Aerospace 2021, 8(5), 123; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8050123 (registering DOI) - 22 Apr 2021
The global surface pressure was measured on a 7
half-angle circular cone/flare model at a nominally zero angle of attack using pressure-sensitive paint (PSP). These experiments were conducted to illustrate fast PSP’s usefulness and effectiveness at measuring the unsteady structures inherent to hypersonic shock-wave/boundary-layer interactions (SWBLIs). Mean and fluctuating surface pressure was measured with a temperature-corrected, high-frequency-response (≈10 kHz) anodized-aluminum pressure-sensitive paint (AA-PSP) allowing for novel, global calculations of skewness and coherence. These analyses complement traditional SWBLI data-reduction methodologies by providing high-spatial-resolution measurements of the mean and fluctuating locations of the shock feet, as well as the frequency-dependent measure of the relationship between characteristic flow features. The skewness indicated the mean locations of the separation and reattachment shock feet as well as their fluctuations over the course of the test. The coherence indicated that the separation and reattachment shock feet fluctuate about their mean location at the same frequency as one another, but 180 degrees out of phase. This results in a large-scale `breathing motion’ of the separated region characteristic of large separation bubbles. These experimental findings validate the usefulness of AA-PSP, and associated data-reduction methodologies, to provide global physical insights of unsteady SWBLI surface behavior in the hypersonic flow regime. Similar methodologies can be incorporated in future experiments to investigate complex and novel SWBLIs.
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hypersonics: Emerging Research)