Topic Editors

School of Engineering, Design & Built Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
Shenzhen Research Institute, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Shenzhen 518057, China
Disaster Risk Management at the University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK
Prof. Dr. Makarand Hastak
Division of Construction Engineering and Management, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
DIST-Dipartimento Interateneo di Scienze, Progetto e Politiche del Territorio, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10124 Torino, Italy
School of Engineering, Design and Built Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith 2751, Australia
School of Engineering, Design and Built Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, Australia
Dr. Anil Sawhney
Construction and Infrastructure Sector, Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) and Adjunct Faculty at Columbia University, London, UK

Advances in Construction and Project Management

Abstract submission deadline
closed (30 August 2022)
Manuscript submission deadline
closed (30 October 2022)
Viewed by
170741
Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management book cover image

A printed edition is available here.

Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

The construction industry makes a significant contribution to the global economy. The output of the global construction industry was over USD 10.7 trillion in 2020; approximately 13% of the global gross domestic product. However, it is still the second least digitalised sector in the world, with productivity stagnating around 2%. Construction projects require the coordination of many specialists and suppliers of products, components, and sub-elements to construct a building or a structure. Therefore, effective management of construction projects is essential to ensure timely completion that meets quality standards within the prescribed scope and budget. Furthermore, assuring sustainability is crucial to reduce the impact of construction on the environment. The construction industry is also affected by globalisation and increasing susceptability to disasters highlighting the need for resilience in the industry, especially after global pandemics and natural disasters.

Digitalisation and industrialisation pave the way to solve or mitigate numerous issues in the construction industry by transforming business operations, improving productivity and safety, ensuring quality and compliance to standards, increasing sustainability, among others. It is imperative for project managers and other construction stakeholders to be digitally oriented.

This article collection in construction and project management aims to explore advances in digital, sustainable, and industrialised construction solutions for prevalent issues in construction and project management. It will also investigate the impacts of globalisation and the need for resilience in the construction industry. Potential research topics include, but are not limited to, applications of blockchain technology, Building Information Modelling (BIM), the Internet of Things (IoT), Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DfMA), industrialised construction, circular economy, sustainable construction, building resilience and safety in the construction industry, and impacts of globalisation.

Prof. Dr. Srinath Perera
Prof. Dr. Albert P. C. Chan
Prof. Dr. Dilanthi Amaratunga
Prof. Dr. Makarand Hastak
Prof. Dr. Patrizia Lombardi
Dr. Sepani Senaratne
Dr. Xiaohua Jin
Dr. Anil Sawhney
Topic Editors

Keywords

Construction project management – construction management, productivity and scheduling; risk management; lean construction; stakeholder management; procurement; quality management; Infrastructure management, profitability and International construction, globalisation

Digitalisation – Building Information Modeling (BIM); blockchain and smart contracts; Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL); barriers and challenges; Big data and data analytics; cloud computing; enterprise systems; Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR), and Digital twin; multicriteria spatial decision support systems (GIS-based)

Industrialisation – automation; robotics; offsite construction; Industrialisation 4.0; 3D printing; drones; Internet of Things (IoT) and sensors; smart cities; supply chain management; Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DfMA)

Sustainability waste management; life cycle carbon management; environment sustainability; social sustainability; circular economy; energy management; green buildings; climate change

Resilience – disaster management, building resilience, improving social, environmental and economic resilience

Health & Safety – occupational health and safety; environmental hazards; toxic waste; risk assessment (including hazard prevention, control and management); human factors and machine interaction; mental health; disability management

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
Applied Sciences
applsci
2.7 4.5 2011 16.9 Days CHF 2400
Automation
automation
- - 2020 26.3 Days CHF 1000
Buildings
buildings
3.8 3.1 2011 14.6 Days CHF 2600
Informatics
informatics
3.1 4.8 2014 30.3 Days CHF 1800
Safety
safety
1.9 3.3 2015 29.6 Days CHF 1800
Sustainability
sustainability
3.9 5.8 2009 18.8 Days CHF 2400

Preprints.org is a multidiscipline platform providing preprint service that is dedicated to sharing your research from the start and empowering your research journey.

MDPI Topics is cooperating with Preprints.org and has built a direct connection between MDPI journals and Preprints.org. Authors are encouraged to enjoy the benefits by posting a preprint at Preprints.org prior to publication:

  1. Immediately share your ideas ahead of publication and establish your research priority;
  2. Protect your idea from being stolen with this time-stamped preprint article;
  3. Enhance the exposure and impact of your research;
  4. Receive feedback from your peers in advance;
  5. Have it indexed in Web of Science (Preprint Citation Index), Google Scholar, Crossref, SHARE, PrePubMed, Scilit and Europe PMC.

Published Papers (65 papers)

Order results
Result details
Journals
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:
25 pages, 5373 KiB  
Article
Exploring the Project-Based Collaborative Networks between Owners and Contractors in the Construction Industry: Empirical Study in China
Buildings 2023, 13(3), 732; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings13030732 - 10 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1577
Abstract
In the project-based construction industry, organizations build collaborative relationships through specific projects. The owners and contractors who are the key project stakeholders have gradually formed a complex project-based industry-level collaborative network in many different projects, closely related to knowledge exchange and industry development. [...] Read more.
In the project-based construction industry, organizations build collaborative relationships through specific projects. The owners and contractors who are the key project stakeholders have gradually formed a complex project-based industry-level collaborative network in many different projects, closely related to knowledge exchange and industry development. Based on the data set of the National Quality Engineering Award (NQEA) projects in China from 2013 to 2021, we empirically analyze the characteristics and evolution of project-based collaborative networks between owners and contractors in the construction industry by using social network analysis (SNA) and network motif analysis (NMA) method. The results show that (1) the owner–contractor collaborative network exhibits small-world network characteristics. The island effect caused by small groups in the network makes the overall connectivity of the network low. During the study period, the collaborative network became more compact. (2) State-owned construction companies, such as China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Corporation Limited, China Construction Eighth Engineering Bureau Corporation Limited, and China Construction Second Engineering Bureau Corporation Limited, with high degree centrality and betweenness centrality, are the core companies in the collaborative network. In China, state-owned construction enterprises are favored by owners and have established collaborative relationships with many owners and contractors. (3) There are two local collaborative patterns in the collaborative network: motif and anti-motif. Motifs include some triangle-based tight collaborative patterns, while anti-motifs involve some loose binary collaborative patterns. The results help understand the structure and evolution of the industry-level collaborative relationship network between owners and contractors and can provide references for owners and contractors to develop relationship cultivation strategies more effectively. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

17 pages, 2963 KiB  
Article
Configuration Analysis of Integrated Project Delivery Principles’ Obstacle to Construction Project Level of Collaboration
Sustainability 2023, 15(4), 3509; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15043509 - 14 Feb 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1381
Abstract
Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) with collaborative work as its core is supported by increasing numbers of scholars and practitioners, due to the performance improvement of project construction and projects’ success promotion. However, some factors such as the contract, the technology, and the personnel [...] Read more.
Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) with collaborative work as its core is supported by increasing numbers of scholars and practitioners, due to the performance improvement of project construction and projects’ success promotion. However, some factors such as the contract, the technology, and the personnel behaviors hinder the application of IPD, which has negative impacts on the collaboration level of construction projects. On the basis of the configuration analysis, the purpose of this paper is to increase the effectiveness of collaborative management of construction projects by encouraging the application of IPD principles. This is achieved by introducing the proof of contradiction and thoroughly examining the impact of the application of IPD principles’ barrier with the level of collaboration. Added to that, the research necessity of configuration analysis on IPD principles’ obstacle to construction project collaboration is demonstrated through bibliometric analysis; thus, a questionnaire survey is applied to collect opinions related to IPD principles from 235 industry practitioners. Fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) is deployed to gather IPD principles’ obstacles for construction project collaboration. The results show that (1) the absence of contractual and behavioral principles obstructs significantly the level of collaboration of construction projects in several cases, (2) catalysts for IPD have no significant impact in most cases, and (3) the unfamiliarity with IPD has negative impacts on the application of its principles. The theoretical contribution consists of filling the gap in IPD’s collaborative management research and improving the research method in related fields. As for the practical contribution, it aims to prioritize the importance of IPD principles and provide valuable suggestions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

36 pages, 8671 KiB  
Article
A Hybrid Multi-Criteria Decision Support System for Selecting the Most Sustainable Structural Material for a Multistory Building Construction
Sustainability 2023, 15(4), 3128; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15043128 - 08 Feb 2023
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2252
Abstract
In recent years, the performance of the construction industry has highlighted the increased need for better resource efficiency, improved productivity, less waste, and increased value through sustainable construction practices. The core concept of sustainable construction is to maximize value and minimize harm by [...] Read more.
In recent years, the performance of the construction industry has highlighted the increased need for better resource efficiency, improved productivity, less waste, and increased value through sustainable construction practices. The core concept of sustainable construction is to maximize value and minimize harm by achieving a balance between social, economic, technical, and environmental aspects, commonly known as the pillars of sustainability. The decision regarding which structural material to select for any construction project is traditionally made based on technical and economic considerations with little or no attention paid to social and environmental aspects. Furthermore, the majority of the available literature on the subject considered three sustainability pillars (i.e., environmental, social, and economic), ignoring the influence of technical aspects for overall sustainability assessment. Industry experts have also noted an unfulfilled need for a multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) technique that can integrate all stakeholders’ (project owner, designer, and constructor) opinions into the selection process. Hence, this research developed a decision support system (DSS) involving MCDM techniques to aid in selecting the most sustainable structural material, considering the four pillars of sustainability in the integrated project delivery (IPD) framework. A hybrid MCDM method combining AHP, TOPSIS, and VIKOR in a fuzzy environment was used to develop the DSS. A hypothetical eight-story building was considered for a case study to validate the developed DSS. The result shows that user preferences highly govern the final ranking of the alternative options of structural materials. Timber was chosen as the most sustainable option once the stakeholders assigned balanced importance to all factors of sustainable construction practices. The developed DSS was designed to be generic, can be used by any group of industry practitioners, and is expected to enhance objectivity and consistency of the decision-making process as a step towards achieving sustainable construction. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

19 pages, 1190 KiB  
Article
The Cooperation Establishment Mechanism of EPC Project Consortium in Context of China: Form the Perspective of Trust
Sustainability 2023, 15(2), 1266; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15021266 - 09 Jan 2023
Viewed by 1671
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to explore the establishment mechanism of an EPC consortium from the perspective of trust. Questionnaire surveys were undertaken to collect data from the experienced project managers of a design company group and a construction contractor group. Structural [...] Read more.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the establishment mechanism of an EPC consortium from the perspective of trust. Questionnaire surveys were undertaken to collect data from the experienced project managers of a design company group and a construction contractor group. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypotheses in this research. The results reveal that reputation and communication are important factors in the generation of trust (including calculative trust and relational trust) from the design company perspective. Meanwhile, reputation, reciprocity and communication are important factors for the generation of trust from the construction company perspective. Both calculative trust and relational trust are positive factors that affect the intent of both the design company and the construction contractor to cooperate. This research has innovatively added to and contributed to the existing knowledge of EPC consortium establishment mechanisms. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

15 pages, 2565 KiB  
Article
Automated Schedule and Cost Control Using 3D Sensing Technologies
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(2), 783; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13020783 - 05 Jan 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2040
Abstract
Nowadays, many construction projects in KSA still struggle with cost overruns and delay in activities. Therefore, automatic monitoring approaches are needed in the construction progress monitoring domain (CPM) to address these concerns. Thus, this paper proposed a system integrating a BIM-planned model with [...] Read more.
Nowadays, many construction projects in KSA still struggle with cost overruns and delay in activities. Therefore, automatic monitoring approaches are needed in the construction progress monitoring domain (CPM) to address these concerns. Thus, this paper proposed a system integrating a BIM-planned model with site laser scans, as laser scanners showed massive potential in the CPM domain. The algorithms of the proposed system recognized 3D objects based on the intersection between models, alignment accuracy, and Lalonde features. The proposed system combined 3D object recognition technology with 5D information data into a 5D progress tracking system using earned value (EV) principles. The reason behind that is a lack of research regarding conducting a 5D assessment integrated BIM with 3D sensing technology in the CPM domain. The proposed system was verified using field data from a superstructure construction project where the object recognition indicators showed a 98% recall and 99% precision in recognizing 3D objects. The proposed system also used a color-coding system to address the condition of each element based on its recognition and scheduling state and address any occlusions while calculating the recognized objects. The results also revealed an automatically updated status of the project’s progress in terms of schedule(4D) and cost(5D). The automated results were also validated with a manual calculation, where a slight variation (1.35%) was observed between those calculations. This system demonstrates a degree of accurate progress tracking, automatically exceeding manual performance with less computational time. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

