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Proceedings, Volume 2, XoveTIC Conference 2018

XoveTIC 2018

A Coruña, Spain | 27–28 September 2018

Issue Editors: Ignacio Fraga, Alberto Alvarellos, Maria Montero, Javier Pereira and Manuel González Penedo


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Cover Story (view full-size image) This issue of Proceedings gathers papers presented at XOVETIC2018 (A Coruña, Spain, 27–28 September [...] Read more.
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Open AccessExtended Abstract Raspberry Pimu: Raspberry Pi Based Inertial Sensor Data Processing System
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1159; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181159
Published: 18 September 2018
Viewed by 242 | PDF Full-text (1608 KB)
Abstract
This paper explains the architectural design and development of an application for the reception, visualization and storage of inertial sensor data provided by an inertial measurement system (IMU). The application is built to run in a Raspberry Pi equipped with a small size
[...] Read more.
This paper explains the architectural design and development of an application for the reception, visualization and storage of inertial sensor data provided by an inertial measurement system (IMU). The application is built to run in a Raspberry Pi equipped with a small size screen that allows the visualization of the data and the control of data recording. The IMU is connected to a Raspberry Pi through a serial port (USB-TTY). Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Increasing NLP Parsing Efficiency with Chunking
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1160; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181160
Published: 19 September 2018
Viewed by 223 | PDF Full-text (480 KB)
Abstract
We introduce a “Chunk-and-Pass” parsing technique influenced by a psycholinguistic model, where linguistic information is processed not word-by-word but rather in larger chunks of words. We present preliminary results that show that it is feasible to compress linguistic data into chunks without significantly
[...] Read more.
We introduce a “Chunk-and-Pass” parsing technique influenced by a psycholinguistic model, where linguistic information is processed not word-by-word but rather in larger chunks of words. We present preliminary results that show that it is feasible to compress linguistic data into chunks without significantly diminishing parsing performance and potentially increasing the speed. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Automatic Characterization of Epiretinal Membrane in OCT Images with Supervised Training
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1161; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181161
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 197 | PDF Full-text (301 KB)
Abstract
This work presents an automatic method to characterize the presence or absence of the epiretinal membrane (ERM) in Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) images. To this end, a predefined set of classifiers is used on multiple local-based feature vectors which represent the inner limiting
[...] Read more.
This work presents an automatic method to characterize the presence or absence of the epiretinal membrane (ERM) in Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) images. To this end, a predefined set of classifiers is used on multiple local-based feature vectors which represent the inner limiting membrane (ILM), the layer of the retina where the ERM can be present. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract A Critical Approach to Information and Communication Technologies
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1162; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181162
Published: 14 September 2018
Viewed by 203 | PDF Full-text (149 KB)
Abstract
Many times it has been taken for granted that information and communication technologies (ICT) are intrinsically good for human beings or at least neutral. The first position is assumed by “techno-enthusiasts”, the second by those who have a well-meaning opinion of ICT. Here
[...] Read more.
Many times it has been taken for granted that information and communication technologies (ICT) are intrinsically good for human beings or at least neutral. The first position is assumed by “techno-enthusiasts”, the second by those who have a well-meaning opinion of ICT. Here we briefly framed a third possibility leaded by South-Korean philosopher Byung-Chul Han, a position that allows us to think about how ICT is shaping society and human beings as we know it. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Image Transmission: Analog or Digital?
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1163; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181163
Published: 18 September 2018
Viewed by 204 | PDF Full-text (251 KB)
Abstract
Evaluation and comparison of analog and digital wireless transmission systems. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Computationally Efficient Bootstrap Expressions for Bandwidth Selection in Nonparametric Curve Estimation
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1164; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181164
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 191 | PDF Full-text (727 KB)
Abstract
Bootstrap methods are used for bandwidth selection in: (1) nonparametric kernel density estimation with dependent data (smoothed stationary bootstrap and smoothed moving blocks bootstrap), and (2) nonparametric kernel hazard rate estimation (smoothed bootstrap). In these contexts, four new bandwidth parameter selectors are proposed
[...] Read more.
