-carbohydrazide (1) on treatment with 4-fluorobenzaldehyde in presence of catalytic amount of acetic acid, accessed the target compound (2) with the yield of 79%. The target compound was confirmed by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, FT-IR and LCMS. In vitro antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (S. Aureus), Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), Escherichia coli (E. coli), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) were carried out and compound 2 showed promising activity against B. subtilis. In addition, compound 2 was analyzed for DNA binding study. It revealed that compound 2 has a promising affinity towards DNA double helix. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
4-[(3,4-Dimethoxybenzylidene)amino]-5-(5-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione
Molbank 2019, 2019(1), M1055; https://doi.org/10.3390/M1055 - 29 Mar 2019
Abstract
4-Amino-5-(5-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione (1) upon treatment with 3,4-dimethoxybenzaldehyde in 10 mL of absolute ethanol in the presence of a catalytic amount of acetic acid produced the target compound 4-[(3,4-dimethoxybenzylidene)amino]-5-(5-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione (2) in 80% yield. [...] Read more.
4-Amino-5-(5-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione (1) upon treatment with 3,4-dimethoxybenzaldehyde in 10 mL of absolute ethanol in the presence of a catalytic amount of acetic acid produced the target compound 4-[(3,4-dimethoxybenzylidene)amino]-5-(5-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione (2) in 80% yield. The obtained solid product was recrystallized from ethanol. The compound was characterized by elemental analyses, mass spectrometry, FT-IR, 1H and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. To study the binding interactions of the compound with receptor, it was docked with the human prostaglandin reductase (PTGR2). The docking pose and noncovalent interactions gave insights into its plausible inhibitory action. Full article
Open AccessFeature PaperShort Note
9-Aminoquino[2',3':3,4]pyrrolo[2,1-b]quinazolin-11(13H)-one
Molbank 2019, 2019(1), M1050; https://doi.org/10.3390/M1050 - 01 Mar 2019
Cited by 1
Abstract
Chemoselective reduction of the corresponding 9-nitro precursor by catalytic transfer hydrogenation afforded the title compound, a new 9-amino derivative of the antitumor alkaloid Luotonin A, in good yield. The structure of the compound was established by means of 1D and 2D 1H-NMR [...] Read more.
Chemoselective reduction of the corresponding 9-nitro precursor by catalytic transfer hydrogenation afforded the title compound, a new 9-amino derivative of the antitumor alkaloid Luotonin A, in good yield. The structure of the compound was established by means of 1D and 2D 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectroscopy as well as by EI-MS and high-resolution ESI-MS. Full article
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2018

Jump to: 2020, 2019

Open AccessShort Note
(E)-3-[3-(4-Morpholinophenyl)acryloyl]-2H-chromen-2-one
Molbank 2018, 2018(4), M1027; https://doi.org/10.3390/M1027 - 29 Oct 2018
Cited by 1
Abstract
A new compound (E)-3-[3-(4-morpholinophenyl)acryloyl]-2H-chromen-2-one, a coumarin based chalcone derivative, has been successfully synthesized employing a molecular hybridization method through the reaction between 3-acetylcoumarin and 4-morpholinobenzaldehyde using a Claisen–Schmidt reaction using pTSA as a catalyst. The structure of the [...] Read more.
A new compound (E)-3-[3-(4-morpholinophenyl)acryloyl]-2H-chromen-2-one, a coumarin based chalcone derivative, has been successfully synthesized employing a molecular hybridization method through the reaction between 3-acetylcoumarin and 4-morpholinobenzaldehyde using a Claisen–Schmidt reaction using pTSA as a catalyst. The structure of the title compound was established using spectroscopic data FTIR, HRESI-MS, 1H- and 13C-NMR. The anticancer activity against breast cancer cells line T47D and cervix cancer cells line HeLa was determined using an MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
(E)-1-(2′,4′-Dimethyl)-(5-acetylthiazole)-(2,4″-difluorophenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one
Molbank 2018, 2018(3), M1019; https://doi.org/10.3390/M1019 - 13 Sep 2018
Abstract
Thiazole and chalcone motifs are of research interest to medicinal chemists due to their array of synthetic and biological utility. Hence, in the present study we intended to prepare (E)-1-(2′,4′-dimethyl)-(5-acetylthiazole)-(2,4″-difluorophenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one (3c) containing both these scaffolds. The compound 3c was [...] Read more.