21 pages, 2644 KiB  
Article
Location Optimization of Tower Cranes on High-Rise Modular Housing Projects
Buildings 2023, 13(1), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings13010115 - 01 Jan 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 4570
Abstract
In high-rise modular housing complex projects, tower crane layout planning is the key to ensuring the efficient lifting of components during construction. To improve the lifting efficiency of the cranes and control costs, the layout plan should minimize the distance the tower cranes [...] Read more.
In high-rise modular housing complex projects, tower crane layout planning is the key to ensuring the efficient lifting of components during construction. To improve the lifting efficiency of the cranes and control costs, the layout plan should minimize the distance the tower cranes must move the prefabricated units. The distance between the trailer holding the components, the tower crane, and the structure under construction should be kept to a minimum. However, most current studies consider the relative positions of the tower crane and the trailer without fully considering the movement efficiency of the trailer, and when multiple trailers and multiple tower cranes are involved, the optimization scheme is more complicated. In this study, a mathematical model based on mixed integer linear programming (MILP) is built to determine the type and location of tower cranes as well as the location of trailers to solve the problem of situating multiple tower cranes in a high-rise modular housing complex project. Finally, the validity and practicality of the model are demonstrated with case studies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

22 pages, 7822 KiB  
Article
Developing a BIM Single Source of Truth Prototype Using Blockchain Technology
Buildings 2023, 13(1), 91; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings13010091 - 30 Dec 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2258
Abstract
Blockchain technology has been proposed as a potential solution for coordinating information and trust to aid the development of a single source of the truth data model, going beyond peer-to-peer cash transactions. It is, therefore, argued that the construction supply chain (CSC) will [...] Read more.
Blockchain technology has been proposed as a potential solution for coordinating information and trust to aid the development of a single source of the truth data model, going beyond peer-to-peer cash transactions. It is, therefore, argued that the construction supply chain (CSC) will resolve issues related to the lack of reliable platforms for construction and asset management operations once blockchain technology and Building Information Modelling (BIM) are integrated. Though there is no longer any debate about the importance of integrating blockchain technology with BIM, there is still a lack of academic literature on its proof of concept. This study aims to create a thorough proof of concept for integrating blockchain technology and BIM for supply chain data delivery. It demonstrated a step-by-step methodology starting from understanding the current business scenario and proposing logical system architecture, followed by selecting a blockchain platform, designing system architecture related to technologies, prototyping, and evaluating through a virtual business scenario. The software prototype presented in this paper helps establish the technological viability of a single source of the truth data model for integrating blockchain technology and BIM. The supply chain data delivery for handover was considered in this software prototype. However, the process used to create this software prototype can be replicated in future work on blockchain technology-based built environment applications or digital transformation in the built environment research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

24 pages, 7866 KiB  
Article
Development of a Classification Framework for Construction Personnel’s Safety Behavior Based on Machine Learning
Buildings 2023, 13(1), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings13010043 - 24 Dec 2022
Viewed by 1942
Abstract
Different sets of drivers underlie different safety behaviors, and uncovering such complex patterns helps formulate targeted measures to cultivate safety behaviors. Machine learning can explore such complex patterns among safety behavioral data. This paper aims to develop a classification framework for construction personnel’s [...] Read more.
Different sets of drivers underlie different safety behaviors, and uncovering such complex patterns helps formulate targeted measures to cultivate safety behaviors. Machine learning can explore such complex patterns among safety behavioral data. This paper aims to develop a classification framework for construction personnel’s safety behaviors with machine learning algorithms, including logistics regression (LR), support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), and categorical boosting (CatBoost). The classification framework has three steps, i.e., data collection and preprocessing, modeling and algorithm implementation, and optimal model acquisition. For illustrative purposes, five common safety behaviors of a random sample of Hong Kong-based construction personnel are used to validate the classification framework. To achieve high classification performance, this paper employed a combinative strategy, consisting of feature selection, synthetic minority over-sampling technique (SMOTE), one-hot encoding, standard scaler and classifiers to classify safety behaviors, and multi-objective slime mould algorithm (MOSMA) to optimize parameters in the classifiers. Results suggest that the combinative strategy of CatBoost–MOSMA achieves the highest classification performance with the maximum average scores, including area under the curve of receiver characteristic operator (AUC) ranging from 0.84 to 0.92, accuracy ranging from 0.80 to 0.86, and F1-score ranging from 0.79 to 0.86. From the optimal model, a unique set of important features was identified for each safety behavior, and ten out of the 46 input indicators were found important for all five safety behaviors. Based on the findings, this study advocates using the machine learning strategy of CatBoost–MOSMA in future construction safety behavior research and makes concrete and targeted suggestions to cultivate different construction safety behaviors. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

27 pages, 7332 KiB  
Article
Engaging Engineering Students with the Stakeholders for Infrastructure Planning
Buildings 2023, 13(1), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings13010039 - 24 Dec 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1194
Abstract
Construction projects should be planned and executed in a way that minimizes the inconvenience to the local community. For that, it is crucial to incorporate public opinion by engaging them in the decision-making process. However, the public is generally involved indirectly in the [...] Read more.
Construction projects should be planned and executed in a way that minimizes the inconvenience to the local community. For that, it is crucial to incorporate public opinion by engaging them in the decision-making process. However, the public is generally involved indirectly in the planning of infrastructure projects through information-sharing reports and meetings, which have not shown to be very effective. This paper presents the findings of a case study as a hands-on experience for graduate engineering students toward engaging the public in the feasibility assessment of a real-world rehabilitation project. The case study involves the application of a simple additive weighting (SAW) multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approach to the assessment of various dimensions of the proposed rehabilitation alternatives. As a part of the MCDM framework, public opinion is sought to determine the relative importance of various criteria in making the final decision. The steps and processes of the case study are summarized and proposed in the form of a framework for engaging both students and the community members in the planning of construction projects. The case study and the framework serve as a structured introductory exercise for raising awareness in the students about the impact of public opinion on the planning of construction projects, and the existence of methods that can help them articulate participatory processes. This structured exercise is replicable for future researchers. It is expected that the application of the approach pursued in this study will help promote a culture of accommodating public engagement among engineering students as future engineers in the long term. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

25 pages, 3971 KiB  
Article
Insights on the Performance of Public Procurement for Water Utilities Works
Sustainability 2023, 15(1), 155; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15010155 - 22 Dec 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1455
Abstract
The availability of non-reimbursable funds for water supply networks has made the public procurement of construction work in this sector of particular interest in terms of performance. The purpose of this research is to identify key issues and patterns emerging from the engagement [...] Read more.
The availability of non-reimbursable funds for water supply networks has made the public procurement of construction work in this sector of particular interest in terms of performance. The purpose of this research is to identify key issues and patterns emerging from the engagement between Romanian contracting entities awarding such construction contracts and economic operators. The engagement is materialized through rounds of clarification requests during the offer preparation stage. Following the analysis of the specialized literature, it was found that the subject was not addressed in many scientific publications. The research undertaken was an empirical analysis of selected tenders. The research methodology focuses on the qualitative analysis of publicly available questions and responses, complemented by the analysis of numerical data relating to the same tenders. From the study, it results that a high percentage of all questions analyzed target the technical requirements of the contract notice documents. In some instances, the same questions are found in multiple tenders. Tender evaluation periods are lengthy. The tenders are published with a similar strategic profile (e.g., open tendering, no division into lots) and participation is dominated by bidder associations of multiple economic operators. This study concludes that the quality of the technical requirements does not support the type of strategic profile employed by the contracting entities. The rigidity of written communication makes it unsuitable to mitigate the negative effects of a flawed approach in developing technical requirements for high value, high complexity projects directly connected with Romania’s public water supply challenges. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

18 pages, 1918 KiB  
Article
Discerning Recurrent Factors in Construction Disputes through Judicial Case Studies—An Indian Perspective
Buildings 2022, 12(12), 2229; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12122229 - 14 Dec 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1354
Abstract
Construction disputes have become a recurrent phenomenon in the industry, due to which progress is halted. From a bird’s eye perspective, the most frequent cause of a dispute might be payment issues. However, when observed keenly, it has an inter-relationship with almost every [...] Read more.
Construction disputes have become a recurrent phenomenon in the industry, due to which progress is halted. From a bird’s eye perspective, the most frequent cause of a dispute might be payment issues. However, when observed keenly, it has an inter-relationship with almost every other cause, such as contractual changes, delays in project completion, compromising on the quality of construction, etc. Therefore, analyzing the factors which cause a dispute is important. It is also essential to understand the interrelationship of the factors. In this study, judicial construction disputes, along with judgements in different domains, were collected. The most frequent causes of disputes are identified among these cases. Sixty-five cases were considered for the analysis, which constitutes the writ petition, response and final judgment. These items were collected to gain the perspective of the petitioners and respondents over the cause of the dispute and the final judgment to analyze the factors responsible for decision-making. Factor analysis is done to find out the influencing factors, interrelationships and similarities of the disputes respectively. Among the 8 major factors identified, a strong, positive correlation was found between Poor Performance related issues and Payment related issues. By performing Principal Component Analysis (PCA), causes were classified into 3 domains based on their variables. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

16 pages, 1089 KiB  
Article
Decision-Making Framework for Construction Clients in Selecting Appropriate Procurement Route
Buildings 2022, 12(12), 2192; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12122192 - 12 Dec 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2368
Abstract
Procurement decision-making is a crucial determinant of project success. Although several objective, stage-based models have been proposed to guide clients’ procurement choices, little emphasis has been made on the subjective nature of construction clients. Recognizing the role of clients’ experiences in justifying procurement [...] Read more.
Procurement decision-making is a crucial determinant of project success. Although several objective, stage-based models have been proposed to guide clients’ procurement choices, little emphasis has been made on the subjective nature of construction clients. Recognizing the role of clients’ experiences in justifying procurement routes, this study develops a decision-making framework that is capable of guiding construction clients in making informed procurement choices. Adopting a mixed-method approach, comprising semi-structured interviews and multi-objective optimization, relevant procurement options were appraised based on clients’ specifications and project deliverables. The lived experiences of construction clients and the importance they attach to pre-defined selection rating criteria were subsequently evaluated, using a template that enables clients to prioritize procurement methods for different project types. The resultant framework offers a holistic, practical, and collaborative procurement selection process that promotes the efficient delivery of construction projects by reducing the cost overrun and delays associated with uninformed client decisions in construction procurement. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

19 pages, 4459 KiB  
Article
Data-Driven Analysis for Facility Management in Higher Education Institution
Buildings 2022, 12(12), 2094; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12122094 - 29 Nov 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2122
Abstract
Planned Preventive Maintenance (PPM) and Unplanned Maintenance (UPM) are the most common types of facility maintenance. This paper analyzes current trends and status of Facility Management (FM) practice at higher education institutions by proposing a systematic data-driven methodology using Natural Language Process (NLP) [...] Read more.
Planned Preventive Maintenance (PPM) and Unplanned Maintenance (UPM) are the most common types of facility maintenance. This paper analyzes current trends and status of Facility Management (FM) practice at higher education institutions by proposing a systematic data-driven methodology using Natural Language Process (NLP) approaches, statistical analysis, risk-profile analysis, and outlier analysis. This study utilizes a descriptive database entitled “Facility Management Unified Classification Database (FMUCD)” to conduct the systematic data-driven analyses. The 5-year data from 2015 to 2019 was collected from eight universities in North America. A preprocessing step included but was not limited to identifying common data attributes, cleaning noisy data, and removing unnecessary data. The outcomes of this study can facilitate the decision-making process by providing an understanding of various aspects of educational facility management trends and risks. The methodology developed gives decision makers of higher education institutions, including facility managers and institution administrators, effective strategies to establish long-term budgetary goals, which will lead to the enhancement of the asset value of the institutions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

