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Adm. Sci., Volume 9, Issue 1 (March 2019)

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Open AccessArticle Approaches to Risk Identification in Public–Private Partnership Projects: Malaysian Private Partners’ Overview
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010017
Received: 20 December 2018 / Revised: 21 January 2019 / Accepted: 23 January 2019 / Published: 10 February 2019
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Abstract
The complexity of public–private partnership (PPP) projects ensures that risks could emerge and spread in unpredictable ways if they are not well identified and managed. The emergence of PPP projects has brought major changes in the construction industry, the most notable being in [...] Read more.
The complexity of public–private partnership (PPP) projects ensures that risks could emerge and spread in unpredictable ways if they are not well identified and managed. The emergence of PPP projects has brought major changes in the construction industry, the most notable being in procurement methods influencing risk allocation to private parties. Thus, it is crucial to have an effective risk management for public and private partners to eliminate or minimise risks. Formulating an effective risk management system is a crucial challenge faced by both of parties in order to minimise or optimise risks. The aim of this study was to investigate the process of risk identification of private partners in Malaysian PPP projects. Data were collected throughout a 2-month period using a survey with a sample of nine Malaysian companies engaged in PPP projects, and the survey results were analysed using mean scores. The findings indicate that due to a lack of knowledge and experience of Malaysian private partners in the risk identification process, a comprehensive database for risk identification is highly necessary for the private sector. Another issue emerging from the findings is that it may be reasonable to use a combination of risk identification tools for PPP projects with a high level of complexity. The findings of the present study can greatly assist public and private partners to select the most appropriate tools for risk identification at the early stages of PPP projects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rational Decision Making in Risk Management)
Open AccessArticle The Role of Higher Education in Development of Entrepreneurial Competencies: Some Insights from Castilla-La Mancha University in Spain
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010016
Received: 15 January 2019 / Revised: 29 January 2019 / Accepted: 1 February 2019 / Published: 8 February 2019
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Abstract
This study presents an analysis of the entrepreneurial competences of second- and fourth-year undergraduate students at the University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), under the framework of the Entrepreneurial Teachers Network, an ongoing project at this institution. The analysis of a sample of 1874 [...] Read more.
This study presents an analysis of the entrepreneurial competences of second- and fourth-year undergraduate students at the University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), under the framework of the Entrepreneurial Teachers Network, an ongoing project at this institution. The analysis of a sample of 1874 students identified three profiles of competences of students at the UCLM. The first profile is related to competences in performing and resolving activities, the second is related to risk aversion and uncertainty management and the third is associated with the capacity for teamwork. Furthermore, it was found that the competences related to implementing and performing activities significantly influence job creation as they exhibit a positive relationship with the intention of creating a company in the first three years after graduation. Emotion-related competences also exhibit a significant effect on entrepreneurial intention, although this association is negative. Finally, relation-based competences were found to have no impact on entrepreneurial intention. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entrepreneurship Education)
Open AccessArticle Risk Management as a Success Factor in the International Activity of Spanish Engineering
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010015
Received: 13 January 2019 / Revised: 2 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 February 2019 / Published: 6 February 2019
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Abstract
During the period between 2008–2013, the internal market in Spain was characterized by economic crisis, the contraction of the demand experienced in a turbulent business environment, and strong competition among companies. This situation forced many of these companies to work abroad. One of [...] Read more.
