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Open AccessArticle

Motives and Commitment to Sport in Amateurs during Confinement: A Segmentation Study

1
Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Murcia, 30720 Santiago de la Ribera, Spain
2
Faculty of Social Sciences and Communication, Catholic University of Murcia (UCAM), 30107 Guadalupe, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7398; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207398
Received: 30 July 2020 / Revised: 7 October 2020 / Accepted: 8 October 2020 / Published: 11 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
The current COVID-19 pandemic has paralysed whole countries, which have had to confine their entire population and this changed people’s lives worldwide. The aim of this study is to identify the reasons for and the level of commitment to physical activity among the Spanish population during confinement and the return to the “new normal”. A sample of 1025 amateurs, 534 males and 491 females with an average age of 35 years old were interviewed using an online survey that collected their motives for practising sport and their commitment to physical activity. A cluster analysis combining hierarchical and non-hierarchical methods was performed, identifying three groups of amateurs: High Commitment (n = 650), Moderate Commitment (n = 324), and Low Commitment (n = 81). The main motives shown by the different groups were psychological motives related to an improved or managed general or emotional well-being. Regarding commitment, all the groups showed higher scores in enthusiasm for physical activity than affliction from sport. The variables referring to gender, educational level and sports habits showed differences that enabled the identification of the different groups. These findings highlight the importance of conducting segmentation studies that provide specific population profiles to improve the action strategies of governments and specialists. View Full-Text
Keywords: motivation; commitment to sport; cluster; amateur athletes; physical activity; sport practise motivation; commitment to sport; cluster; amateur athletes; physical activity; sport practise
MDPI and ACS Style

Angosto, S.; Berengüí, R.; Vegara-Ferri, J.M.; López-Gullón, J.M. Motives and Commitment to Sport in Amateurs during Confinement: A Segmentation Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7398. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207398

AMA Style

Angosto S, Berengüí R, Vegara-Ferri JM, López-Gullón JM. Motives and Commitment to Sport in Amateurs during Confinement: A Segmentation Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7398. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207398

Chicago/Turabian Style

Angosto, Salvador; Berengüí, Rosendo; Vegara-Ferri, José M.; López-Gullón, José M. 2020. "Motives and Commitment to Sport in Amateurs during Confinement: A Segmentation Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 20: 7398. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207398

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