21 pages, 4751 KiB  
Article
Stakeholder Behavior Risk Evaluation of Hydropower Projects Based on Social Network Analysis—A Case Study from a Project
Buildings 2022, 12(12), 2064; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12122064 - 24 Nov 2022
Viewed by 1701
Abstract
Since construction involves many stakeholders and their behavioral risk interaction, which brings risks to the project construction, it is necessary to strengthen the research on the risk management of hydropower projects. This study comprehensively considers the characteristics of hydropower project construction and identifies [...] Read more.
Since construction involves many stakeholders and their behavioral risk interaction, which brings risks to the project construction, it is necessary to strengthen the research on the risk management of hydropower projects. This study comprehensively considers the characteristics of hydropower project construction and identifies relevant stakeholders to build and improve the stakeholder behavior risk evaluation index system. On this basis, the social network analysis method is used to build an evaluation model of stakeholders’ behavioral risk transmission network, identify core factors and key relationships, analyze the path of behavioral risk transmission, take measures to cut off the transmission of core factors and key relationships, and test the effect of the risk network after control. The results show that: the evaluation model can effectively identify the core behavioral risk factors and key relationships in the construction process. Then, after taking targeted measures on the core behavioral risk factors and key relationships, hydropower projects are less affected by behavioral risk factors, and the risk transmission paths are reduced, which reduces the probability of behavioral risks arising from stakeholders and improves the behavioral governance efficiency of stakeholders. Applying this research model to the risk management of international hydropower projects can provide better guidance to the stakeholders and improve the accuracy and effectiveness of analyzing the behavioral risks of stakeholders in hydropower projects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

24 pages, 2418 KiB  
Article
How Did COVID-19 Pandemic Impact Safety Performance on a Construction Project? A Case Study Comparing Pre and Post COVID-19 Influence on Safety at an Australian Construction Site
Safety 2022, 8(4), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety8040077 - 22 Nov 2022
Viewed by 2529
Abstract
COVID-19 had a significant impact on construction projects due to labor shortages and COVID-19 restrictions, yet little is known about the impact it had on construction safety. To address this gap, an Australian construction project was selected to study the impact of COVID-19 [...] Read more.
COVID-19 had a significant impact on construction projects due to labor shortages and COVID-19 restrictions, yet little is known about the impact it had on construction safety. To address this gap, an Australian construction project was selected to study the impact of COVID-19 on safety performance, safety climate and safety leadership. The study collected data from safety climate surveys, leading and lagging safety indicators and used linear regression to compare safety performance pre and post the onset of COVID-19. Our results showed after the onset of COVID-19 there was a significant reduction (Pr > F at 0.05%) in incident rate, an improvement in supervisor safety leadership and safety climate, and satisfaction with organisational communication. The study identified the increase level of safety awareness due to COVID-19 did not result in an increase in the level of engagement in safety leadership. Interestingly, participation in the safety leadership activities did not improve until a change of Project Manager occurred. The study determined leaders who establish a positive safety climate within a project could negate the safety performance impact of COVID-19. The study confirms the importance of site safety leadership in maintaining engagement in risk management and the value of focused safety communication. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

16 pages, 556 KiB  
Article
Research on BIM Application Two-Dimensional Maturity Model
Buildings 2022, 12(11), 1960; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12111960 - 11 Nov 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1853
Abstract
The existing project management maturity models and BIM maturity models have obvious deficiencies in evaluating the management level of engineering projects with BIM applications. This study aimed to use accepted assessment indexes to design an innovative BIM application maturity model suitable for different [...] Read more.
The existing project management maturity models and BIM maturity models have obvious deficiencies in evaluating the management level of engineering projects with BIM applications. This study aimed to use accepted assessment indexes to design an innovative BIM application maturity model suitable for different projects with BIM applications. This study proposes the concept of BIM Application Two-Dimensional Maturity (BATM), which simultaneously emphasizes the project business management (PBM) and project BIM application (PBA) maturities. The BATM model assesses the PBM and PBA maturities based on eight performance domains and 37 desired outcomes of PMBOK 7th edition. The application case shows that the use of the BATM model is simple and its effect is obvious. This study is the first to assess the BIM application maturity from the two dimensions of PBM and PBA, and provides new insights into the project BIM application maturity assessment. The application case sets an example for other companies to assess and improve their BATM. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

19 pages, 10930 KiB  
Article
Predicting the Impact of Construction Rework Cost Using an Ensemble Classifier
Sustainability 2022, 14(22), 14800; https://doi.org/10.3390/su142214800 - 09 Nov 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1722
Abstract
Predicting construction cost of rework (COR) allows for the advanced planning and prompt implementation of appropriate countermeasures. Studies have addressed the causation and different impacts of COR but have not yet developed the robust cost predictors required to detect rare construction rework items [...] Read more.
Predicting construction cost of rework (COR) allows for the advanced planning and prompt implementation of appropriate countermeasures. Studies have addressed the causation and different impacts of COR but have not yet developed the robust cost predictors required to detect rare construction rework items with a high-cost impact. In this study, two ensemble learning methods (soft and hard voting classifiers) are utilized for nonconformance construction reports (NCRs) and compared with the literature on nine machine learning (ML) approaches. The ensemble voting classifiers leverage the advantage of the ML approaches, creating a robust estimator that is responsive to underrepresented high-cost impact classes. The results demonstrate the improved performance of the adopted ensemble voting classifiers in terms of accuracy for different cost impact classes. The developed COR impact predictor increases the reliability and accuracy of the cost estimation, enabling dynamic cost variation analysis and thus improving cost-based decision making. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

14 pages, 1245 KiB  
Article
Unpacking the “Black Box”: Understanding the Effect of Strength of Ties on Inter-Team Conflict and Project Success in Megaprojects
Buildings 2022, 12(11), 1906; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12111906 - 07 Nov 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1188
Abstract
Megaprojects have been redefined as dynamic collaboration networks, which are characterized by the strength of the ties between teams. In China, megaprojects have long been criticized for low productivity, poor project implementation processes, and inter-team confrontation. Few studies in the construction domain have [...] Read more.
Megaprojects have been redefined as dynamic collaboration networks, which are characterized by the strength of the ties between teams. In China, megaprojects have long been criticized for low productivity, poor project implementation processes, and inter-team confrontation. Few studies in the construction domain have explored the relationship between the strength of ties, inter-team conflict, and project success. This research aims to investigate the relationship between the strength of ties, inter-team conflict, and project success in megaprojects. Strong ties and weak ties reflect the strength of ties. Inter-team conflict is measured by task-related conflict and relationship-related conflict. A questionnaire survey was conducted on Chinese megaprojects, and 306 questionnaires were collected. The data were analyzed by a structural equation model. The results indicate that strong ties positively impact task-related conflict while negatively impacting relationship-related conflict. Weak ties positively impact inter-team conflict. Task-related conflict and relationship-related conflict have positive and negative effects on project success, respectively. The effect of the strength of the ties on a project’s success is mediated by conflict. This study adds to existing research on the strength of ties and emphasizes the significance of megaproject network governance. The results reveal the constructive effects of the strength of ties and task-related conflict, as well as the non-constructive effects of relationship-related conflict. This provides a reference for megaproject managers to implement project governance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

26 pages, 1020 KiB  
Article
Public–Private Partnerships for Higher Education Institutions in the United States
Buildings 2022, 12(11), 1888; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12111888 - 04 Nov 2022
Viewed by 1826
Abstract
Public–private Partnerships have become a common delivery method for diverse types of projects ranging from transportation and energy infrastructure to social infrastructure. Previous research has mainly focused on PPPs for infrastructure and other non-social projects. Although PPP projects for higher education institutions share [...] Read more.
Public–private Partnerships have become a common delivery method for diverse types of projects ranging from transportation and energy infrastructure to social infrastructure. Previous research has mainly focused on PPPs for infrastructure and other non-social projects. Although PPP projects for higher education institutions share some common attributes with their traditional counterparts, they also have unique aspects such as institutional culture as well as structure of ownership and management. Hence, the objectives of this research were to (1) conduct a systematic collection and analysis of PPP projects in higher education institutions in the United States; and (2) conduct a gap analysis to provide recommendations for future projects and lessons learned from past ones. A gap analysis of the published data on higher education PPPs was undertaken, identifying 45 educational PPP projects in the United States. The main areas of study were type of project (e.g., housing, commercial, mixed use, etc.), size, and investment made. Additionally, a questionnaire survey was disseminated to experts in the field to collect data on these projects and report on them. The results showed an increasing trend in project size between 1994 and 2018 with the majority being for housing developments while a smaller percentage was for commercial and utility projects. A geographical representation shows a large number of projects clustered in the Southern and Northeastern regions of the United States. Additionally, a questionnaire survey was used to identify samples of these projects and present them as a case study. The number of PPPs is expected to rise due to funding cuts and state appropriation cuts. Finally, the proposed recommendations can also be extrapolated for other social or infrastructure projects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

16 pages, 637 KiB  
Article
Knowledge Transfer Characteristics of Construction Workers Based on Social Network Analysis
Buildings 2022, 12(11), 1876; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12111876 - 03 Nov 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1941
Abstract
Effects of traditional training methods are not obvious when transferring competent knowledge to construction workers to allow them to deal with new technology and intelligent equipment. The purpose of this study was to explore knowledge transfer paths and transfer characteristics within worker groups [...] Read more.
Effects of traditional training methods are not obvious when transferring competent knowledge to construction workers to allow them to deal with new technology and intelligent equipment. The purpose of this study was to explore knowledge transfer paths and transfer characteristics within worker groups and to provide a theoretical basis for formulating new measures to improve knowledge and skills in worker groups. Firstly, we analyzed and verified the group characteristics of workers. Then, the social network analysis (SNA) method was used to study the knowledge transfer characteristics of worker groups, and the following conclusions were drawn: (1) construction workers have obvious group closure and regional concentration, which have significant impacts on knowledge transfer; (2) team leaders are the core and authority of knowledge transfer within entire networks, so improving the knowledge and skills of team leaders has a significant impact on promoting the overall knowledge and skills of workers; (3) it is very difficult for expatriate technical instructors with high levels of education but no blood or geographical relationships with other workers to establish knowledge authority among workers; and (4) due to the large gaps in knowledge and skills among workers, one-way flows of knowledge occur easily within groups. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

21 pages, 3908 KiB  
Review
Leadership in Construction: A Scientometric Review
Buildings 2022, 12(11), 1825; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12111825 - 31 Oct 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2760
Abstract
Leadership plays an increasingly important role in construction projects, and numerous research studies have been conducted. This study aims to identify the structure evolution development trends of this knowledge domain using visualisation analysis with CiteSpace. A total of 1789 peer-reviewed articles are collected [...] Read more.
Leadership plays an increasingly important role in construction projects, and numerous research studies have been conducted. This study aims to identify the structure evolution development trends of this knowledge domain using visualisation analysis with CiteSpace. A total of 1789 peer-reviewed articles are collected from Scopus and the WoS core collection database to conduct a scientometric analysis. The results indicate that the US dominates this field and that institutions from Australia have made greater contributions. However, international cooperation in this area is not active. A total of eight co-citation clusters were identified, and the research of leadership in construction primarily focused on the topics of transactional leadership, safety leadership, team performance, leadership interaction processes and actual leader behaviour. The keywords co-occurrence evolution analysis was also conducted to provide a holistic knowledge map. Based on the development of this field and its current status, we propose trends and innovative research areas for future research. The findings in this research would help scholars to understand the structure and future trends of this field. Meanwhile, the research results would provide a reference for construction enterprises to formulate project manager competency criteria. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

25 pages, 1114 KiB  
Article
An Empirical Examination of Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning as Mediating Variables between HRM and Sustainable Organizational Performance
Sustainability 2022, 14(20), 13351; https://doi.org/10.3390/su142013351 - 17 Oct 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2091
Abstract
Despite increasing competition, the construction industry is still lagging behind other industries in several aspects such as productivity growth, technology adoption, and human resource management. Although the causal link between human resource management (HRM) and organizational performance (OP) is well established and reinforced [...] Read more.
Despite increasing competition, the construction industry is still lagging behind other industries in several aspects such as productivity growth, technology adoption, and human resource management. Although the causal link between human resource management (HRM) and organizational performance (OP) is well established and reinforced by several studies, the mediating mechanisms through which HRM practices impact organizational performance remain areas lacking consensus. This article, therefore, aims at examining the mediating roles of knowledge management (KM) and organizational learning (OL) in the established relationship between HRM and the long-term or sustainable peformance of Thai construction firms. Confirmatory factor analysis and partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) were employed as the methods of analysis. Based on the dataset of 194 responses, the empirical results of the study strongly supported the three hypotheses that assumed positive relationships between (1) HRM and OP, (2) HRM and knowledge management, and (3) organizational learning and the OP of the firms under study. These findings thus provide empirical evidence for the three relationships. However, empirical results testing the roles of KM or OL or both as mediating variables behind the link between HRM and sustainable OP were not confirmed by the dataset. Therefore, one of the practical implications provided by this study is that Thai construction firms should be better aligned and integrated their HRM practices, knowledge management, and organizational learning to enhance the firms’ competitive advantage and to help lead the firms towards a more sustainable pathway of business operations. However, since the fragmented activities of construction make it hard to apply human resource management effectively, such good alignment and integration of HRM, KM, and OL for improving performance may, in practice, be quite challenging for most construction firms. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