Thiazole and chalcone motifs are of research interest to medicinal chemists due to their array of synthetic and biological utility. Hence, in the present study we intended to prepare (E)-1-(2′,4′-dimethyl)-(5-acetylthiazole)-(2,4″-difluorophenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one (3c) containing both these scaffolds. The compound 3c was synthesized by the acid-catalyzed condensation of 2,4-dimethyl-5-acetylthiazole with 2,4-difluorobenzaldehyde. Purification and characterization of the compound were carried out by recrystallization and spectral techniques including UV, IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, Mass spectrometry and X-ray powdered diffractometry. The molecule 3c was successfully synthesized, purified, and characterized. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
(1R,5S)-6-(4-Methyl-2-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)-3-phenyl-4-oxa-2,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-en-7-one
Molbank 2018, 2018(3), M1016; https://doi.org/10.3390/M1016 - 30 Aug 2018
Abstract
Efficient large-scale and feasible industrial synthesis of the 1-oxacephem core structure from 6-aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) has been reported for several decades. Via the industrial synthesis route, a byproduct (compound 9) containing a butenolide unit was purified and characterized by NMR and HRMS [...] Read more.
Efficient large-scale and feasible industrial synthesis of the 1-oxacephem core structure from 6-aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) has been reported for several decades. Via the industrial synthesis route, a byproduct (compound 9) containing a butenolide unit was purified and characterized by NMR and HRMS in this work. It is worth noting that compound 9 is an entirely new compound. Additionally, a plausible mechanism and effects on the formation of 9 by different Lewis acids were proposed. The discovery of compound 9 could improve the purity of this feasible industrial synthesis and provide considerable cost savings. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
5-[3-(4-Bromophenyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-oxopropyl]-1,3-dimethylpyrimidine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-tri-one
Molbank 2018, 2018(3), M1013; https://doi.org/10.3390/M1013 - 23 Aug 2018
Abstract
The title compound was prepared by a two-step reaction. The first step was the formation of a chalcone derivative using Claisen–Schmidt condensation, which was followed by the Michael addition of the formed chalcone with 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid. The structure of the prepared compound was [...] Read more.
The title compound was prepared by a two-step reaction. The first step was the formation of a chalcone derivative using Claisen–Schmidt condensation, which was followed by the Michael addition of the formed chalcone with 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid. The structure of the prepared compound was established by spectral data: FTIR, HRESIMS, 1H- and 13C-NMR. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
Ethyl 5-methyl-7-(4-morpholinophenyl)-4,7-dihydrotetrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine-6-carboxylate
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M998; https://doi.org/10.3390/M998 - 28 May 2018
Cited by 1
Abstract
A new compound belonging to a dihydrotetrazolopyrimidine derivative, that is, ethyl 5-methyl-7-(4-morpholinophenyl)-4,7-dihydrotetrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine-6-carboxylate, was successfully synthesized using a Biginelli reaction between 4-morpholinobenzaldehyde, ethyl acetoacetate, and 5-aminotetrazole with p-toluenesulfonic acid (pTSA) as a catalyst in ethanol under reflux. The molecular [...] Read more.
