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Special Issue "Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "I: Energy Economics and Policy".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2022 | Viewed by 14443

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Aleksy Kwilinski
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
The London Academy of Science and Business, 3rd Floor, 120 Baker Street, London W1U 6TU, UK
Interests: virtual economy; information economy; digital economy; artificial intelligence; reflexive management; cognitive technology in strategic management; industry 4.0; smart city
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Aleksandra Kuzior
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Applied Social Sciences, Faculty of Organization and Management, Silesian University of Technology, 26-28 Roosevelt Street, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
Interests: philosophy of technology; ecophilosophy; applied ethics; technology assessment; industry 4.0; society 4.0; artificial intelligence; cognitive technologies; smart sustainable city
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Janusz Kotowicz
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Silesian University of Technology, 26-28 Roosevelt Street, Zabrze, 41-800, Poland
Interests: energy; renewable energy; energy management; energy efficiency; green energy; greenhouse effect; sustainable development; cogeneration; engineering; cyber-physical systems; industry 4.0; chemical engineering; physics and astronomy; applied mathematics; synergy; bifurcation
Dr. Oleksii Lyulyov
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Marketing Department, Sumy State University, 40007 Sumy, Ukraine
Interests: digital marketing; artificial intelligence in marketing; innovative development; sustainable economic development; strategy development; modelling and forecasting development trends
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue is focused on the broad topic of “Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects,” and includes, but is not limited to, conceptual and practical approaches and methodologies aimed at sustainable energy management. The topic of energy management is considered in the context of sustainable development for the different scales of activities. This Special Issue invites high-quality research papers covering a wide range of topics related to energy philosophy, energy optimization, sustainable development economics, new economy, knowledge economy, effective management, energy forecast, energy modeling, synergy, bifurcation, energy policy, strategic management, sustainable manufacturing management, post- and neo-industrialization, industry 4.0, intelligent system management, electromobility, the Internet of things, the industrial Internet of things, sustainable smart systems, cognitive technology, reflexive management, cyber-physical systems, artificial intelligence, big data, intelligent energy management system, energy efficiency, energy marketing, energy security, renewable energy, green energy, brain-mind energy, space energy, energy poverty, energy services affordability, social responsibility management, safety culture, culture for sustainable development, cultural sustainability, social justice, technology ethics, applied ethics, technology assessment, philosophy of technology, energy ethics, ontology of energy, environmental protection, climate protection, air protection, ecological awareness, ecological culture, sustainable smart city, circular economy, sozology, ecological education, education for sustainable development, environmental management, ecophilosophy, ecoethics, greenhouse effect, rationality, and cogeneration.

Moreover, the manuscripts on interdisciplinary research, which can help respond to the contemporary COVID-19-associated challenges, are especially welcome.

Prof. Dr. Aleksy Kwilinski
Prof. Dr. Aleksandra Kuzior
Prof. Dr. Janusz Kotowicz
Prof. Dr. Oleksii Lyulyov
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Energy philosophy
  • Energy optimization
  • Sustainable development economics
  • Information economy
  • New economy
  • Knowledge economy
  • Effective management
  • Energy forecast
  • Energy modeling
  • Synergy
  • Bifurcation
  • Energy policy
  • Strategic management
  • Sustainable manufacturing management
  • Post- and neo-industrialization
  • Industry 4.0
  • Intelligent system management
  • Electromobility
  • Internet of things
  • Industrial internet of things
  • Sustainable smart systems
  • Cognitive technology
  • Reflexive management
  • Cyber-physical systems
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Big data
  • Intelligent energy management system
  • Energy efficiency
  • Energy marketing
  • Energy security
  • Renewable energy
  • Green energy
  • Brain-mind energy
  • Space energy
  • Energy poverty
  • Energy services affordability
  • Social responsibility management
  • Safety culture
  • Culture for sustainable development
  • Cultural sustainability
  • Social justice
  • Technology ethics
  • Applied ethics
  • Technology assessment
  • Philosophy of technology
  • Energy ethics
  • Ontology of energy
  • Environmental protection
  • Climate protection
  • Air protection
  • Ecological awareness
  • Ecological culture
  • Sustainable smart city
  • Circular economy
  • Sozology
  • Ecological education
  • Education for sustainable development
  • Environmental management
  • Ecophilosophy
  • Ecoethics
  • Greenhouse effect
  • Rationality
  • Cogeneration

Published Papers (14 papers)

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Research

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Article
Nature-Based Solutions in Poland against Climate Change
Energies 2022, 15(1), 357; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15010357 - 04 Jan 2022
Viewed by 446
Abstract
One of the currently promoted methods of counteracting climate change is nature-based climate solutions, which harness the power of nature to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Sustainable management of ecosystems is a guarantee for sustained human well-being. This underestimated, but extremely efficient and cheap [...] Read more.