17 pages, 1911 KiB  
Article
Risk Prioritization in a Natural Gas Compressor Station Construction Project Using the Analytical Hierarchy Process
Sustainability 2022, 14(20), 13172; https://doi.org/10.3390/su142013172 - 14 Oct 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2520
Abstract
Recently, the seamless construction and operation of natural gas pipelines has become even more critical, while the oil and gas industry’s capability to operate effectively with acceptable risks and hazardous situations is mainly dependent on safety. As a result, it is very important [...] Read more.
Recently, the seamless construction and operation of natural gas pipelines has become even more critical, while the oil and gas industry’s capability to operate effectively with acceptable risks and hazardous situations is mainly dependent on safety. As a result, it is very important to have a wide knowledge of effective management tactics for enhancing implementation of safety regulations and procedures. The problem of assuring workers’ health and safety in the workplace is a crucial component in the endeavor to raise the productivity of labor and the level of competitiveness of building projects. To promote the health, safety, and well-being of workers, issues that are embedded within the concept of sustainability, we propose in this study a safety risk-assessment process that uses the analytical hierarchy process for assigning priorities to risks on construction worksites. This process uses a popular multicriteria method. The success of this strategy was shown by its application to the building of a natural gas compressor plant in Greece. The main contribution of this study is the application of a well-known multicriteria method for assessing risks in a natural gas compressor station construction project and prioritizing hazards to allocate budget for risk-mitigation measures. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

17 pages, 2311 KiB  
Article
Eco-Economic Performance Estimation Method for Pretensioned Spun High-Strength Concrete Pile Installation
Sustainability 2022, 14(19), 11990; https://doi.org/10.3390/su141911990 - 22 Sep 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1230
Abstract
Pile installation has an environmental impact through its various processes ranging from raw material extraction to construction. In addition, the environmental performance, productivity, and cost of pile installation depend on the construction plan. Therefore, the chain of activities must be considered when analyzing [...] Read more.
Pile installation has an environmental impact through its various processes ranging from raw material extraction to construction. In addition, the environmental performance, productivity, and cost of pile installation depend on the construction plan. Therefore, the chain of activities must be considered when analyzing the sustainability of pile installation. A rational construction plan must carefully examine the factors that affect the productivity and sustainability of pile installations. This study presents a method for evaluating eco-economic performance by analyzing the resource utilization and processes of PHC pile installation. First, a process modeling technique, wherein details are broken down to the work task level, based on energy consumption and resource cost, is proposed. Second, a simulation method that calculates the eco-economic performance of the PHC pile process and resources (e.g., equipment) is presented. Third, a quantitative comparison of durations, costs, and emissions resulting from simulation, estimation based on the CSPR (Construction Standard Production Rate) and IUC (Itemized Unit Cost), site contract, and actual construction is presented. The results reveal that the method effectively reflects the prediction of duration, cost, and carbon emissions generated in the real world during the construction planning stage. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

11 pages, 6543 KiB  
Article
Rebar Fabrication Plan to Enhance Production Efficiency for Simultaneous Multiple Projects
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(18), 9183; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12189183 - 13 Sep 2022
Viewed by 2005
Abstract
A discrete-event simulation (DES) model was developed to enhance the reinforcing bar (rebar) fabrication efficiency for multiple simultaneous projects at different sites. The production volume and procedure of the actual rebar fabrication plant were compared to the simulation model to ensure its accuracy. [...] Read more.
A discrete-event simulation (DES) model was developed to enhance the reinforcing bar (rebar) fabrication efficiency for multiple simultaneous projects at different sites. The production volume and procedure of the actual rebar fabrication plant were compared to the simulation model to ensure its accuracy. By determining the loss rate and necessary processing time, the fabrication plan was then optimized. The rebar type and machine features, which influence the loss rate and time required for rebar fabrication, were configured as the parameters in a discrete-event simulation model. The model considers a situation in which a rebar fabrication plant simultaneously delivers rebars to multiple sites. In this manner, the model can quantify the loss rate and time required in the fabrication process. The determination of the loss rate according to the import ratio of raw steel, site combination, and length can help optimize the rebar fabrication plan and increase work efficiency. In the considered scenario, a two-site combination and import ratio of raw steel of 2:1 (8 m:10 m) was noted to corresponded to the maximum decrease in the loss rate and required time. By extending the proposed approach to the complete rebar process (processing–transportation–construction), the plant member production process can be optimized. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

13 pages, 2964 KiB  
Article
Application Issues of Impacted As-Planned Schedule for Delay Analysis
Buildings 2022, 12(9), 1442; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12091442 - 13 Sep 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2638
Abstract
Most construction projects are delayed, and many are subject to claims or disputes. Therefore, delay analysis is a critical component of any construction project to determine who is responsible for delays. This research examines four different techniques for estimating delay impacts using the [...] Read more.
Most construction projects are delayed, and many are subject to claims or disputes. Therefore, delay analysis is a critical component of any construction project to determine who is responsible for delays. This research examines four different techniques for estimating delay impacts using the impacted as-planned (IAP) method. A sample network was introduced as an example to discuss several concerns. The advantages and limitations of each approach were identified, and recommendations were given for each approach. When inserting an activity or activities representing delay events in IAP, it is necessary to use both constraints and logical relations among delay events, their logical predecessors, and successors. Constraints representing the actual date of delay events are the simplest and easiest. However, constraints should not be used in “single insertion” and “inserting only owner- or contractor-caused delay” approach. In addition, in the case of using constraints, it is critical to ensure that the impact of delay events is less than the duration of those delay events. Constraints should be avoided in this scenario, and delay events should be logically connected to their logical predecessors and successors without constraints. This study also identified through an example that inserting delay events only by logic can cause wrong analysis results. The results of this study will be helpful for delay analysts in identifying what kinds of problems occur in IAP methods and how to prevent those problems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

22 pages, 2317 KiB  
Article
A Project Scheduling Game Equilibrium Problem Based on Dynamic Resource Supply
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(18), 9062; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12189062 - 09 Sep 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1306
Abstract
In a resource-constrained project scheduling problem, most studies ignore that resource supply is a separate optimization problem, which is not in line with the actual situation. In this study, the project scheduling problem and the resource supply problem are regarded as a dynamic [...] Read more.
In a resource-constrained project scheduling problem, most studies ignore that resource supply is a separate optimization problem, which is not in line with the actual situation. In this study, the project scheduling problem and the resource supply problem are regarded as a dynamic game system, with interactive influences and constraints. This study proposes a Stackelberg dynamic game model based on the engineering supply chain perspective. In this model, the inherent conflicts and complex interactions between the Multi-mode Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling Problem (MRCPSP) and the Multi-Period Supply Chain Problem (MPSCP) are studied to determine the optimal equilibrium strategy. A two-level multi-objective programming method is used to solve the problem. The MRCPSP is the upper-level planning used to optimize project scheduling and activity mode selection to minimize project cost and duration; MPSCP is a lower-level planning method that seeks to make resource transportation decisions at a lower cost. A two-layer hybrid algorithm, consisting of Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), is proposed to determine the optimal equilibrium strategy. Finally, the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed optimization method are evaluated through a case study of a large hydropower construction project, and management suggestions for related departments are provided. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

22 pages, 973 KiB  
Article
Critical Success Factors for Competitiveness of Egyptian Construction Companies
Sustainability 2022, 14(17), 10460; https://doi.org/10.3390/su141710460 - 23 Aug 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1860
Abstract
Advancing construction company competitiveness is a tremendous challenge. In approaching this challenge, it is useful to identify the critical success factors (CSFs) that impinge upon company competitiveness. This research aims to determine the CSFs for the competitiveness of Egyptian construction companies. The research [...] Read more.
Advancing construction company competitiveness is a tremendous challenge. In approaching this challenge, it is useful to identify the critical success factors (CSFs) that impinge upon company competitiveness. This research aims to determine the CSFs for the competitiveness of Egyptian construction companies. The research deployed the relative importance index (RII) and the fuzzy Delphi method (FDM) to determine the importance of and screen out the success factors for company competitiveness. The results of the two methods are demonstrated and discussed, and then the CSFs are obtained by taking the intersection of the results of the two methods. This research finds that a sustainable organization and leadership structure and governance system; stating a mission, vision and values; key types of suppliers and partners; reporting relationships among the different parts of the organization; and using technology as a support to achieve strategies are the five top-ranked CSFs for company competitiveness in the Egyptian construction market. The least important factors that influence company competitiveness include having indicators to assess the image of the organization and having positive trends for indicators measuring societal performance. The identification of the CSFs is useful for helping contractors to utilize their limited resources more efficiently to improve their competitive advantage. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

15 pages, 1277 KiB  
Article
Assessing Construction Constraint Factors on Project Performance in the Construction Industry
Buildings 2022, 12(8), 1183; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12081183 - 08 Aug 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 3727
Abstract
A construction constraint is a condition that impedes progress toward meeting construction project goals. This paper seeks to assess the constraint factors affecting project performance in the South African construction industry. The study adopted a quantitative research design, and a questionnaire was designed [...] Read more.
A construction constraint is a condition that impedes progress toward meeting construction project goals. This paper seeks to assess the constraint factors affecting project performance in the South African construction industry. The study adopted a quantitative research design, and a questionnaire was designed to retrieve data from the target populations. The target population were construction professionals within the South African construction industry. One hundred and eighty questionnaires were administered to construction professionals within the study area through the purposive quota sampling technique. Retrieved data were analysed using descriptive and exploratory factor analysis. In order to determine the data reliability and the interrelatedness of the variables, Cronbach’s alpha test was carried out on each component. The results of the exploratory factor analysis show that stakeholders’ inappropriate project scheduling and coordination factors, organisation and government policies factors, and organisation and government policies factors were the leading constraints affecting construction project performance in the South African construction industry. Due to time and distance constraints, this study was limited to construction professionals in South Africa’s Free State province. The paper concluded that to reduce the construction constraints affecting construction project performance, construction professionals must improve their project scheduling, coordination, organisational policies, and managerial capacity. The paper’s findings will assist stakeholders in identifying and overcoming construction constraints in construction projects’ execution and delivery. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

21 pages, 9195 KiB  
Systematic Review
Predictive Analytics for Early-Stage Construction Costs Estimation
Buildings 2022, 12(7), 1043; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12071043 - 19 Jul 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 5057
Abstract
Low accuracy in the estimation of construction costs at early stages of projects has driven the research on alternative costing methods that take advantage of computing advances, however, direct implications in their use for practice is not clear. The purpose of this study [...] Read more.
Low accuracy in the estimation of construction costs at early stages of projects has driven the research on alternative costing methods that take advantage of computing advances, however, direct implications in their use for practice is not clear. The purpose of this study was to investigate how predictive analytics could enhance cost estimation of buildings at early stages by performing a systematic literature review on predictive analytics implementations for the early-stage cost estimation of building projects. The outputs of the study are: (1) an extensive database; (2) a list of cost drivers; and (3) a comparison between the various techniques. The findings suggest that predictive analytic techniques are appropriate for practice due to their higher level of accuracy. The discussion has three main implications: (a) predictive analytics for cost estimation have not followed the best practices and standard methodologies; (b) predictive analytics techniques are ready for industry adoption; and (c) the study can be a reference for high-level decision-makers to implement predictive analytics in cost estimation. Knowledge of predictive analytics could assist stakeholders in playing a key role in improving the accuracy of cost forecast in the construction market, thus, enabling pro-active management of the project owner’s budget. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

18 pages, 2594 KiB  
Article
Correlation of Construction Performance Indicators and Project Success in a Portfolio of Building Projects
Buildings 2022, 12(7), 957; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12070957 - 05 Jul 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2221
Abstract
Construction management is a highly competitive project-based field of complex specialized services, creating or altering the built environment for a client. For construction projects to be successful, and in turn, for construction firms to be successful, understanding the relationship of performance statistics as [...] Read more.
Construction management is a highly competitive project-based field of complex specialized services, creating or altering the built environment for a client. For construction projects to be successful, and in turn, for construction firms to be successful, understanding the relationship of performance statistics as indicators of project outcomes, such as cost, time, and profitability, is essential. There have been a number of efforts made to identify key performance indicators related to construction project success. However, due to lack of available data, many questions remain. There lies an opportunity to analyze project statistics as indicators of project success, similar to the way analytics have been used to predict success in sports. Construction firm project data for a portfolio of building projects were analyzed, and this study identifies correlated factors for completed building construction projects. A highlight of this correlation analysis identified profit differential as demonstrating a strong relationship with the number of requests for information and architects supplemental instructions on a project. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

