Special Issue "Innovation Strategies and Their Impact on Forest Policy"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Economics, Policy, and Social Science".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2022) | Viewed by 6469

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Rosa Gallardo-Cobos
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Agricultural Economics, ETSIAM, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Andalusia, Spain
Interests: agrifood, forestry, and rural policies; rural development; territorial analysis; assessment of ecosystem services provided by agroforestry systems; family farming and food security
Dr. Pedro Sánchez-Zamora
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Agricultural Economics, ETSIAM, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Andalusia, Spain
Interests: rural development; agricultural, forestry, and rural policies; territorial analysis; assessment of ecosystem services provided by agroforestry systems; family farming and food securityystem services provided by agroforestry systems; family farming and food security
Dr. Pilar Fernandez-Rebollo
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Forest Engineering, ETSIAM, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Andalusia, Spain
Interests: mediterranean forest systems; agroforestry systems; permanent grasslands; grazing management; ecosystem modelling; ecosystem sensing

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Forest areas are currently facing major challenges that must be met in order to ensure that they can continue to provide the different economic, social, environmental, and territorial functions that they perform. In this scenario, interesting innovation strategies are being designed and implemented. Innovations of a technological nature are becoming more prevalent, but innovations of a social, institutional, or governance nature are also emerging.

Forest policies are no stranger to this, and are decisive in promoting and accompanying these innovations. Likewise, the multidimensional nature of the problems described above also requires consideration of the needs and opportunities for the cooperation, complementarity, and coordination of different policies.

These issues related to innovation strategies in forest areas and their relationship with forest policies will be addressed in the Special Issue, to which we encourage you to send your papers.     

Dr. Rosa Gallardo-Cobos
Dr. Pedro Sánchez-Zamora
Dr. Pilar Fernandez-Rebollo
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • forest systems
  • agroforestry systems
  • forest-based bioeconomy
  • forestry innovation
  • forest governance
  • agricultural, rural, and forestry policies

