Composition of Clean Marine Air and Biogenic Influences on VOCs during the MUMBA Campaign
AbstractVolatile organic compounds (VOCs) are important precursors to the formation of ozone and fine particulate matter, the two pollutants of most concern in Sydney, Australia. Despite this importance, there are very few published measurements of ambient VOC concentrations in Australia. In this paper, we present mole fractions of several important VOCs measured during the campaign known as MUMBA (Measurements of Urban, Marine and Biogenic Air) in the Australian city of Wollongong (34°S). We particularly focus on measurements made during periods when clean marine air impacted the measurement site and on VOCs of biogenic origin. Typical unpolluted marine air mole fractions during austral summer 2012-2013 at latitude 34°S were established for CO2 (391.0 ± 0.6 ppm), CH4 (1760.1 ± 0.4 ppb), N2O (325.04 ± 0.08 ppb), CO (52.4 ± 1.7 ppb), O3 (20.5 ± 1.1 ppb), acetaldehyde (190 ± 40 ppt), acetone (260 ± 30 ppt), dimethyl sulphide (50 ± 10 ppt), benzene (20 ± 10 ppt), toluene (30 ± 20 ppt), C8H10 aromatics (23 ± 6 ppt) and C9H12 aromatics (36 ± 7 ppt). The MUMBA site was frequently influenced by VOCs of biogenic origin from a nearby strip of forested parkland to the east due to the dominant north-easterly afternoon sea breeze. VOCs from the more distant densely forested escarpment to the west also impacted the site, especially during two days of extreme heat and strong westerly winds. The relative amounts of different biogenic VOCs observed for these two biomes differed, with much larger increases of isoprene than of monoterpenes or methanol during the hot westerly winds from the escarpment than with cooler winds from the east. However, whether this was due to different vegetation types or was solely the result of the extreme temperatures is not entirely clear. We conclude that the clean marine air and biogenic signatures measured during the MUMBA campaign provide useful information about the typical abundance of several key VOCs and can be used to constrain chemical transport model simulations of the atmosphere in this poorly sampled region of the world. View Full-Text
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Guérette, É.-A.; Paton-Walsh, C.; Galbally, I.; Molloy, S.; Lawson, S.; Kubistin, D.; Buchholz, R.; Griffith, D.W.; Langenfelds, R.L.; Krummel, P.B.; Loh, Z.; Chambers, S.; Griffiths, A.; Keywood, M.; Selleck, P.; Dominick, D.; Humphries, R.; Wilson, S.R. Composition of Clean Marine Air and Biogenic Influences on VOCs during the MUMBA Campaign. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 383.
Guérette É-A, Paton-Walsh C, Galbally I, Molloy S, Lawson S, Kubistin D, Buchholz R, Griffith DW, Langenfelds RL, Krummel PB, Loh Z, Chambers S, Griffiths A, Keywood M, Selleck P, Dominick D, Humphries R, Wilson SR. Composition of Clean Marine Air and Biogenic Influences on VOCs during the MUMBA Campaign. Atmosphere. 2019; 10(7):383.Chicago/Turabian Style
Guérette, Élise-Andrée; Paton-Walsh, Clare; Galbally, Ian; Molloy, Suzie; Lawson, Sarah; Kubistin, Dagmar; Buchholz, Rebecca; Griffith, David W.; Langenfelds, Ray L.; Krummel, Paul B.; Loh, Zoe; Chambers, Scott; Griffiths, Alan; Keywood, Melita; Selleck, Paul; Dominick, Doreena; Humphries, Ruhi; Wilson, Stephen R. 2019. "Composition of Clean Marine Air and Biogenic Influences on VOCs during the MUMBA Campaign." Atmosphere 10, no. 7: 383.
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