Special Issue "Selected Papers from NUTRIMAD 2018"

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 August 2019).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Website
Guest Editor
Professor of Nutrition and Food Science, CEU San Pablo University (Madrid, Spain); President of the Spanish Nutrition Foundation (FEN)
Interests: folates; hearing; aging; dietary surveys; nutritional status
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Javier Aranceta-Bartrina
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, Irunlarrea 1. 31008 Pamplona, Spain
Interests: community nutrition; obesity; nutrition surveys; food habits
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo

Guest Editor
Professor of Physiology, University of Basque Country (Spain)
President Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC), Spain
Prof. Dr. Lluis Serra-Majem
grade Website SciProfiles
Guest Editor
Professor of Preventive Medicine & Public Health, Director of the Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Interests: Mediterranean diet, public health, nutrition, obesity, epidemiology, diet, macro and micronutrients, hydration
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The XII Congress of the Spanish Society for Community Nutrition (SENC), “NUTRIMAD 2018”, will be held jointly with the IV World Congress of Public Health and Nutrition from the 24–27 October 2018 in Madrid (Spain). The national and international Congresses fall under the scope of “A Global View of Food and Community Nutrition-NUTRIMAD 2018”.

NUTRIMAD 2018 will be a high-level scientific Congress, and it will ensure that Madrid will become the world capital of community nutrition and public health during that time. To fulfil our objectives, plenary sessions, panel sessions, and symposia will be held, as well as workshops and courses, both before and during the Congress. This will favour active participation of Congress attendees at all times, offering significant space for the presentation of new work and research and, what is even more important, contacts between participants who will have the opportunity over these few days to share their projects, exchange opinions, and be together “scientifically and humanly”, as is customary at our Congresses.

From the very beginning, our intention has been to offer a variety of themes that, apart from being a true reflection of the multidisciplinary nature of food and nutrition, include the following: “Education for better nutrition: what is the situation today?”, “Social aspects of food”, “The Mediterranean Diet: a multidisciplinary view”, “Physical exercise, emotional balance, and food”, “Community Nutrition for an ageing society”, “Food Sustainability”, “Healthy Gastronomy”, “Hydration at a community level”, and “Community living and eating: from collective dining places to commercial catering and leisure”, among others.

In addition, Madrid is currently one of the main attraction metropolitan areas for technology and innovation, and it is undeniably known for its open, welcoming, and friendly character, as well as being cosmopolitan, and thus it is a permanent tourist, cultural, and gastronomic attraction.

The contributions for this Special Issue derived from NUTRIMAD 2018 will be in terms of by invitation only and will reflect the different topics and discussions to be covered in the Congress.

