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Open AccessArticle

Association between Fasting Glucose Concentration, Lipid Profile and 25(OH)D Status in Children Aged 9–11

1
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Collegium Medicum, 85094 Bydgoszcz, Poland
2
Outpatient Clinic, “Esculap”, 88140 Gniewkowo, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1359; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101359
Received: 18 August 2018 / Revised: 12 September 2018 / Accepted: 19 September 2018 / Published: 22 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Chronic Conditions)
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between vitamin D status and the prevalence of dyslipidemia and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in children. Methods and Summary: 284 children (150 boys and 134 girls) aged 9–11 were included in the study. Children with deficient 25(OH)D (25-hydroxycholecalciferol) levels ≤20 ng/mL (50 nmol/L) were characterized by a more frequent occurrence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) (Odd ratios (OR) = 1.966, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.055–3.663; p = 0.033) when compared to children with 25(OH)D >20 ng/mL. Serum 25(OH)D with concentration lower by 1 ng/mL (2.5 nmol/L) was linked to higher fasting glucose (by 0.25 mg/dL, 0.013 mmol/L; p = 0.017), higher total cholesterol (TC) by almost 1 mg/dL (0.96 mg/dL, 0.25 mmol/L; p = 0.006) and higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (by 0.57 mg/dL, 0.015 mmol/L; p < 0.001). Conclusion: 25(OH)D deficiency may negatively affect fasting glucose and total cholesterol concentration in children aged 9–11. Vitamin D-deficient children are twice as likely to develop prediabetes as reflected by impaired fasting glucose when compared to those with a 25(OH)D level above 20 ng/mL (50 nmol/L). View Full-Text
Keywords: 25(OH)D deficiency; children; impaired fasting glucose; hypercholesterolemia 25(OH)D deficiency; children; impaired fasting glucose; hypercholesterolemia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Szternel, L.; Krintus, M.; Bergmann, K.; Derezinski, T.; Sypniewska, G. Association between Fasting Glucose Concentration, Lipid Profile and 25(OH)D Status in Children Aged 9–11. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1359. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101359

AMA Style

Szternel L, Krintus M, Bergmann K, Derezinski T, Sypniewska G. Association between Fasting Glucose Concentration, Lipid Profile and 25(OH)D Status in Children Aged 9–11. Nutrients. 2018; 10(10):1359. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101359

Chicago/Turabian Style

Szternel, Lukasz; Krintus, Magdalena; Bergmann, Katarzyna; Derezinski, Tadeusz; Sypniewska, Grazyna. 2018. "Association between Fasting Glucose Concentration, Lipid Profile and 25(OH)D Status in Children Aged 9–11" Nutrients 10, no. 10: 1359. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101359

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