Special Issue "Mining Innovation"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "Geo-Energy".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Krzysztof Skrzypkowski
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Mining and Geoengineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, Mickiewicza 30 av., 30-059 Kraków, Poland
Interests: rock bolts; waste rocks; mining; underground exploitation; mining cribs

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Contemporary exploitation of natural raw materials by borehole, opencast, underground, seabed, and anthropogenic deposits is closely related to, among others, geomechanics, automation, computer science, and numerical methods. More and more often, individual fields of science coexist and complement each other, contributing to lowering exploitation costs, increasing production, and reduction of the time needed to prepare and exploit the deposit. The continuous development of national economies is related to the increasing demand for energy, metal, rock, and chemical resources. Very often, exploitation is carried out in complex geological and mining conditions, which are accompanied by natural hazards such as rock bursts, methane, coal dust explosion, spontaneous combustion, water, gas, and temperature. In order to conduct a safe and economically justified operation, modern construction materials are being used more and more often in mining to support excavations, both under static and dynamic loads. The individual production stages are supported by specialized computer programs for cutting the deposit as well as for modeling the behavior of the rock mass after excavation in it. Currently, the automation and monitoring of the mining works play a very important role, which will significantly contribute to the improvement of safety conditions.

In this Special Issue of Energies, we intend to focus on innovative laboratory, numerical, and industrial research that has a positive impact on the development of safety and exploitation in mining. We hope that you will consider submitting your original manuscript for peer review to this Special Issue.

Dr. Krzysztof Skrzypkowski
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Model tests
  • Numerical modeling
  • Case studies
  • Computer-aided design in mining
  • Automation in mining
  • Rock support
  • Rock mass monitoring

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
P-Wave-Only Inversion of Challenging Walkaway VSP Data for Detailed Estimation of Local Anisotropy and Reservoir Parameters: A Case Study of Seismic Processing in Northern Poland
Energies 2021, 14(8), 2061; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082061 - 08 Apr 2021
Viewed by 213
Abstract
In this paper, we present a detailed analysis of walkaway vertical seismic profiling (VSP) data, which can be used to obtain Thomsen parameters using P-wave-only inversion. Data acquisition took place in difficult field conditions, which influenced the quality of the data. Therefore, this [...] Read more.
In this paper, we present a detailed analysis of walkaway vertical seismic profiling (VSP) data, which can be used to obtain Thomsen parameters using P-wave-only inversion. Data acquisition took place in difficult field conditions, which influenced the quality of the data. Therefore, this paper also shows a seismic data processing scheme that allows the estimation of correct polarization angles despite poor input data quality. Moreover, we showed that it is possible to obtain reliable and detailed values of Thomsen’s anisotropy parameters for data that are challenging due to extremely difficult field conditions during acquisition and the presence of an overburden of salt and anhydrite (Zechstein formation). This complex is known for its strong seismic signal-attenuating properties. We designed a special processing workflow with a signal-matching procedure that allows reliable estimation of polarization angles for low-quality data. Additionally, we showed that P-wave-only inversion for the estimation of local anisotropy parameters can be used as valuable additional input for detailed interpretation of geological media, even if anisotropy is relatively low. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mining Innovation)
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Open AccessArticle
Influence of Hydrogeological Investigation’s Accuracy on Technology of Shaft Sinking and Design of Shaft Lining—Case Study from Southern Poland
Energies 2021, 14(8), 2050; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082050 - 07 Apr 2021
Viewed by 292
Abstract
Accuracy of hydrogeological and geotechnical investigation in place of shaft sinking is a key factor for selection of sinking method and design of the shaft lining. The following work presents the influence of the rising level of accuracy of geological data gathered in [...] Read more.
