Special Issue "Air Quality in New South Wales, Australia"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (28 February 2019)
Prof. Howard A. Bridgman
1. Editor, Air Quality and Climate Change
2. President, Clean Air Society of Australia and New Zealand
3. School of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Newcastle, 2308 NSW, Australia
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Interests: air pollution meteorology; air pollution management; air pollution sources and emissions; air pollution impacts; aerosol and particle pollution
Dr. Robyn Schofield
Director of the Environmental Science Hub, School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne, Australia
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Interests: spectroscopic observations of trace gas species; radiative transfer modelling; stratospheric ozone loss kinetics; tropical tropopause layer processes driving stratospheric composition; microphysical modelling; coupled chemistry-climate modelling; urban air quality and health
This proposed Special Issue on “Air Quality in New South Wales” presents the findings of new air quality research in Australia undertaken by (or in association with) the Clean Air and Urban Landscapes hub, which is funded by the National Environmental Science Program on behalf of the Australian Government’s Department of the Environment (see https://www.nespurban.edu.au/ ).
Air quality in Sydney, like most Australian cities, is generally quite good, with typical concentrations of key pollutants at much lower levels than experienced in many other parts of the world. Nevertheless, Australian cities do experience occasional exceedances in ozone and PM2.5, as well as extreme pollution events, often as a result of bushfires or dust storms. Even in the absence of extreme events, natural emissions play a significant role in influencing the Australian urban air-sheds, due to the remoteness from large regional anthropogenic sources. By studying air quality in regions such as New South Wales, we can gain a greater understanding of the underlying atmospheric chemistry in cleaner atmospheric environments. These conditions may be representative of future air quality scenarios for parts of the Northern Hemisphere, as legislation and cleaner technologies reduce man-made air pollution in European, American and Asian cities.
The proposed Special Issue will bring together a comprehensive examination of air quality in Sydney and the greater metropolitan region of New South Wales. It will include a series of papers that describe detailed atmospheric composition and spatial and temporal variability of air quality in the region, using data from the statutory air quality monitoring network and a number of targeted measurement campaigns, including:
- The Western Air-Shed Particulate Study for Sydney (WASPSS ).
- Roadside Atmospheric Particulates in Sydney (RAPS)
- Measurements of Urban Marine and Biogenic Air (MUMBA)
- The Sydney Particle Study 1 & 2 (SPS1 and SPS2)
This characterization of atmospheric composition in the region is a significant advance on what currently exists in the scientific literature.
The results of the first major intercomparison of air quality models in Australia are presented in a series of papers within the special issue. The modelling intercomparison uses data from 3 measurement campaigns described above (SPS1, SPS2 and MUMBA). 6 models were used including:
- 2 versions of the Conformal Cubic Atmospheric Model and Chemical Transport Model (CCAM –CTM) – including a benchmarking paper
- 2 versions of Weather Research and Forecasting model with chemistry (WRF/Chem)
- 1 version of WRF/Chem with the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS) (WRF/Chem-ROMS)
- 1 version of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model
All the papers examine aspects of air quality within the greater metropolitan region of New South Wales, making the papers a clear coherent set.
Dr. Robyn Schofield
Manuscript Submission Information
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