One of the currently promoted methods of counteracting climate change is nature-based climate solutions, which harness the power of nature to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Sustainable management of ecosystems is a guarantee for sustained human well-being. This underestimated, but extremely efficient and cheap method of integrating nature resources into the urban fabric is an economic “injection” for communal authorities. These “green” benefits should be standard in land-use planning in the era of anthropocentrism. Solutions based on nature were the reason for investigating their perception by Polish municipalities. The survey covered the entire country (all 2477 municipalities) from 20 July to 31 August 2021 through an electronic survey, obtaining 2128 responses (85.9% return rate). In the final result, data were obtained that support the hypotheses posed in the study. The main objective of the research was to check the level of activity of municipalities in Poland in the field of proecological activities using nature-based solutions (NbS). The survey results confirmed little knowledge of nature-based solutions, at the same time giving it an educational dimension. Half of the respondents declared that they learned about NbS only from the survey. Polish decision makers and municipal authorities introduce some solutions based on nature without being aware of their European classification and adequate nomenclature. Environmental awareness in Poland remains largely the domain of urban municipalities, with higher current budget revenues per capita and in the central and western parts of the country. NbS are marginal in rural municipalities, which can be explained by the lack of ecological specialists, less car traffic and more single-family houses and thus modest public areas. The following surveys covering the entire territory of Poland are the first to be carried out on such a large scale. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
Energy Management in the Railway Industry: A Case Study of Rail Freight Carrier in Poland
Energies 2021, 14(21), 6875; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216875 - 20 Oct 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 498
Abstract
Energy is crucial to economic development, but its production usually has a negative impact on the environment. This ambivalence leads to the need for methods to improve energy efficiency. Transportation is one of the largest global energy consumers. Therefore, improving the energy efficiency [...] Read more.
Energy is crucial to economic development, but its production usually has a negative impact on the environment. This ambivalence leads to the need for methods to improve energy efficiency. Transportation is one of the largest global energy consumers. Therefore, improving the energy efficiency of transportation is crucial for sustainable development. The aim of this article is to show the limitations of energy management in railways, resulting from the model of market regulation. The question in this context is whether only technological methods can be used in railways to steer its energy efficiency, as is suggested by the existing research. Critical analysis, desk research and a case study of Polish railway undertaking were used to find an answer to the research question. The discussion of the results shows that the European regulatory system leads to greater complications in the field of energy management than in other global regions, where railways are also important for the economy. Due to these limitations, rail operators use indirect methods to measure energy efficiency. Results indicate that although energy efficiency improvements are being achieved, they are mainly due to organizational measures and not technological ones as could be expected based on previous research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
A Study of the Human Factor in Industry 4.0 Based on the Automotive Industry
Energies 2021, 14(20), 6833; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206833 - 19 Oct 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 776
Abstract
Human factor plays an important role in the implementation of the fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0). The concept of Industry 4.0 is poorly researched, particularly the social aspect. The authors have conducted a study to determine the level of preparation of employees for [...] Read more.
