Nutrition and Chronic Conditions
A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 September 2018) | Viewed by 173534
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.
Interests: nutrition; prebiotics; diabetes; glycaemic index of food; dietary fibre; gut microbiome
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
The effects of nutrition in chronic conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, stroke, and inflammatory bowel disease continue to generate interest among researchers. This stems from the fact that diet is a modifiable risk factor for these diseases, which manifest either as single entities or in co-morbid states in individuals and populations around the world. In particular, the prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease is on the rise, especially in developed countries, but also in developing economies, partly due to lifestyle changes, including diet. For example, ischaemic heart disease is the leading cause of death globally. When combined with stroke, they accounted for 15 million deaths in 2015 and are the world’s greatest killers (WHO, 2017). Furthermore, WHO (2016), reported that there were an estimated 422 million adults who were living with diabetes in 2014. This is significantly higher than the 108 million in 1980, representing a rise in worldwide diabetes prevalence from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014 among the adult population.
These chronic conditions and their associated complications have significant implications for morbidity and mortality, and huge costs to the health services around the world. The composition of the diet, the proportion and types of macronutrients and micronutrients present in the diet are major contributors to these diseases. In addition, the beneficial effects of nutritional interventions have been well documented although differences remain among researchers with respect to their overall impact. The evaluation of the role of nutrition in chronic conditions draws on its effect on body weight and body composition, glycaemic and insulin excursions, vascular remodelling and gastro-intestinal dysfunction.
Therefore, this Special Issue on “Nutrition and Chronic Conditions” is aimed at assessing the effect of nutrition in the development, care and management of chronic conditions. The primary conditions of interests are diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, stroke and inflammatory bowel disease.Dr. Omorogieva Ojo
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Nutrition and co-morbidities
- Glycaemic index, glycaemic load and diabetes
- Nutrition and diabetes
- Macronutrients and diabetes
- Micronutrients and diabetes
- Nutrition and dementia
- Macronutrients and dementia
- Micronutrients and dementia
- Nutrition and cardiovascular disease
- Micronutrients and cardiovascular disease
- Macronutrients and cardiovascular disease
- Nutrition and stroke
- Micronutrients and stroke
- Macronutrients and stroke
- Nutrition and inflammatory bowel disease
- Micronutrients and inflammatory bowel disease
- Macronutrients and inflammatory bowel disease
- Nutrition and chronic conditions (Experience and perception of patients, carers and practitioners)