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Adm. Sci., Volume 14, Issue 6 (June 2024) – 21 articles

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16 pages, 1175 KiB  
Article
Co-Opetition and the Industrial Internet of Things: A Strategic Framework for Operational Efficiency in the Portuguese Ornamental Stone Sector
by Agostinho da Silva and Antonio J. Marques Cardoso
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 125; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060125 - 14 Jun 2024
Viewed by 202
Abstract
In our rapidly globalizing and digitizing world, small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises (SMEs) face significant challenges that compel them to adopt a co-opetition strategy—a blend of competition and collaboration. Despite their potential benefits, the high failure rates and unmet expectations of co-opetition networks [...] Read more.
In our rapidly globalizing and digitizing world, small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises (SMEs) face significant challenges that compel them to adopt a co-opetition strategy—a blend of competition and collaboration. Despite their potential benefits, the high failure rates and unmet expectations of co-opetition networks highlight a significant gap in the empirical frameworks for establishing and maintaining these networks. This research seeks to address these gaps by developing a framework that enhances value cocreation in the Portuguese ornamental stone sector, integrating the latest developments in the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), Service-Dominant Logic (S-D Logic), and service science. Question: How can a framework integrating IIoT, S-D Logic, and service science enhance value cocreation and manage co-opetition among SMEs in the Portuguese ornamental stone sector? Methods: Theoretical insights and practical applications were synthesized to develop and validate a comprehensive co-opetition framework. This framework was tested through an experimental pilot project in the Portuguese ornamental stone sector, leveraging IIoT. Results: The implementation of the framework demonstrated significant operational efficiency, including enhanced performance, reduced production variance, and better resource utilization, indicating that integrating IIoT within co-opetition networks can effectively support SMEs. Conclusions: This study confirms the transformative impact of embedding IIoT in co-opetition networks, offering a replicable and scalable framework for other sectors. This framework addresses the empirical gap and aligns with broader socio-economic goals, setting the stage for further research into its applicability and potential across diverse industrial environments. Full article
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19 pages, 947 KiB  
Article
Formation of Interdependence among Individuals in the Initial Phase of Intercompany Collaboration: The Role of Leaders and Members of AI Consortiums in Japan
by Masashi Sakai and Yuto Kimura
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 124; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060124 - 14 Jun 2024
Viewed by 150
Abstract
Japanese firms are accelerating their engagement in horizontal collaboration through unprecedented inter-firm combinations that allow organizations to respond flexibly and quickly to changes in the external environment. However, existing research has not sufficiently examined trust formation and individual interaction processes in the initial [...] Read more.
Japanese firms are accelerating their engagement in horizontal collaboration through unprecedented inter-firm combinations that allow organizations to respond flexibly and quickly to changes in the external environment. However, existing research has not sufficiently examined trust formation and individual interaction processes in the initial stages of such inter-organizational collaboration. This study examines a newly established value-creation consortium led by the private sector that uses state-of-the-art artificial intelligence (AI) technology to solve social issues. We interviewed consortium members in different positions; the steps for coding and theorization (SCAT) were used to analyze individuals’ interactions in the initial stage of forming inter-organizational collaboration. The results showed that the members’ willingness to collaborate increased due to the leader exhibiting trustworthy behavior. Furthermore, uncertainty caused by AI’s technological specificity led to insecurity, creating role ambiguity and role conflicts, which leaders and members overcame to form interdependent relationships among individuals. The indication of such a process is a new finding, the practical implications of which are discussed. Full article
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19 pages, 1491 KiB  
Article
Relationship between Personal Ethics and Burnout: The Unexpected Influence of Affective Commitment
by Carlos Santiago-Torner, José-Antonio Corral-Marfil and Elisenda Tarrats-Pons
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 123; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060123 - 12 Jun 2024
Viewed by 400
Abstract
Objective: Ethical climates and their influence on emotional health have been the subject of intense debates. However, Personal Ethics as a potential resource that can mitigate Burnout syndrome has gone unnoticed. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to examine the effect [...] Read more.
