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Special Issue "Cultural and Creative Tourism Developments: Past, Present and Future"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Tourism, Culture, and Heritage".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (25 October 2020).

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Alexandra Rodrigues Gonçalves
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Sustainability and Well-Being, Integrated Researcher at CinTurs Research Centre for Tourism, University of the Algarve, Faro, Portugal
Interests: cultural and creative tourism; events organisation and management; tourist and cultural experience; cultural heritage management and tourism; strategic planning
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Tourism is a people-based activity. For the last decade, algorithms and behavior previsonality have been the reference for the latest research findings, based on the use of information and communication technologies in tourism. Human-based knowledge is being challenged by technological progress, and algorithms are guessing our next steps and behaviours. Nevertheless, research associated with practice and experimentation is very important in these domains and to the creative tourism dynamics. Breaking barriers among local communities, tourists, and entrepreneurs will enable a better understanding of the impact and sustainability of these new offers.

A better dissemination of the meaning of creative tourism will help to create new supporters of creative tourism as means toward sustainable tourism development. A “state-of-the-art” approach is now going through new iterations, including the use of new technologies to create a more immersive creative tourism experience.

Characterizing and mapping tangible and intangible resources linked with creative tourism development is another way to help target new tourists and improve the overall quality of the experience. However, creating an emotional attachment to places is achieved mainly through co-creation processes, when the community is an active participant in the experience.

Creativity drivers must be better understood, and creative territories need to be studied to identify the components necessary to enable creative ecosystems. The main theme for this Special Issue is ”Cultural and Creative Tourism Sustainability: Concept Evolution, from the Idea to the Practice”.

Featuring extensive coverage on relevant areas about cultural and creative tourism, and we also would like to integrate new interfaces and incorporate new forms of technology in current research on new trends in creative tourism.

Prof. Dr. Alexandra Rodrigues Gonçalves
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Cultural mapping methods and processes
  • Cultural and Creative Tourist/Visitor profiles
  • Creative events
  • Cultural and creative organizations (cities and rural areas)
  • Creative tourism ecosystems
  • Co-creation in tourism
  • Creative process incubation
  • Creative Tourism and new technologies
  • Impacts Evaluation (benefits and constraints)

Published Papers (8 papers)