During the period between 2008–2013, the internal market in Spain was characterized by economic crisis, the contraction of the demand experienced in a turbulent business environment, and strong competition among companies. This situation forced many of these companies to work abroad. One of the success factors for Spanish engineering companies abroad has been effective risk management, which avoids compromising the company’s objectives, market share, or survival. This article examines the importance of risk management in the success of Spanish engineering consulting firms in the international construction market. Ten executives of Spanish engineering companies with international experience were interviewed, analyzing the importance of risk management for them in the success of internationalization compared with other success factors. The results show that the size of the companies interviewed has no influence on the importance that they gave to risk management, but international experience does relate to the assessment of risk identification and management as a success factor. In addition, companies considered risk management a key factor for optimizing their performance in foreign markets. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rational Decision Making in Risk Management)
Open AccessArticle Mediating Effects between Perspectives in Strategy Maps
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010014
Received: 29 December 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2019 / Accepted: 30 January 2019 / Published: 3 February 2019
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Abstract
Many researchers have highlighted the importance of strategy maps for improving organizational performance and providing an entire organization with a cognitive representation of its strategic objectives. However, arguing that strategy maps do not assign weight to each perspective, other researchers have generated weighted [...] Read more.
Many researchers have highlighted the importance of strategy maps for improving organizational performance and providing an entire organization with a cognitive representation of its strategic objectives. However, arguing that strategy maps do not assign weight to each perspective, other researchers have generated weighted strategy maps and used various optimization models to highlight the most important perspective. In this study, I argue that organizations should understand all the causal links in a strategy map and explore paths toward improvement rather than focusing on just one perspective. To that end, I analyse all the causal relationships in the strategy map developed for a major postal service in Saudi Arabia and identify two principal mediating relationships: (1) the relationship between the learning and growth perspective and the customer perspective as mediated by the internal business process perspective and (2) the relationship between the internal business process perspective and the financial performance perspective as mediated through the customer perspective. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Application of Duration Measure in Quantifying the Sensitivity of Project Returns to Changes in Discount Rates
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010013
Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 28 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
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Abstract
In this research, the concept of Duration with a new application in project management has been defined. The Duration of each project provides the project manager with a combined measure containing concepts of return, cost and time of the project. Further in this [...] Read more.
In this research, the concept of Duration with a new application in project management has been defined. The Duration of each project provides the project manager with a combined measure containing concepts of return, cost and time of the project. Further in this article, the changes in project return, based on different assumptions such as discount rate, have been examined. To examine the effect of the changes in these factors, the Monte Carlo simulation has been used. The relationship between these factors is nonlinear which reflects the great importance of investment on appropriate risk management systems. The data from a set of construction projects have been used in order to verify the results of this study. Similar relationships can be expected to exist in other industries as well. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rational Decision Making in Risk Management)
Open AccessArticle A Relational Approach to Leadership for Multi-Actor Governance
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010012
Received: 22 April 2018 / Revised: 22 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
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Abstract
Multi-actor governance, in which a broad mix of actors collaborates to deal with complex societal problems, requires a leadership approach that can take into account the dynamic interdependencies between the involved actors. A relational approach to leadership, focusing on processes and practices, is [...] Read more.
Multi-actor governance, in which a broad mix of actors collaborates to deal with complex societal problems, requires a leadership approach that can take into account the dynamic interdependencies between the involved actors. A relational approach to leadership, focusing on processes and practices, is more adequate for that purpose than approaches focusing on individuals and positions. Complexity leadership theory offers such a relational approach to leadership within organizations. In this article, we use complexity leadership theory to capture the emergent leadership processes between organizations. We focus on the characteristics of the informal relations between representatives of different organizations that enable dealing with the often-conflicting goals and values in multi-actor governance. The case of a landfill mining initiative for sustainable materials governance is used as an illustration to clarify the main concepts and arguments. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dynamics of Interorganisational Collaborative Relationships)
Open AccessArticle Application of the Kano Model for a Better Understanding of Customer Requirements in Higher Education—A Pilot Study
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010011
Received: 16 November 2018 / Revised: 26 December 2018 / Accepted: 23 January 2019 / Published: 28 January 2019
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Abstract
Various pieces of information and knowledge turn into “know-how” simply by their application in the market. This applies to all spheres of activities. It is therefore important to know and understand the requirements of customers already in the stage of making a product, [...] Read more.