Bootstrap methods are used for bandwidth selection in: (1) nonparametric kernel density estimation with dependent data (smoothed stationary bootstrap and smoothed moving blocks bootstrap), and (2) nonparametric kernel hazard rate estimation (smoothed bootstrap). In these contexts, four new bandwidth parameter selectors are proposed based on closed bootstrap expressions of the MISE of the kernel density estimator (case 1) and two approximations of the kernel hazard rate estimation (case 2). These expressions turn out to be very useful since Monte Carlo approximation is no longer needed. Finally, these smoothing parameter selectors are empirically compared with the already existing ones via a simulation study. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract An R Package Implementation for Statistical Modeling of Emergence Curves in Weed Science
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1165; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181165
Published: 18 September 2018
Viewed by 201 | PDF Full-text (659 KB)
Abstract
Over the last few years, the research group MODES has carried out a research line (in collaboration with researchers from the Sustainable Agriculture Institute of the CSIC in Córdoba) on statistical modeling in weed science. One of the aspects dealt with in this
[...] Read more.
Over the last few years, the research group MODES has carried out a research line (in collaboration with researchers from the Sustainable Agriculture Institute of the CSIC in Córdoba) on statistical modeling in weed science. One of the aspects dealt with in this line is that of the estimation of the so-called emergence curves from data obtained from field studies. In this context, new indices have been developed for hydrothermal times, new nonparametric methods have been proposed, which have been compared with other existing parametric methods and applied to relevant pests. In this context, the objective pursued was the development of an R package that can be useful for the statistical analysis of weed science data and, in particular, for the estimation of emergence curves. Currently, the package is available in the CRAN and it is intended to become a standard of use among the research community in weed science. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Bandwidth Selection in Nonparametric Regression with Large Sample Size
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1166; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181166
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 209 | PDF Full-text (698 KB)
Abstract
In the context of nonparametric regression estimation, the behaviour of kernel methods such as the Nadaraya-Watson or local linear estimators is heavily influenced by the value of the bandwidth parameter, which determines the trade-off between bias and variance. This clearly implies that the
[...] Read more.
In the context of nonparametric regression estimation, the behaviour of kernel methods such as the Nadaraya-Watson or local linear estimators is heavily influenced by the value of the bandwidth parameter, which determines the trade-off between bias and variance. This clearly implies that the selection of an optimal bandwidth, in the sense of minimizing some risk function (MSE, MISE, etc.), is a crucial issue. However, the task of estimating an optimal bandwidth using the whole sample can be very expensive in terms of computing time in the context of Big Data, due to the computational complexity of some of the most used algorithms for bandwidth selection (leave-one-out cross validation, for example, has O ( n 2 ) complexity). To overcome this problem, we propose two methods that estimate the optimal bandwidth for several subsamples of our large dataset and then extrapolate the result to the original sample size making use of the asymptotic expression of the MISE bandwidth. Preliminary simulation studies show that the proposed methods lead to a drastic reduction in computing time, while the statistical precision is only slightly decreased. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Nonparametric Mean Estimation for Big-but-Biased Data
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1167; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181167
Published: 19 September 2018
Viewed by 202 | PDF Full-text (729 KB)
Abstract
Some authors have recently warned about the risks of the sentence with enough data, the numbers speak for themselves. The problem of nonparametric statistical inference in big data under the presence of sampling bias is considered in this work. The mean estimation
[...] Read more.
Some authors have recently warned about the risks of the sentence with enough data, the numbers speak for themselves. The problem of nonparametric statistical inference in big data under the presence of sampling bias is considered in this work. The mean estimation problem is studied in this setup, in a nonparametric framework, when the biasing weight function is unknown (realistic). The problem of ignoring the weight function is remedied by having a small SRS of the real population. This problem is related to nonparametric density estimation. The asymptotic expression for the MSE of the estimator proposed is considered. Some simulations illustrate the performance of the nonparametric method proposed in this work. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Automatic System for the Identification and Visualization of the Retinal Vessel Tree Using OCT Imaging
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1168; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181168
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 207 | PDF Full-text (539 KB)
Abstract
This paper proposes a system for the three-dimensional identification and visualization of the retinal vasculature using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) scans. This fully automatic tool provides useful biomarkers to the medical specialists that facilitate the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of various retinal and
[...] Read more.
