Next Article in Journal
Spring 2018 Asian Dust Events: Sources, Transportation, and Potential Biogeochemical Implications
Previous Article in Journal
Crossing Multiple Gray Zones in the Transition from Mesoscale to Microscale Simulation over Complex Terrain
Previous Article in Special Issue
Roadside Moss Turfs in South East Australia Capture More Particulate Matter Along an Urban Gradient than a Common Native Tree Species
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Particle Formation in a Complex Environment

Centre for Atmospheric Chemistry, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
CSIRO Climate Science Centre, Aspendale 3195, Australia
German Meteorological Service, Meteorological Observatory Hohenpeissenberg, 82383 Hohenpeissenberg, Germany
Center for Archaeological Science, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(5), 275;
Received: 29 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 9 May 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Quality in New South Wales, Australia)
PDF [4380 KB, uploaded 14 May 2019]
  |     |  


A field aerosol measurement campaign as part of the Measurements of Urban, Marine and Biogenic Air (MUMBA) campaign was conducted between 16 January 2013 and 15 February 2013 in the coastal city of Wollongong, Australia. The objectives of this research were to study the occurrence frequency, characteristics and factors that influence new particle formation processes. Particle formation and growth events were observed from particle number size distribution data in the range of 14 nm–660 nm measured using a scanning particle mobility sizer (SMPS). Four weak Class I particle formation and growth event days were observed, which is equivalent to 13% of the total observation days. The events occurred during the day, starting after 8:30 Australian Eastern Standard time with an average duration of five hours. The events also appeared to be positively linked to the prevailing easterly to north easterly sea breezes that carry pollutants from sources in and around Sydney. This suggests that photochemical reactions and a combination of oceanic and anthropogenic air masses are among the factors that influenced these events. View Full-Text
Keywords: new particle formation; Southern Hemisphere; Australia; atmospheric aerosol; MUMBA new particle formation; Southern Hemisphere; Australia; atmospheric aerosol; MUMBA

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Dominick, D.; Wilson, S.R.; Paton-Walsh, C.; Humphries, R.; Guérette, É.-A.; Keywood, M.; Selleck, P.; Kubistin, D.; Marwick, B. Particle Formation in a Complex Environment. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 275.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top