Various pieces of information and knowledge turn into “know-how” simply by their application in the market. This applies to all spheres of activities. It is therefore important to know and understand the requirements of customers already in the stage of making a product, and to confront these with the possibilities of a producer. In this article we are exploring the possibilities of a better understanding of the requirements of customers and stakeholders in the process of the creation of products in educational services. In particular, we examined seven general requirements: practice orientation, ethical orientation, research orientation, quality resources, innovation orientation, skills orientation, and quality staff. We use the Kano model on a pilot sample of respondents at an institution of higher education. Our results showed that “practice orientation” and “quality resources” are the most stable requirements, while “quality staff” is the least stable. The most linear requirement (the same effect on satisfaction and dissatisfaction) is “innovation orientation”. “Research orientation” belongs to attractive requirements and we also found that in the case of “ethical orientation” there are weak relations between positive and negative responses in our survey. The “skills orientation” proved to be too general, and our research shows that it could be indifferent. It is therefore advisable to specify the investigated skills when investigating requirements on educational services. The main contribution based on the proposed research procedures is an effective linking of customers and producers already from the beginning of constructing a value chain. Investing in sophisticated management approaches when modelling products and processes can thus become a significant source of the competitive advantage of an educational institution. At the same time, it is a contribution to better placing of its graduates in the labor market. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Examining Customer–Brand Relationships: A Critical Approach to Empirical Models on Brand Attachment, Love, and Engagement
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010010
Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 14 January 2019 / Accepted: 17 January 2019 / Published: 20 January 2019
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Abstract
This study establishes the relationship among three concepts (attachment, love, and engagement) that have attracted the interest of both practitioners and researchers lately. Based on the consumer–brand relationship literature, a theoretical model is proposed. Using data obtained from a survey to 320 consumers [...] Read more.
This study establishes the relationship among three concepts (attachment, love, and engagement) that have attracted the interest of both practitioners and researchers lately. Based on the consumer–brand relationship literature, a theoretical model is proposed. Using data obtained from a survey to 320 consumers from Madrid (Spain), the results show that only two constructs actually exist: attachment and active engagement, with love being part of attachment (passion) or engagement (long-term relationship). Thus, emotional attachment must be based on emotions that generate captivation. This admiration activates engagement, turning the consumer into the best brand promoter. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Customer Loyalty and Brand Management)
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Open AccessArticle Deficiencies in Project Governance: An Analysis of Infrastructure Development Program
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010009
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 26 December 2018 / Accepted: 10 January 2019 / Published: 11 January 2019
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Abstract
The governance of public sector infrastructure projects became an important topic of interest in the project, program, and portfolio management literature during the last decade. Today, it is becoming a central focus for policymakers seeking to ensure success in selecting, designing, and implementing [...] Read more.
The governance of public sector infrastructure projects became an important topic of interest in the project, program, and portfolio management literature during the last decade. Today, it is becoming a central focus for policymakers seeking to ensure success in selecting, designing, and implementing government-sponsored programs of multi-projects. Due to the multiple underlying risks and complexities, the governance of infrastructure programs constitutes a critical element in strategic planning in developing countries. This paper has analyzed the infrastructure development program in Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Pakistan), and revealed major shortcomings in the areas of decision-making, stakeholder management, and role ambiguity. Approaches to remedy these shortcomings have, thus, been proposed. Full article
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Open AccessReview A Systematic Mapping Study on Customer Loyalty and Brand Management
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010008
Received: 10 November 2018 / Revised: 3 January 2019 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 11 January 2019
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Abstract
Customer loyalty is a topic of great interest for marketing scholars due to its importance in gaining sustainable competitive advantages and financial outcomes. Literature is prolific of works regarding customer loyalty and brand management. In order to improve the quantity and quality of [...] Read more.