This paper proposes a system for the three-dimensional identification and visualization of the retinal vasculature using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) scans. This fully automatic tool provides useful biomarkers to the medical specialists that facilitate the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of various retinal and systemic pathologies. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Automatic Segmentation and Measurement of Vascular Biomarkers in OCT-A Images
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1169; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181169
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 180 | PDF Full-text (779 KB)
Abstract
We propose an automatic methodology that identifies the vascularity zones in OCT-A images and their measurement for its use in clinical analysis and diagnostic processes. The segmentation and measurement contributes objectivity and repeatability in the results, desirable characteristics in any diagnosis and monitoring
[...] Read more.
We propose an automatic methodology that identifies the vascularity zones in OCT-A images and their measurement for its use in clinical analysis and diagnostic processes. The segmentation and measurement contributes objectivity and repeatability in the results, desirable characteristics in any diagnosis and monitoring process. In the validation of the method, the correlation coefficient of Pearson and Jaccard index were used, obtaining satisfactory results. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract On the Processing and Analysis of Microtexts: From Normalization to Semantics
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1170; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181170
Published: 18 September 2018
Viewed by 187 | PDF Full-text (157 KB)
Abstract
User-generated content published on microblogging social platforms constitutes an invaluable source of information for diverse purposes: health surveillance, business intelligence, political analysis, etc. We present an overview of our work on the field of microtext processing covering the entire pipeline: from input preprocessing
[...] Read more.
User-generated content published on microblogging social platforms constitutes an invaluable source of information for diverse purposes: health surveillance, business intelligence, political analysis, etc. We present an overview of our work on the field of microtext processing covering the entire pipeline: from input preprocessing to high-level text mining applications. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Interpretable Market Segmentation on High Dimension Data
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1171; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181171
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 227 | PDF Full-text (688 KB)
Abstract
Obtaining relevant information from the vast amount of data generated by interactions in a market or, in general, from a dyadic dataset, is a broad problem of great interest both for industry and academia. Also, the interpretability of machine learning algorithms is becoming
[...] Read more.
Obtaining relevant information from the vast amount of data generated by interactions in a market or, in general, from a dyadic dataset, is a broad problem of great interest both for industry and academia. Also, the interpretability of machine learning algorithms is becoming increasingly relevant and even becoming a legal requirement, all of which increases the demand for such algorithms. In this work we propose a quality measure that factors in the interpretability of results. Additionally, we present a grouping algorithm on dyadic data that returns results with a level of interpretability selected by the user and capable of handling large volumes of data. Experiments show the accuracy of the results, on par with traditional methods, as well as its scalability. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Reconstruction of Tomographic Images through Machine Learning Techniques
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1172; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181172
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 268 | PDF Full-text (159 KB)
Abstract
Some problems in the field of health or industry require to obtain information from the inside of a body without using invasive methods. Some techniques are able to get qualitative images. However, these images are not enough to solve some problems that require
[...] Read more.
Some problems in the field of health or industry require to obtain information from the inside of a body without using invasive methods. Some techniques are able to get qualitative images. However, these images are not enough to solve some problems that require an accurate knowledge. Normally, the tomography processes are used to explore inside of a body. In this particular case, we are using the method called Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT). The basic operation of this method is as follows: (1) The electrical potential difference is measured in the electrodes placed around the body. This part is known as forward model. (2) Get information from the inside of the body using the measured voltages. This problem is known as inverse problem. There are several approximations to solve this inverse problem. However, these solutions are focused on obtaining qualitative images. In this paper, we show the main challenges of how to obtain quantitative knowledge when Machine Learning techniques are used to solve this inverse problem. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Network Data Unsupervised Clustering to Anomaly Detection
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1173; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181173
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 196 | PDF Full-text (197 KB)
Abstract
In these days, organizations rely on the availability and security of their communication networks to perform daily operations. As a result, network data must be analyzed in order to provide an adequate level of security and to detect anomalies or malfunctions in the
[...] Read more.