18 pages, 270 KiB  
Article
Response Strategies of UK Construction Contractors to COVID-19 in the Consideration of New Projects
Buildings 2022, 12(7), 946; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12070946 - 03 Jul 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 3704
Abstract
COVID-19 presented a catastrophic event, creating a unique environment and resulting in lasting repercussions globally. The construction industry has been one of the worst affected sectors relating to the public health pandemic. Challenges such as workplace closures and site cessations led to untold [...] Read more.
COVID-19 presented a catastrophic event, creating a unique environment and resulting in lasting repercussions globally. The construction industry has been one of the worst affected sectors relating to the public health pandemic. Challenges such as workplace closures and site cessations led to untold uncertainty, developing into contractual grievances and supply-chain disruption, amongst others. The focus of this study is to determine the response strategies of UK construction companies in the face of the COVID-19 global pandemic and the subsequent recession the UK fell into as a direct result. A literature review of previous recession responses was examined and four areas for further consideration were identified, which included contracting, risk management, cost control and finance. The study compared the previous response strategies to identify whether lessons had been learned from prior experience, or if new strategies had emerged due to the different economic and political circumstances. A qualitative methodology was adopted to provide the required depth of analysis for the research. Thirty-two participants from different size construction organisations were interviewed, which provided evidence of strategies across the four categories analysed. The results indicated that in the early stages, uncertainty around all aspects of the pandemic caused organisations to anticipate the worst financial consequences, as the scale or scope of government intervention was initially unknown. As a result, companies reacted by downsizing, halting expansion, introducing competitive pricing to ensure there were projects in the pipeline and diversification to ensure stability and survival of the company. Organisations used the pandemic as an opportunity to restructure and invested in new technology to remain competitive. Client relationships and supply-chain partnerships were deemed to be of upmost importance in resolving contracting challenges that the pandemic brought about. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
27 pages, 621 KiB  
Article
Risk Factors That Lead to Time and Cost Overruns of Building Projects in Saudi Arabia
Buildings 2022, 12(7), 902; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12070902 - 25 Jun 2022
Cited by 20 | Viewed by 5909
Abstract
Rapid transformation across all sectors through Saudi Arabia’s vision 2030 initiatives led to an increase in construction activities. However, the construction industry has been already facing huge cost and time overruns, affecting all stakeholders. The aim of this study is to identify and [...] Read more.
Rapid transformation across all sectors through Saudi Arabia’s vision 2030 initiatives led to an increase in construction activities. However, the construction industry has been already facing huge cost and time overruns, affecting all stakeholders. The aim of this study is to identify and explore the influential risk factors that lead to completion delays and cost overruns of government-funded building construction projects in Saudi Arabia, all of which have been subjected to a traditional type of procurement method (Standard Public Works Contract). The literature examined in this study identified a total of 83 risk factors, which have been grouped into nine categories. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted to determine the participants’ perspectives on the degree of probability of occurrence (P) of each risk and its potential impact on a project in terms of time (IT) and cost (IC). The questionnaire survey was distributed to 200 experts and professionals associated with Saudi building construction projects, which were grouped into four categories: clients, designers, consultants, and contractors. Fifty-five acceptable questionnaires were returned and analysed. The relative importance index (RII), and Risk Importance (RI) were used to identify the most influential risk factors, and an agreement test was conducted. The results of the survey revealed that the most significant risks factors contributing to the delay of building construction projects’ completion are contractor’s financial difficulties, owner’s delay in making progress payments for completed works, contracts awarded to the lowest bidder, change orders during construction, ineffective project planning and scheduling by the contractor, shortage of manpower, and contractor’s poor site management and supervision. In addition, change orders during construction and contracts awarded to the lowest bidder are the most significant risks factors of exceeding budgets. Based on the results, it is concluded that for achieving sustainable development, client, contractor, and labour-related risks must be effectively managed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

14 pages, 820 KiB  
Article
Contractual Governance for Dispute Resolution and Construction Sustainability: Case Studies from China
Sustainability 2022, 14(13), 7643; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14137643 - 23 Jun 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1997
Abstract
Disputes may disturb construction projects and stakeholders, and they may cause tremendous losses that hinder the sustainable development of construction. Therefore, contractual governance is significant in construction projects as a crucial method of dispute management. However, the interrelation of contract and dispute management [...] Read more.
Disputes may disturb construction projects and stakeholders, and they may cause tremendous losses that hinder the sustainable development of construction. Therefore, contractual governance is significant in construction projects as a crucial method of dispute management. However, the interrelation of contract and dispute management has not been studied theoretically and comprehensively. In this regard, this paper aimed to propose a framework for dispute governance, including governance structures (GSs), governance mechanisms (GMs) and an additional conceptual model, by using a literature analysis method. The results suggest that dispute structures based on owner-centered (OC), owner- and supervisor-decentralized (OSD) and additional independent representatives (AIRs) are often used. Each kind of GS can be applied in a specified project. On the other hand, we considered that GSs could be divided into an external GS and an internal GS, which played different roles in motivation mechanisms. In addition, a conceptual model was developed through literature analysis. Case studies were presented to investigate the relationship between the GS and GM. Then, specified GMs were identified from case studies of Chinese construction contracts. Current research can provide valuable information allowing for contract drafters and managers to realize the sustainable development of projects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

23 pages, 4206 KiB  
Article
Exploring the Nature and Impact of Client-Related Delays on Contemporary Saudi Construction Projects
Buildings 2022, 12(7), 880; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12070880 - 22 Jun 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2592
Abstract
In rapidly developing countries such as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), where the construction of buildings and supporting infrastructure is critical to achieving strategic developmental milestones, delays to capital projects can derail other sectors of the economy and could derail the Vision [...] Read more.
In rapidly developing countries such as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), where the construction of buildings and supporting infrastructure is critical to achieving strategic developmental milestones, delays to capital projects can derail other sectors of the economy and could derail the Vision 2030 agenda. Attempts have been made over the years to explore the causes of construction project delays, including those in Saudi Arabia. Many of these studies are either outdated, narrow in scope, or tend to use only qualitative data, and not many have focused on the client-related delay factors affecting projects critical to Vision 2030. This study investigates client-related delay factors in terms of their correlation with key characteristics of recently completed construction projects in KSA. This objective necessitated the use of historical data; hence, an archival analysis was conducted for 37 projects among three different public sector ministries. The data were subjected to manual extraction, descriptive statistical analysis, and the use of established models such as schedule performance index (SPI) and cost performance index (CPI), and inferential (correlation) in Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) using point-biserial correlation coefficient (rpb, where p > 0.05) to explore association and impact of project characteristics on themselves and on client-related causes of delay. Results revealed eight unique client-related causes of delay, with SPI values of 0.71 to 0.82, as well as CPI values ranging from 0.84 to 0.89, suggesting very poor time and cost performance across all projects, as well as the magnitude of correlation of key project characteristics (cost, duration, additional time, and additional cost) with the eight client-related causes of delay. The findings can help the client (authorities) understand and curb delays that are due to their own making, and it is recommended that such delay factors, whose likelihood are now established and whose potential impact can be measured against key project characteristics, be developed into a delay risk impact tool. International joint ventures can bring technical expertise for Vision 2030, but they cannot eliminate delays due to government practices. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

22 pages, 628 KiB  
Article
What Are the Readability Issues in Sub-Contracting’s Tender Documents?
Buildings 2022, 12(6), 839; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12060839 - 16 Jun 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2205
Abstract
Readability is an important aspect that each sub-contracting’s tender documentation should have in order to ensure commonality in the interpretation of its terms by the general contractor and sub-contractor. Otherwise, their contractual relationship is fueled by conflict. Previous studies indicated that the documents [...] Read more.
Readability is an important aspect that each sub-contracting’s tender documentation should have in order to ensure commonality in the interpretation of its terms by the general contractor and sub-contractor. Otherwise, their contractual relationship is fueled by conflict. Previous studies indicated that the documents provided to the sub-contractors in practice are often not easy to read; the reason behind this problem has not been explored yet. This paper bridges this gap by defining 14 readability issues, following a systematic content analysis of real documents of 34 tenders of the sub-contracting arrangement. Further, it introduces a framework of the anti-measures of the specified issues through examining the readability-associated literature. The research’s chief finding is that 8 out of the 14 readability issues are responsible for 73.1184% of the ease-of-reading problems in the sub-contracting’s tender documentation. These readability issues are as follows: poor presentation of the format of the tender documentation, sentences and clauses are too long and complicated, spelling and grammatical errors, abstractness or vagueness of words or sentences, using controversial phrases, repetition of provisions or clauses, poor illustration of procedure or process, and listing of irrelevant conditions to the tender scope. The study also, while discussing the readability issues, categorizes them into four pivots, including structural and presentation-related problems, lengthening and repetition-related problems, text-related problems, and terminology-related problems. To date, it is believed that such classification has not been realized in any of the prior literature. These results have implications that can benefit drafters by enabling them to know the possible dimensions of the readability problems and their countermeasures concerning the sub-contracting’s tender documents for up-skilling their drafting style when formulating such documentation in the future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

18 pages, 2053 KiB  
Article
The Emergence Process of Construction Project Resilience: A Social Network Analysis Approach
Buildings 2022, 12(6), 822; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12060822 - 14 Jun 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2149
Abstract
For construction projects, resilience is the process of resisting and recovering from adversity. With the global economic and social environment constantly changing, improving the resilience of construction projects has become a research hotspot in the field of project management. On the basis of [...] Read more.
For construction projects, resilience is the process of resisting and recovering from adversity. With the global economic and social environment constantly changing, improving the resilience of construction projects has become a research hotspot in the field of project management. On the basis of social capital theory, this study constructs a construction project organization resilience evaluation system from two dimensions of bonding and bridging social capitals. Then, a new theoretical framework is proposed: the network dynamic evaluation model of project resilience based on the resource conservation strategy. Using survey data of 247 construction engineering practitioners, this study considers the emergence of organization resilience in the three phases of adversity. The results reveal that when the construction project is hit by adversity, the investment capital will increase but decrease in the recovery phase. Protective capital demonstrates the opposite. However, both types of capital finally reach a higher level than before the adversity, thus forming an emergence curve of project resilience. This study helps to understand the emergence process of the construction project resilience, provides a feasible method to calculate the resilience and social capital of construction projects in different phases of disasters, and improves the risk response ability of construction projects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

16 pages, 45333 KiB  
Article
The Effect of Fines Content on Compressional Behavior When Using Sand–Kaolinite Mixtures as Embankment Materials
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(12), 6050; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12126050 - 14 Jun 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1940
Abstract
In South Korea, Honam High-Speed Railway has a relatively large residual settlement issue and high fines content has been pointed out as one of the causes. Design guidelines regulate not to use soils containing fines content higher than 25%. However, there is no [...] Read more.
In South Korea, Honam High-Speed Railway has a relatively large residual settlement issue and high fines content has been pointed out as one of the causes. Design guidelines regulate not to use soils containing fines content higher than 25%. However, there is no background information on the effect of fines content on settlement. Therefore, this paper aims to investigate compressional behavior according to fines content using sand and kaolinite. Oedometer test results showed that the compression index is lowest with fines content of 15% to 20% at which the mixture produced maximum density. The optimum fines content for inducing low settlement would be 15% to 20% for the sand–kaolinite mixture. Transition fines content (TFC), which shows sand-like to claylike behavior, was observed to have between 21% and 26% of fines content. Critical fines content (fcrit) where a minimum void ratio occurs was estimated as 21.67%. These behavioral changes appear when fines content is greater than the optimum fines content. SEM also shows that the kaolinite particles were overlapped, creating flat surfaces with a fines content higher than 30%, and showing clay-like behavior. Based on the analysis results, engineers can simply identify the behavior of embankment materials to ensure optimum fines content and consequently minimize long-term settlement potential. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

