Special Issue "The Application of Numerical Methods and IT Tools to Environment and Safety Engineering"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Sustainability and Applications".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Magdalena Tutak
Website
Guest Editor
Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Interests: CFD; ventilation; mining hazards; combustion; occupational; air quality; sustainable development; OEE; energy sources

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Nowadays, numerical methods and IT tools are more and more commonly used for analysing increasingly complex phenomena and/or physical objects. This also concerns environment and safety engineering. Both of these research areas encompass issues that are very important from scientific and practical perspectives. The application of numerical methods and IT tools to issues pertaining to environmental protection and safety engineering makes it possible to conduct analyses that are usually not feasible under real-world or laboratory conditions. It also allows for the extention of such analyses. 

Numerical methods and IT tools can be successfully used for variant analyses of processes related to the formation of environmental threats. Their application facilitates the analysis of a wide range of phenomena that can occur in the natural environment and the working environment.

It is therefore reasonable to publish a Special Issue demonstrating the results of model-based tests related to broadly conceived environmental engineering and safety engineering. Such a Special Issue would provide an excellent opportunity to present the results of analyses by various scientists, especially in terms of using advanced numerical methods and IT tools in the fields of environment and safety engineering.

Published papers will be an excellent source of information on the state of knowledge in the field of environmental and safety engineering. I believe that the papers will also be an inspiration for further research.

The Special Issue is, therefore, a platform to present the state of knowledge on the application of numerical methods and IT tools in environmental and safety engineering from a scientific and practical point of view. In addition to scientific works, papers of a utilitarian nature are also welcome.

Original papers related to the above topics, as well as in general on methodological, numerical, and experimental research, and case studies on the application of numerical methods and IT tools to environment and safety engineering, are welcome.

I hope that the global nature of the scope of this Special Issue will attract researchers and specialists from around the world. I invite all colleagues to publish their original papers in this Special Issue.

Dr. Magdalena Tutak
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • numerical modeling and numerical simulations
  • finite volume method
  • finite element method
  • forecasting natural and environmental hazards
  • artificial neural networks
  • environmental protection
  • occupational safety
  • application of taxonomic methods to analyze phenomena related to environmental protection and occupational safety
  • critical state simulations
  • evacuation and other topics related to environmental engineering and safety engineering

