Special Issue "Integrated Aquaculture and Monoculture of Low-Trophic Species"

A special issue of Fishes (ISSN 2410-3888).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2023 | Viewed by 674

Special Issue Editors

Aquaculture Center, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Jaboticabal, São Paulo, Brazil
Interests: sustainability; SDGs; bioeconomy; circular economy; aquaculture production systems; nutrient budget
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Laboratório de Carcinicultura, Núcleo de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento em Aquicultura Sustentável, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Palotina, Paraná, Brazil
Interests: shrimp farming; aquaculture management; aquaculture nutrition

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Aquaculture is undoubtedly a critical sector for satisfying the needs of a growing human population and meeting the Sustainable Development Goals of Agenda 2030. Nevertheless, some current paradigms should be changed to match the sustainable production of aquatic organisms. To improve sustainability, the linear economy model should move to the circular economy, and low-trophic-level species should replace high-trophic-level species monoculture. Combining species with complementary ecosystemic functions and requirements in the same culture allows for more efficient production systems. In this way, developing integrated multi-spatial, multi-niche, or multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) may be a solution. Innovative systems associating autotrophic organisms, microbes, and suspension- and deposit-feeders with manufactured-diet-fed species may improve the efficiency of using natural resources and circularity. On the other hand, farming low-trophic species in monoculture and integrated culture is more environmentally efficient than farming high-trophic-level ones.

This Special Issue aims to publish high-quality research on innovative integrated aquaculture systems developed in marine or inland waters, as well as on the biology and farming of low-trophic species suitable for sustainable aquaculture. We consider low-trophic species the primary producers, as well as herbivorous, detritus feeders, and other animals fed mainly on plankton and benthic invertebrates. Studies focused on all value chain elements of aquaculture are appropriate. We welcome the submission of original research articles or short communications and reviews.

Prof. Dr. Wagner C. Valenti
Prof. Dr. Eduardo Luis Ballester
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Fishes is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • integrated aquaculture
  • IMTA
  • circular aquaculture
  • low-trophic aquaculture

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Influence of Total Suspended Solids on the Growth of the Sea Lettuce Ulva lactuca Integrated with the Pacific White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei in a Biofloc System
Fishes 2023, 8(3), 163; https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes8030163 - 15 Mar 2023
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A biofloc system is rich in nutrients, which favors the cultivation of macroalgae, but the influence of the system on the performance of macroalgae is unknown. The objective of this study was to analyze the feasibility of introducing the macroalgae Ulva lactuca into [...] Read more.
A biofloc system is rich in nutrients, which favors the cultivation of macroalgae, but the influence of the system on the performance of macroalgae is unknown. The objective of this study was to analyze the feasibility of introducing the macroalgae Ulva lactuca into the culture of Litopenaeus vannamei in a biofloc system. The first experiment evaluated the influence of 400 mg L−1 and 30 mg L−1 solids concentration of the system in biofloc and von Stosch culture medium on macroalgae growth. In the second experiment, the densities of 1, 2, and 3 g L−1 of U. lactuca were cultivated in an integrated system with shrimp and monoculture treatment. Both experiments had 35 days of cultivation. There was no significant difference in macroalgae growth between the treatments with biofloc and von Stosch culture medium. In the integrated culture, the density of 1 g L−1 showed better nutrient absorption. Shrimp performance was not affected by macroalgae cultivation. In conclusion, the solids did not affect the growth of the macroalgae, and it could be cultivated in a biofloc system for nitrate uptake in integrated culture with shrimp. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Integrated Aquaculture and Monoculture of Low-Trophic Species)
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