Human factor plays an important role in the implementation of the fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0). The concept of Industry 4.0 is poorly researched, particularly the social aspect. The authors have conducted a study to determine the level of preparation of employees for the introduction of technological changes. This study involved conducting a survey on a sample of 453 employees based in four organizations within the automotive industry. The respondents were thereafter divided into groups based on age and positions held. The employees’ knowledge of the Industry 4.0 technology was examined, and their openness to change and readiness to increase competence was determined. A causal relationship was found between knowledge and trust in technology. Employees’ fears associated with production automation were discussed. A group of production workers was found to be the least prepared to implement technology changes. Actions to improve the situation and potential consequences of inadequate implementation of this technology were indicated. The findings from this study were compared with the results obtained in other countries. Special attention was paid to the limitations of this study, and we identified the necessity to conduct international comparative research on small, medium and large enterprises. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
Approach to an Emulation Model to Evaluate the Behavior and Impact of Microgrids in Isolated Communities
Energies 2021, 14(17), 5316; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175316 - 27 Aug 2021
Viewed by 491
Abstract
In microgrid projects, social ownership involves aspects beyond their operation that may compromise the sustainability of the system. For this reason, the development of analysis methods to assess the feasibility and impact during the design stages of these solutions is of growing interest. [...] Read more.
In microgrid projects, social ownership involves aspects beyond their operation that may compromise the sustainability of the system. For this reason, the development of analysis methods to assess the feasibility and impact during the design stages of these solutions is of growing interest. Recent studies have proposed methods that allow an individual analysis of technological components and social behaviors. However, a complete evaluation of the performance and the impact of these projects should allow the simultaneous evaluation of the behavior of these subsystems, allowing the analysis of their interactions and effects in a dynamic way. Accordingly, this paper presents simulation and emulation models to evaluate the impact of a microgrid in isolated communities. These models contemplate sublevels that consider the energetic, automation and computational aspects in the microgrids and a multi-agent system (MAS) that is used to study the environmental and economic impact of the microgrid through the evolution of certain indicators. The socio-technological interdependence in the operation of the isolated microgrid is analyzed through the integration of the microgrid emulation platform with the MAS. Our approach includes a comprehensive study of the performance of these projects in specific communities, in order to contribute to the design and implementation, considering the technological, economic, environmental, and social impacts. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
Impact of Electrification on African Development-Analysis with Using Grey Systems Theory
Energies 2021, 14(16), 5181; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14165181 - 22 Aug 2021
Viewed by 536
Abstract
In this paper, the authors discuss the problem of the influence of the level of electrification in African countries on their sustainable development. The first aim of the article is to determine the relationship between changes in the electrification index and changes in [...] Read more.
In this paper, the authors discuss the problem of the influence of the level of electrification in African countries on their sustainable development. The first aim of the article is to determine the relationship between changes in the electrification index and changes in the indicators showing individual components of sustainable development for African countries. The analyzed indicators of sustainable development include GDP per capita, Human Deveopment Index (HDI), and the CO2 emissions per capita indicator. The second goal of the article was to develop a synthetic indicator of sustainable development. This study uses the method of relationship research based on Gray Systems Theory—Gray Incidence Analysis. The main conclusion from the research carried out is that improving access to electricity is a necessary condition for the sustainable development of African countries. The lack of improvement in the availability of electricity is a basic barrier to development, especially in the poorest African countries. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
Effective Management Tools for Solving the Problem of Poverty in Relation to Food Waste in Context of Integrated Management of Energy
Energies 2021, 14(14), 4245; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144245 - 14 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 802
Abstract
Globally, millions of people suffer from poverty. This paper discusses the problem of poverty especially in relation to food waste. The prevention of food waste can also contribute to global poverty reduction, and the reduction of food waste is a tool for sustainable [...] Read more.
