Alginates are linear unbranched polysaccharides produced by brown seaweeds. The gel properties of this phycocolloid are mainly linked to the monomer composition, sequential structure and molecular weight of the polymeric chain. Nevertheless, these structural parameters are also dependent on the age and tissue
[...] Read more.
Alginates are linear unbranched polysaccharides produced by brown seaweeds. The gel properties of this phycocolloid are mainly linked to the monomer composition, sequential structure and molecular weight of the polymeric chain. Nevertheless, these structural parameters are also dependent on the age and tissue of the thalli used. In this work, the kelp species Laminaria ochroleuca
and Saccorhiza polyschides
harvested from the Moroccan coast were analyzed for their alginates content and composition in different thalli parts (blade and stipe). Spectroscopic characterization (1
H NMR and FT-IR), viscosity, and molecular weight of the extracted alginates were investigated. The obtained results showed that the alginate contents ranged from 20.19 ± 2 to 49.8 ± 2.4% dw. FT-IR spectroscopy exhibited similar spectra between the alginates extracted from both species and the commercial alginate. The 1
H-NMR results revealed interesting variations in block composition between species, and less disparity with regard to the tissue type (M/G values ranging from 0.89 to 2.14). High mannuronate content was found in all alginates except for those extracted from the blade of L. ochroleuca
. The homopolymeric fractions FMM
are remarkably high compared to the FGG
and heteropolymeric fractions (FGM
) in S. polyschides
. However, for L. ochroleuca
, the heteropolymeric fractions are quite abundant, accounting for more than 34% of the polymer diads. The alginates extracted from both species indicated low values for the intrinsic viscosity. Based on the yield and the structural properties of their alginates, this study suggests that both L. ochroleuca
could be considered potential alginophytes to be incorporated into the industry of alginates. It also proposes an optimization of the yield, using the different thalli parts in the extraction (blade and stipe). The chemical structure and viscosity of their alginates may contribute to expanding their applications, especially in biotechnology and medical fields.