Prof. Dr. Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Prof. Dr. Javier Aranceta Bartrina
Prof. Dr. Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo
Prof. Dr. Lluis Serra-Majem
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nutrients is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (8 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Association of Iron Status and Intake During Pregnancy with Neuropsychological Outcomes in Children Aged 7 Years: The Prospective Birth Cohort Infancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Study
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 2999; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11122999 - 07 Dec 2019
Cited by 1
Abstract
Early iron status plays an important role in prenatal neurodevelopment. Iron deficiency and high iron status have been related to alterations in child cognitive development; however, there are no data about iron intake during pregnancy with other environmental factors in relation to long [...] Read more.
Early iron status plays an important role in prenatal neurodevelopment. Iron deficiency and high iron status have been related to alterations in child cognitive development; however, there are no data about iron intake during pregnancy with other environmental factors in relation to long term cognitive functioning of children. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between maternal iron status and iron intake during pregnancy and child neuropsychological outcomes at 7 years of age. We used data from the INMA Cohort population-based study. Iron status during pregnancy was assessed according to serum ferritin levels, and iron intake was assessed with food frequency questionnaires. Working memory, attention, and executive function were assessed in children at 7 years old with the N-Back task, Attention Network Task, and the Trail Making Test, respectively. The results show that, after controlling for potential confounders, normal maternal serum ferritin levels (from 12 mg/L to 60 mg/L) and iron intake (from 14.5 mg/day to 30.0 mg/day), respectively, were related to better scores in working memory and executive functioning in offspring. Since these functions have been associated with better academic performance and adaptation to the environment, maintaining a good state of maternal iron from the beginning of pregnancy could be a valuable strategy for the community. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from NUTRIMAD 2018)
Open AccessArticle
Association between Hydration Status and Body Composition in Healthy Adolescents from Spain
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2692; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112692 - 07 Nov 2019
Cited by 1
Abstract
At present, obesity and overweight are major public health concerns. Their classical determinants do not sufficiently explain the current situation and it is urgent to investigate other possible causes. In recent years, it has been suggested that water intake could have important implications [...] Read more.
At present, obesity and overweight are major public health concerns. Their classical determinants do not sufficiently explain the current situation and it is urgent to investigate other possible causes. In recent years, it has been suggested that water intake could have important implications for weight management. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of hydration status on body weight and composition in healthy adolescents from Spain. The study involved 372 subjects, aged 12–18 years. Water intake was assessed through the validated “hydration status questionnaire adolescent young”. Anthropometric measurements were performed according to the recommendations of the International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment (ISAK) and body composition was estimated by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Water intake normalized by body weight was positively correlated with body water content (boys (B): r = 0.316, p = 0.000; girls (G): r = 0.245, p = 0.000) and inversely with body mass index (BMI) (B: r = −0.515, p = 0.000; G: r = −0.385, p =0.000) and fat body mass (B: r = −0.306, p = 0.000; G: r = −0.250, p = 0.001). Moreover, according to BMI, overweight/obese individuals consumed less water than normal weight ones. In conclusion, higher water balance and intake seems to be related with a healthier body composition. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from NUTRIMAD 2018)
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Open AccessArticle
Current Food Consumption amongst the Spanish ANIBES Study Population
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2663; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112663 - 05 Nov 2019
Cited by 8
Abstract
Dietary habits amongst the Spanish population are currently a relevant cause for concern, as macronutrient profiles and micronutrient intakes seem to be inadequate and globally moving away from the traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern. However, recent food consumption patterns have not been fully assessed. [...] Read more.
Dietary habits amongst the Spanish population are currently a relevant cause for concern, as macronutrient profiles and micronutrient intakes seem to be inadequate and globally moving away from the traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern. However, recent food consumption patterns have not been fully assessed. In the present study, our aim was therefore to describe the current food consumption from the “anthropometric data, macronutrients and micronutrients intake, practice of physical activity, socioeconomic data and lifestyles in Spain” (ANIBES) study population by assessing data defined by age and gender. The ANIBES study is a cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample of the Spanish population. A three-day dietary record was used to obtain information about food and beverage consumption. The sample comprised 2009 individuals aged 9–75 years, plus a boost sample for the youngest age groups (9–12, 13–17, and 18–24 years, n = 200 per age group). The most consumed food group across all age segments were non-alcoholic beverages followed by milk and dairy products and vegetables. Consumption of cereals and derivatives, milk and dairy products, sugars and sweets, and ready-to-eat meals by children was significantly higher than those by the adult and older adult populations (p ≤ 0.05). Conversely, intakes of vegetables, fruits, and fish and shellfish were significantly higher in adults and older adults (p ≤ 0.05). In order to comply with recommendations, adherence to the Mediterranean dietary patterns should be strengthened, especially amongst younger population groups. Therefore, substantial nutritional interventions may be targeted to improve the Spanish population’s dietary patterns nowadays. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from NUTRIMAD 2018)
Open AccessCommunication
Sustainable Food Systems and the Mediterranean Diet
Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2229; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092229 - 16 Sep 2019
Cited by 5
Abstract
During the past decade, the concept of sustainability has been added to the factors involved in food security. This has led to a more comprehensive and holistic approach to sustainable food systems which considers drivers—environment, geopolitics, demographics, policy regulations, socio-cultural-economic factors, science and [...] Read more.
During the past decade, the concept of sustainability has been added to the factors involved in food security. This has led to a more comprehensive and holistic approach to sustainable food systems which considers drivers—environment, geopolitics, demographics, policy regulations, socio-cultural-economic factors, science and technology and infrastructure. The outcomes, similarly, involve many dimensions—environment, food security and nutrition, health and socio-cultural-economic aspects. This article discusses the Mediterranean diet in the context of sustainable food systems and shows (as in all parts of the world) that there is food insecurity in every country as monitored by the Global Nutrition Index. Three recent, major reports published in 2019 suggest what measures need to be taken to improve sustainable food systems. All environmental analyses agree on the need to promote more plant-based diets—achieved practically by using “more forks than knives”. The Mediterranean Diet pattern is a case study for a sustainable diet. It has the best scientific evidence for being healthy, together with economic and socio-cultural benefits. A major challenge is that it is not consumed by the majority of the population in the Mediterranean region, and any solution must involve equity—the socially just allocation of resources. The task now is implementation with multi-stakeholder involvement, in the knowledge that “a well fed nation is a healthy nation is a sustainable and productive nation”. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from NUTRIMAD 2018)
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Review