Objective: Ethical climates and their influence on emotional health have been the subject of intense debates. However, Personal Ethics as a potential resource that can mitigate Burnout syndrome has gone unnoticed. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to examine the effect of Personal Ethics on the three dimensions that constitute Burnout, considering the moderating influence of Affective Commitment. Design/methodology: A model consisting of three simple moderations is used to solve this question. The sample includes 448 professionals from the Colombian electricity sector with university-qualified education. Findings: Personal Ethics mitigates Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization, but it is not related to Personal Realization. Affective Commitment, unexpectedly, has an inverse moderating effect. In other words, as this type of commitment intensifies, the positive impact of Personal Ethics on Burnout and Depersonalization decreases until it disappears. Furthermore, Affective Commitment does not influence the dynamic between Personal Ethics and self-realization. Research limitations/implications: A longitudinal study would strengthen the causal relationships established in this research. Practical implications: Alignment of values between the individual and the organization is crucial. In fact, integration between the organization and its personnel through organic, open and connected structures increases psychological well-being through values linked to benevolence and understanding. Social implications: Employees’ emotional health is transcendental beyond the organizational level, as it has a significant impact on personal and family interactions beyond the workplace. Originality/value: The potential adverse repercussion of Affective Commitment has been barely examined. Additionally, Personal Ethics, when intensified by high Affective Commitment, can lead to extra-role behaviors that transform what is voluntary into a moral imperative. This situation could generate emotional fractures and a decrease in achievement. This perspective, compared to previous research, introduces an innovative element. Full article
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12 pages, 761 KiB  
Article
Entrepreneurial Education and Sustainability: Opportunities and Challenges for Universities in Albania
by Xhesila Nano, Drilona Mulaj, Dorina Kripa and Brunilda Duraj
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 122; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060122 - 7 Jun 2024
Viewed by 360
Abstract
As new trends are emerging worldwide, including innovation breakthroughs and the need for a sustainable approach to different aspects of economy and entrepreneurship, the need for orienting society towards sustainable entrepreneurial behavior is emerging. In this context, according to the literature, entrepreneurial education [...] Read more.
As new trends are emerging worldwide, including innovation breakthroughs and the need for a sustainable approach to different aspects of economy and entrepreneurship, the need for orienting society towards sustainable entrepreneurial behavior is emerging. In this context, according to the literature, entrepreneurial education can have a positive impact on fostering entrepreneurial intention in university students. The main research conducted in this study includes the identification of different opportunities and barriers that universities in Albania are facing, by conducting interviews and questionnaires with key stakeholders. The main barriers identified include the legislation gap and lack of governmental funding for entrepreneurial and sustainable courses, while the main opportunities from which universities can benefit include digital innovation and human resources skills management by providing an added value to their internal environment. The model proposed in this study to overcome barriers and benefit from opportunities includes two key stakeholders, government and universities, as the case study analysis of three universities in Albania predicts the need for more steps to be taken by these two key stakeholders included in the model, while future further research on governmental funding would be of high importance to the cost–benefit analysis of this kind of governmental support. Full article
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23 pages, 1131 KiB  
Article
Mechanisms of Organizational Mindfulness on Employee Well-Being and Engagement: A Multi-Level Analysis
by Kriengkrai Kumprang and Suparak Suriyankietkaew
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 121; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060121 - 6 Jun 2024
Viewed by 483
Abstract
This article investigates the currently limited multidisciplinary research front in emerging areas of mindfulness practice, employee well-being, and engagement. This evidence-based study aims to explore multifaceted mechanisms on how an organizational mindfulness development may affect well-being and engagement at multiple levels. This study [...] Read more.
This article investigates the currently limited multidisciplinary research front in emerging areas of mindfulness practice, employee well-being, and engagement. This evidence-based study aims to explore multifaceted mechanisms on how an organizational mindfulness development may affect well-being and engagement at multiple levels. This study employed a qualitative case study research design using Nvivo 12 software for a data analysis. The job demand–resource (JD-R) model was adopted as a theoretical framework. In-depth interview data were collected from diverse multi-stakeholders, including management and employees, in a Thai manufacturing company. Our findings uncover that the organizational mindfulness program can improve employee’s psychological capital, emotional intelligence, and perceived resources, and alleviate perceived demands. The result implies the importance of the mindfulness practice since it can support well-being and engagement at multiple levels, specifically from individual work and a collective team of colleagues, and toward enhanced organizational performance. Our proposed emergent model also advances the JD-R theoretical framework, by adding mindfulness and emotional intelligence as essential components to enhance engagements at three levels (i.e., work, team, and organizational engagement). Overall, the result critically provides the theoretical development and insightful managerial implications for professional and organizational development. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Leadership and Sustainability: Building a Better Future)
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21 pages, 1539 KiB  
Article
Managerial and Organizational Implications Arising from the Implementation of Blockchain Technology in Supply Chains: An AS-IS and To-Be Analysis
by Gerardo Bosco, Raffaele D’Amore, Alessia Sciarrone and Sergio Barile
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060120 - 5 Jun 2024
Viewed by 336
Abstract
Purpose: The main objective of this research is to highlight the managerial and organizational implications for businesses resulting from the implementation of blockchain logic and technologies. The functionalities of blockchain technologies are compared with the traditional approach to supply chain management to [...] Read more.