17 pages, 4794 KiB  
Article
Experimental Investigation of Seismic Performance of a Hybrid Beam–Column Connection in a Precast Concrete Frame
Buildings 2022, 12(6), 801; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12060801 - 10 Jun 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2446
Abstract
Prefabricated beam–column connections are the most vulnerable components of prefabricated buildings during earthquake events. The seismic performance of the beam–column connection is functional as the critical component plays a key role in structural safety. This study aimed to develop a novel hybrid prefabricated [...] Read more.
Prefabricated beam–column connections are the most vulnerable components of prefabricated buildings during earthquake events. The seismic performance of the beam–column connection is functional as the critical component plays a key role in structural safety. This study aimed to develop a novel hybrid prefabricated concrete (HPC) connection, combining with wet and dry connection techniques, to enhance the seismic performance of prefabricated concrete frames. A quasi-static experimental investigation was carried out to examine the seismic performance of the proposed connection. Two full-scale prefabricated connection specimens utilizing the proposed HPC connection and another code-defined monolithic prefabricated concrete (PC) connection were tested under cyclic loading, keeping the axial load on the column constant. The ductility, stiffness degradation, energy dissipation capacity, post-tensioned force, and residual displacement were obtained based on the experimental output. The results indicated that the HPC connection developed had high construction efficiency and better seismic performance than the conventional PC connection. The strength and energy dissipation capacity were significantly improved by up to 52% and 10%, respectively. The cracking and stiffness degradation were well-controlled. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

22 pages, 2171 KiB  
Review
DfMA for a Better Industrialised Building System
Buildings 2022, 12(6), 794; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12060794 - 09 Jun 2022
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 5845
Abstract
To improve the performance of the construction industry, innovative methods were introduced to make them better. Industrialised building systems (IBS) and prefabrication construction are the popular methods used and studied. However, these methods are still unable to meet the demands of the stakeholders. [...] Read more.
To improve the performance of the construction industry, innovative methods were introduced to make them better. Industrialised building systems (IBS) and prefabrication construction are the popular methods used and studied. However, these methods are still unable to meet the demands of the stakeholders. Design for manufacturing and assembly (DfMA) is a design principle that is seen as capable of improving the situation. The uptake of DfMA in the construction industry needs to be analysed to obtain a better picture of the existing condition of the method and its manner of implementation it going forward, but there are still too few studies performed on this topic. This paper gathers relevant articles from the previous studies on DfMA. With the available data, the main benefits, hindrance factors, and enabling factors for DfMA uptake in the construction industry were identified in this study. The authors also identified the research trend among the research themes and the benefits of building information modelling (BIM) integration with DfMA. By synthesising the information from previous studies, a conceptual framework was developed. Knowledge gaps and future potential research topics are also discussed in this paper, forming a simple research framework for future effort guidance. With a suitable strategy and guidelines, the application of DfMA could improve the performance of the construction industry in Malaysia and other places with similar construction environments and approaches. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

24 pages, 4748 KiB  
Article
Scientometric Analysis and AHP for Hierarchizing Criteria Affecting Construction Equipment Operators’ Performance
Sustainability 2022, 14(11), 6836; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14116836 - 02 Jun 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1781
Abstract
The construction sector constitutes a significant indicator of a country’s economic growth. Construction equipment is an integral part of every construction project, and its contribution during construction determines any project’s completion. It also represents a significant capital investment for companies in this sector. [...] Read more.
The construction sector constitutes a significant indicator of a country’s economic growth. Construction equipment is an integral part of every construction project, and its contribution during construction determines any project’s completion. It also represents a significant capital investment for companies in this sector. A major strategic goal for such companies is the increase in the equipment’s productivity, which is affected mostly by its operators. The aim of this research is to recognize and prioritize the criteria affecting the performance of construction equipment operators. Scientometric analysis, using VOSViewer software, was implemented for the formation of different kinds of bibliometric networks, proposing a holistic approach to this research field. Those networks delineated the field with regard to construction equipment operators and revealed the correlations between the network’s items, which were formed because of previous research, and finally, conclusions were drawn. An extensive literature review in conjunction with structured interviews with experts and operators determined the factors affecting the operators’ performance, with a view to creating a hybrid decision model based on the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), as implemented by the Transparent Choice tool. Many experts evaluated the criteria affecting the operators’ performance, leading to remarkable conclusions. Moreover, a few pointers for future research are provided. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

26 pages, 295 KiB  
Article
Classification of Key Elements of Construction Project Complexity from the Contractor Perspective
Buildings 2022, 12(5), 696; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12050696 - 23 May 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 3860
Abstract
Contractors are facing an increasing degree of complexity in their construction projects. Due to inadequately prepared project plans, they have been suffering significant losses during the execution of construction projects. One of the key disadvantages of such plans is that during the planning [...] Read more.
Contractors are facing an increasing degree of complexity in their construction projects. Due to inadequately prepared project plans, they have been suffering significant losses during the execution of construction projects. One of the key disadvantages of such plans is that during the planning process, a construction project is mostly defined as a linear rather than a dynamic and complex process with a high degree of uncertainty. Therefore, a contractor who is in the planning phase of a construction project should consider the impact of the project characteristics on its implementation according to the elements of project complexity. In this research, we therefore first made an overview of the existing research related to the elements of project complexity. Based on the frequency of their occurrence in existing surveys, this paper singled out eight groups of complexity characteristics that contractors should be aware of during construction projects. After that, based on the frequency of occurrence in the existing surveys, fifteen elements of complexity were classified for each project complexity group. The research conducted among construction project managers identified key complexity elements of the construction project from the contractor’s perspective. Thereby, the classification of groups with the associated key elements determining the complexity of a construction project from the perspective of the contractor was performed. By properly analyzing the impact of key elements of complexity on project flow during the planning phase, contractors can be more successful when planning the project objectives to be performed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
26 pages, 2479 KiB  
Article
Risk Network Evaluation of Prefabricated Building Projects in Underdeveloped Areas: A Case Study in Qinghai
Sustainability 2022, 14(10), 6335; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106335 - 23 May 2022
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 1815
Abstract
Prefabricated building projects (PBPs) face more risks than traditional construction projects, especially in underdeveloped areas. This study takes Qinghai Province as a study case. Social network analysis (SNA) is adopted to develop a risk network of PBPs, and nine core risk factors and [...] Read more.
Prefabricated building projects (PBPs) face more risks than traditional construction projects, especially in underdeveloped areas. This study takes Qinghai Province as a study case. Social network analysis (SNA) is adopted to develop a risk network of PBPs, and nine core risk factors and five key risk relationships are identified. Risk effect detection reveals the effectiveness of risk response strategies. The research shows that PBPs in underdeveloped areas are still in the early stage of development, and developers generally lack a leading role. There are prominent problems in the design stage of PBPs, so the stakeholders pay special attention to them. In underdeveloped regions, the development of PBPs must rely on the strong promotion of the government. Limited by natural and economic conditions, the market mechanism of PBPs in underdeveloped areas is not perfect, and policy regulation greatly affects the spread of the risk network. Therefore, local governments need to actively introduce corresponding supportive policies and mobilize the enthusiasm of stakeholders. This is the first study to consider the risk within the life cycle of PBPs in underdeveloped plateau areas. This study expands the research system of risk management of PBPs and provides valuable risk response strategies for the stakeholders. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

16 pages, 1052 KiB  
Review
Review of Culture in Maintenance Management of Public Buildings in Developing Countries
Buildings 2022, 12(5), 677; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12050677 - 19 May 2022
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 4178
Abstract
Studies have shown that culture is one of the significant elements that influence the behavior of doing things the right way, without which there is a hindrance to the attainment of set goals. It has also been stated that culture is essential to [...] Read more.
Studies have shown that culture is one of the significant elements that influence the behavior of doing things the right way, without which there is a hindrance to the attainment of set goals. It has also been stated that culture is essential to maintaining public buildings, which is significant to national development. However, the level of abandonment and deterioration of public buildings is high due to a lack of culture among stakeholders in the maintenance process. Therefore, through a literature review from over 100 recent publications, this study measured culture as a variable that influences effective maintenance management of buildings. This was carried out to enlighten maintenance managers and policymakers within the developing countries regarding the significance of maintenance culture and possible measures for improving the attitude of stakeholders on the maintenance process. It was also carried out to develop a new maintenance focus (behavioral change) for maintenance managers and policymakers, especially in developing countries, to manage the available public buildings and other proposed ones effectively. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

15 pages, 3794 KiB  
Article
Workers’ Unsafe Actions When Working at Heights: Detecting from Images
Sustainability 2022, 14(10), 6126; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106126 - 18 May 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2234
Abstract
Working at heights causes heavy casualties among workers during construction activities. Workers’ unsafe action detection could play a vital role in strengthening the supervision of workers to avoid them falling from heights. Existing methods for managing workers’ unsafe actions commonly rely on managers’ [...] Read more.
Working at heights causes heavy casualties among workers during construction activities. Workers’ unsafe action detection could play a vital role in strengthening the supervision of workers to avoid them falling from heights. Existing methods for managing workers’ unsafe actions commonly rely on managers’ observation, which consumes a lot of human resources and impossibly covers a whole construction site. In this research, we propose an automatic identification method for detecting workers’ unsafe actions, considering a heights working environment, based on an improved Faster Regions with CNN features (Faster R-CNN) algorithm. We designed and carried out a series of experiments involving five types of unsafe actions to examine their efficiency and accuracy. The results illustrate and verify the method’s feasibility for improving safety inspection and supervision, as well as its limitations. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

25 pages, 2644 KiB  
Article
Safety Built Right in: Exploring the Occupational Health and Safety Potential of BIM-Based Platforms throughout the Building Lifecycle
Sustainability 2022, 14(10), 6104; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106104 - 17 May 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 3153
Abstract
This article investigates the opportunities of using digital building platforms based on Building Information Modelling (BIM) to increase occupational health and safety (OHS) in building design, construction, operation and deconstruction. The data collection followed a mixed-method approach with a systematic mapping review and [...] Read more.
This article investigates the opportunities of using digital building platforms based on Building Information Modelling (BIM) to increase occupational health and safety (OHS) in building design, construction, operation and deconstruction. The data collection followed a mixed-method approach with a systematic mapping review and focus group discussions with industry practitioners from the Swedish construction and real estate industry. Use cases were identified from both venues, as were prevailing barriers, potential facilitators, best practices and future applications. The findings highlight OHS potentials of digital building platforms for Rule-Based Checking and Design Validation, Team Building and Communication, Site Layout and Task Planning, Real-Time Monitoring, Equipment and Temporary Structures, Robotic Task Performance and Learning and Documentation. A set of principles is proposed to promote a higher degree of lifecycle and stakeholder integration: (1) technology, (2) data and information, (3) business and organization, (4) people and communication and (5) industry structure and governance aspects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

18 pages, 3362 KiB  
Article
A Mathematical Modeling of Evaluating China’s Construction Safety for Occupational Accident Analysis
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(10), 5054; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12105054 - 17 May 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1882
Abstract
China has seen a rapid increase in its construction industry in recent years; however, safety conditions of their workers have not improved owing to low education levels and increasing age trend of construction personnel. This study analyzed construction occupations in China from 2010 [...] Read more.
China has seen a rapid increase in its construction industry in recent years; however, safety conditions of their workers have not improved owing to low education levels and increasing age trend of construction personnel. This study analyzed construction occupations in China from 2010 to 2018 using descriptive analysis, ANOVA and factor analysis. The results showed May, July and August as the deadliest months during the peak of construction activities in the year. No particular day was established as having a higher risk than other days in the week. The most vulnerable times of the day are from 9 AM to 10 AM and 2 PM to 4 PM. A mathematic modeling based on factor analysis, which is the construction safety evaluation score equation, was developed to illustrate regional distribution, and Qinghai Province ranked the worst in construction safety in China. Problems such as poor labor and environment safety management procedures and false reporting or concealed reporting of construction accidents were revealed. Suggestions for improving China’s construction safety were also generated. This study enriched statistical analysis results of construction accidents in China and evaluation modeling with an abundant database will serve as a reference for stakeholders and researchers to improve the construction safety situation in China. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

23 pages, 4211 KiB  
Article
Design and Implementation of Quality Information Management System for Modular Construction Factory
Buildings 2022, 12(5), 654; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12050654 - 13 May 2022
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 3870
Abstract
Modular construction has been gaining increasing attention from industry and academia as a solution to the limitations of the traditional on-site orient production systems in the construction industry. Various attempts have been made to improve modular construction performance. However, while previous studies have [...] Read more.
Modular construction has been gaining increasing attention from industry and academia as a solution to the limitations of the traditional on-site orient production systems in the construction industry. Various attempts have been made to improve modular construction performance. However, while previous studies have attempted to enhance the productivity of modular construction, attempts to improve the efficiency of quality management in modular construction have been limited. Moreover, the quality management practices in a modular factory still rely on document-oriented quality information management, which is inefficient. Therefore, this study aims to develop a quality information management system to improve quality information management during module manufacturing. Accordingly, quality information during module manufacturing has been standardized using integration definition for process modeling, and system functions are defined using standardized quality information. The developed modular factory quality information management system includes module information and production-type management, material management, and module production management. The practicability and validity of the developed system were examined by accredited tests and certification laboratory and modular construction experts. The developed system is expected to contribute to improving the existing inefficient quality management process of module manufacturers by providing an integrated and systematic method to manage quality information generated during manufacturing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