A new compound belonging to a dihydrotetrazolopyrimidine derivative, that is, ethyl 5-methyl-7-(4-morpholinophenyl)-4,7-dihydrotetrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine-6-carboxylate, was successfully synthesized using a Biginelli reaction between 4-morpholinobenzaldehyde, ethyl acetoacetate, and 5-aminotetrazole with p-toluenesulfonic acid (pTSA) as a catalyst in ethanol under reflux. The molecular structure of the title compound was characterized on the basis of spectroscopic evidence, using FTIR, HRESI-MS, 1H- and 13C-NMR, and 2D NMR. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
1-Adamantylamidoxime
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M992; https://doi.org/10.3390/M992 - 19 Apr 2018
Abstract
The title compound was prepared by the nucleophilic addition of hydroxylamine over 1-cyanoadamantane. The poor reactivity of the nitrile substrate, due to its scarcely electrophilic nature, prompted the need to employ several activating conditions. Energy supply via conventional heating, ultrasound, and microwave irradiation [...] Read more.
The title compound was prepared by the nucleophilic addition of hydroxylamine over 1-cyanoadamantane. The poor reactivity of the nitrile substrate, due to its scarcely electrophilic nature, prompted the need to employ several activating conditions. Energy supply via conventional heating, ultrasound, and microwave irradiation did not lead to product formation. Therefore, Lewis acid catalysis was attempted. Initial tests with ZnCl2 led to product formation in poor yields. Conversely, the use of AlCl3 led to the formation of the desired amidoxime in the moderate yield, which was further increased to an excellent yield by performing the reaction in a more concentrated medium. The structural identity of the title compound was proven by spectroscopic methods (IR, NMR). This compound was later employed as a starting material for the synthesis of 3,5-disubstituted 1,2,4-oxadiazole derivatives as potential 11β-HSD1 inhibitors. Full article
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Open AccessShort Note
Cis,exo-1,2,3,4,4a,13b-hexahydro-1,4-methano-5-isopropoxy-9H-tribenzo[b,f]azepine
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M988; https://doi.org/10.3390/M988 - 12 Mar 2018
Abstract
The title compound—cis,exo-1,2,3,4,4a,13b-hexahydro-1,4-methano-5-isopropoxy-9H-tribenzo[b,f]azepine—was synthesized in 83% isolated yield by a palladium-catalyzed one-pot strategy from 1-iodo-2-isopropoxybenzene and ortho-bromoaniline. The azepine derivative was fully characterized (FT-IR, MS, 1H and 13C-NMR, elemental analysis) [...] Read more.
The title compound—cis,exo-1,2,3,4,4a,13b-hexahydro-1,4-methano-5-isopropoxy-9H-tribenzo[b,f]azepine—was synthesized in 83% isolated yield by a palladium-catalyzed one-pot strategy from 1-iodo-2-isopropoxybenzene and ortho-bromoaniline. The azepine derivative was fully characterized (FT-IR, MS, 1H and 13C-NMR, elemental analysis) and all proton and carbon signals have been completely assigned by 2D NMR experiments. Full article
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Open AccessFeature PaperShort Note
Dimethyl 2,2′-[Carbonylbis(azanediyl)](2S,2′S)-bis[3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate]
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M983; https://doi.org/10.3390/M983 - 19 Feb 2018
Abstract
The thus-far unknown ureic derivative dimethyl 2,2′-[carbonylbis(azanediyl)](2S,2′S)-bis[3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate] has been efficiently synthesized by enantiospecific oxidative carbonylation of readily available l-tyrosine methyl ester, using a very simple catalytic system (PdI2 in conjunction with KI) under relatively mild conditions (100 °C [...] Read more.
The thus-far unknown ureic derivative dimethyl 2,2′-[carbonylbis(azanediyl)](2S,2′S)-bis[3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate] has been efficiently synthesized by enantiospecific oxidative carbonylation of readily available l-tyrosine methyl ester, using a very simple catalytic system (PdI2 in conjunction with KI) under relatively mild conditions (100 °C for 5 h in DME as the solvent and under 20 atm of a 4:1 mixture CO-air). Full article
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