In these days, organizations rely on the availability and security of their communication networks to perform daily operations. As a result, network data must be analyzed in order to provide an adequate level of security and to detect anomalies or malfunctions in the systems. Due to the increase of devices connected to these networks, the complexity to analyze data related to its communications also grows. We propose a method, based on Self-Organized Maps, which combine numerical and categorical features, to ease communication network data analysis. Also, we have explored the possibility of using different sources of data. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract A Convolutional Network for the Classification of Sleep Stages
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1174; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181174
Published: 14 September 2018
Viewed by 217 | PDF Full-text (210 KB)
Abstract
The classification of sleep stages is a crucial task in the context of sleep medicine. It involves the analysis of multiple signals thus being tedious and complex. Even for a trained physician scoring a whole night sleep study can take several hours. Most
[...] Read more.
The classification of sleep stages is a crucial task in the context of sleep medicine. It involves the analysis of multiple signals thus being tedious and complex. Even for a trained physician scoring a whole night sleep study can take several hours. Most of the automatic methods trying to solve this problem use human engineered features biased for a specific dataset. In this work we use deep learning to avoid human bias. We propose an ensemble of 5 convolutional networks achieving a kappa index of 0.83 when classifying 500 sleep studies. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Analysis of the Effect of Tidal Level on the Discharge Capacity of Two Urban Rivers Using Bidimensional Numerical Modelling
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1175; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181175
Published: 14 September 2018
Viewed by 188 | PDF Full-text (584 KB)
Abstract
This article quantifies the variation of the discharge capacity of an urban river of the Galicia region due to the tidal level at the river discharge. During high tides, the water level on the river outlet produces a backwater effects that reduces the
[...] Read more.
This article quantifies the variation of the discharge capacity of an urban river of the Galicia region due to the tidal level at the river discharge. During high tides, the water level on the river outlet produces a backwater effects that reduces the maximum discharge. This results in a decrease of the maximum capacity to one third of the maximum discharge during low tide. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Channel Covariance Identification in FDD Massive MIMO Systems
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1176; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181176
Published: 19 September 2018
Viewed by 116 | PDF Full-text (704 KB)
Abstract
Channel estimation for Massive MIMO systems has drawn a lot of attention in the last years. A number of estimation methods rely on the knowledge of the channel covariance matrix to operate. However, this covariance is not known in practice, and it should
[...] Read more.
Channel estimation for Massive MIMO systems has drawn a lot of attention in the last years. A number of estimation methods rely on the knowledge of the channel covariance matrix to operate. However, this covariance is not known in practice, and it should be acquired. In this work, we investigate different techniques for covariance identification under the assumption of very short training sequences. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Guidelines to Support Graphical User Interface Design for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Interdisciplinary Approach
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1177; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181177
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 237 | PDF Full-text (182 KB)
Abstract
The study aims to describe the guidelines to support user interface design for develop technology centered in the specific learning style, abilities and needs of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This research study describes the conclusions drawn following a process of interactive
[...] Read more.
The study aims to describe the guidelines to support user interface design for develop technology centered in the specific learning style, abilities and needs of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This research study describes the conclusions drawn following a process of interactive design of software, ASD Module, In-TIC PC. Four groups of participants were involved in the process: specialists with experience in the intervention with people with ASD, specialists with experience in the development and design of technology for people with disability, children with ASD and their families (n = 39). The techniques used to formalize the collection of information from different groups of participants were observation, interview, group discussions and a questionnaire. The results of the study target the development of a design guide that includes the evidence, the basic ideas and suggestions deduced from the design and development process of the ASD Module. This translates into a list of rules with suggestions to consider in the design and adaptation of technology for children with ASD. These guidelines of interface design provide useful information for researchers, developers, social and healthcare professionals and families, with the aim of offering alternatives for children with ASD and facilitating the understanding of daily life. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract When Diversity Met Accuracy: A Story of Recommender Systems
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1178; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181178
Published: 14 September 2018
Viewed by 230 | PDF Full-text (234 KB)
Abstract
Diversity and accuracy are frequently considered as two irreconcilable goals in the field of Recommender Systems. In this paper, we study different approaches to recommendation, based on collaborative filtering, which intend to improve both sides of this trade-off. We performed a battery of
[...] Read more.
