Special Issue "“3D” Parametric and Nonparametric Description of Surface Topography in Manufacturing Processes"

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Manufacturing Processes and Systems".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Wojciech Kacalak
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Co-Guest Editor
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Koszalin University of Technology, 15 Racławicka St., 75-900 Koszalin, Poland
Interests: grinding; surface topography; 3D modeling
Prof. Michal Wieczorowski
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Co-Guest Editor
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Management, Poznan University of Technology, 3 Piotrowo St., 60-965 Poznan, Poland
Interests: surface metrology; computed tomography; measurement systems
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Surface topography has a profound influence on the function of a surface. In industrial practice, geometric product specification is an important issue. The measurement and characterization of the geometric features of machined parts are important when trying to determine the functional properties of surfaces, and also in the control of process parameters during manufacturing. However, there are many other areas of science or engineering where surface topography is critical to function.

The aim of this Special Issue is to provide an international forum for the dissemination of scientific information on surface metrology submission from all fields involving the measurement and characterization of surface topography, including biomedical engineering, civil engineering, material science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing, metrology, nanotechnology, tribology, and others.

With this in mind, a Special Issue entitled “3D” Parametric and Nonparametric Description of Surface Topography in Manufacturing Processes is being launched. This Special Issue includes high-quality original research papers, review papers, and case studies dealing with the investigation, modeling, simulation, and assessment of the surface metrology methods in the context of instrumentation and measurement to material synthesis, and manufacturing processes.

Prof. Grzegorz Królczyk
Prof. Wojciech Kacalak
Prof. Michal Wieczorowski
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Manufacturing processes
  • Creating surface topography in machining processes
  • Surface topography analysis
  • Measurement systems
  • Advanced manufacturing metrology
  • Surface metrology
  • Measurement science
  • Measurement data acquisition

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Evaluation of the Thermal Stability and Surface Characteristics of Thermoplastic Polyurethane V-Belt
Materials 2020, 13(7), 1502; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13071502 (registering DOI) - 25 Mar 2020
Abstract
This article proposes thermography as a non-contact diagnostic tool for assessing drive reliability. The application of this technique during the operation of the belt transmission with a heat-welded thermoplastic polyurethane V-belt was presented. The V-belt temperature changes depending on the braking torque load [...] Read more.
This article proposes thermography as a non-contact diagnostic tool for assessing drive reliability. The application of this technique during the operation of the belt transmission with a heat-welded thermoplastic polyurethane V-belt was presented. The V-belt temperature changes depending on the braking torque load at different values of the rotational speed of the active pulley, which were adopted as diagnostic characteristics. In this paper, the surface morphology of the polyurethane (PU) belts was assessed on the basis of microscopic and hardness tests. A surface roughness tester was used to evaluate the surface wear. The surface morphology and topography of the materials was determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical microscopy. It was found that the most favorable operating conditions occurred when the temperature values of active and passive connectors were similar and the temperature difference between them was small. The mechanical and structure results indicate that the wear of the PU belt was slight, which provided stability and operational reliability for V-belt transmission. The microscopic images lacked clear traces of cracks and scratches on the surface, which was confirmed by the SEM observations. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Abrasive Wear Behavior of Cryogenically Treated Boron Steel (30MnCrB4) Used for Rotavator Blades
Materials 2020, 13(2), 436; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13020436 - 16 Jan 2020
Abstract
Rotavator blades are prone to significant wear because of the abrasive nature of sand particles. The aim of this research work is to investigate the effect of cryogenic treatment and post tempering on abrasive wear behavior, in the presence of angular quartz sand [...] Read more.
Rotavator blades are prone to significant wear because of the abrasive nature of sand particles. The aim of this research work is to investigate the effect of cryogenic treatment and post tempering on abrasive wear behavior, in the presence of angular quartz sand (grain size of 212–425 μm), of rotavator blade material of boron steel (30MnCrB4). Cryogenic treatment has caused an improvement in the abrasive wear resistance and microhardness of 30MnCrB4 by 60% and 260.73%, respectively, compared to untreated material due to enhancement in hardness, the conversion of retained austenite into martensite, and the precipitation of secondary carbides in boron steel after exposure to cryogenic temperature. Economic analysis justifies the additional cost of cryogenic treatment. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Reverse Problem in Surface Texture Analysis—One-Process Profile Modeling on the Basis of Measured Two-Process Profile after Machining or Wear
Materials 2019, 12(24), 4169; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12244169 - 12 Dec 2019
Abstract
The method of the base (valley) one-process profile modeling on the basis of the measured two-process profile was developed. The base one-process random profile of the Gaussian ordinate distribution is characterized by the standard deviation of the profile height and the correlation length. [...] Read more.
The method of the base (valley) one-process profile modeling on the basis of the measured two-process profile was developed. The base one-process random profile of the Gaussian ordinate distribution is characterized by the standard deviation of the profile height and the correlation length. The problem of estimation of the correlation length of this one-process profile exists. In the procedure of the correlation length estimation, information about the averaged shape of the autocorrelation functions of many one-process profiles after the same type of machining is required. The correlation length of the base one-process profile can be obtained on the basis of the vertical truncation of the measured two-process profile. The average error of the correlation length estimation was not higher than 7%, while the maximum error was not larger than 14%. This method can be extended to simulate the one-process texture of 3D (areal) surface topography. Full article
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