Accuracy of hydrogeological and geotechnical investigation in place of shaft sinking is a key factor for selection of sinking method and design of the shaft lining. The following work presents the influence of the rising level of accuracy of geological data gathered in the area of shaft sinking in the Silesian Coal Basin and technical projects of shaft lining and technology of its sinking, which have been changing over the years. The initial project of the shaft was repeatedly modified. Each modification eventuated in rising requirements for the shaft lining, such as increasing its thickness or changing concrete class. It has become necessary to use additional methods of reinforcing rock mass around the shaft. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mining Innovation)
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Open AccessArticle
An Experimental Investigation into the Stress-Strain Characteristic under Static and Quasi-Static Loading for Partially Embedded Rock Bolts
Energies 2021, 14(5), 1483; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051483 - 09 Mar 2021
Viewed by 299
Abstract
This article deals with a static and quasi-static load using the maximum power of a hydraulic pump. Additionally, quasi-static coefficients for the partially embedded rock bolts were determined. The laboratory tests included 2.2 m long bolts, which were embedded segmentally on the lengths [...] Read more.
This article deals with a static and quasi-static load using the maximum power of a hydraulic pump. Additionally, quasi-static coefficients for the partially embedded rock bolts were determined. The laboratory tests included 2.2 m long bolts, which were embedded segmentally on the lengths of 0.05 m, 0.3 m and 0.9 m and were tested. To fix the ribbed bolt rods in the steel cylinders, resin cartridges with a length of 0.45 m long were used. The main aim of the research was to determine the load-displacement characteristics. Knowing the bolt rod tensile mechanism, the points of failure in the material continuity were identified, on the basis of which stress-strain characteristics are made. Particular attention was paid to the definition of: tensile stress for the yield point (σ1), maximum stress (σ2), stress at failure (σ3), strain in the elastic range (ε1), strain for maximum stress (ε2) and strain corresponding to the failure (ε3). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mining Innovation)
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Open AccessArticle
Fault Sealing Evaluation of a Strike-Slip Fault Based on Normal Stress: A Case Study from Eastern Junggar Basin, NW China
Energies 2021, 14(5), 1468; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051468 - 08 Mar 2021
Viewed by 284
Abstract
The sealing of a fault zone has been a focus for geological studies in the past decades. The majority of previous studies have focused on the extensional regimes, where the displacement pressure difference between fault rock and reservoir was used to evaluate the [...] Read more.
The sealing of a fault zone has been a focus for geological studies in the past decades. The majority of previous studies have focused on the extensional regimes, where the displacement pressure difference between fault rock and reservoir was used to evaluate the fault-sealing property from the basic principle of fault sealing. When considering the displacement pressure difference, the impact of gravity on the fault rock was considered, whereas the impact of horizontal stress was ignored. In this study, we utilize the displacement pressure difference as an index to evaluate the sealing capacity of strike-slip faults, in which both the impacts of gravity and horizontal stress on the fault rocks are all integrated. By calculating the values of σH/σV and σh/σV in the vicinity of fault planes, the coefficient K of compaction impacts on fault rocks between normal stress to fault planes and gravity was then determined. By revealing the quantitative relationship between the displacement pressure of rocks, burial depth and clay content, the displacement pressure difference between fault rocks and reservoirs were calculated. The results suggest that the sealing capacity of a strike-slip fault is not only related to the magnitude of normal stress to the fault plane, but also to the stress regime. The clay content is also an important factor controlling the sealing capacity of strike-slip faults. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mining Innovation)
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Open AccessArticle
Experimental Study on Shear Mechanism of Rock-Like Material Containing a Single Non-Persistent Rough Joint
Energies 2021, 14(4), 987; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14040987 - 13 Feb 2021
Viewed by 455
Abstract
The geometrical and mechanical properties of non-persistent joints as well as the mechanical behavior of intact rock (rock bridges) are significantly effective in the shear strength of weakness planes containing non-persistent joints. Therefore, comprehensive knowledge of the shear mechanism of both joints and [...] Read more.