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Research

Article
Creative Tourism Development Models towards Sustainable and Regenerative Tourism
Sustainability 2021, 13(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010002 - 22 Dec 2020
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 2754
Abstract
Creative tourism is a relatively new field of research with most attention directed to creative tourism activities in large cities. Little research has been conducted on creative tourism development strategies in extra-metropolitan contexts. The CREATOUR project aimed to improve understanding of the processes [...] Read more.
Creative tourism is a relatively new field of research with most attention directed to creative tourism activities in large cities. Little research has been conducted on creative tourism development strategies in extra-metropolitan contexts. The CREATOUR project aimed to improve understanding of the processes (under different conditions and situations) through which creative tourism activities can be developed, implemented, and made sustainable. This article reports on a national analysis of approaches developed by the project’s participating organizations to offer creative tourism initiatives. At an organizational level, we found five main models: Stand-alone offers, repeated; series of creative activities and other initiatives under a common theme; localized networks for creative tourism; small-scale festivals that include creative tourism activities; and creative accommodations. At a broader community level, creative tourism initiatives can inspire new ideas and avenues of activity and contribute to cultural vitality and potential regeneration dynamics through reinforcing distinctive elements of local identity, instigating flows and connections between the locale and the external, and serving as platforms for local collaboration, exchange, and development. In the time of COVID-19, enhancing connections with other organizations locally and regionally can contribute to wider initiatives and the development of community-based regeneration strategies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural and Creative Tourism Developments: Past, Present and Future)
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Article
Exploring the Experience of Creative Tourism in the Northern Region of Portugal—A Gender Perspective
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10408; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410408 - 12 Dec 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 745
Abstract
Creative tourism is a quite recent tourism segment that has been rapidly diffused all over the world. Nevertheless, studies on this segment were not concerned, until present, with the differences in gender intention, evaluation and the overall satisfaction regarding creative tourism activities. For [...] Read more.
Creative tourism is a quite recent tourism segment that has been rapidly diffused all over the world. Nevertheless, studies on this segment were not concerned, until present, with the differences in gender intention, evaluation and the overall satisfaction regarding creative tourism activities. For that, this paper examines these three components from a gender perspective regarding the creative tourism activities developed by CREATOUR pilots in the northern region of mainland Portugal between 2017 and 2019. The methods used were quantitative in nature. Five hundred and ninety-five questionnaires were applied to the participants in the 45 creative tourism activities developed by the 10 pilot institutions selected to join the CREATOUR project (Creative Tourism Destination Development in Small Cities and Rural Areas). The questionnaire used consisted of 31 closed questions aimed at the profile, the motivations, the perception and the evaluation of activities by the participants. It used descriptive statistics and discriminate analysis. The main results show that men and women had similar demographic characteristics (e.g., age and educational level), but they were significantly different in some variables, such as their intention to participate in creative activities, and their evaluation and overall satisfaction with their personal experiences. It is statistically confirmed that, based on their experiences in creative tourism, men and women fall into different clusters. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural and Creative Tourism Developments: Past, Present and Future)
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Article
Danube River Cruises as a Strategy for Representing Historical Heritage and Developing Cultural Tourism in Serbia
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10297; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410297 - 09 Dec 2020
Viewed by 875
Abstract
Podunavlje, a region located along the Danube River in Serbia, features a very rich cultural heritage with different notable periods ranging from prehistoric to medieval times. It is also a unique and valuable region with natural beauty. Our research concentrates on this area, [...] Read more.
Podunavlje, a region located along the Danube River in Serbia, features a very rich cultural heritage with different notable periods ranging from prehistoric to medieval times. It is also a unique and valuable region with natural beauty. Our research concentrates on this area, using a case study as the methodology. The starting hypothesis is that strategic orientation to develop tourist docks for river cruises and marinas along the corridor of 588 km, at certain locations, primarily in urban centers and near the prominent archaeological sites, will form conditions for the better accessibility and presentation of priceless cultural treasures. By collecting data about various trends in the region and comparing these data with international studies, the authors support the utilization of an integrated method derived from the context of sustainable spatial planning. Such a method would support the creation of suitable conditions for the reconstruction, presentation, and development of creative tourist offerings. The urban plans that regulate these areas must observe and harmonize all aspects, especially the conditions for preserving heritage alongside the need for creating new accompanying content and events that will stimulate the economy and thereby ensure self-preservation and protection. The goal of the strategic analysis presented here is to determine which tourist and cultural offers are effective and thus should be promoted. The purpose of this study is to indicate the steps and required conditions for the implementation of suitable strategies. Apart from decision making on the strategic level and the implementation process, it is necessary to consider further impacts and investigate other possibilities to fully utilize the potential in the region. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural and Creative Tourism Developments: Past, Present and Future)
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Article
Mapping the Food Festivals and Sustainable Capitals: Evidence from Poland
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10283; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410283 - 09 Dec 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 811
Abstract
This study is one of the first attempts to identify and explain the location of food festivals in the context of locally embedded capitals. A multidimensional spatial model was developed and a typology using the k-means method was carried out to evaluate the [...] Read more.
This study is one of the first attempts to identify and explain the location of food festivals in the context of locally embedded capitals. A multidimensional spatial model was developed and a typology using the k-means method was carried out to evaluate the mapping of 64 food festivals organized in various locations in Poland. With reference to Bourdieu’s concept, the economic, social, cultural, symbolic, and tourism capitals rooted in the local environment were examined and compared with the location of festivals. From the theoretical point of view, this study extends the theory of capital to include the new category of tourism capital, which allows better understanding of the economic effects of festivals. It is the missing element of the circular mechanism of capital conversion. Our study shows that food festivals in Poland are held mainly in large cities and their neighboring municipalities rather than in peripheral rural areas. We indicate that the urban areas have a higher level of capitals and sustainability of capitals for food festivals than rural areas. The conducted research shows that the economic effect of food festivals is stronger in locations with high tourism capital. The proposed model is universal and can be used to analyze the impact of various festivals on capital conversion and local development. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural and Creative Tourism Developments: Past, Present and Future)