Customer loyalty is a topic of great interest for marketing scholars due to its importance in gaining sustainable competitive advantages and financial outcomes. Literature is prolific of works regarding customer loyalty and brand management. In order to improve the quantity and quality of research publications, research themes mapping of published studies is required. The aim of this paper is to provide scholars with a systematization and mapping of the contributions on this topic to develop an effective research road map for future research. A bibliometric analysis and a mapping study have been conducted on 337 publications on customer loyalty and brand management from 2000 to 2018. The results present the most cited works on the topic, an evaluation map showing the most frequent and cited words and six clusters of words based on their co-occurrence. From the analysis of the clusters, the most relevant research findings, trends, and issues emerge, suggesting interesting theoretical and practical implications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Customer Loyalty and Brand Management)
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Open AccessEditorial Acknowledgement to Reviewers of Administrative Sciences in 2018
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010007
Published: 10 January 2019
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Abstract
Rigorous peer-review is the corner-stone of high-quality academic publishing [...] Full article
Open AccessReview Evolution to Emergence of Green Buildings: A Review
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010006
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 15 November 2018 / Accepted: 30 November 2018 / Published: 10 January 2019
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Abstract
“Green Buildings” are essential in being responsive to the challenges of climate change and global warming while inhibiting natural resources degradation. This demand requires specific attention to increase the adoption of green-certified buildings within the construction industry. Innovative tools and techniques are needed [...] Read more.
“Green Buildings” are essential in being responsive to the challenges of climate change and global warming while inhibiting natural resources degradation. This demand requires specific attention to increase the adoption of green-certified buildings within the construction industry. Innovative tools and techniques are needed to meet global challenges and strategies set for Sustainable Development Goals of 2030 agenda. This paper provides an intensive review of the evolution of green buildings from a sustainable development perspective which investigates the current global adoption of green buildings. Systematic Literature Review (SLR) and Selective Critical Literature Review Analysis (SCLRA) methodologies were adopted focusing on the content analysis to develop more in-depth knowledge. The scope of this study enlightens the sustainable development goals and initiatives. This paper highlighted that there is still inadequate adoption of green buildings and their rating tools on a significant basis in developing countries. This research adds a method towards the better understanding of green buildings and current scenarios that shall be considered for future research. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Is Corporate Political Activity an Investment or Agency? An Application of System GMM Approach
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010005
Received: 11 October 2018 / Revised: 29 December 2018 / Accepted: 29 December 2018 / Published: 8 January 2019
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Abstract
Corporate political activity (CPA) has been recognized as bearing a significant impact on financial performance (FP). Nevertheless, there has been a lack of considerable research to date. The results of the research regarding the relationship between CPA and FP have been contradictory and [...] Read more.
Corporate political activity (CPA) has been recognized as bearing a significant impact on financial performance (FP). Nevertheless, there has been a lack of considerable research to date. The results of the research regarding the relationship between CPA and FP have been contradictory and this has necessitated further investigation of this relationship. Nonetheless, rather than examining the relationship between CPA and FP, research scholars have revealed that a contingency perspective must be employed for revealing the conditions and the context which enhance the relationship between these two constructs. This study offers a quite distinctive viewpoint with respect to the link between CPA and FP as regards the corporate reputation perspective. For this reason, the study obtained data from the Fortune list of top 100 World Most Admired Companies (WMAC) for the period of 2007 and 2016. This data was utilized to examine the relationship between CPA and FP using the dynamic panel data system GMM (Generalized Method of Moments) estimator. This study finds virtually no support for the hypothesis that lobbying and PACs (political action committees) represent an investment in political capital. Instead, CPA is symptomatic of agency problems within firms. This study also argues that corporate reputation moderates the effect of CPA on the FP and the analysis supports the argument. Our results are particularly useful in light of the reputable corporation, which is greatly to likely increase the use of corporate funds for political contributions. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Factors Affecting Purchase Intentions in Generation Y: An Empirical Evidence from Fast Food Industry in Malaysia
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010004
Received: 19 September 2018 / Revised: 17 December 2018 / Accepted: 21 December 2018 / Published: 31 December 2018
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Abstract
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the factors that influence the purchase intentions of Generation Y students towards the fast food industry in Nilai, Malaysia. Nowadays, purchase intentions are an important aspect of organizational long-term success in the fast food [...] Read more.