The geometrical and mechanical properties of non-persistent joints as well as the mechanical behavior of intact rock (rock bridges) are significantly effective in the shear strength of weakness planes containing non-persistent joints. Therefore, comprehensive knowledge of the shear mechanism of both joints and rock bridges is required to assess the shear strength of the planes. In this study, the shear behavior of specimens containing a single non-persistent rough joint is investigated. A novel procedure was used to prepare cast specimens embedding a non-persistent (disc-shaped) rough joint using 3D printing and casting technology, and the shear strength of the specimens was examined through an extensive direct shear testing program under constant normal load (CNL) condition. Three levels for three different variables of the joint roughness, rock bridge ratio, and normal stress were considered, and the effects of these factors on the shear behavior of prepared samples were tested. The experimental results show a clear influence of the three variables on the shear strength of the specimens. The results show that the normal stress applied to the jointed zone of weakness planes is considerable, and thus joint friction contribution should be taken into account during shear strength evaluation. Furthermore, the dilation mechanism of the specimens before and after failure was investigated through a digital image correlation analysis. Finally, a camcorder was used to analyze the location and sequence of the initiated cracks. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mining Innovation)
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Open AccessArticle
Estimation of Damage Induced by Single-Hole Rock Blasting: A Review on Analytical, Numerical, and Experimental Solutions
Energies 2021, 14(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010029 - 23 Dec 2020
Viewed by 555
Abstract
This paper presents a review of the existing models for the estimation of explosion-induced crushed and cracked zones. The control of these zones is of utmost importance in the rock explosion design, since it aims at optimizing the fragmentation and, as a result, [...] Read more.
This paper presents a review of the existing models for the estimation of explosion-induced crushed and cracked zones. The control of these zones is of utmost importance in the rock explosion design, since it aims at optimizing the fragmentation and, as a result, minimizing the fine grain production and recovery cycle. Moreover, this optimization can reduce the damage beyond the set border and align the excavation plan with the geometric design. The models are categorized into three groups based on the approach, i.e., analytical, numerical, and experimental approaches, and for each group, the relevant studies are classified and presented in a comprehensive manner. More specifically, in the analytical methods, the assumptions and results are described and discussed in order to provide a useful reference to judge the applicability of each model. Considering the numerical models, all commonly-used algorithms along with the simulation details and the influential parameters are reported and discussed. Finally, considering the experimental models, the emphasis is given here on presenting the most practical and widely employed laboratory models. The empirical equations derived from the models and their applications are examined in detail. In the Discussion section, the most common methods are selected and used to estimate the damage size of 13 case study problems. The results are then utilized to compare the accuracy and applicability of each selected method. Furthermore, the probabilistic analysis of the explosion-induced failure is reviewed using several structural reliability models. The selection, classification, and discussion of the models presented in this paper can be used as a reference in real engineering projects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mining Innovation)
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Open AccessArticle
Failure Analysis of a Pre-Excavation Double Equipment Withdrawal Channel and Its Control Techniques
Energies 2020, 13(23), 6368; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236368 - 02 Dec 2020
Viewed by 367
Abstract
The use of pre-excavation equipment withdrawal channels (EWCs) at the stop-production line is important for the rapid withdrawal of coal mining equipment. However, during the final mining period, the dynamic pressure of a pre-excavated double EWC is severe, which leads to instability of [...] Read more.
The use of pre-excavation equipment withdrawal channels (EWCs) at the stop-production line is important for the rapid withdrawal of coal mining equipment. However, during the final mining period, the dynamic pressure of a pre-excavated double EWC is severe, which leads to instability of the surrounding rock around the EWCs. Therefore, in this paper, the methods of field monitoring, theoretical analysis, and numerical simulation were used to systematically study the stress and plastic zone evolution of a double EWC during the final mining period. Firstly, the distribution characteristics of mining abutment pressure and roadway failure modes under the action of mining abutment pressure were analyzed theoretically. Afterward, a FLAC3D mining numerical model was established according to the distribution of rock strata obtained from roof detection. Finally, the evolution laws of the stress fields and plastic zones of the EWCs during final mining were obtained by numerical simulation. The present study suggests that asymmetric stress distribution dominates asymmetric failure of the surrounding rock around the EWCs during the final mining period, and deformation failure within 10 m from the working face to the main EWC (MEWC) accounted for most of the roadway deformation. Based on the research results combined with actual production experience, the stability control technique of the surrounding rock with reinforcement of anchor cables and double-row buttress hydraulic support for the MEWC was put forward. After the field application, the ideal result was obtained. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mining Innovation)
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