Special Issue "Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Jerónimo García-Fernández
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Physical Education and Sports, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
Interests: sport management; sport entrepreneurship; sport consumer; loyalty; fitness industry
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Antonio Jesús Sanchez-Oliver
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
Interests: Health habits, physical fitness, body composition, obesity, diet, sport performance, sport nutrition
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The lifestyle is defined as all the behavioral characteristics of a particular person or community. It refers to routinely repeated behavior in daily life. Lifestyle behaviors include a series of habits relevant to health: physical activity, diet, tobacco, alcohol, drug use, etc. The lifestyle is influenced mainly by the creation of a hierarchy of values ​​and needs, but also by tradition, customs and trends. There is growing evidence that health behaviors are grouped. For example, the combination of regular practice of physical activity and healthy eating habits helps maintain and improve health and physical and mental well-being. A good management and promotion of these habits combined increases the quality of life in relation to health.

In addition, there are independent and combined associations between these habits with the quality of life related to health at all age stages. However, current data show unhealthy patterns, which contributes substantially to the global burden of morbidity, mortality and disability. It is necessary to make better proposals through the management, promotion and prevention of healthy habits. Likewise, make important institutional and educational efforts aimed at promoting these habits, thus impacting on a healthier society.

The objective of this special issue is to attract articles that relate the study of the promotion and management of healthy or sporting habits whose result is to create a healthier society. Likewise, we welcome studies of citizens' sports habits, in order to know the degree, type and demands of physical-sports practice of the different sectors of the population, and by extension, the type of sports facilities and spaces in which such sports practices must be carried out.

Dr. Jerónimo García-Fernández
Dr. Antonio Jesús Sanchez-Oliver
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Sport promotion
  • Health promotion
  • Sport management
  • Noncommunicable diseases
  • Lifestyle
  • Healthy habits
  • Sports habits
  • Active life
  • Sports facilities

Published Papers (9 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Amateur Runners’ Commitment: An Analysis of Sociodemographic and Sports Habit Profiles
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 925; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030925 - 02 Feb 2020
Abstract
The aim of this work is to analyse the commitment to running among urban runners by identifying groups regarding commitment to this sport and by defining their sociodemographic profile and their sports habits. A sample of 1806 participants in popular urban races in [...] Read more.
The aim of this work is to analyse the commitment to running among urban runners by identifying groups regarding commitment to this sport and by defining their sociodemographic profile and their sports habits. A sample of 1806 participants in popular urban races in the city of Valencia was interviewed using an 11-item questionnaire on commitment to running, sociodemographic characteristics, and sports habits. The psychometric properties of the running-commitment scale allowed for the identification of two factors in commitment to running: enthusiasm for running (6 items) and affliction from running (5 items). Subsequently, a cluster analysis combining hierarchical and non-hierarchical methods was performed, identifying three groups of runners: highly committed (n = 650), moderately committed (n = 749), and slightly committed (n = 407). Highly committed runners positively rate all aspects of running enthusiasm (M = 4.15), while moderately committed runners show a more neutral attitude (M = 3.41) and slightly committed runners disagree on these aspects (M = 2.41). Both highly (M = 1.32) and moderately (M = 2.04) committed runners disagree on the affliction-related aspects of running, while slightly committed runners show a trend towards neutrality on some affliction indicators. The variables referring to age, level of studies, sports habits, and running addiction contributed to differentiating the identified groups. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
Open AccessArticle
Influence of Nutritional Education on the Diet and Nutritional Behaviors of Elderly Women at the University of the Third Age
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 696; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030696 - 21 Jan 2020
Abstract
Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diet composition, body fat content, and physical activity (PA), considering blood lipid levels and insulin resistance markers, in elderly women who were well educated in nutrition and healthy lifestyle choices. Methods: A total [...] Read more.
Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diet composition, body fat content, and physical activity (PA), considering blood lipid levels and insulin resistance markers, in elderly women who were well educated in nutrition and healthy lifestyle choices. Methods: A total of 106 postmenopausal women took part in the study. The study group included 62 students from the University of the Third Age (U3A); the control group (CG) included 44 females from the Silesia region. We evaluated their daily macro and micronutrient intake, levels of PA, percent of body fat (PBF), and the visceral fatty area (VFA). We also evaluated the lipid profile, insulin and glucose levels, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Results: Significant differences were observed in carbohydrate, protein, fiber, as well as vitamins and minerals consumption between the U3A group and the CG. There were no differences in the PBF and VFA between the groups. Furthermore, no differences were shown in the measured blood variables. The U3A group walked more than 11,000 steps a day and performed 46.15 min/day of PA with a moderate intensity of 3–6 metabolic equivalents of task (METs, min/week). Conclusions: Despite the fact that the U3A group were physically active females, well educated on healthy, balanced diets and had the motivation to learn about proper nutritional behaviors, they did not follow these recommendations in everyday life. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
Open AccessArticle
Do Years of Running Experience Influence the Motivations of Amateur Marathon Athletes?