22 pages, 3690 KiB  
Article
Coordination of Prefabricated Construction Supply Chain under Cap-and-Trade Policy Considering Consumer Environmental Awareness
Sustainability 2022, 14(9), 5724; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14095724 - 09 May 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2088
Abstract
The construction industry accounts for over one third of excessive CO2 volume, so it is essential that this amount be curbed. Prefabricated construction has superior strengths in terms of both the environment and economy, but low carbon is not one such strength. [...] Read more.
The construction industry accounts for over one third of excessive CO2 volume, so it is essential that this amount be curbed. Prefabricated construction has superior strengths in terms of both the environment and economy, but low carbon is not one such strength. Meanwhile, the increasing number of consumers with environmental awareness makes it necessary to investigate consumer preferences and behaviors. Therefore, we firstly built a prefabricated construction supply chain consisting of a prefabricated company (leader) and a manufacturer, using the Stackelberg model. To regulate and mitigate carbon emissions, this study investigated the implementation of a cap-and-trade policy. Consumer environmental consciousness was considered from preferences on improving the prefabricated rate and carbon reduction. This study provides decision-making suggestions, not only from a pricing point of view but also for green production, i.e., the prefabricated rate and carbon reduction. We find that consumer environmental consciousness and the cap-and-trade policy improve decision making. To effectively limit the manufacturer’s emissions, we suggest governments set a cap below a certain threshold. However, under the policy, the prefabricated company has free-rider behaviors and gains greater profits as the leader, which results in an unfair profit distribution. Hence, for the sake of optimizing the supply chain’s profits, the cost-sharing contract and the two-part tariff were discussed. Both contracts achieved Pareto improvement, while the two-part tariff contract realizes coordination and reaches the desired level under a centralized system. Numerical analysis also verified the theoretical feasibility. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

15 pages, 311 KiB  
Article
Privatization in Rural Water Supply and Customer Satisfaction: An Empirical Case Study in Vietnam
Sustainability 2022, 14(9), 5537; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14095537 - 05 May 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2390
Abstract
This article investigates the private sector participation in investment, management, and operation in rural water supply schemes in Vietnam. Different organizations manage rural water supply facilities, including the private sector, public sector, and others. This paper aims to compare the different characteristics affecting [...] Read more.
This article investigates the private sector participation in investment, management, and operation in rural water supply schemes in Vietnam. Different organizations manage rural water supply facilities, including the private sector, public sector, and others. This paper aims to compare the different characteristics affecting user satisfaction of water supply facilities managed by the private sector and the remaining sectors. An ordered logit model was utilized for calculation with the data collected from semi-structure questionnaires with 1200 households using water from rural water supply systems managed by different sectors in Vietnam. The results indicate that the water-user satisfaction with rural water supply projects managed by the private sector is higher than that in other sectors (community, cooperative, commune people’s committee), whereas there is no significant difference in customer satisfaction between systems managed by the public sector and the private sector (enterprise, private management). The water availability and quality of schemes greatly influence the customer satisfaction. Findings from this study provide considerable information for the private sector on how to improve the management and operation of water supply systems efficiently through customer satisfaction assessment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
12 pages, 2683 KiB  
Article
Safety Risk Recognition Method Based on Abnormal Scenarios
Buildings 2022, 12(5), 562; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12050562 - 27 Apr 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1452
Abstract
Construction safety monitoring is a significant issue in practical engineering. Unfortunately, specific techniques in this field still heavily depend on artificial monitoring. To detect the abnormal scenarios during the construction process automatically, a method was proposed for the detection and localization of abnormal [...] Read more.
Construction safety monitoring is a significant issue in practical engineering. Unfortunately, specific techniques in this field still heavily depend on artificial monitoring. To detect the abnormal scenarios during the construction process automatically, a method was proposed for the detection and localization of abnormal scenarios in time and space. The method consists of three components: (1) an I3D-AE video prediction model, which extracts the video features from multiple I3Ds and reconstructs the video by 3D deconvolution; (2) a spatial localization module AS-CAM, which determines the location of abnormal areas via back-propagating the I3D-AE; (3) a temporal parameter St, which can calculate the abnormal time period. The effectiveness of the method was verified with the use of a dataset, and the resulting data were plotted as ROC curves. The results indicated that the proposed method exceeded 0.9 on the frame-level test and 0.76 on the pixel-level test with the use of the AUC evaluation metric. Therefore, it can be used to assist the construction managers to improve the efficiency of construction safety management. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

19 pages, 475 KiB  
Article
Institutional Factors Impacting on International Construction Market Selection: Evidence from Chinese Contractors
Buildings 2022, 12(5), 543; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12050543 - 24 Apr 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2387
Abstract
Institutions can be understood as the mechanism by which the rules societies operate under are formulated. As such, the international construction market is heavily affected by institutional factors. International market selection (IMS) is a fundamental decision that project contractors must make when entering [...] Read more.
Institutions can be understood as the mechanism by which the rules societies operate under are formulated. As such, the international construction market is heavily affected by institutional factors. International market selection (IMS) is a fundamental decision that project contractors must make when entering the overseas arena. A variety of clues show that institutional factors have a complex impact on contractors’ IMS, but papers in this field tend to cover just one or two institutional factors or even ignore their role. Institutional factors exist in a multi-level social system, and the role of broader institutional factors in contractors’ IMS needs to be systematically explored. This study extensively collects institutional factors predicted to impact contractors’ IMS by literature review, selects 10 specific institutional factors from different perspectives, theoretically deduces their effects on contractor’s IMS, and takes international Chinese contractors’ IMS practice as the empirical research material and collects data for logistic regression analysis to test the assumptions. The results show that the IMS of contractors is affected by institutional factors from different levels and the effect of some factors on IMS must be weighted in a specific context. Specifically, IMSs of Chinese contractors are negatively affected by institutional distance but are not sensitive to the institutional environment. The results also confirm that if the host country and China have signed a trade agreement, belong to the same regional organization, or if China has provided foreign aid to a host country, Chinese contractors are more willing to choose the host market and central enterprises become more active in IMS than other firms. These findings can be expected to supplement IMS decision-making, with the empirical data presented affording an extension to the body of knowledge on contractors’ IMS process. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

21 pages, 1963 KiB  
Review
Organizational Aspects and Practices for Enhancing Organizational Project Management Maturity
Sustainability 2022, 14(9), 5113; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14095113 - 24 Apr 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 3246
Abstract
An organization’s performance in a project is determined by its ability to implement project management knowledge and practices. This ability reflects the organization’s level of project management maturity (PMM). PMM is premised on the belief that the higher the PMM level, the higher [...] Read more.
An organization’s performance in a project is determined by its ability to implement project management knowledge and practices. This ability reflects the organization’s level of project management maturity (PMM). PMM is premised on the belief that the higher the PMM level, the higher the ability to successfully deliver a project. With this in mind, the current paper aims to determine the type of organizational aspects and practices that could influence the success of PMM implementation in organizations. For this purpose, a systematic literature review (SLR) was performed on 23 articles published between 2011 and 2021 that studied PMM. The findings showed that most articles stressed organizational culture and integration with strategic organizational initiatives. Among all the studied industries, the information technology industry stood out. Content analysis was used for analyzing data, which were thematized using ATLAS.ti. Ten sub-themes emerged, with six sub-themes under organizational aspects and four sub-themes under organizational practices. These sub-themes, which were intertwined with the implementation and growth of PMM in organizations, positively impact project delivery performance. Based on this, several future research opportunities were proposed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

14 pages, 392 KiB  
Article
The Causal Factors of Elevator Maintenance: A Perspective from Saudi Arabia Healthcare Facility Management
Buildings 2022, 12(5), 532; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12050532 - 22 Apr 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2300
Abstract
Maintenance is crucial for healthcare facilities in terms of both the continuity of operations and annual costs. Many maintenance issues are associated with design decisions that pave the way for added costs in later lifecycle stages. Some systems, e.g., elevators, are sources of [...] Read more.
Maintenance is crucial for healthcare facilities in terms of both the continuity of operations and annual costs. Many maintenance issues are associated with design decisions that pave the way for added costs in later lifecycle stages. Some systems, e.g., elevators, are sources of maintenance costs; additionally, elevator outages are significant issues for multi-floor healthcare facilities. Considering the maintainability of elevators from the early design stages helps to highlight potential maintenance issues in later stages. This also assists in mitigating costs by avoiding design decisions that result in future maintenance costs. This research uses the expertise of facility managers who have experience with maintenance issues resulting from design decisions. A list of 35 elevator maintenance issues caused by design flaws is presented in this paper, based on the literature and semi-structured interviews with a representative sample of six healthcare facility management experts. Then, a questionnaire using convenience sampling was conducted with facility management professionals to evaluate and rank the maintenance issues. While 60 professionals responded, only 30 attempted the four-parameter evaluation of all listed maintenance issues. The results of the questionnaire determined elevator car jams, sudden stops, and working space conditions to be the most critical issues faced by facility managers in healthcare facilities. The output of this study can help designers of new healthcare facilities to avoid decisions that result in unwarranted maintenance issues with costly impacts. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

17 pages, 2533 KiB  
Article
Reducing Construction Dust Pollution by Planning Construction Site Layout
Buildings 2022, 12(5), 531; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12050531 - 22 Apr 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 3680
Abstract
Many construction activities generate fine particles and severely threaten the physical health of construction workers. Although many dust control measures are implemented in the industry, the occupational health risks still exist. In order to improve the occupational health level, this study proposes a [...] Read more.
Many construction activities generate fine particles and severely threaten the physical health of construction workers. Although many dust control measures are implemented in the industry, the occupational health risks still exist. In order to improve the occupational health level, this study proposes a new method of reducing the construction dust pollution through a reasonable site layout plan. This method is based on the field measurement and dust diffusion law. The dust diffusion law can be fitted based on the field monitoring data. With diffusion law, the average dust concentration exposed to workers of different site layouts can be simulated. In addition, the cost of the dust control method is a concern for site managers. Therefore, the total transportation cost reduction is another optimization objective. Finally, the multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) algorithm is used to search for an optimized site layout that can reduce dust pollution and transportation cost simultaneously. The result shows that average dust concentration exposed to workers and total transportation cost are significantly reduced by 60.62% and 44.3%, respectively. This paper quantifies the construction dust pollution and provides site managers with a practical solution to reduce the construction dust pollution at low cost. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

17 pages, 7324 KiB  
Article
Central Load-Bearing Control in the Construction Process of the Concrete Spherical Joint Nandu River Swing Bridge: A Case Study
Buildings 2022, 12(5), 511; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12050511 - 20 Apr 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2554
Abstract
The rotating mechanism is a significant procedure in swing bridges. In this paper, the Nandu River swing bridge is taken as an engineering case study to exhibit the critical technology of the monitoring process and the construction method of the swing bridge. The [...] Read more.
The rotating mechanism is a significant procedure in swing bridges. In this paper, the Nandu River swing bridge is taken as an engineering case study to exhibit the critical technology of the monitoring process and the construction method of the swing bridge. The research focuses on the central load-bearing control system used to guarantee the security of the construction process. The mechanical problems during the construction process are discussed. Simultaneously, the cable tension and gravity center test are introduced. The non-Hertz contact theory is utilized to calculate the stress distribution of the spherical joint. Furthermore, the overturning moment is computed to monitor the stability of the rotating system based on the stress distribution calculation of the spherical joint. The monitoring process of central load-bearing control is entirely exhibited and discussed. Concurrently, the calculating result of the real-time overturning moment reflects the stability of the rotating construction process, and adjustments are made to ensure the safety of construction. The results show that, during the cable tension process, the middle position of the main arch exhibited 162.3 mm maximum vertical displacement. Meanwhile, the fraction moment was greatly larger than the unbalanced moment. Furthermore, the maximum overturning moment value was 2094.38 kN·m, which was smaller than the resistance of the overturning moment. The present research demonstrates that the non-Hertz contact theory fits the calculation of spherical joint stress distribution. Simultaneously, the middle position of the main arch should be monitored to control the vertical displacement at the cable tensioning stages. The gravity center test and stability control of the rotating construction are the key steps to reaching central load-bearing control. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