Purpose: The main objective of this research is to highlight the managerial and organizational implications for businesses resulting from the implementation of blockchain logic and technologies. The functionalities of blockchain technologies are compared with the traditional approach to supply chain management to emphasize the impact they can have on managing intra-supply chain relationships and the organizational structure of companies involved in supply channels. Design/methodology/approach: To conduct this study, a conceptual study was carried out, starting from an analysis of the main characteristics of blockchain technologies, to build an AS-IS scenario compared with the TO-BE scenario resulting from the implementation of these technologies within supply chains. To conduct this study, conceptual categories of the viable system approach and process management perspective were utilized. The conceptual analysis was performed using a matrix representation, which correlates material, informational, and financial flows with the dimensions of traceability, transparency, and efficiency, before and after the implementation of blockchains in managing supply chain transactions. Findings: The study highlighted how the principles underlying blockchain can lead to overcoming the traditional indispensable search for trust among supply chain operators. Therefore, through these results, it is possible to hypothesize an improvement in the resilience conditions of companies operating in block–supply chains. Originality/value: This study contributes to investigating the relationship between blockchain and operational consonance among operators in managing interorganizational processes to improve conditions of efficiency, traceability, and transparency, which are functional in the resilience of companies involved in the supply chain compared to the changing dynamics of the context. Research implications: Trustless logic in the implementation of blockchain technologies leads to the configuration of a new concept of trust, connected to the entire supply chain system, as a result of the improvement in the security, visibility, and efficiency conditions of transactions. The increased visibility and transparency developed in block–supply chains prompt all actors involved in the supply chains to rethink information management, given the reduction in informational asymmetries and, thus, the optimization of transaction costs. Full article
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27 pages, 946 KiB  
Article
Understanding the Role of Brand Attachment in the Automotive Luxury Brand Segment
by Abílio Bragança Milheiro, Bruno Barbosa Sousa, Vasco Ribeiro Santos, Catarina Bragança Milheiro and Estela Vilhena
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060119 - 5 Jun 2024
Viewed by 311
Abstract
The automotive trade is one of the main drivers of world economies, contributing to the sustainability and competitiveness of countries at a global level. The luxury sub-segment is the one facing the most significant growth and the one which presents the greatest challenges [...] Read more.
The automotive trade is one of the main drivers of world economies, contributing to the sustainability and competitiveness of countries at a global level. The luxury sub-segment is the one facing the most significant growth and the one which presents the greatest challenges in the business-to-consumer (B2C) relationship. Brand Attachment refers to the cognitive and effective connection between consumers and “their” brands. The central objective of this research is to analyze, measure, and understand the impact of Brand Attachment on consumer behavior, in the specific context of the luxury segment of the automotive market. The conceptual model that is proposed seeks to highlight and study the possible connections and associations between Brand Attachment, satisfaction, commitment, trust, expectations, and loyalty with the brand selected for this study, the luxury automotive brand Porsche. The selected methodology was based on a case study based in the Portuguese market and the application of a questionnaire to customers of Porsche from Portugal. The results obtained through the empirical data allowed us to reach the conclusion that respondents who have a stronger affective and emotional connection with Porsche (intense level of Brand Attachment) tend to be those who are more satisfied and confident with the brand and are, consequently, more loyal. This study represents an important contribution to research on Brand Attachment in marketing and strategic management in the automotive sector, particularly in the Portuguese market, and supports the definition of the best marketing strategies to promote fruitful B2C relationships. Full article
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18 pages, 344 KiB  
Article
Role, Values, Person and Context: A Story of ‘Bent’repreneurship
by Richard J. Arend
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060118 - 3 Jun 2024
Viewed by 192
Abstract
We prove a fundamental attribution error connecting rule-breaking behavior to entrepreneurs. We do so in the research context of the US, where we recently sampled from medium-sized venture entrepreneurs and their corporate executive peers (as an applicable reference point). We chose the US [...] Read more.