Globally, millions of people suffer from poverty. This paper discusses the problem of poverty especially in relation to food waste. The prevention of food waste can also contribute to global poverty reduction, and the reduction of food waste is a tool for sustainable growth and competitiveness. At present, the number of people at risk of poverty and the amount of food waste are increasing at unsustainable rates. An integrated and efficient tool for the management of food, energy, and water (FEW) resources to improve FEW security via an interdisciplinary approach could help address several of the most significant global challenges, such as climate change, and economic, environmental, and social security. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the existence of poverty and the treatment of food for sustainable growth. The analysis focused on the EU countries and the main data source was the Eurostat database. Households generally create the largest proportion of food waste. Pareto analysis shows that in households, food and non-alcoholic beverages are among the first group of expenses, and in the EU countries they represent approximately 12% of the total expenses. Food and non-alcoholic beverages are a stable, unavoidable, and non-negligible element of total expenses. Paradoxically, enormous amounts of food are wasted. A relatively weak inversely proportional relationship between the amount of food waste per capita and the proportion of the population at risk of poverty among the total population of EU countries was identified through correlational analysis. A very weak relationship between the share of the population at risk of poverty in the total population and the amount of food waste per capita, excluding the population at risk of poverty, was also found. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
Secondary Energy Sources and Their Optimization in the Context of the Tax Gap on Petrol and Diesel
Energies 2021, 14(14), 4121; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144121 - 08 Jul 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 587
Abstract
This paper presents an energy management strategy for secondary energy sources and their optimization in the context of the tax gap on mineral oils represented by the tax gap on petrol and diesel. Energy companies face drastic economic and environmental challenges; therefore, this [...] Read more.
This paper presents an energy management strategy for secondary energy sources and their optimization in the context of the tax gap on mineral oils represented by the tax gap on petrol and diesel. Energy companies face drastic economic and environmental challenges; therefore, this area necessarily requires the setting up of transparent economic instruments and, of course, production. The tax gap in VAT collection represents the gap between how much the state could potentially collect from VAT in accordance with the law and how much VAT really comes into the state coffers. The loss of tax revenues is caused by unpaid and undeclared tax liability. The Estimation of the Gap on Corporate Tax in Slovakia is a pilot project of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in cooperation with the Institute for Financial Policy (IFP). The results present the estimation of the tax gap within a two-year delay. It is necessary to consider the estimation of the tax gap in the last two years as preliminary due to possible revisions of the national accounts data. Estimations of the tax gap from 2010 to 2017 indicate a decreasing trend. The significant part of the tax gap decrease can be observed from 2014. The main factor, which determines this decrease, is the improving condition of the Slovak economy. From the point of view of the tax gap, the volume of losses is decreasing and the volume of profit, from which the tax is paid, is increasing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
The Factorial-Reflexive Approach to Diagnosing the Executors’ and Contractors’ Attitude to Achieving the Objectives by Energy Supplying Companies
Energies 2021, 14(9), 2572; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092572 - 30 Apr 2021
Cited by 17 | Viewed by 775
Abstract
The article aims to enhance understanding of how relations, behavior and attitude of the executives and contractors to achieving the objectives by energy supplying companies affect the efficiency of the latter’s overall development. There is offered a factor-reflexive approach to diagnosing the executives’ [...] Read more.
The article aims to enhance understanding of how relations, behavior and attitude of the executives and contractors to achieving the objectives by energy supplying companies affect the efficiency of the latter’s overall development. There is offered a factor-reflexive approach to diagnosing the executives’ and contractors’ attitude to realizing the tasks of developing the energy supplying companies. This approach includes models to identify and analyze the factors that influenced the change in contractors’ behavior based on the combination of expert techniques, correlation and regression analysis and evaluation of the personnel response to organizational, resource and staffing projects development, through accumulating sufficient statistical information based on the enterprise’s features, relations and environment. This approach to diagnosing executives’ and contractors’ response to the implementation of tasks and the resulting changes takes into account the subjective component of their response. Practical implementation of this approach in monitoring the conformity of the development tasks has proven the ability to identify problems from the viewpoint of the task executives. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
The Systemic Approach for Estimating and Strategizing Energy Security: The Case of Ukraine
Energies 2021, 14(8), 2126; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082126 - 10 Apr 2021
Cited by 25 | Viewed by 1032
Abstract
The current approaches to estimating the level of energy security are based on applying a comprehensive approach to selecting the factors that affect energy security and the dynamics of processes in this domain. This article reveals the application of the model of energy [...] Read more.