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Open AccessReview
Experimental Outcomes of the Mediterranean Diet: Lessons Learned from the Predimed Randomized Controlled Trial
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 2991; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11122991 - 06 Dec 2019
Cited by 5
Abstract
The Mediterranean Diet (MD) is, culturally and historically, the nutritional pattern shared by people living in the olive-tree growing areas of the Mediterranean basin. It is of great importance for its potential preventive effect against cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea [...] Read more.
The Mediterranean Diet (MD) is, culturally and historically, the nutritional pattern shared by people living in the olive-tree growing areas of the Mediterranean basin. It is of great importance for its potential preventive effect against cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) study, a Spanish multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT), was designed to assess the long-term effects of the MD, without any energy restriction, on the incidence of CVD in individuals at high cardiovascular (CV) risk. Since its inception, it gave a great contribution to the available literature on the issue. It is well known that, in the field of the health sciences, RCTs provide the best scientific evidence. Thus, the aim of the present review is to analyse the results of the RCTs performed within the frame of the PREDIMED study. Our findings showed that MD has beneficial effects in the primary prevention of CVDs, diabetes and in the management of metabolic syndrome. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from NUTRIMAD 2018)
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Open AccessReview
Timing of Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner. Effects on Obesity and Metabolic Risk
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2624; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112624 - 01 Nov 2019
Cited by 8
Abstract
(1) Background: Eating is fundamental to survival. Animals choose when to eat depending on food availability. The timing of eating can synchronize different organs and tissues that are related to food digestion, absorption, or metabolism, such as the stomach, gut, liver, pancreas, or [...] Read more.
(1) Background: Eating is fundamental to survival. Animals choose when to eat depending on food availability. The timing of eating can synchronize different organs and tissues that are related to food digestion, absorption, or metabolism, such as the stomach, gut, liver, pancreas, or adipose tissue. Studies performed in experimental animal models suggest that food intake is a major external synchronizer of peripheral clocks. Therefore, the timing of eating may be decisive in fat accumulation and mobilization and affect the effectiveness of weight loss treatments. (2) Results: We will review multiple studies about the timing of the three main meals of the day, breakfast, lunch and dinner, and its potential impact on metabolism, glucose tolerance, and obesity-related factors. We will also delve into several mechanisms that may be implicated in the obesogenic effect of eating late. Conclusion: Unusual eating time can produce a disruption in the circadian system that might lead to unhealthy consequences. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from NUTRIMAD 2018)
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Open AccessReview
Food Composition at Present: New Challenges
Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1714; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081714 - 25 Jul 2019
Cited by 4
Abstract
Food composition data is important for stakeholders and users active in the areas of food, nutrition and health. New challenges related to the quality of food composition data reflect the dynamic changes in these areas while the emerging technologies create new opportunities. These [...] Read more.
Food composition data is important for stakeholders and users active in the areas of food, nutrition and health. New challenges related to the quality of food composition data reflect the dynamic changes in these areas while the emerging technologies create new opportunities. These challenges and the impact on food composition data for the Mediterranean region were reviewed during the NUTRIMAD 2018 congress of the Spanish Society for Community Nutrition. Data harmonization and standardization, data compilation and use, thesauri, food classification and description, and data exchange are some of the areas that require new approaches. Consistency in documentation, linking of information between datasets, food matching and capturing portion size information suggest the need for new automated tools. Research Infrastructures bring together key data and services. The delivery of sustainable networks and Research Infrastructures in food, nutrition and health will help to increase access to and effective use of food composition data. EuroFIR AISBL coordinates experts and national compilers and contributes to worldwide efforts aiming to produce and maintain high quality data and tools. A Mediterranean Network that shares high quality food composition data is vital for the development of ambitious common research and policy initiatives in support of the Mediterranean Diet. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from NUTRIMAD 2018)
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Other

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Open AccessCommentary
Updating the Food-Based Dietary Guidelines for the Spanish Population: The Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC) Proposal
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2675; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112675 - 05 Nov 2019
Cited by 8
Abstract
Diet-related risk factors and physical inactivity are among the leading risk factors for disability and are responsible for a large proportion of the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases. Food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) are useful tools for nutrition policies and public health strategies to [...] Read more.
Diet-related risk factors and physical inactivity are among the leading risk factors for disability and are responsible for a large proportion of the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases. Food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) are useful tools for nutrition policies and public health strategies to promote healthier eating and physical activity. In this paper, we discuss the process followed in developing the dietary guidelines for the Spanish population by the Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC) and further explain the collaboration with primary healthcare practitioners as presented in the context of the NUTRIMAD 2018 international congress of SENC. From a health in all policies approach, SENC convened a group of experts in nutrition and public health to review the evidence on diet-health, nutrient intake and food consumption in the Spanish population, as well as food preparation, determinants and impact of diet on environmental sustainability. The collaborative group drafted the document and designed the graphic icon, which was then subject to a consultation process, discussion, and qualitative evaluation. Next, a collaborative group was established to plan a dissemination strategy, involving delegates from all the primary healthcare scientific societies in Spain. A product of this collaboration was the release of an attractive, easy-to-understand publication. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from NUTRIMAD 2018)
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