We prove a fundamental attribution error connecting rule-breaking behavior to entrepreneurs. We do so in the research context of the US, where we recently sampled from medium-sized venture entrepreneurs and their corporate executive peers (as an applicable reference point). We chose the US not only for its high entrepreneurial activity, but also because of the not uncommon relationship between business leaders and religion. By including various measures of religiosity in the study, we could control for factors that would likely influence rule-breaking, which standard models like the fraud triangle do not explicitly consider. In fact, we add contingency theory ideas to the fraud triangle to determine whether it is the decision conditions that determine rule-breaking rather than the role of the person (i.e., as an entrepreneur). We find that once demographic, religious, firm and industry contingencies are controlled for, any statistically significant influence of being an entrepreneur (relative to being a corporate executive with similar opportunity, motivation, capability and rationalization) disappears when it comes to self-admitted value-bending behaviors at work. Our contribution consists of a novel analysis, results and discussion of the ‘bent’repreneur—adding to conversations on the under-researched nexus of entrepreneurship with religiosity and ethical decision-making. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research on Female Entrepreneurship and Diversity)
21 pages, 716 KiB  
Review
How to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Performance Management Systems? An Overview of the Literature and a Proposed Integrative Model
by Mariana Lopes de Araújo, Lucas Soares Caldas, Bruna Stamm Barreto, Pedro Paulo Murce Menezes, Júlia Cássia dos Santos Silvério, Laís Campos Rodrigues, André Luiz Marques Serrano, Clóvis Neumann and Nara Mendes
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 117; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060117 - 3 Jun 2024
Viewed by 372
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to propose an integrative model for evaluating the effectiveness of performance management system (PMS). This model aims to systematize the dimensions and criteria used in the literature and provide clarity in terms of evaluation possibilities. A comprehensive [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study is to propose an integrative model for evaluating the effectiveness of performance management system (PMS). This model aims to systematize the dimensions and criteria used in the literature and provide clarity in terms of evaluation possibilities. A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted to identify the dimensions, criteria, and causal relationships used in evaluating PMS effectiveness. A sample of 57 articles was analyzed using content analysis. The study established dimensions and criteria that have been neglected in the literature. The review resulted in the proposal of an integrative model for evaluating PMS effectiveness, which incorporates individual and organizational dimensions and criteria identified in the literature. It sheds light on recurrently adopted dimensions, particularly those related to individual-level phenomena, and seeks to clarify current conceptual ambiguities. This study’s originality lies in its integrative approach, which diverges from the prevailing tendencies in the field. This study provides clarity regarding the conceptual confusion surrounding ambiguous concepts and generically applied measures that hinder the drawing of certain conclusions about the effectiveness of PMS. Full article
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16 pages, 425 KiB  
Article
The Influence of Perceived Macro Environment on the Competitiveness of Internationalized Medium-Sized and Large Enterprises
by Miklós Stocker and Ádám Erdélyi
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 116; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060116 - 31 May 2024
Viewed by 203
Abstract
Firm competitiveness is a crucial trait of companies which managers strive to improve, and even policy makers focus on it regarding economic development. As companies are embedded into different layers of the environment, this study aims to identify the influence of top managerial [...] Read more.
Firm competitiveness is a crucial trait of companies which managers strive to improve, and even policy makers focus on it regarding economic development. As companies are embedded into different layers of the environment, this study aims to identify the influence of top managerial perception about the external environment on the firm-level competitiveness of medium-sized and large internationalized companies. The investigation is based on the 6th round of the Competitiveness Survey conducted in Hungary between October 2018 and July 2019 from which n = 107 medium-sized or large companies qualified for this study. The institution-based view from the strategic management literature was chosen to differentiate the variables in the macroeconomic environment of the firm while the FCI index was used to measure firm-level competitiveness. After conducting factor and regression analyses, the results show that the perceived macro environment is positively related to the competitiveness of internationalized medium-sized and large companies. Managerial perceptions on civil service and education had the strongest significant positive association with firm-level competitiveness, whereas perceptions on social and ecological expectations had a significant positive association with the Adaptivity of the firm. This study contributes to the existing body of literature by demonstrating that, even within contentious institutional contexts, the perceptions of internationalized medium and large companies’ top managers regarding education, civil service, and social and ecological expectations have a discernible influence on the competitiveness of these companies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entrepreneurship for Economic Growth)
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27 pages, 2669 KiB  
Article
The Dysfunction of Mission-Oriented Innovation Policy: Impeding the Accumulation of Scientific Knowledge in the Japanese Academic Sector
by Takashi Hirao and Yusuke Hoshino
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060115 - 30 May 2024
Viewed by 222
Abstract
Since the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development presented its comprehensive Innovation Strategy in 2010, numerous countries have been updating their innovation policies. Subsequent to the promulgation, the innovation policies of Japan shifted the focus from discipline-specific to social issue-oriented approaches. This study [...] Read more.