19 pages, 3495 KiB  
Article
Influence of the Construction Risks on the Cost and Duration of a Project
Buildings 2022, 12(4), 484; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12040484 - 14 Apr 2022
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 2216
Abstract
Recent years have witnessed active construction of multi-storey residential buildings. The scale of construction, its timing and limitations in financing contribute to the emergence of risk factors affecting the key parameters of cost and duration of projects. The purpose of this research is [...] Read more.
Recent years have witnessed active construction of multi-storey residential buildings. The scale of construction, its timing and limitations in financing contribute to the emergence of risk factors affecting the key parameters of cost and duration of projects. The purpose of this research is to develop the most effective mathematical model to reveal, study and estimate in a timely manner the influence of risk factors on stable implementation of a construction project during its life cycle. The mathematical model of the study is based on the theory of fuzzy sets, including 25 rules used to estimate the influence of a risk factor. An expert survey of leading specialists in the construction industry was performed and risk factors distributed over the stages of the life cycle were listed. Risk factors affecting the sustainability of the life cycle of a multi-storey residential building were identified and ranked. The result of the study shows that the application of the mathematical model will significantly increase the success of construction projects by identifying the critical risk factors in the phases of their life cycle. Since the proposed model is relatively new in Russia, it should be considered as a starting point for a new assessment of the impact of risk factors on projects. The methodology can be improved, and many aspects are still to be analyzed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

14 pages, 570 KiB  
Article
A Multilayer Perception for Estimating the Overall Risk of Residential Projects in the Conceptual Stage
Buildings 2022, 12(4), 480; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12040480 - 13 Apr 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1554
Abstract
The ability to foresee hazards early plays a critical role in estimating the entire cost of a project. Although several studies have established models to predict the total cost of a project at a conceptual stage, there remains a research vacuum in measuring [...] Read more.
The ability to foresee hazards early plays a critical role in estimating the entire cost of a project. Although several studies have established models to predict the total cost of a project at a conceptual stage, there remains a research vacuum in measuring the overall risk at this stage. Using artificial neural networks, this research provides a strategy for estimating the overall risk in residential projects at the conceptual stage. There are eight important components in the suggested paradigm. The model was created using data from 149 projects. In the first hidden layer in the model, there are five neurons, and in the second hidden layer, there are three neurons. The suggested model’s mean absolute error rate was 11.7%. In the conceptual stage of residential projects, the number of floors, the type of interior finishes, and the implementation of risk management processes are the significant aspects that influence the overall risk. The proposed model assists project managers in precisely estimating the project’s overall risk, which leads to a more accurate estimation of the contract’s entire worth at the conceptual stage, allowing the stakeholders to decide whether or not to proceed with the project. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

14 pages, 721 KiB  
Article
Application of Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) in the Middle East: Implementation and Challenges
Buildings 2022, 12(4), 467; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12040467 - 11 Apr 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 3289
Abstract
The Integrated Project Delivery method (IPD) is a contractual framework that features enhanced collaboration, risk and reward sharing under a single contract among the major project parties. This delivery method is gaining popularity in the US and other parts of the world, due [...] Read more.
The Integrated Project Delivery method (IPD) is a contractual framework that features enhanced collaboration, risk and reward sharing under a single contract among the major project parties. This delivery method is gaining popularity in the US and other parts of the world, due to its proven results in efficient risk and cost sharing. Despite that, no significant investigations have been made to address the adaptability of the Middle East construction sector to the IPD delivery system. The objective of this research is to investigate the level of preparedness Middle Eastern markets have for adoption of the IPD delivery system. First, a thorough literature review was carried out to identify common barriers and enablers of applying IPD in construction. Second, a survey was carried out to assess and rank such barriers and enablers as they specifically apply to the Middle East construction sector. Third, through structured interviews with contract experts, strategies and guidelines were devised to be used by Middle East owners, consultants, and contractors who have the intention to implement the IPD delivery method in their projects. Finally, a thorough comparison was made between two major Middle Eastern countries, Egypt and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), in terms of IPD application. The findings reveal that the main barriers to implementing IPD stem from cultural resistance to the new system and lack of knowledge about it. The subsequent strategies outlined by the research are expected to help the construction industry in the Middle East gain more depth of knowledge about the benefits and application of IPD. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

15 pages, 678 KiB  
Article
Predicting Employer and Worker Responsibilities in Accidents That Involve Falls in Building Construction Sites
Buildings 2022, 12(4), 464; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12040464 - 10 Apr 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1861
Abstract
Fall-related accidents have received more attention in building construction than in civil construction as fall-from-heights is more common in building construction. In addition to social costs, construction companies face a significant financial burden when fall-related accidents occur. The major portion of the direct [...] Read more.
Fall-related accidents have received more attention in building construction than in civil construction as fall-from-heights is more common in building construction. In addition to social costs, construction companies face a significant financial burden when fall-related accidents occur. The major portion of the direct cost of accidents that involve falls includes the compensation paid by the employer to the worker. The employer and the worker try to reach an agreement on the size of the compensation, however, most of the time the process is contentious. The objective of this study is to predict the parties’ responsibilities for a fall-related accident by modeling the relationship between the employer and the worker using a multi-agent system. The research pursued a three-step method, including collection of data, development of a multi-agent model, and testing of the model. The model provides satisfactory results and can be used to quantify the employer’s and the worker’s responsibilities in construction fall accidents, hence avoiding any escalation to pursue arbitration or litigation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

19 pages, 1394 KiB  
Article
The Monetary and Non-Monetary Impacts of Prefabrication on Construction: The Effects of Product Modularity
Buildings 2022, 12(4), 459; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12040459 - 07 Apr 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2513
Abstract
Prefabrication is rapidly increasing in construction, and previous research has identified various impacts of prefabrication on projects. Modular product architecture is a great enabler for prefabrication; however, practitioners would benefit from more explicit knowledge on the impacts of prefabricated product types with different [...] Read more.
Prefabrication is rapidly increasing in construction, and previous research has identified various impacts of prefabrication on projects. Modular product architecture is a great enabler for prefabrication; however, practitioners would benefit from more explicit knowledge on the impacts of prefabricated product types with different levels of product modularity. This study investigates the connection between the modularity level and the monetary and non-monetary impacts of prefabricated products. First, the literature on prefabrication and modularity is used to form three propositions which are related to product modularity and the benefits of prefabrication. The level of modularity is considered with two dimensions: the proportion of modules and the module description detail. Second, four prefabricated products are analyzed to test the propositions. The analysis revealed that (1) the level of modularity adopted in the product is directly proportional to the benefits. More specifically, (2) a higher proportion of modules in a project product contributes to higher cost-benefits. On the other hand, (3) prefabricated products with highly detailed module descriptions seem to lead to higher non-monetary benefits, such as better ergonomics and work satisfaction. The study reveals new empirical evidence on the relationship between product modularity and the benefits of prefabricated products. Cost-benefit analysis revealed that even though some prefabricated products could have higher direct costs, the total cost can still be lower than conventional construction when also considering the indirect benefits. Practitioners can utilize the findings when selecting modular and prefabricated products that best fulfil their project objectives. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

19 pages, 5590 KiB  
Article
Time-Varying Analysis of Retaining Structures Enhanced with Soil Nails and Prestressed Anchors
Buildings 2022, 12(4), 458; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12040458 - 07 Apr 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1568
Abstract
At present, the research results for the stress response and deformation characteristics of composite support structures are mostly based on ideal or standard working conditions. External disturbances often exist in practical engineering, which makes the monitoring data deviate from the calculation results. In [...] Read more.
At present, the research results for the stress response and deformation characteristics of composite support structures are mostly based on ideal or standard working conditions. External disturbances often exist in practical engineering, which makes the monitoring data deviate from the calculation results. In order to analyze the causes of deviation and correct them in practice, it is necessary to consider the time-varying effect and study the construction mechanics behaviors of composite support structures. Based on in situ test data, the effects of soil predisturbance, excessive excavation, unloading on the surface of edges, the tensioning and lagging of the anchor, and continuous rainfall on the stress-time curves of soil nails were analyzed. On the basis of verifying the effectiveness of the model, ABAQUS finite element software (v.6.10) was used to simulate practical engineering based on ideal working conditions. Comparing the in situ test data and numerical simulation results, the development of mechanical response and deformation characteristics in the process of support structure installation and soil digging and filling were analyzed. Research shows that the time-varying effect has a significant impact on construction mechanics behaviors, especially on soil nailing combined with the use of prestressed anchors, due to layered excavation and support. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

20 pages, 3417 KiB  
Article
A Framework for Selecting Construction Project Delivery Method Using Design Structure Matrix
Buildings 2022, 12(4), 443; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12040443 - 05 Apr 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2985
Abstract
Determining a project delivery method that matches the characteristics of a construction project is a critical step that affects the success or failure of a project. The Project Delivery Method (PDM) should be adapted to the activities and processes of project implementation. However, [...] Read more.
Determining a project delivery method that matches the characteristics of a construction project is a critical step that affects the success or failure of a project. The Project Delivery Method (PDM) should be adapted to the activities and processes of project implementation. However, the traditional selection method does not come from the internal process of the project which may lead to the delivery method not being able to meet the actual project requirements. This research proposes a DSM-based PDM selection framework model that regroups activities and identifies appropriate PDMs by revealing the dependencies and intensities between activities. The research uses a case to demonstrate the feasibility of the framework. After considering specific project requirements and goals, the framework model can be used as a basis for choosing specific project delivery methods, or as a visualization tool to help owners schedule activities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

18 pages, 654 KiB  
Article
The Conditional Configuration Path for Private Enterprises Participating in PPP: A Fuzzy-Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis
Buildings 2022, 12(4), 440; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12040440 - 04 Apr 2022
Viewed by 1729
Abstract
Public–private partnership (PPP) projects have been widely applied in infrastructure construction. Leveraging private capital is the key to promoting the high-quality development of PPP projects. This study examines the combined effect of seven factors determining private enterprises that participate in PPP and collects [...] Read more.
Public–private partnership (PPP) projects have been widely applied in infrastructure construction. Leveraging private capital is the key to promoting the high-quality development of PPP projects. This study examines the combined effect of seven factors determining private enterprises that participate in PPP and collects materials from 102 PPP sewage treatment projects to examine the causal configuration path of private enterprises participating in PPP (PEP3P) from an overall perspective by using necessary condition analysis (NCA) and fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA). The findings support the fact that any single antecedent condition is not a necessary condition for PEP3P and is instead the combined effect of different factors that commonly form the diversified causal configuration paths of PEP3P. There is an obvious asymmetry between the configuration paths of the high participation and low participation of private enterprises. The enterprise technology level (ETL) and doing business (DB) are important internal driving forces and give external traction for PEP3P, while the enterprise credit level (ECL) and project investment scale (PIS) are important factors that restrict private enterprises from participating in PPP. This research fills a theoretical gap for PEP3P and can be applied to developing strategies for attracting private enterprises to participate in PPP. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

20 pages, 1914 KiB  
Article
Integrated Off-Site Construction Design Process including DfMA Considerations
Sustainability 2022, 14(7), 4084; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14074084 - 30 Mar 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 3090
Abstract
Off-site construction (OSC) offers a promising means to improve the efficiency of construction projects. However, the lack of experience and knowledge regarding its use results in errors in design owing to conflicts and omissions of considerations for OSC projects. To mitigate these problems, [...] Read more.
Off-site construction (OSC) offers a promising means to improve the efficiency of construction projects. However, the lack of experience and knowledge regarding its use results in errors in design owing to conflicts and omissions of considerations for OSC projects. To mitigate these problems, the design for manufacturing and assembly (DfMA) is widely used to include the considerations in the OSC design process. Several studies concerning the DfMA application in OSC have been performed, but the comprehensive design process is not suggested for mitigating the aforementioned problems. This study proposes an OSC design process by integrating the fragmented DfMA considerations reported in previous studies. The considerations are identified through a systematic literature review and classified into structural and architectural types. To validate the proposed process, an OSC project design has been undertaken as a case study, wherein a significant portion of the building structure has been modified to comprise precast concrete (PC), instead of its reinforced counterpart, with a demonstrated reduction in the PC element design duration. The proposed process would guide and support the design process for reduction in the duration and errors incurred in the process. Moreover, the process can be considered a design guideline for the execution of future projects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Advances in Construction and Project Management)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop