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Article

Impact of Electrification on African Development-Analysis with Using Grey Systems Theory

1
Faculty of Engineering Management, Poznan University of Technology, Pl. Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie 5, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
2
Department of Information Economics, Institute of Socio-Economics, Poznań University of Economics and Business, Al. Niepodległości 10, 61-875 Poznań, Poland
3
Department of Microeconomics, Institute of Economics, Poznań University of Economics and Business, Al. Niepodległości 10, 61-875 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Aleksy Kwilinski, Aleksandra Kuzior, Janusz Kotowicz and Oleksii Lyulyov
Energies 2021, 14(16), 5181; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14165181
Received: 26 July 2021 / Revised: 15 August 2021 / Accepted: 18 August 2021 / Published: 22 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management: Economic, Social, and Ecological Aspects)
In this paper, the authors discuss the problem of the influence of the level of electrification in African countries on their sustainable development. The first aim of the article is to determine the relationship between changes in the electrification index and changes in the indicators showing individual components of sustainable development for African countries. The analyzed indicators of sustainable development include GDP per capita, Human Deveopment Index (HDI), and the CO2 emissions per capita indicator. The second goal of the article was to develop a synthetic indicator of sustainable development. This study uses the method of relationship research based on Gray Systems Theory—Gray Incidence Analysis. The main conclusion from the research carried out is that improving access to electricity is a necessary condition for the sustainable development of African countries. The lack of improvement in the availability of electricity is a basic barrier to development, especially in the poorest African countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: Africa; electrification; socio-economics development; grey systems theory; grey incidence analysis Africa; electrification; socio-economics development; grey systems theory; grey incidence analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nowak, M.; Rabczun, A.; Łopatka, P. Impact of Electrification on African Development-Analysis with Using Grey Systems Theory. Energies 2021, 14, 5181. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14165181

AMA Style

Nowak M, Rabczun A, Łopatka P. Impact of Electrification on African Development-Analysis with Using Grey Systems Theory. Energies. 2021; 14(16):5181. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14165181

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nowak, Marcin, Aleksandra Rabczun, and Paweł Łopatka. 2021. "Impact of Electrification on African Development-Analysis with Using Grey Systems Theory" Energies 14, no. 16: 5181. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14165181

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