The current approaches to estimating the level of energy security are based on applying a comprehensive approach to selecting the factors that affect energy security and the dynamics of processes in this domain. This article reveals the application of the model of energy security estimation and strategizing based on the systemic description of energy security as an object of management: the integral system, elements and connections, functions, processes, and the system’s material. At the same time, this model is able to take into account the dynamics of technological, political, economic, and other factors operating in the country and on the global arena. The energy security estimation model developed uses a modern methodology of integrated estimation: a multiplicative form of the integrated index, a formalized definition of the safe existence limits in order to provide scientific substantiation of the threshold vector, a modified rationing method, the principal components method, and the sliding matrix method to substantiate dynamic weighting coefficients. The paper demonstrates the systemic approach application to shaping strategic goals in the energy security domain in the context of sustainable development; the trajectory of energy security development is calculated by the method of strategizing that applies the principle “future is determined by the trajectory to the future” instead of the classical forecasting “past determines the future”. In general, the article shows the possibility of unifying the process of formalizing energy security (according to the needs of the researcher: country, industry, energy network, supply chain) as an object of management, estimating energy security status, and strategizing the regulatory sphere transformation in accordance with the target values for monitoring the effectiveness of management. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
Application of MICMAC, Fuzzy AHP, and Fuzzy TOPSIS for Evaluation of the Maintenance Factors Affecting Sustainable Manufacturing
Energies 2021, 14(5), 1436; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051436 - 05 Mar 2021
Cited by 20 | Viewed by 1288
Abstract
This paper presents an empirical study on the impact of maintenance function on more sustainable manufacturing processes. The work methodology comprises four stages. At first, ten factors of maintenance activities from a sustainable manufacturing point of view were identified. Then, in the second [...] Read more.
This paper presents an empirical study on the impact of maintenance function on more sustainable manufacturing processes. The work methodology comprises four stages. At first, ten factors of maintenance activities from a sustainable manufacturing point of view were identified. Then, in the second stage, the matrix of crossed impact multiplications applied to a classification (MICMAC) was carried out to categorize these factors based on their influence and dependence values. In the third stage, the criteria for evaluation of maintenance factors were defined, then the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (F-AHP) was applied to determine their relative weights. In the last stage, the results of MICMAC and F-AHP analyses were used as inputs for the fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (F-TOPIS) to generate aggregate scores and selection of the most important maintenance factors that have an impact on sustainable manufacturing processes. A numerical example is provided to demonstrate the applicability of the approach. It was observed that factors “Implementation of preventive and prognostic service strategies”, “The usage of M&O data collection and processing systems”, and “Modernization of machines and devices” are the major factors that support the realization of sustainable manufacturing process challenges. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
The Impact of the Government Policy on the Energy Efficient Gap: The Evidence from Ukraine
Energies 2021, 14(2), 373; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020373 - 11 Jan 2021
Cited by 40 | Viewed by 1473
Abstract
This paper aims to check the impact of investment and institutional determinants on the energy efficiency gap. The findings of the bibliometric analysis confirmed the growth of research interests in identifying the core determinants of the energy efficiency gap. The central hypothesises are: [...] Read more.
This paper aims to check the impact of investment and institutional determinants on the energy efficiency gap. The findings of the bibliometric analysis confirmed the growth of research interests in identifying the core determinants of the energy efficiency gap. The central hypothesises are: the increasing quality of the institutions leads to an increase of green investments in the energy sector and the dual relationships between investment and institutional determinants lead to additional synergy effects, which allow boosting the decline of energy efficiency gaps of the national economy. For the analysis, the times series were collected from the World Data Bank, Eurostat, Bloomberg, for Ukraine for the period of 2002–2019. The following methods were used: the unit root test—for checking the stationarity of data—and the Johansen test and VEC-modelling—for the cointegration analysis. The findings prove that to reduce the energy efficiency gaps in Ukraine by 1% next year, it is necessary to increase green energy investments by 1.5% this year, and the political stability and public perception of corruption by 3% and 1%. The increase of the public perception of corruption by 1.47 points and of political stability by 2.38 points leads to maximising the recovery speed of the Ukrainian energy sector. Thus, while developing the policy to decrease the energy efficiency gaps, the Ukrainian government should consider the level of public perception of corruption and political stability. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
Social Perspectives in Digital Business Models of Railway Enterprises
Energies 2020, 13(23), 6445; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236445 - 05 Dec 2020
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 1001
Abstract
The digital transformation of business models is a process which helps traditional business solutions reach new functionalities through innovative technologies. Digital transformation is now crucial to the development of the rail transport sector. The main rail market entities are railway undertakings, infrastructure managers, [...] Read more.