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 585; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020585 - 16 Jan 2020
Abstract
The aim of the study was to investigate if years of running experience influence the motivations of marathon athletes. An empirical study was conducted during the last (20th) PKO Poznan Marathon, one of the largest and most popular mass running events in Poland, [...] Read more.
The aim of the study was to investigate if years of running experience influence the motivations of marathon athletes. An empirical study was conducted during the last (20th) PKO Poznan Marathon, one of the largest and most popular mass running events in Poland, which was held in Poznan (Poland) in October 2019. A total of 493 marathon runners (29% of whom were female, and 71% of whom were male) took part in the cross-sectional study, which used the diagnostic survey method. The questionnaire employed the division of motives from the motivation of marathoners scale (MOMS) by Masters et al., adapted to the Polish language by Dybala. Running motivations have already been analysed for variables such as age, gender and place of residence, but there is a research gap regarding existing research, as the relationship between motivations and running experience has not yet been studied. One-way analysis of variance for independent samples was used to verify statistical hypotheses. Prior to making the relevant calculations, the assumption of homogeneity of variance was checked via Levene’s test. Variances were assessed with an F-test, and if they were unequal, Welch’s correction was applied. Eta squared (η2) was used as a measure of effect size. The calculations carried out showed that running experience was not a statistically significant factor in the motivations of runners taking part in a marathon. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
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Open AccessArticle
Play as a Method to Reduce Overweight and Obesity in Children: An RCT
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 346; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010346 - 03 Jan 2020
Abstract
Background: Overweight and obesity are the result of a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors, which begins prenatally. Aim: To analyse an intervention based on play as a means of improving the body composition of children who are overweight or obese. Methods: [...] Read more.
Background: Overweight and obesity are the result of a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors, which begins prenatally. Aim: To analyse an intervention based on play as a means of improving the body composition of children who are overweight or obese. Methods: The Kids-Play study is a randomized clinical trial (RCT) consisting of 49 children aged 8–12 years on a nine-month intervention programme based on physical activity, play and nutritional advice. Controls had another 49 children, who received only nutritional advice. Results: The play-based intervention achieved a moderate-vigorous level of physical activity in the study group of 81.18 min per day, while the corresponding level for the control group was only 37.34 min. At the start of the intervention, the children in the study group had an average body fat content of 41.66%, a level that decreased to 38.85% by the end of the programme. Among the control group, body fat increased from 38.83% to 41.4% during the same period. Conclusions: The intervention programme considered, based on both play and nutritional recommendations, produced a decrease in body fat among children aged 8–12 years. However, the control group, which received only nutritional recommendations, experienced an increase in body weight. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
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Open AccessArticle
Sedentariness of College Students Is Negatively Associated with Perceived Neighborhood Greenness at Home, but Not at University
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 235; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010235 - 28 Dec 2019
Abstract
Previous studies reported contradictory evidence for associations between perceived greenness and obesity mediated by physical activity, focusing on people’s homes or general greenness. Data are lacking in other environments. We studied the association of perceived greenness at home and at university with BMI [...] Read more.
Previous studies reported contradictory evidence for associations between perceived greenness and obesity mediated by physical activity, focusing on people’s homes or general greenness. Data are lacking in other environments. We studied the association of perceived greenness at home and at university with BMI and physical activity. An online survey collected data from 601 participants, living and studying in and around the city of Graz, Austria; mean age of 24 years. Greenness was assessed using questions on quality of and access to green space; Body mass index (BMI) was derived from self-reported measures; physical activity and sedentariness were measured using the IPAQ questionnaire (short version). On average, BMI was 22.6 (SD = 3.7), physical activity was 63.3 (SD = 51.7) METh/week, and participants spent 5.8 (SD = 4.0) h/day sitting. Regression analyses revealed no associations between perceived greenness and BMI and physical activity for all environments, but a negative association for sedentariness and perceived greenness at home, but not at university. The results indicate a relation between perceived greenness and sedentariness, which differs for the home-and study environment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
Open AccessArticle
Sporting Habits of Urban Runners: Classification According to Their Motivation
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(24), 4990; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244990 - 08 Dec 2019
Cited by 2
Abstract
This study analyses the sporting habits of runners participating in short-distance urban running events to identify groups with different motivations towards the practice of endurance running and participation in urban running events. A sample consisting of 937 participants in the Valencia running circuit [...] Read more.