Since the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development presented its comprehensive Innovation Strategy in 2010, numerous countries have been updating their innovation policies. Subsequent to the promulgation, the innovation policies of Japan shifted the focus from discipline-specific to social issue-oriented approaches. This study investigates the response of the Japanese academic sector to this policy shift and the characteristics of the research projects associated with innovation policy by utilizing descriptive statistics from policy documents and the database of Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research. The findings reveal that Japanese researchers have increasingly aligned their efforts with government-proposed research themes in recent years, with a notable shift toward short-term research projects. Moreover, Japanese universities are undergoing reforms that are transforming them into entrepreneurial institutions by altering incentive structures. Although these reforms may yield short-term research outcomes, they may not always address long-term societal needs. The narrowing focus on research themes could restrict the potential impact of research and impede the development of innovative solutions to societal challenges. From this viewpoint, assessing the relationship between government-proposed research themes and the research productivity of Japan is critical. Universities and public research institutions play a vital social role in broadening the foundational knowledge base through basic research, while private enterprises may lack the motivation to invest in research and development with low appropriability. These results may be beneficial for policymakers in reconsidering the division of labor in industry-academic collaboration in a knowledge-intensive economy. Full article
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16 pages, 4537 KiB  
Article
Coaching Approach as a Sustainable Means of Improving the Skills of Management Students
by Peter Seemann, Zuzana Štofková, Adela Poliaková, Vladimíra Biňasová and Erika Loučanová
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060114 - 29 May 2024
Viewed by 292
Abstract
The impetus for the development of coaching as a professional managerial activity is based on the needs and requirements of a modern sustainable society. This paper aims to explore the awareness of academic students about the coaching approach and to formulate recommendations for [...] Read more.
The impetus for the development of coaching as a professional managerial activity is based on the needs and requirements of a modern sustainable society. This paper aims to explore the awareness of academic students about the coaching approach and to formulate recommendations for its application in the academic environment so that students are prepared for the requirements of practice. This article focuses on the views of experts in the field of the coaching approach as a means of improving communication in the academic environment, characterizes communication skills and the coaching approach, and describes coaching models and their benefits and barriers. This research aims to survey the awareness of the coaching approach among college and university students in Slovakia and the possibilities of its application in the academic environment. The primary research was carried out by the inquiry method with 689 students. An evaluation of the questionnaire and a statistical evaluation of the established hypotheses and assumptions concerning the coaching approach were conducted. According to the survey, 468 students, representing 68% of respondents, had knowledge about coaching. Furthermore, 68% of students had or have doubts about achieving their goals during their studies. According to the results of the survey, only 24% of students had experience with coaching. Cooperation with a coach was regarded as beneficial for 76% of the students who had already experienced coaching lectures who took part in the survey. The proposition of the students was the implementation of the subject “Foundations of coaching”, which could be offered to be taught to all students at the University of Zilina, Slovakia. The students of managerial fields would benefit by enhancing their leadership skills and providing support to their working teams, completing their final thesis, searching for professional job opportunities, and also coping with everyday life and stressful situations. Finally, we suggest the organization of introductory full-day workshops in specific areas of coaching for students of management, who are future managers. This will help to raise the awareness of the coaching approach at the University of Zilina in cooperation with the Counseling and Career Center and its activities. Full article
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17 pages, 595 KiB  
Article
The Impact of Governance Tensions on Disaffiliation from Interorganizational Networks
by Gabriel Azeredo, Ana Burcharth and Douglas Wegner
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 113; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060113 - 27 May 2024
Viewed by 355
Abstract
Collaboration in interorganizational networks requires specific governance choices to align participants with collective goals. However, these choices often fail to mitigate conflicts and may catalyze tensions that lead to disaffiliation. This study investigates four critical tensions identified in existing literature: (1) efficiency versus [...] Read more.
Collaboration in interorganizational networks requires specific governance choices to align participants with collective goals. However, these choices often fail to mitigate conflicts and may catalyze tensions that lead to disaffiliation. This study investigates four critical tensions identified in existing literature: (1) efficiency versus inclusion in decision-making; (2) flexibility versus stability; (3) internal versus external legitimacy; and (4) unity versus diversity. Through a case study of a credit union that disaffiliated from a cooperative network, we explore how these tensions manifest and their repercussions on both the network’s functionality and the behavior of its members. Our findings reveal that such governance tensions can be harmful both to the network and to the participating organizations. Tensions between unity and diversity, stability and flexibility, and external and internal legitimacy can compromise the effectiveness of the network and even hinder participating organizations in conducting their business. In extreme situations, these tensions contribute to the strategic decision to disaffiliate. This research extends theoretical understanding by delineating the specific impact of governance tensions on exit decisions within interorganizational networks. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Strategic Management)
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26 pages, 2099 KiB  
Article
Conceptualizing Agile Branding: Dimensions and Antecedents for Managing Brands in a Dynamic Environment
by Michaela Pöhlmann, Jürgen Seitz, Carmen Jambrino-Maldonado and Carlos de las Heras-Pedrosa
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 112; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060112 - 24 May 2024
Viewed by 541
Abstract
Traditional branding approaches take too long to react to today’s dynamic environment. Agile branding offers a promising approach and might be the contemporary answer to the demands of our digitalized world. While scientists state that an agile approach to branding is essential nowadays, [...] Read more.