Diversity and accuracy are frequently considered as two irreconcilable goals in the field of Recommender Systems. In this paper, we study different approaches to recommendation, based on collaborative filtering, which intend to improve both sides of this trade-off. We performed a battery of experiments measuring precision, diversity and novelty on different algorithms. We show that some of these approaches are able to improve the results in all the metrics with respect to classical collaborative filtering algorithms, proving to be both more accurate and more diverse. Moreover, we show how some of these techniques can be tuned easily to favour one side of this trade-off over the other, based on user desires or business objectives, by simply adjusting some of their parameters. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Brain-Computer Interfaces for Internet of Things
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1179; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181179
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 277 | PDF Full-text (613 KB)
Abstract
A brain-computer interface for controlling elements commonly used at home is presented in this paper. It includes the electroencephalography device needed to acquire signals associated to the brain activity, the algorithms for artefact reduction and event classification, and the communication protocol. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Fluid Region Analysis and Identification via Optical Coherence Tomography Image Samples
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1180; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181180
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 194 | PDF Full-text (282 KB)
Abstract
The work herein proposed presents a methodology which aims to identify cystoid regions using OCT scans. This method obtained satisfactory results detecting cystoid regions with different levels of complexity without needing any preprocessing nor candidate filtering steps. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Nonparametric Inference in Mixture Cure Models
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1181; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181181
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 214 | PDF Full-text (697 KB) | Supplementary Files
Abstract
A completely nonparametric method for the estimation of mixture cure models is proposed. Nonparametric estimators for the cure probability (incidence) and for the survival function of the uncured population (latency) are introduced. In addition, a bootstrap bandwidth selection method for each nonparametric estimator
[...] Read more.
A completely nonparametric method for the estimation of mixture cure models is proposed. Nonparametric estimators for the cure probability (incidence) and for the survival function of the uncured population (latency) are introduced. In addition, a bootstrap bandwidth selection method for each nonparametric estimator is considered. The methodology is applied to a dataset of colorectal cancer patients from the University Hospital of A Coruña (CHUAC). Furthermore, a nonparametric covariate significance test for the incidence is proposed. The test is extended to non-continuous covariates: binary, discrete and qualitative, and also to contexts with a large number of covariates. The method is applied to a sarcomas dataset from the University Hospital of Santiago (CHUS). Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Numerical Simulation of the Dynamics of Listeria Monocytogenes Biofilms
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1182; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181182
Published: 18 September 2018
Viewed by 209 | PDF Full-text (1318 KB)
Abstract
A biofilm is a layer of microorganisms attached to a surface and protected by a matrix of exopolysaccharides. Biofilm structures difficult the removal of microorganisms, thus the study of the type of structures formed throughout a biofilm life cycle is key to design
[...] Read more.
A biofilm is a layer of microorganisms attached to a surface and protected by a matrix of exopolysaccharides. Biofilm structures difficult the removal of microorganisms, thus the study of the type of structures formed throughout a biofilm life cycle is key to design elimination techniques. Also, the study of the inner mechanisms of a biofilm system is of the utmost importance in order to prevent harmful biofilms formation and enhance the properties of beneficial biofilms. This study must be achieved through the combination of mathematical modelling and experimental studies. Our work focuses on the study of biofilms formed by Listeria monocytogenes, a pathogen bacteria, specially relevant in food industry. Listeria is highly resistant to biocides and appears in common food surfaces even after decontamination processes. Their biofilms can develop quite different structures, from flat biofilms to clustered or honeycomb structures. In the present work, we develop 1D and 2D models that simulate the dynamics of biofilms formed by different strains of L. monocytogenes. All this models are solved with efficient numerical methods and robust numerical techniques, such as the Level Set method. The numerical re sults are compared with the experimental measurements obtained in the Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, CSIC (Vigo, Spain), and the Micalis Institute, INRA (Massy, France). Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Using Discrete Wavelet Transform to Model Whistle Contours for Dolphin Species Classification
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1183; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181183
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 302 | PDF Full-text (184 KB)
Abstract
This work proposes the use of features based on the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) for dolphin species classification. These features are compared with other previously used in the literature, and the experiments carried out in a database featuring four different species of cetaceans
[...] Read more.