This study analyses the sporting habits of runners participating in short-distance urban running events to identify groups with different motivations towards the practice of endurance running and participation in urban running events. A sample consisting of 937 participants in the Valencia running circuit was interviewed using a questionnaire consisting of a scale of 22 items to analyse their motives for participating in popular races. An exploratory and confirmatory factorial analysis was carried out to check the validity of the instrument, and the analysis identified the following four factors into which the indicators were grouped: psychological and physical motives (3 items), social motives and interest in running events (5 items), occupation of time and social recognition (6 items) and competitive and material motives (3 items). Subsequently, a cluster analysis was performed by combining hierarchical and non-hierarchical methods, and the analysis identified the following three groups of runners with different characteristics: individual hedonists (n = 276), enthusiasts (n = 312) and socializing hedonists (n = 349). Enthusiastic runners consider most motives important when participating in running events, individual hedonists consider individual psychological and physical motives important, and socializing hedonists consider personal and social motives and interest in sport important. Variables related to age, educational level, annual income level, frequency of running, how the individuals went out to run and the level of the runners contributed to differentiating the identified groups. The results confirm the heterogeneous nature of urban runners. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
Open AccessArticle
Determinants of Physical Activity Performed by Young Adults
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4061; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214061 - 23 Oct 2019
Abstract
Despite the World Health Organization considering it important to promote physical activity as part of a healthy lifestyle, the official data show an increase in the percentage of physical inactivity, which has brought about the development of strategies at different levels (national and [...] Read more.
Despite the World Health Organization considering it important to promote physical activity as part of a healthy lifestyle, the official data show an increase in the percentage of physical inactivity, which has brought about the development of strategies at different levels (national and international) to reverse this trend. For the development of these strategies, it is relevant to know what the determinants of physical activity (at leisure and at work) are. Therefore, this is going to be analysed in the autochthonous young adults from Seville. A cross-sectional survey of their health behaviours was carried out. The sample was selected through a proportionally stratified random sampling procedure. From the results, we highlight that the general perceived health status is good and that most physical activity is performed during leisure time. However, a majority of the population analysed reported overweight or obesity. Participants with a low perceived health status, those who have low social support from their family and friends, and those who do not smoke are the ones who have more probability of engaging in physical activity during their leisure time. However, gender, education level, and alcohol consumption are revealed as determinants of the intensity of physical activity at work. In this regard, men and/or participants with a low level of studies are those who carry out more physically demanding activities at work. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
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Open AccessArticle
Relationship between Physical Activity Level and Depression of Elderly People Living Alone
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 4051; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16204051 - 22 Oct 2019
Abstract
Background and objectives: Only a few studies analyzed the physical activity level of elderly people living alone in local communities and evaluated the relationship between it and mental health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between regular physical activity [...] Read more.
Background and objectives: Only a few studies analyzed the physical activity level of elderly people living alone in local communities and evaluated the relationship between it and mental health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between regular physical activity and depression in the elderly living alone and to provide basic data for the prevention of depression in the elderly. Materials and Methods: We analyzed 256 elderly people living alone aged 65 years or older who completed the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Depression was defined as a score of 10 or higher using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). This study investigated walking per week, days of muscular strength exercise performance in the past 1 week, days of flexibility exercise in the past 1 week, mean hours in a sitting position per day, the numbers of days and hours conducting a high intensity physical activity in the past 1 week, and numbers of days and hours conducting a medium intensity physical activity in the past 1 week to define physical activity. Our study presented prevalence odds ratios (pOR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) by using complex sample logistic regression analysis in order to identify the relationship between physical activity and depression. Results: The results of complex sample logistic regression analysis showed that flexibility exercise was significantly related to depression (p < 0.05). On the other hand, the mean hours in a sitting position per day, aerobic physical activity, walking, and muscular strength exercise were not significantly related to geriatric depression. Conclusions: The results of our study implied that persistent flexibility exercise might be more effective to maintain a healthy mental status than muscular strength exercise. A longitudinal study is required to prove the causal relationship between physical activity and depression in the old age. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
Open AccessArticle
Quality in Customer Service and Its Relationship with Satisfaction: An Innovation and Competitiveness Tool in Sport and Health Centers
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3942; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203942 - 16 Oct 2019
Abstract
The objective of this research was to analyze the influence of the dimensions that enable the rating of service quality perceived by users of sport and health centers in the satisfaction they experience from the service received. In order to present the working [...] Read more.
The objective of this research was to analyze the influence of the dimensions that enable the rating of service quality perceived by users of sport and health centers in the satisfaction they experience from the service received. In order to present the working hypothesis, a bibliographic review on the concept and dimensions of perceived service quality was carried out, as well as its relationship with satisfaction. The rating scale sports organizations (EPOD) was used as a measurement instrument. The application of a regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses. As a prior step, the measurement scales were validated and an exploratory factor analysis was applied to determine the structure of the variables considered. The regression models proposed show the joint influence of the dimensions used by the users to rate perceived service quality in their satisfaction. The results enabled us to observe that the dimensions considered in the model explained 75.7% of satisfaction, with the facilities and material, together with communication and activities, having the most significant influence on satisfaction. Meanwhile, dimensions that had less impact were the monitor and the staff. It is clear that there is a strong correlation between perceived quality and satisfaction with service. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
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