Special Issue "Plant-based green synthesis of nanoparticles: production, characterization and applications"

A special issue of Biomolecules (ISSN 2218-273X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Christophe Hano
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Associate Professor, Laboratory of Woody Plants and Crops Biology (LBLGC – INRA USC1328), Orleans University, 45067 Orléans Cedex 2, France
Interests: chemistry of natural products; analytical methods; HPLC; LC-MS; polyphenols (lignans, flavonoids, phenolic acids); green synthesis of nanoparticles, bioassays; ethnopharmacology; nutraceuticals; cosmeceutical; history of pharmacy and cosmetic
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Bilal Haider Abbasi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
Interests: Plant in vitro technology; plant cell culture, elicitation of secondary metabolites; light; nutraceuticals; cosmeceuticals; phytochemicals; green synthesis; bioassays
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary area of research taking advantage of core techniques used in various disciplines like chemistry, engineering, physics and biological sciences, and leading to the development of novel strategies to manipulate minute particles resulting in the production of nanoparticles (NPs). These NPs may be defined as particles with at least one dimension ranging from 1–100 nm. Nanotechnology deals with the synthesis, development and applications of a variety of NPs. These NPs are generally produced via laborious and hazard-prone physical and chemical methods. According to the safety-by-design principle, during the last decade a large array of safe, facile, cost effective, reproducible and scalable green synthesis approaches of NPs have been developed. Among these green biological methods, plant-based biosynthesis of NPs is considered a gold technique due to easy availability and the diverse nature of plants. The potential of plant extracts to produce NPs that have definite size and shape, as well as composition, is of great importance. Moreover, the great diversity of phytochemicals readily available in plant extracts can be utilized in this green approach as the natural stabilizing and reducing agents for the biosynthesis of NPs. Plant-derived NPs are also prone to present less harmful side effects to the human population as compared to chemically synthesized NPs, and exhibit high biological potential with applications in various domains such as in agriculture (e.g. in precision farming with controlled release of agrochemicals, target-specific delivery of biomolecules, more efficient nutrients absorption, detection and control of plant diseases, etc.), in food science and technology (e.g. in processing, storage and packaging processes), in bioengineering (biocatalysts, photocatalysts, biosensors, etc.), in cosmetic (e.g. sunscreen, anti-aging, hair growth, bioactive compounds delivery, nanoemulsion, etc.) or in nanomedicine and human health protection (e.g. antimicrobial, antiparasitic, antiproliferative, pro-apoptotic, pro- or anti-oxidative depending on the context, anti-inflammatory activities, etc.). Recently, NPs have also emerged as a novel effective elicitor in plant in vitro systems with the ability to enhance the synthesis of bioactive secondary metabolites, thus further increasing the potential applications spectra of plant-based NPs.

We encourage investigators to consider submitting reviews, regular research papers and short communications to this Special Issue of Biomolecules aiming to highlight the most novel and promising developments in this field.

Dr. Christophe Hano
Dr. Bilal Haider Abbasi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Biomolecules is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Nanoparticles
  • Green synthesis
  • Green biotechnology
  • Biological activities
  • Human health
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Cosmeceuticals
  • Food science and technology
  • Precision Agriculture

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
One-step Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Saudi Arabian Desert Seasonal Plant Sisymbrium irio and Antibacterial Activity Against Multidrug-Resistant Bacterial Strains
Biomolecules 2019, 9(11), 662; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom9110662 - 28 Oct 2019
Abstract
Globally, antimicrobial resistance has grown at an alarming rate. To combat the multidrug-resistant (MDR) superbugs, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were synthesized using an aqueous leaf extract of seasonal desert plant Sisymbrium irio obtained from the central region of Saudi Arabia by a simple [...] Read more.
Globally, antimicrobial resistance has grown at an alarming rate. To combat the multidrug-resistant (MDR) superbugs, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were synthesized using an aqueous leaf extract of seasonal desert plant Sisymbrium irio obtained from the central region of Saudi Arabia by a simple one-step procedure. The physical and chemical properties of the Ag NPs were investigated through ultraviolet visisble analysis (UV-vis), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) analysis. The UV-vis spectrum showed an absorption band at 426 nm. The XRD results showed a highly crystalline face-centered cubic structure. The surface morphology analyzed using SEM and TEM analyses showed the particle size to be in the range 24 nm to 50 nm. Various concentrations of Ag NPs were tested against MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumanii that cause ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) Escherichia coli-25922 was used as the reference control strain. The Ag NPs effectively inhibited tested pathogens, even at the lowest concentration (6.25 µg) used. The bacterial inhibitory zone ranged from 11–21 mm. In conclusion, the newly synthesized Ag NPs could be a potential alternative candidate in biomedical applications in controlling the spread of MDR pathogens. Full article
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