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Nutrients 2018, 10(11), 1645; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111645

Potential Prebiotic Properties of Nuts and Edible Seeds and Their Relationship to Obesity

School of Nutrition, Federal University of Goiás, Rua 227, s/n, St Leste Universitário, Goiânia, Goiás 74605-080, Brazil
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Received: 15 September 2018 / Revised: 23 October 2018 / Accepted: 30 October 2018 / Published: 3 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Chronic Conditions)
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Abstract

Obesity is a global epidemic chronic condition and is progressing at a rapid rate. This review focuses on the potential prebiotic properties of nuts and edible seeds and the plausible mechanisms that their consumption may help the prevention and the management of overweight and obesity. The literature review was performed by searching papers about the topic in MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases. The healthy attributes of nuts and edible seeds, especially dietary fibers and polyphenols contents, indicate that their mechanism of weight gain prevention may occur through interaction with the gut microbiota, by means of prebiotic effects. Among the etiological factors associated with obesity, the gut microbiota seems to play a significant role. Dysbiosis causes an imbalance in energy homeostasis that contributes to obesity. Three mechanisms are proposed in this review to explain the potential role of nut and edible seed consumption on intestinal homeostasis and body weight control: maintenance of the enteric barrier integrity, improvement of anti-inflammatory status and enhancement of butyrate synthesis. Further high-quality clinical trials should explore the interaction between oilseed consumption, microbiota, and body adiposity control, particularly investigating the microbiota metabolites and their relation to the prevention and management of obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: nuts; seeds; polyphenols; dietary fiber; microbiota; dysbiosis; overweight; obesity; health benefits nuts; seeds; polyphenols; dietary fiber; microbiota; dysbiosis; overweight; obesity; health benefits
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Sugizaki, C.S.A.; Naves, M.M.V. Potential Prebiotic Properties of Nuts and Edible Seeds and Their Relationship to Obesity. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1645.

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