Latest Articles

Open AccessArticle
Atmosphereic Pressure Plasma Coating of Wood and MDF with Polyester Powder
Coatings 2017, 7(10), 171; doi:10.3390/coatings7100171 (registering DOI) -
Abstract
In this study, polyester powder based on iso- and teraphthalic acid was deposited with an atmospheric plasma jet. The powder was fed into the effluent plasma zone and deposited on European beech wood (Fagus sylvatica L.), Grand fir (Abies grandis Lindl.)
[...] Read more.
In this study, polyester powder based on iso- and teraphthalic acid was deposited with an atmospheric plasma jet. The powder was fed into the effluent plasma zone and deposited on European beech wood (Fagus sylvatica L.), Grand fir (Abies grandis Lindl.) and medium density fiberboard (MDF). The substrates were annealed subsequent to the coating process. To exclude decomposition of the polyester layers by the plasma treatment, the surface chemistry of the layers has been examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and compared with the polyester powder reference. Furthermore, topographical investigations were carried out using laser scanning microscopy (LSM). Adhesive strength of the layers was evaluated by dolly test and gloss measurements with a goniophotometer. The deposited layers showed no chemical changes compared to the reference. The adhesive strength of the layer met practical requirements of >1 MPa. It was demonstrated that the deposition of a macroscopic layer is possible without a pretreatment or the usage of additives. Therefore this coating process by atmospheric pressure plasma for wood and wood based materials could represent an environmental-friendly alternative to conventional coating methods. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Natural Resource Economics, Planetary Boundaries and Strong Sustainability
Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1858; doi:10.3390/su9101858 (registering DOI) -
Abstract
Earth systems science maintains that there are nine “planetary boundaries” that demarcate a sustainable, safe operating space for humankind for essential global sinks and resources. Respecting these planetary boundaries represents the “strong sustainability” perspective in economics, which argues that some natural capital may
[...] Read more.
Earth systems science maintains that there are nine “planetary boundaries” that demarcate a sustainable, safe operating space for humankind for essential global sinks and resources. Respecting these planetary boundaries represents the “strong sustainability” perspective in economics, which argues that some natural capital may not be substituted and are inviolate. In addition, the safe operating space defined by these boundaries can be considered a depletable stock. We show that standard tools of natural resource economics for an exhaustible resource can thus be applied, which has implications for optimal use, price paths, technological innovation, and stock externalities. These consequences in turn affect the choice of policies that may be adopted to manage and allocate the safe operating space available for humankind. Full article
Open AccessEditorial
An Interview with William A. Barnett
Econometrics 2017, 5(4), 45; doi:10.3390/econometrics5040045 (registering DOI) -
Abstract
William(Bill) Barnett is an eminent econometrician andmacroeconomist.[...] Full article
Open AccessArticle
Insights into Alkali-Acid Leaching of Sericite: Dissolution Behavior and Mechanism
Minerals 2017, 7(10), 196; doi:10.3390/min7100196 (registering DOI) -
Abstract
Sericite is a typical silicate impurity in microcrystalline graphite ores, and its removal is important in the preparation of high-purity graphite preparations. Alkali-acid leaching is an effective method used to purify graphite and remove silicate minerals. In this study, the dissolution behavior and
[...] Read more.
Sericite is a typical silicate impurity in microcrystalline graphite ores, and its removal is important in the preparation of high-purity graphite preparations. Alkali-acid leaching is an effective method used to purify graphite and remove silicate minerals. In this study, the dissolution behavior and mechanism of sericite in alkali-acid leaching were investigated. The dissolution of sericite was mainly affected by alkali leaching temperature, sodium hydroxide concentration, and alkali leaching time. According to the XRD, FTIR, and SEM-EDS analyses, the dissolution mechanism of sericite is a three-stage process: (1) sericite is dissolved in the form of soluble silicate and aluminate; (2) the dissolved silicate and aluminate then react with each other to form aluminosilicate; and (3) finally the aluminosilicate mainly composed of hydroxycancrinite and sodalite is almost completely dissolved in the hydrochloric acid solution. Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Open AccessArticle
A Single-Site Iron(III)-Salan Catalyst for Converting COS to Sulfur-Containing Polymers
Polymers 2017, 9(10), 515; doi:10.3390/polym9100515 (registering DOI) -
Abstract
An iron(III) complex of tetradentate N,N′-disubstituted bis(aminophenoxide) (designated as salan, a saturated version of the corresponding salen ligand) with a sterically hindered organic base anchored on the ligand framework, can selectively mediate the conversion of carbonyl sulfide to sulfur-containing polymers
[...] Read more.
An iron(III) complex of tetradentate N,N′-disubstituted bis(aminophenoxide) (designated as salan, a saturated version of the corresponding salen ligand) with a sterically hindered organic base anchored on the ligand framework, can selectively mediate the conversion of carbonyl sulfide to sulfur-containing polymers by the copolymerization with epoxides. This single-site catalyst exhibits broad substrate scope, and the resultant copolymers have completely alternating structures. In addition, this catalyst is efficient in producing diblock copolymers, suggesting a living polymerization nature. Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Open AccessAbstract
Open AccessAbstract

Institutional Open Access Program (IOAP)

IOAP participants benefit from discounts and convenient payment options.

Feedback

We are keen to hear what you think about MDPI. To leave us your feedback, suggestions or questions please click here.

See what our authors and guest editors say about us.

About MDPI

MDPI.com is a platform for peer-reviewed, scientific open-access journals operated by MDPI AG, based in Basel, Switzerland. Additional offices are located in Beijing and Wuhan (China) as well as in Barcelona (Spain).

Back to Top