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Article
The Path of Petrila Mining Area towards Future Industrial Heritage Tourism Seen through the Lenses of Past and Present
Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 9922; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239922 - 27 Nov 2020
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 742
Abstract
The paper explores the industrial tourism development potential of a former mining area in Petrila, Jiu Valley, Romania, drastically affected by deindustrialization, in order to build a theme park in the old mine site. The research context is determined by the current economic [...] Read more.
The paper explores the industrial tourism development potential of a former mining area in Petrila, Jiu Valley, Romania, drastically affected by deindustrialization, in order to build a theme park in the old mine site. The research context is determined by the current economic and social state of the area, and also by the potential of the identified industrial heritage elements. For this reason, there was developed an optimal selection algorithm, based on multi-criteria analysis and Greedy approach. This optimal selection algorithm blends the objectivity of the technical-economic studies and the subjectivity of the residents’ perceptions of community satisfaction. After carrying out the Petrila case study, the results of the proposed algorithm application concerning the destination, from the point of view of their use, of each existing building in the Petrila site was determined. Compared with other studies, ours considers different criteria and can always be reapplied to validate or refine the selection based on new emerging inputs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural and Creative Tourism Developments: Past, Present and Future)
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Article
Framing Film-Induced Tourism into a Sustainable Perspective from Romania, Indonesia and Malaysia
Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 9910; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239910 - 26 Nov 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1718
Abstract
This paper is particularly focused on film-induced tourism investigation as well as its cultural promotion and cultural change effect that impact on both the tourist destinations and the tourist demands. The case studies include the famous Transylvania, Romania as well as the two [...] Read more.
This paper is particularly focused on film-induced tourism investigation as well as its cultural promotion and cultural change effect that impact on both the tourist destinations and the tourist demands. The case studies include the famous Transylvania, Romania as well as the two comparative destinations in Southeast Asia namely Bali in Indonesia, and Penang in Malaysia. Although tourism planners have limited control over the content of the films produced in the respective destinations and how the destinations are being portrayed in films, it is reflected in our studies that, the imaginary, visual representations of the destinations, albeit negative or distorted from their original identities, are still useful and viable to promote the tourist destinations. The three discussion cases form up the stratification of multiple stages in terms of implementing film-induced tourism strategies to promote their destinations, spanning from one of the oldest film-induced tourist destinations Transylvania, to an over decade-long film-induced destination Ubud in Bali, to a sprouting film-induced destination George Town in Penang. Such a stratification of three comparable destinations leads to both the vertical and horizontal evaluation of the effectiveness of film-induced tourism strategies. Hence, a methodology of multiple-case study with mixed-methods characterised by a set of differing qualitative research approaches will be adopted to the three distinctive destinations, respectively. Emerging markets require new techniques and strategies of marketing, especially in the unsettled post-COVID-19 era. Findings may be useful to destination managers in planning an effective destination image strategy in order to achieve the most sustainable positive impacts and aligning the films’ image of the destination with the desired image and the potential audience reach. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural and Creative Tourism Developments: Past, Present and Future)
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Article
A Sustainable Management Model for Cultural Creative Tourism Ecosystems
Sustainability 2020, 12(22), 9554; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229554 - 17 Nov 2020
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 1318
Abstract
This article proposes a novel management model for cultural, creative, and historic tourism cities. The creation of the model is based on previous literature and in the study of Barrio de las Letras, in Madrid, to identify the key components to successfully develop [...] Read more.
This article proposes a novel management model for cultural, creative, and historic tourism cities. The creation of the model is based on previous literature and in the study of Barrio de las Letras, in Madrid, to identify the key components to successfully develop creative tourism ecosystems. The model integrates the literature on city center management and, unlike previous studies, incorporates missing elements, such as the role of small businesses associations and collaboration networks among diverse stakeholders to develop a cultural–historic tourism ecosystem. This model represents a proposal that supports the coexistence of the private and public sector and sustainable governance models that integrate the inhabitants of city centers with the economic activity generated by urban tourism. The model was developed by an analysis of secondary sources, interviews with key informants, and questionnaires of entrepreneurs located in a recently invigorated cultural and historic neighborhood. The contribution of knowledge offered by this paper is the proposition of a management model that can aid town centers to create competitive cultural/creative/historic tourism ecosystems while still preserving the sustainability of their social/commercial fabric. Therefore, the collaboration of cultural organizations, hospitality industry and retail can promote cultural, creative, and sustainable management model of historic urban centers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural and Creative Tourism Developments: Past, Present and Future)
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Article
The Urban Museum as a Creative Tourism Attraction: London Museum Lates Visitor Motivation
Sustainability 2020, 12(22), 9382; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229382 - 11 Nov 2020
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1025
Abstract
The urban museum has become a multi-functional institution that transcends the functional display of artifacts. The museum has become, in cities, a hybrid institution that keeps its doors open late to support a wide variety of special events. This study explored London’s “Museum [...] Read more.
The urban museum has become a multi-functional institution that transcends the functional display of artifacts. The museum has become, in cities, a hybrid institution that keeps its doors open late to support a wide variety of special events. This study explored London’s “Museum Lates” programs and event characteristics, theoretical views of museums as cultural and creative tourism attractions. Furthermore, the study applied the contextual model of learning to understand visitor attendance motivations. The authors employed an interpretive approach using interviews with two types of participants: event visitors and event coordinators. The findings suggest that attendees possess personal, physical, and socio-cultural motivations for participating in “Museum Lates” events. The characteristics of late events—extraordinary quality and evening-time atmosphere—produce different effects from those of current museum exhibitions held during regular operating hours. “Museum Lates” events can contribute to achieving cultural sustainability, adding a cultural construct to the traditional three pillars of sustainability. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural and Creative Tourism Developments: Past, Present and Future)
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