This work proposes the use of features based on the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) for dolphin species classification. These features are compared with other previously used in the literature, and the experiments carried out in a database featuring four different species of cetaceans (three dolphins and a pilot whale) showed that the use of DWT features led to improved classification performance. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Automation of the Data Acquisition System for Self-Quantification Devices
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1184; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181184
Published: 19 September 2018
Viewed by 192 | PDF Full-text (351 KB)
Abstract
In this paper we describe an environment that enables the interaction and data-fetching through a computer system from the Xiaomi Mi Band 2, a very popular and inexpensive Bluetooth Low Energy Fitness device, thus making it suitable for health-care long-term projects in which
[...] Read more.
In this paper we describe an environment that enables the interaction and data-fetching through a computer system from the Xiaomi Mi Band 2, a very popular and inexpensive Bluetooth Low Energy Fitness device, thus making it suitable for health-care long-term projects in which continuously gathering sleep and activity data is required. The environment is composed by a communication server running a custom library, exposed through both a shell command prompt and a RESTful API so it can be used by any other system connected to this server. The library is capable of connecting to an arbitrary number of devices at a time, bypassing many restrictions of the manufacturer’s proprietary application and not depending on an outgoing network connection to synchronize data between the system and the devices. In this paper we cover not only the process to enable communication with the target device from computers but also the architectural aspects of the developed system. We also provide brief information about the prototypes developed to test the system on a real ongoing geriatric study. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Testing Goodness-of-Fit of Parametric Spatial Trends
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1185; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181185
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 233 | PDF Full-text (732 KB)
Abstract
The aim of this work is to propose and analyze the behavior of a test statistic to assess a parametric trend surface, that is, a regression model with spatially correlated errors. The asymptotic behavior under the null hypothesis, as well as the asymptotic
[...] Read more.
The aim of this work is to propose and analyze the behavior of a test statistic to assess a parametric trend surface, that is, a regression model with spatially correlated errors. The asymptotic behavior under the null hypothesis, as well as the asymptotic power of the test under local alternatives will be analyzed. Finite sample performance of the test is addressed by simulation, introducing a bootstrap calibration procedure. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract A Task Planning Problem in a Home Care Business
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1186; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181186
Published: 19 September 2018
Viewed by 175 | PDF Full-text (164 KB)
Abstract
This work focuses on the study of a task planning problem in a home care business. The objective is to schedule the working days of the available nurses, in order to assist all the active clients. Due to the large size of the
[...] Read more.
This work focuses on the study of a task planning problem in a home care business. The objective is to schedule the working days of the available nurses, in order to assist all the active clients. Due to the large size of the real cases that must be faced, it is not possible to obtain exact solutions of the problem in short periods of time. Therefore, we propose an algorithm, which is based on heuristic techniques, to provide approximated solutions to the incidents that arise daily in the company. The designed algorithm is validated by obtaining the automatic schedule to solve a battery of real-like examples. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Feature Selection with Limited Bit Depth Mutual Information for Embedded Systems
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1187; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181187
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 193 | PDF Full-text (161 KB)
Abstract
Data is growing at an unprecedented pace. With the variety, speed and volume of data flowing through networks and databases, newer approaches based on machine learning are required. But what is really big in Big Data? Should it depend on the numerical representation
[...] Read more.
Data is growing at an unprecedented pace. With the variety, speed and volume of data flowing through networks and databases, newer approaches based on machine learning are required. But what is really big in Big Data? Should it depend on the numerical representation of the machine? Since portable embedded systems have been growing in importance, there is also increased interest in implementing machine learning algorithms with a limited number of bits. Not only learning, also feature selection, most of the times a mandatory preprocessing step in machine learning, is often constrained by the available computational resources. In this work, we consider mutual information—one of the most common measures of dependence used in feature selection algorithms—with reduced precision parameters. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Promoting Active aging and Quality of Life through Technological Devices
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1188; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181188
Published: 18 September 2018
Viewed by 209 | PDF Full-text (171 KB)
Abstract
This abstract presents a set of projects developed by RNASA-IMEDIR research group of the Universidade da Coruña, aimed at promoting active aging, quality of life, health and personal autonomy of older people, by means of technological devices. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Laboratory Samples Allocation Problem
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1189; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181189
Published: 14 September 2018
Viewed by 165 | PDF Full-text (610 KB)
Abstract
This work aims to solve the optimization problem associated with the allocation of laboratory samples in plates. The processing of each of these plates is costly both in time and money, therefore the main objective is to minimize the number of plates used.
[...] Read more.