The digital transformation of business models is a process which helps traditional business solutions reach new functionalities through innovative technologies. Digital transformation is now crucial to the development of the rail transport sector. The main rail market entities are railway undertakings, infrastructure managers, entities in charge of maintenance, or certification bodies. Digitalization creates new opportunities to shape the business ecosystem in the rail transport sector. The aim of the research is to identify and indicate key social perspectives related to the development of digital business models functioning in railway enterprises. Technological aspects and relational determinants related to the strong mutual cooperation required between railway undertakings and infrastructure managers have particular significance in this context. In this approach, the digitalization of processes is important. The approach also reveals a significant process of business model socialization, which is conceptualized and operationalized through the evolution of social factors based on digital transformation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Article
Efficiency of Electricity Production Technology from Post-Process Gas Heat: Ecological, Economic and Social Benefits
Energies 2020, 13(22), 6106; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13226106 - 21 Nov 2020
Cited by 33 | Viewed by 1149
Abstract
The strengthening of ecological conflicts due to the increase of the destructive impact from industrial companies on the environment provokes the development and implementation of the eco-innovation technologies. Besides, such technologies should allow obtaining not only the ecological benefits (the decrease of the [...] Read more.
The strengthening of ecological conflicts due to the increase of the destructive impact from industrial companies on the environment provokes the development and implementation of the eco-innovation technologies. Besides, such technologies should allow obtaining not only the ecological benefits (the decrease of the negative impact on the environment) but also the economic and social advantages which correspond to sustainable development principles. This paper aims to justify the social, ecological and economic effects from implementing a new electricity production technology from post-process gas heat at companies. The data for empirical justification were obtained from the experiment of applying the electricity production technology from post-process gas heat at Polish industrial companies. In the first stage, bibliometric analysis was used for highlighting the scientific background of economic evaluation of the innovative activity on energy technologies of industrial companies and its impact on the environment and public health. Secondly, the economic and ecological efficiency of electricity production technology for the selected company was estimated. The results of the analysis confirm that new technologies allowed increasing the energy efficiency of the company by decreasing energy consumption, increasing productivity, etc. The findings prove that one of the ecological effects was the decrease of CO2 and SO2 emissions in the air. In this case, the link between the volume of CO2 emissions and the rate of morbidity if such innovative technologies were scaled was checked. The findings show that decreasing CO2 emissions by 1% leads to a decline in the death rate by 0.5%. If the new technology were scaled and implemented among similar industrial companies, it could decrease the rate of morbidity by 0.01% The results obtained could be used by the companies’ management and policymakers in the framework to achieve sustainable development goals. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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Review

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Review
The Energy of Finance in Refining of Medical Surge Capacity
Energies 2021, 14(1), 210; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010210 - 03 Jan 2021
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 1262
Abstract
The availability of resources and their concentration in the place of greatest need, will not allow us to successfully overcome a medical surge without the energy required to activate these resources and activities, and increase their quantities if necessary, that is why the [...] Read more.
The availability of resources and their concentration in the place of greatest need, will not allow us to successfully overcome a medical surge without the energy required to activate these resources and activities, and increase their quantities if necessary, that is why the staff and management of healthcare institutions are forced to making ethical crisis decisions about who wins and who loses. This study highlights the versatility of the concept of ‘energy’ by attributing it to money or financial resources, which are highly essential in dealing with surges as the healthcare system adopts the appropriate capacity level. This study considers the means (space, staff, supplies, and specific resources) at the disposal of healthcare institutions for the control of diseases as economic resources to identify ways for enhancing their capacity, especially during periods of medical surges such as that caused by the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The medical resources are dependent on ‘energy’, albeit not in the strictest sense of the term. The article, thus, points out that while limited resources are the norm in economic theory, a medical surge provides an opportunity to sufficiently extend the resources within the health system capacity through increased funding. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
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