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Assessment of Work Conditions in a Production Enterprise—A Case Study
Sustainability 2020, 12(13), 5390; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135390 - 03 Jul 2020
Abstract
A commonly used strategy in production enterprises is the idea of sustainable development. For an idea to be effectively implemented, it is essential to have competent and well-informed staff. This condition is necessary, but not sufficient. Still, the introduction of changes in the [...] Read more.
A commonly used strategy in production enterprises is the idea of sustainable development. For an idea to be effectively implemented, it is essential to have competent and well-informed staff. This condition is necessary, but not sufficient. Still, the introduction of changes in the enterprise—including rational management of resources, as well as fair distribution of benefits and social development—requires acceptance on the part of employees. The implementation of this idea entails the need to introduce organizational changes, new technologies and innovative products. Currently, this direction in development is gradually beginning to determine the competitiveness of an enterprise. The present article discusses the results of a questionnaire survey in one production enterprise; the survey aimed at assessing work conditions. The research results were to show how the current changes related to the idea of sustainable development being implemented in this enterprise are assessed by the employees in the production sector. The obtained results are also to serve as a basis for developing a strategy for introducing further changes in this enterprise. The quantitative research included an evaluation of 24 research variables, which were divided into nine thematic groups relevant to work conditions in the enterprise. The research covered three basic groups of factors: work characteristics, human resource management policies and the social context of work. A global assessment of the enterprise’s performance was also undertaken. The research therefore focused on the practical aspects of the activity carried out by the enterprise. The results obtained should provide a basis for assessing the potential for introducing innovative solutions in line with the idea of sustainable development as well as improvements in human resource management. This basis is also particularly important for implementing such solutions in the enterprise which are in line with changes related to the concept of Industry 4.0. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Climate and Ties in Workplace versus Sense of Danger and Stress, Based on Empirical Research in the Aviation Industry
Sustainability 2020, 12(13), 5302; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135302 - 30 Jun 2020
Abstract
The climate of the workplace, as well as the issues of relations and ties in the professional environment have long aroused considerable interest among psychologists and management practitioners. The organizational climate, which is defined as a set of beliefs about the organization, its [...] Read more.
The climate of the workplace, as well as the issues of relations and ties in the professional environment have long aroused considerable interest among psychologists and management practitioners. The organizational climate, which is defined as a set of beliefs about the organization, its relations, the atmosphere of the workplace, circulation of communication, development opportunities, etc., has often been associated with well-being and job satisfaction. Performing work related to numerous stress factors and difficult situations may significantly affect how both the professional environment and employees’ well-being are perceived. Many empirical studies concerning work psychology and organization, including the works of Rosenstiel and Boegel, Gonzales-Roma, Peiro, Schneider and Earhart underline the importance of the organization climate in the construction of efficient and effectively functioning organizations. One of its important aspects is the level of social relationships and cooperation within an organization. Ties in the workplace are defined as the quality and depth of relations between members of an organization. Studies presented in this paper are of an exploratory nature due to the sector specificity, i.e., aviation and provision of services related to ground control operations. The aim of the empirical research presented herein is to verify the assumption about mutual relations between such variables as the perceived climate of the workplace and interpersonal bonds, as well as experiencing negative emotional states, such as the sense of danger and stress. The psychological literature suggests that low evaluation of the organizational climate parameters should be related to worse, more negative evaluation of the workplace and that the dissatisfaction within the scope of ties and relations with employees affects the perception of stress and threat. In the course of the study, 326 persons working at Pyrzowice and Szymany (Poland) and Kosice (Slovakia) have been examined. Polish employees dominated in this group (250 persons). The remaining group was constituted of individuals working at the Kosice (Slovakia) airport. The respondents represent a specific professional group. The authors tried to learn the specificity of the stress and threat experiencing process due to organizational variables—such as aspects related to evaluation of the workplace and the feeling of ties. To achieve this goal, in the course of statistical analyses, models were built to predict the sense of danger and stress among the surveyed population. A hierarchical regression analysis was carried out in order to determine which of the variables allow predicting the sense of danger and stress in the examined occupational group. The results showed that the higher sense of threat was predicted by the less positive views about the workload, the social support and by the higher ratings of ties in the workplace. In this model, the statistically significant predictors of the sense of threat were the perception of workload (β = − 0.184; s.e. = 0.29; t = −3.297; p < 0.001), the social support (β = − 0.272; s.e. = 0.52; t = −3.916; p < 0.001) and ties in the workplace (β = 0.115; s.e. = 0.51; t = 2.162; p = 0.031). Additionally, the higher level of sense of stress was predicted by the less positive views about the workload, fair play and by the higher sense of threat. The final model explained 12% of all variability regarding the sense of stress (R2 = 0.115; F [8, 317] = 5.122; p < 0.001). In this model, the statistically significant predictors of the sense of stress were the workload (β = − 0.120; s.e. = 0.11; t = −2.079; p = 0.038), sense of justice (β = 0.160; s.e. = 0.20; t = 1.965; p < 0.001) and the sense of threat (β = 0.219; s.e. = 0.02; t = 3.859; p < 0.001). The interest in employees from the aviation sector stems from the lack of empirical data on how people working in this industry function psychologically. This branch of industry is currently developing extremely dynamically and is expected to evolve even more in the wake of the industrial revolution 4.0. Work in the field of modern industry 4.0 forces the employees to acquire many important competencies related to managing new, automated working conditions. As suggested by some authors (Popkova, 2019; Neufeind, 2018), in the light of the 4.0 revolution, one must assume that both the requirements of the work environment and reactions and behavior of employees will differ from the more typical and stable organizational conditions. Meanwhile, in the light of automation and specificity of the industry in question, not much attention is paid to human resources, who—while cooperating in various teams (organic and inorganic)—experience various challenges, as well as difficulties resulting from their professional work. Full article
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