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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Nutritional Education on the Diet and Nutritional Behaviors of Elderly Women at the University of the Third Age

1
Institute of Sport Science, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Mikolowska 72a, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
2
Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University Olomouc, Tr.Míru 115, 77 111 Olomouc, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 696; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030696
Received: 4 December 2019 / Revised: 13 January 2020 / Accepted: 18 January 2020 / Published: 21 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Promotion of Healthy Habits and Active Life)
Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diet composition, body fat content, and physical activity (PA), considering blood lipid levels and insulin resistance markers, in elderly women who were well educated in nutrition and healthy lifestyle choices. Methods: A total of 106 postmenopausal women took part in the study. The study group included 62 students from the University of the Third Age (U3A); the control group (CG) included 44 females from the Silesia region. We evaluated their daily macro and micronutrient intake, levels of PA, percent of body fat (PBF), and the visceral fatty area (VFA). We also evaluated the lipid profile, insulin and glucose levels, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Results: Significant differences were observed in carbohydrate, protein, fiber, as well as vitamins and minerals consumption between the U3A group and the CG. There were no differences in the PBF and VFA between the groups. Furthermore, no differences were shown in the measured blood variables. The U3A group walked more than 11,000 steps a day and performed 46.15 min/day of PA with a moderate intensity of 3–6 metabolic equivalents of task (METs, min/week). Conclusions: Despite the fact that the U3A group were physically active females, well educated on healthy, balanced diets and had the motivation to learn about proper nutritional behaviors, they did not follow these recommendations in everyday life. View Full-Text
Keywords: elderly; diet; VFA; physical activity; healthy lifestyle elderly; diet; VFA; physical activity; healthy lifestyle
MDPI and ACS Style

Michalczyk, M.M.; Zajac-Gawlak, I.; Zając, A.; Pelclová, J.; Roczniok, R.; Langfort, J. Influence of Nutritional Education on the Diet and Nutritional Behaviors of Elderly Women at the University of the Third Age. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 696.

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