This work aims to solve the optimization problem associated with the allocation of laboratory samples in plates. The processing of each of these plates is costly both in time and money, therefore the main objective is to minimize the number of plates used. The characteristics of the problem are reminiscent of the well-known bin packing problem, an NP-Hard problem that, although it is feasible to model as a linear programming problem, it cannot be solved at a reasonable cost. This work, proposes the implementation of a heuristic algorithm that provides good results at a low computational cost. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Sparse Semi-Functional Partial Linear Single-Index Regression
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1190; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181190
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 188 | PDF Full-text (720 KB)
Abstract
The variable selection problem is studied in the sparse semi-functional partial linear model, with single-index type influence of the functional covariate in the response. The penalized least squares procedure is employed for this task. Some properties of the resultant estimators are derived: the
[...] Read more.
The variable selection problem is studied in the sparse semi-functional partial linear model, with single-index type influence of the functional covariate in the response. The penalized least squares procedure is employed for this task. Some properties of the resultant estimators are derived: the existence (and rate of convergence) of a consistent estimator for the parameters in the linear part and an oracle property for the variable selection method. Finally, a real data application illustrates the good performance of our procedure. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Comparative Results with Unsupervised Techniques in Cyber Attack Novelty Detection
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1191; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181191
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 203 | PDF Full-text (591 KB)
Abstract
Intrusion detection is a major necessity in current times. Computer systems are constantly being victims of malicious attacks. These attacks keep on exploring new technics that are undetected by current Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), because most IDS focus on detecting signatures of previously
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Intrusion detection is a major necessity in current times. Computer systems are constantly being victims of malicious attacks. These attacks keep on exploring new technics that are undetected by current Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), because most IDS focus on detecting signatures of previously known attacks. This work explores some unsupervised learning algorithms that have the potential of identifying previously unknown attacks, by performing outlier detection. The algorithms explored are one class based: the Autoencoder Neural Network, K-Means, Nearest Neighbor and Isolation Forest. There algorithms were used to analyze two publicly available datasets, the NSL-KDD and ISCX, and compare the results obtained from each algorithm to perceive their performance in novelty detection. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract A Vehicle Routing Problem with Periodic Replanning
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1192; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181192
Published: 19 September 2018
Viewed by 195 | PDF Full-text (177 KB)
Abstract
In this work we focus on the problem of truck fleet management of the company GESUGA. This company is responsible of the collection and proper treatment of animals not intended for human consumption. On a daily basis, with the uncollected requests, the company
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In this work we focus on the problem of truck fleet management of the company GESUGA. This company is responsible of the collection and proper treatment of animals not intended for human consumption. On a daily basis, with the uncollected requests, the company designs the routes for the next day. However, these routes have to be replanned during their execution as new requests appear from customers that the company would be interested in attending. The problem treated belongs to the family MDCVRPTW with the particularity of the route redesign. For its resolution we have adapted linear programming models, simulation techniques and metaheuristic algorithms. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Scene Wireframes Sketching for Drones
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1193; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181193
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 230 | PDF Full-text (3340 KB)
Abstract
The increasing use of autonomous UAVs inside buildings and around human-made structures demands new accurate and comprehensive representation of their operation environments. Most of the 3D scene abstraction methods use invariant feature point matching, nevertheless some sparse 3D point clouds do not concisely
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The increasing use of autonomous UAVs inside buildings and around human-made structures demands new accurate and comprehensive representation of their operation environments. Most of the 3D scene abstraction methods use invariant feature point matching, nevertheless some sparse 3D point clouds do not concisely represent the structure of the environment. Likewise, line clouds constructed by short and redundant segments with inaccurate directions limit the understanding of scenes as those that include environments with poor texture, or whose texture resembles a repetitive pattern. The presented approach is based on observation and representation models using the straight line segments, whose resemble the limits of an urban indoor or outdoor environment. The goal of the work is to get a full method based on the matching of lines that provides a complementary approach to state-of-the-art methods when facing 3D scene representation of poor texture environments for future autonomous UAV. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Automatic Identification and Segmentation of Diffuse Retinal Thickening Macular Edemas Using OCT Imaging
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1194; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181194
Published: 18 September 2018
Viewed by 111 | PDF Full-text (290 KB)
Abstract
This paper proposes a novel methodology for the automatic identification and segmentation of the Diffuse Retinal Thickening (DRT) edemas using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) images as source of information. This Macular Edema (ME) type is commonly used by ophthalmologists as a relevant biomarker
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This paper proposes a novel methodology for the automatic identification and segmentation of the Diffuse Retinal Thickening (DRT) edemas using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) images as source of information. This Macular Edema (ME) type is commonly used by ophthalmologists as a relevant biomarker for the early diagnosis of this retinal disorder which, therefore, permits a better adjustment of the treatments, reducing their costs as well as improving the life quality of the patients. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Learning Retinal Patterns from Multimodal Images
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1195; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181195
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 212 | PDF Full-text (1052 KB)
Abstract
The training of deep neural networks usually requires a vast amount of annotated data, which is expensive to obtain in clinical environments. In this work, we propose the use of complementary medical image modalities as an alternative to reduce the required annotated data.
