Special Issue "Implementing the 3Rs in Laboratory Animal Research—From Theory to Practice"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 June 2023) | Viewed by 42252
The principles of Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement (3Rs) are the framework that promotes the replacement of laboratory animals for non-sentient alternatives, the reduction of them to a minimum, and the refinement of experiments and their housing conditions to cause the minimum pain and distress. Efforts to refine and optimize the care and use of animals in research have been ongoing for many years and have led to general standardization of animals’ housing, genetics, and health status. However, Replacement is still the most challenging of the 3Rs in terms of the technical and strategic nature of the research that is needed.
This Special Issue invites original research and review papers that address any aspect of the 3Rs in laboratory animal research.
Topics of special interest are the replacement, animal welfare, translation, ethics and regulation of animal models.
Dr. Garikoitz Azkona
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Animals is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- disease models
- human-animal interaction