Traditional branding approaches take too long to react to today’s dynamic environment. Agile branding offers a promising approach and might be the contemporary answer to the demands of our digitalized world. While scientists state that an agile approach to branding is essential nowadays, there is a lack of knowledge on how agile branding can be conceptualized and applied in practice. This article aims to provide a better understanding of agile branding by identifying its dimensions and antecedents. This study pursued a multi-method approach: a systematic literature review was conducted, followed by qualitative semi-structured interviews with eleven experts and a group discussion with five participants. Applying the dynamic capabilities perspective, the authors identify five dimensions, including 20 antecedents of agile branding: (a) leadership style and culture, (b) employee skills and competencies, (c) technology and methods, (d) stakeholder and feedback integration, and (e) ambidexterity. The critical challenge of agile branding is to balance brand continuity and adaptation. The study is the first to conceptualize agile branding, offering scientists and practitioners values and principles on how brands can be managed and further evolved in a constantly changing world to stay relevant in the market and ahead of the competition. Full article
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13 pages, 512 KiB  
Article
Quitters from Hospitality Industry: Misfit or Just Looking for Better Conditions?
by Ana Sofia Lopes and Ana Sargento
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 111; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060111 - 22 May 2024
Viewed by 421
Abstract
After the COVID-19 crisis, a considerable contraction emerged in the labor supply of the hospitality industry. This investigation aims to identify some factors that justify the intention behind an ex-worker in tourism changing their occupation. In particular, we investigate if the change is [...] Read more.
After the COVID-19 crisis, a considerable contraction emerged in the labor supply of the hospitality industry. This investigation aims to identify some factors that justify the intention behind an ex-worker in tourism changing their occupation. In particular, we investigate if the change is motivated by skill mismatches or by a willingness to find more stable and rewarding jobs. Several datasets were combined to obtain multilevel information on all the unemployed from the hospitality industry between September 2022 and August 2023. A probit model was used to estimate the intention to change occupation, considering different personal, regional and occupational characteristics. Our results demonstrate that, for overqualified individuals, the intention to change occupation is motivated by trying to find better conditions and not by the mismatch per se. In contrast, the underqualified are significantly affected by the mismatch, which make them more vulnerable. Generally, movers are significantly influenced by the odds of having higher job stability and better wages (especially higher overtime premium) and are more frequently younger and higher educated individuals. Therefore, employers and policymakers should promote better wages, job stability, training, and career progression opportunities to reduce turnover in the hospitality industry. Full article
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26 pages, 1172 KiB  
Article
Impact of Industry 5.0 Readiness on Sustainable Business Growth of Marine Food Processing SMEs in Thailand
by Meena Madhavan, Mohammed Ali Sharafuddin and Sutee Wangtueai
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060110 - 22 May 2024
Viewed by 605
Abstract
This research aims to develop a conceptual framework and propositions to establish and test the causal relationships between Industry 5.0 readiness (I5.0R), global value chain (GVC) participation, business competitiveness (BC), and sustainable business growth (SBG) of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This study [...] Read more.