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

Article
A Methodology for Automatic Identification of Units with Ecological Significance in Dehesa Ecosystems
Forests 2022, 13(4), 581; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13040581 - 07 Apr 2022
Viewed by 663
Abstract
The dehesa is an anthropic complex ecosystem typical of some areas of Spain and Portugal, with a key role in soil and biodiversity conservation and in the search for a balance between production, conservation and ecosystem services. For this reason, it is essential [...] Read more.
The dehesa is an anthropic complex ecosystem typical of some areas of Spain and Portugal, with a key role in soil and biodiversity conservation and in the search for a balance between production, conservation and ecosystem services. For this reason, it is essential to have tools that allow its characterization, as well as to monitor and support decision-making to improve its sustainability. A multipurpose and scalable tool has been developed and validated, which combines several low-cost technologies, computer vision methods and RGB aerial orthophotographs using open data sources and which allows for automated agroforestry inventories, identifying and quantifying units with important ecological significance such as: trees, groups of trees, ecosystem corridors, regenerated areas and sheets of water. The development has been carried out from images of the national aerial photogrammetry plan of Spain belonging to 32 dehesa farms, representative of the existing variability in terms of density of trees, shrub species and the presence of other ecological elements. First, the process of obtaining and identifying areas of interest was automated using WMS services and shapefile metadata. Then, image analysis techniques were used to detect the different ecological units. Finally, a classification was developed according to the OBIA approach, which stores the results in standardized files for Geographic Information Systems. The results show that a stable solution has been achieved for the automatic and accurate identification of ecological units in dehesa territories. The scalability and generalization to all the dehesa territories, as well as the possibility of segmenting the area occupied by trees and other ecological units opens up a great opportunity to improve the construction of models for interpreting satellite images. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Strategies and Their Impact on Forest Policy)
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Article
The Impact of Resources on the Adaptability of State Forest Companies. Some Evidence from the State Forests National Forest Holding
Forests 2022, 13(2), 355; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13020355 - 20 Feb 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 527
Abstract
Structural, economic, and climate changes human activity and the growing complexity of the business environment significantly affect the forestry sector, which faces the need to adapt to the dynamically changing environment by strategic development of appropriate resources and skills. In this paper, we [...] Read more.
Structural, economic, and climate changes human activity and the growing complexity of the business environment significantly affect the forestry sector, which faces the need to adapt to the dynamically changing environment by strategic development of appropriate resources and skills. In this paper, we attempted to take on the managerial lens of dynamic capabilities, i.e., the abilities to adapt to the changes in the business environment to analyze whether the forestry sector is able to strategically develop resources that influence adaptability. We have attempted to demonstrate how the resources of the forest enterprises affect the adaptability described by the dynamic capabilities construct. Bearing in mind the importance of State Forests, we collected data from 129 forest districts in Poland and applied the ordered logistic regression to identify models that show the impact of specific categories of resources onto the forestry sector adaptability, described by the construct of dynamic capabilities. The results suggest that the forest districts strategically investing in technological, as well as human resources and skills, have higher chances of maintaining and developing the ability to adapt to the constantly changing economic environment. At the same time, our findings show that financial, reputational, and marketable resources and skills have no impact on the adaptability of the State Forests National Forest Holding. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Strategies and Their Impact on Forest Policy)
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Article
Acceptance of New Land-Use Activities by Hmong and Khmu Ethnic Groups: A Case Study in Northern Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Forests 2022, 13(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13010008 - 21 Dec 2021
Viewed by 783
Abstract
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) to address climate change has historically included little evaluation of how heterogeneous local communities respond to REDD+ interventions and new land-use activities. We assessed differences in the acceptance of new land-use activities as a function [...] Read more.
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) to address climate change has historically included little evaluation of how heterogeneous local communities respond to REDD+ interventions and new land-use activities. We assessed differences in the acceptance of new land-use activities as a function of livelihoods of the Hmong and Khmu ethnic groups in northern Lao People’s Democratic Republic, where REDD+ was implemented between 2011 and 2018. Our socioeconomic data, collected by a questionnaire-based survey and focal group discussions, showed that the Hmong more effectively incorporated support from REDD+ than the Khmu because the Hmong owned grazing land. Our findings highlight the importance of understanding the capabilities and characteristics of each ethnic group when implementing new land-use activities (i.e., designing and implementing alternative livelihoods) within a target area to ensure distributional equity in heterogeneous communities. Such a consideration should be included in land-use policy and also be a part of the social safeguards in the land-use sector. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Strategies and Their Impact on Forest Policy)
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Article
How Much Is the Abandonment of Forest Management in Private Forests Worth? A Case of Poland
Forests 2021, 12(9), 1138; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12091138 - 24 Aug 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1014
Abstract
The provision of forest ecosystem services (such as biodiversity, water and soil protection, and recreation) is often associated with a reduction in timber harvesting. In the case of private forests, such a situation requires institutional solutions that allow the economic balance of forest [...] Read more.
The provision of forest ecosystem services (such as biodiversity, water and soil protection, and recreation) is often associated with a reduction in timber harvesting. In the case of private forests, such a situation requires institutional solutions that allow the economic balance of forest management to be maintained. The aim of the study was to find out the average value of monetary compensation private forest owners would expect in case of timber harvesting restrictions. The study was conducted with a random sample of 1003 forest landowners. The average value of expected compensation ranged from PLN 2300/year/ha (which corresponds to the price of about 12 m3 of wood in Poland) under the condition of no restrictions on timber harvesting but the need to apply indicated of forest management methods, to PLN 4900/year/ha in the model assuming a total ban on harvesting. In general, higher compensation was expected by farmers who stated that they sold timber and those whose agricultural area was larger than the average in Poland. When harvesting restrictions are low, the expected compensation is influenced by the age and gender of the respondent, or the number of people in the household. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Strategies and Their Impact on Forest Policy)
Article
Developing the Assessment and Indicators for Local Institutions in Dealing with Forest Fire Dilemmas
Forests 2021, 12(6), 704; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060704 - 29 May 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1964
Abstract
This study is an analysis of the main criteria and indicators utilised in strengthening local institutions in charge of forest management towards dealing with forest fire incidents in Riau Province, Indonesia. Data were collected using in-depth interviews and observation. Out of the 120 [...] Read more.
This study is an analysis of the main criteria and indicators utilised in strengthening local institutions in charge of forest management towards dealing with forest fire incidents in Riau Province, Indonesia. Data were collected using in-depth interviews and observation. Out of the 120 questionnaires distributed to stakeholders, 81 responses were received and analysed using Microsoft Excel and with structural equation modelling (SEM) techniques using SPSS and SmartPLS. Four dimensions, including organization, capacity, authority, and governance, were respectively measured using ten indicators. The results showed a significant correlation between local institutions and these dimension variables in highlighting forest management issues. The results suggest a need to strengthen local institutions’ institutional arrangements and their capacities in order to ensure the effective management of natural resources, which may be achievable through the support and co-operation of government institutions and communities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Strategies and Their Impact on Forest Policy)
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Article
Forest Surface Changes and Cultural Values: The Forests of Tuscany (Italy) in the Last Century
Forests 2021, 12(5), 531; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12050531 - 25 Apr 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 710
Abstract
Despite the definition of social and cultural values as the third pillar of Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) in 2003 and the guidelines for their implementation in SFM in 2007 issued by the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forest in Europe (MCPFE), the [...] Read more.
Despite the definition of social and cultural values as the third pillar of Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) in 2003 and the guidelines for their implementation in SFM in 2007 issued by the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forest in Europe (MCPFE), the importance of cultural values is not sufficiently transferred into forest planning and conservation. Tuscany is widely known for the quality of its cultural landscape, however, the abandonment of agro-pastoral surfaces as a consequence of rural areas depopulation, has led to widespread reforestation and to the abandonment of forest management. In addition, due to the interruption of a regular forest management and to the fact that most of the population lives in cities, forests are no more perceived as part of the cultural heritage, but mainly as a natural landscape. Due to this trend traditional forest management techniques, such as coppicing, have also been considered as a factor of degradation and not even a historical management form. The aim of the study is therefore to analyze forest surface changes in Tuscany in the last century to assess the importance of cultural values. Results highlighted that already in 1881 most of forests were regularly managed and that in 1936 more than 76% of broadleaved forests were managed as coppice. Between 1936 and 2016 forests increased their surface from 876,518 to 1,161,383 hectares due to the abandonment of the countryside, and 30% of the forests currently included in protected areas are the result of secondary successions. The findings of this study suggest the revision of national forest policies and, more in general, the adaptation of forest strategies to local conditions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Strategies and Their Impact on Forest Policy)
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