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A Clean Air Plan for Sydney: An Overview of the Special Issue on Air Quality in New South Wales

Centre for Atmospheric Chemistry, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
School of Earth, Atmospheric and Life Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
Climate and Energy College, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
Climate Science Centre, CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Aspendale, VIC 3195, Australia
School of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
Environmental Health Branch, Health Protection NSW, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia
Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Lucas Heights, NSW 2234, Australia
New South Wales Department of Planning, Industry and Environment, Lidcombe, Sydney, NSW 2141, Australia
South West Sydney Clinical School, University of New South Wales & Ingham Institute of Medical Research, Liverpool, NSW 2170, Australia
Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2037, Australia
Centre for Air Pollution, Energy and Health Research, Glebe, Sydney, NSW 2037, Australia
SMART Infrastructure Facility, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
Centre for Sustainable Ecosystem Solutions, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Curtin, WA 6907, Australia
Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research, University of New South Wales, Liverpool, NSW 2170, Australia
School of Public Health, Faculty Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Department of Basic Research in Horticulture, Institute of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Horticulture and Biotechnology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences—SGGW, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
Environment Protection Authority, Victoria, Melbourne, VIC 3001, Australia
Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(12), 774;
Received: 26 October 2019 / Revised: 17 November 2019 / Accepted: 18 November 2019 / Published: 4 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Quality in New South Wales, Australia)
This paper presents a summary of the key findings of the special issue of Atmosphere on Air Quality in New South Wales and discusses the implications of the work for policy makers and individuals. This special edition presents new air quality research in Australia undertaken by (or in association with) the Clean Air and Urban Landscapes hub, which is funded by the National Environmental Science Program on behalf of the Australian Government’s Department of the Environment and Energy. Air pollution in Australian cities is generally low, with typical concentrations of key pollutants at much lower levels than experienced in comparable cities in many other parts of the world. Australian cities do experience occasional exceedances in ozone and PM2.5 (above air pollution guidelines), as well as extreme pollution events, often as a result of bushfires, dust storms, or heatwaves. Even in the absence of extreme events, natural emissions play a significant role in influencing the Australian urban environment, due to the remoteness from large regional anthropogenic emission sources. By studying air quality in Australia, we can gain a greater understanding of the underlying atmospheric chemistry and health risks in less polluted atmospheric environments, and the health benefits of continued reduction in air pollution. These conditions may be representative of future air quality scenarios for parts of the Northern Hemisphere, as legislation and cleaner technologies reduce anthropogenic air pollution in European, American, and Asian cities. However, in many instances, current legislation regarding emissions in Australia is significantly more lax than in other developed countries, making Australia vulnerable to worsening air pollution in association with future population growth. The need to avoid complacency is highlighted by recent epidemiological research, reporting associations between air pollution and adverse health outcomes even at air pollutant concentrations that are lower than Australia’s national air quality standards. Improving air quality is expected to improve health outcomes at any pollution level, with specific benefits projected for reductions in long-term exposure to average PM2.5 concentrations. View Full-Text
Keywords: air quality; New South Wales; traffic; smoke; urban greening air quality; New South Wales; traffic; smoke; urban greening
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paton-Walsh, C.; Rayner, P.; Simmons, J.; Fiddes, S.L.; Schofield, R.; Bridgman, H.; Beaupark, S.; Broome, R.; Chambers, S.D.; Chang, L.T.-C.; Cope, M.; Cowie, C.T.; Desservettaz, M.; Dominick, D.; Emmerson, K.; Forehead, H.; Galbally, I.E.; Griffiths, A.; Guérette, É.-A.; Haynes, A.; Heyworth, J.; Jalaludin, B.; Kan, R.; Keywood, M.; Monk, K.; Morgan, G.G.; Nguyen Duc, H.; Phillips, F.; Popek, R.; Scorgie, Y.; Silver, J.D.; Utembe, S.; Wadlow, I.; Wilson, S.R.; Zhang, Y. A Clean Air Plan for Sydney: An Overview of the Special Issue on Air Quality in New South Wales. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 774.

AMA Style

Paton-Walsh C, Rayner P, Simmons J, Fiddes SL, Schofield R, Bridgman H, Beaupark S, Broome R, Chambers SD, Chang LT-C, Cope M, Cowie CT, Desservettaz M, Dominick D, Emmerson K, Forehead H, Galbally IE, Griffiths A, Guérette É-A, Haynes A, Heyworth J, Jalaludin B, Kan R, Keywood M, Monk K, Morgan GG, Nguyen Duc H, Phillips F, Popek R, Scorgie Y, Silver JD, Utembe S, Wadlow I, Wilson SR, Zhang Y. A Clean Air Plan for Sydney: An Overview of the Special Issue on Air Quality in New South Wales. Atmosphere. 2019; 10(12):774.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paton-Walsh, Clare, Peter Rayner, Jack Simmons, Sonya L. Fiddes, Robyn Schofield, Howard Bridgman, Stephanie Beaupark, Richard Broome, Scott D. Chambers, Lisa T.-C. Chang, Martin Cope, Christine T. Cowie, Maximilien Desservettaz, Doreena Dominick, Kathryn Emmerson, Hugh Forehead, Ian E. Galbally, Alan Griffiths, Élise-Andrée Guérette, Alison Haynes, Jane Heyworth, Bin Jalaludin, Ruby Kan, Melita Keywood, Khalia Monk, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Hiep Nguyen Duc, Frances Phillips, Robert Popek, Yvonne Scorgie, Jeremy D. Silver, Steve Utembe, Imogen Wadlow, Stephen R. Wilson, and Yang Zhang. 2019. "A Clean Air Plan for Sydney: An Overview of the Special Issue on Air Quality in New South Wales" Atmosphere 10, no. 12: 774.

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