This research aims to develop a conceptual framework and propositions to establish and test the causal relationships between Industry 5.0 readiness (I5.0R), global value chain (GVC) participation, business competitiveness (BC), and sustainable business growth (SBG) of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This study focuses on Industry 5.0 readiness, evaluated through human-centricity, fairtrade practices, lean management, sustainability practices, and business competitiveness, measured by marketing, resources, production, and finance. Both constructs were developed and tested as higher-order constructs, while GVC participation and sustainable business growth were assessed as lower-order constructs. Data were collected from marine food processing SMEs in Thailand using a purposive sampling technique. This study tested and confirmed the content validity, construct validity, and reliability of both lower and higher-order models. Using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) with bootstrapping (n = 1000), the results indicated significant positive impacts of Industry 5.0 readiness on GVC participation, Industry 5.0 readiness on business competitiveness, GVC participation on business competitiveness, and business competitiveness on the sustainable business growth of SMEs. Additionally, business competitiveness was found to mediate the relationship between Industry 5.0 readiness and sustainable business growth. These findings contribute to the literature on Industry 5.0, GVCs, and SME business competitiveness, offering practical insights for SMEs and policymakers aiming to enhance sustainable growth through strategic readiness and competitiveness in Industry 5.0 practices. The implications and directions for further research in Industry 5.0 readiness of SMEs are presented. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Strategic Management)
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18 pages, 1365 KiB  
Systematic Review
A Systematic Literature Review and Conceptual Framework on Green Entrepreneurial Orientation
by Büşra Tuncer and Elena Korchagina
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 109; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060109 - 22 May 2024
Viewed by 525
Abstract
Green entrepreneurial orientation (GEO) is defined as organizations’ entrepreneurial efforts to integrate ecologically sustainable practices and values to undertake sustainable decisions and actions to improve their environmental performance. Though recent research has shown how important GEO is for attaining sustainability in a company [...] Read more.
Green entrepreneurial orientation (GEO) is defined as organizations’ entrepreneurial efforts to integrate ecologically sustainable practices and values to undertake sustainable decisions and actions to improve their environmental performance. Though recent research has shown how important GEO is for attaining sustainability in a company setting, there is a limited understanding on the factors that determine GEO and how and when it affects a firm’s performance. Additionally, it draws attention to unexplored areas of the mediating and moderating factors that affect the connections between GEO and its outcomes. This study aims to conduct a systematic literature review (SLR) of the GEO to synthesize empirical findings about how it is investigated in the literature during the period 2014–2024. The PRISMA method is used in this study to evaluate relevant GEO research, and SLR matrix utilized for analyzing the GEO literature in peer-reviewed English publications. A comprehensive evaluation of theoretical, methodological, and empirical issues pertaining to conceptual approaches, antecedents, dynamics, and results of GEO was conducted on 59 studies. This study contributes several findings to the entrepreneurship literature. These research findings give implications for both theory and practice. Within a theoretical framework, this study provides a comprehensive viewpoint on GEO research and creates novel insights for further research, enhancing the extant theories in the GEO literature. In practice, this study facilitates the perceptions of eco-conscious entrepreneurs, managers and experts, and other stakeholders of the organizations regarding developing an appropriate GEO by understanding the antecedents and outcomes of it for successful organizations and the ways to use and improve them probably. Full article
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18 pages, 1995 KiB  
Article
A Comprehensive Roadmap for Connecting Industry 4.0 Technologies to the Basic Model of Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment (CPFR)
by Gustavo Adoolffo Francisco Ramos Da Silva, Ismael Cristofer Baierle, Leonardo de Carvalho Gomes, Ricardo Gonçalves de Faria Correa and Fernanda Araújo Pimentel Peres
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060108 - 22 May 2024
Viewed by 549
Abstract
The search for competitiveness has led organizations to recognize the importance of implementing collaborative methods. In this context, Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment (CPFR) seek to relate customer demands to replenishment needs throughout the supply chain. The literature points to implementation difficulties, such [...] Read more.
The search for competitiveness has led organizations to recognize the importance of implementing collaborative methods. In this context, Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment (CPFR) seek to relate customer demands to replenishment needs throughout the supply chain. The literature points to implementation difficulties, such as trust between partners and commitment, and to overcome these difficulties, the digital technologies of Industry 4.0 are emerging as an essential support. This paper aims to research the applicability and contribution of Industry 4.0 digital technologies to the CPFR, considering each stage of the CPFR. A systematic literature review identified an unexplored gap: the use and contribution of Industry 4.0 digital technologies to the functioning of the CPFR. Considering the sequence of the CPFR stages and their dependence on each other, a roadmap can be developed for using Industry 4.0 digital technologies in each stage of the CPFR. It was, therefore, possible to create a roadmap indicating, based on current literature, which Industry 4.0 digital technologies can enhance SCM at each stage of the CPFR. This roadmap has two significant contributions: (i) to guide companies in prioritizing the implementation of these technologies in support of supply chain objectives and (ii) to serve as a basis for further empirical studies, highlighting the development of this roadmap through its application in real situations. Full article
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22 pages, 1037 KiB  
Article
The Nexus between Green Transformational Leadership, Employee Behavior, and Organizational Support in the Hospitality Industry
by Ibrahim A. Elshaer, Alaa M. S. Azazz, Yahdih Semlali, Mahmoud A. Mansour, Mohammed N. Elziny and Sameh Fayyad
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 107; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060107 - 21 May 2024
Viewed by 512
Abstract
This research paper explores the relationship between green transformational leadership (GTL), employee green behavior (EGB), and the mediating role of green organizational support (GOS) in fostering environmentally friendly practices within organizations. Drawing upon Resource-Based View Theory (RBV) and social exchange theory, the study [...] Read more.
