Trauma, Addiction and Criminality
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2013) | Viewed by 66488
Interests: gender inequities in health; neighborhood & individual stressors; mental mealth & addictions; women's health; correctional populations
Childhood trauma, through physical and/or sexual abuse and/or neglect, is pervasive in the general population. Actual prevalence rates vary depending on the scope of traumatic events examined. Estimates suggest that nearly 40 per cent of the general population (up to 60 per cent of women, and 20 to 30 per cent of men) have experienced some form of abuse or neglect in childhood. The consequences of trauma persist long after the experience is over and produce lifelong problems like depression, PTSD, substance abuse, low occupational attainment, poor medical health, and criminal involvement.
Prevalence and severity of lifetime interpersonal violence encountered by imprisoned men and women is scarce, contradictory and subject to under-reporting. However, evidence points to extensive trauma in this marginalized population with rates approaching 80% in some samples. Prevalence of PTSD has been estimated approximately at 48% within the female and 30% within male inmate populations. This Special Issue, “Trauma, Addiction and Criminality,” examines the role of trauma in the life trajectories of male and female offenders. The goal of the Issue is to shed light on the pervasiveness of the problem in the criminal justice system; explore the personal, social and health consequences of trauma for offenders; and, ponder what treatments might prove effective in this particularly vulnerable population.
Dr. Flora I. Matheson
Manuscript Submission Information
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- risk behaviours
- trauma exposure
- intimate partner violence
- child abuse
- substance use
- mental illness
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)