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The training of deep neural networks usually requires a vast amount of annotated data, which is expensive to obtain in clinical environments. In this work, we propose the use of complementary medical image modalities as an alternative to reduce the required annotated data. The self-supervised training of a reconstruction task between paired multimodal images can be used to learn about the image contents without using any label. Experiments performed with the multimodal setting formed by retinography and fluorescein angiography demonstrate that the proposed task produces the recognition of relevant retinal structures. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Software Defined Radio: A Brief Introduction
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1196; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181196
Published: 19 September 2018
Viewed by 210 | PDF Full-text (1120 KB)
Abstract
In this short article the concept of Software Defined Radio (SDR) is introduced and compared with the traditional radio. Then, a research project of atlanTTic center which used this technology was briefly presented and lastly, we include a reference to some dissemination activities
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In this short article the concept of Software Defined Radio (SDR) is introduced and compared with the traditional radio. Then, a research project of atlanTTic center which used this technology was briefly presented and lastly, we include a reference to some dissemination activities related with SDR to be developed shortly. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Texture Mapping on NURBS Surface
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1197; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181197
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 199 | PDF Full-text (580 KB)
Abstract
Texture mapping allows high resolution details over 3D surfaces. Nevertheless, texture mapping has a number of unresolved problems such as distortion, boundary between textures or filtering. On the other hand, NURBS surfaces are usually decomposed into a set of Bézier surfaces, since NURBS
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Texture mapping allows high resolution details over 3D surfaces. Nevertheless, texture mapping has a number of unresolved problems such as distortion, boundary between textures or filtering. On the other hand, NURBS surfaces are usually decomposed into a set of Bézier surfaces, since NURBS surface can not be directly rendered by GPU. In this work, we propose a texture mapping directly on the NURBS surfaces using the RPNS (Rendering Pipeline for NURBS Surface) method, which allows the rendering of NURBS surface directly on the GPU. Our proposal facilitates the implementation while minimizing the cost of storage, mitigating distortions and stitching between textures. Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Technologies for Participatory Medicine and Health Promotion in the Elderly Population
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1198; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181198
Published: 28 September 2018
Viewed by 223 | PDF Full-text (136 KB)
Abstract
The progressive aging of the population [...] Full article
Open AccessExtended Abstract Fully Automatic Teeth Segmentation in Adult OPG Images
Proceedings 2018, 2(18), 1199; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2181199
Published: 17 September 2018
Viewed by 221 | PDF Full-text (161 KB)
Abstract
In this work, the problem of segmenting teeth in panoramic dental images is addressed. The Random Forest Regression Voting Constrained Local Models (RFRV-CLM) are used to perform the segmentation in two steps. Firstly, a set of mandible and teeth keypoints are located, and
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In this work, the problem of segmenting teeth in panoramic dental images is addressed. The Random Forest Regression Voting Constrained Local Models (RFRV-CLM) are used to perform the segmentation in two steps. Firstly, a set of mandible and teeth keypoints are located, and then that points are used to initialise each individual tooth model. A method to detect missing teeth based on the quality of fit is presented. The system is evaluated using 346 manually annotated images containing adult-stage teeth. Encouraging results on detecting missing teeth are achieved. The system is able to locate the outline of the teeth to a median point-to-curve error of 0.2 mm. Full article
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