This research paper explores the relationship between green transformational leadership (GTL), employee green behavior (EGB), and the mediating role of green organizational support (GOS) in fostering environmentally friendly practices within organizations. Drawing upon Resource-Based View Theory (RBV) and social exchange theory, the study investigates how leaders’ behaviors and organizational support influence employees’ engagement in pro-environmental initiatives. Using a quantitative research approach, data were collected from a sample of 350 hotel employees through self-administered surveys. CB-SEM was employed to analyze the hypothesized relationships among the variables. The findings indicate a significant positive relationship between GTL and EGB, suggesting that leaders who demonstrate environmentally conscious behaviors and inspire their followers to embrace sustainability principles are more likely to foster green practices among employees. Furthermore, the study reveals that GOS mediates the relationship between GTL and EGB, highlighting the importance of organizational policies, resources, and initiatives in facilitating environmentally responsible actions. These results contribute to the existing literature by shedding light on the mechanisms through which leadership and organizational support can promote sustainability initiatives in the hotel industry. Practical implications for hotels include the importance of fostering a culture of environmental consciousness, providing training and resources to support green initiatives, and empowering leaders to exemplify and promote green behaviors among employees. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Leadership and Sustainability: Building a Better Future)
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21 pages, 1574 KiB  
Article
Shaping the Future of Destinations: New Clues to Smart Tourism Research from a Neuroscience Methods Approach
by Lucília Cardoso and Carla Fraga
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060106 - 21 May 2024
Viewed by 961
Abstract
In the context of the technological era, the smart tourism construct serves as a bridge between human and the artificial worlds, combining social sciences and neurosciences. This study aims to explore smart tourism through neuroscientific methods in order to shape the future of [...] Read more.
In the context of the technological era, the smart tourism construct serves as a bridge between human and the artificial worlds, combining social sciences and neurosciences. This study aims to explore smart tourism through neuroscientific methods in order to shape the future of tourism destinations, using a hybrid methodology combining bibliometric techniques and content analysis. The findings reveal the integration of diverse scientific domains, highlighting a transdisciplinary approach. They offer clear evidence that neuroscientific methods in smart tourism integrate multiple areas of scientific knowledge, surpassing disciplinary boundaries. “Destination” stands out alongside “emotion”, “visual attention” and eye tracking (ET). The collaboration network reveals the emergence of a new school, called neurotourism in the 21st century, formed mainly by actors and organizations from the Global North, evoking the need to include the Global South in the research scenario. The predominant methods include ET, heart rate (HR), and electroencephalography (EEG), suggesting triangulation with traditional methods for robust results. Virtual reality emerges as the primary immersive technology, promising insights when integrated with neurosciences. This study’s practical and theoretical contributions guide smart tourism strategies and enhance destination experiences through neuroscientific methods, addressing a gap in the scientific literature while advancing ontological and epistemological understanding. Full article
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16 pages, 505 KiB  
Article
Does the Workforce and Sustainability Reports Strengthen the Relationship between Gender Diversity and Sustainability Performance Reporting?
by Albertina Paula Monteiro, Catarina Cepêda and Amélia Ferreira da Silva
Adm. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 105; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci14060105 - 21 May 2024
Viewed by 511
Abstract
Gender diversity and environmental, social, and governance (ESG) performance reporting are critical to corporate sustainability. This study aims to analyze the impact of gender diversity on ESG performance reporting and the mediating effect of the workforce and sustainability reports, considering that these variables [...] Read more.
Gender diversity and environmental, social, and governance (ESG) performance reporting are critical to corporate sustainability. This study aims to analyze the impact of gender diversity on ESG performance reporting and the mediating effect of the workforce and sustainability reports, considering that these variables are crucial for ESG performance reporting. To achieve the objective, an empirical analysis was conducted with 207 European-listed companies belonging to the healthcare sector for the economic years 2017–2021. Our results prove that board gender diversity influences ESG performance reporting. In addition, this research shows that the workforce and sustainability reports have a positive impact on ESG performance reporting. This study does not show that the workforce and sustainability reports act as mediating variables in the relationship between gender diversity and ESG information transparency, but its inclusiveness has a significant impact on ESG performance reporting. Our results are useful for companies, investors, governments, and organizations in developing sustainability reporting standards. Full article
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