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the factors that influence the purchase intentions of Generation Y students towards the fast food industry in Nilai, Malaysia. Nowadays, purchase intentions are an important aspect of organizational long-term success in the fast food industry. In addition, purchase intentions are the critical element in competing with other competitive environments; hence, it is important for the fast food industry to pay a significant attention to this matter. The present study was conducted to identify the key determinants that impact the purchase intention of Generation Y students towards the fast food industry in Nilai, Malaysia. Employing the quantitative method in this study, a total of 313 questionnaires were distributed with the response rate of 91%. Another purpose of this study was to provide important insights to Nilai fast food restaurants in understanding the purchase intentions of customers. Therefore, the leaders and managers of Nilai local fast food restaurants can enhance customers’ experience, solve their problems, and ultimately obtain high quality business by understanding the key factors of purchase intentions in fast food industry. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Methodology to Solve the Combination of the Generalized Assignment Problem and the Vehicle Routing Problem: A Case Study in Drug and Medical Instrument Sales and Service
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010003
Received: 30 September 2018 / Revised: 8 December 2018 / Accepted: 20 December 2018 / Published: 26 December 2018
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Abstract
This article presents algorithms for solving a special case of the vehicle routing problem (VRP). We define our proposed problem of a special VRP case as a combination of two hard problems: the generalized assignment and the vehicle routing problem. The different evolution [...] Read more.
This article presents algorithms for solving a special case of the vehicle routing problem (VRP). We define our proposed problem of a special VRP case as a combination of two hard problems: the generalized assignment and the vehicle routing problem. The different evolution (DE) algorithm is used to solve the problem. The recombination process of the original DE is modified by adding two more sets of vectors—best vector and random vector—and using two other sets—target vector and trial vector. The linear probability formula is proposed to potentially use one out of the four sets of vectors. This is called the modified DE (MDE) algorithm. Two local searches are integrated into the MDE algorithm: exchange and insert. These procedures create a DE and MDE that use (1) no local search techniques, (2) two local search techniques, (3) only the exchange procedure, and (4) only the insert procedure. This generates four DE algorithms and four MDE algorithms. The proposed methods are tested with 15 tested instances and one case study. The current procedure is compared with all proposed heuristics. The computational result shows that, in the case study, the best DE algorithm (DE-4) has a 1.6% better solution than that of the current practice, whereas the MDE algorithm is 8.2% better. The MDE algorithm that uses the same local search as the DE algorithms generates a maximum 5.814% better solution than that of the DE algorithms. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Women’s Role in the Accounting Profession: A Comparative Study between Italy and Romania
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010002
Received: 16 October 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 20 December 2018 / Published: 24 December 2018
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Abstract
Historically, in most countries, the accounting profession has always been male-dominated. Liberal professions such as lawyers, engineers, architects and doctors share the common trait of conservatism. The accounting profession, which is also a liberal profession, is no exception. Starting from this premise, this [...] Read more.
Historically, in most countries, the accounting profession has always been male-dominated. Liberal professions such as lawyers, engineers, architects and doctors share the common trait of conservatism. The accounting profession, which is also a liberal profession, is no exception. Starting from this premise, this work aims to provide, using a historical and institutional perspective, a picture of the past and current “journey” in the accountancy profession of women-chartered accountants and auditors in Italy and Romania. Drawing from the theoretical framework of gendered construction of the accounting profession, the paper points out issues affecting the presence, the degree of representativeness and the role (concerning the presence among the higher level of professional activities and governance positions) of women within the National Chartered Association and their continued under-representation in Italy and Romania. Findings contribute to providing insights useful to develop a future agenda and fill in the research gaps in this field. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women in Business)
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Open AccessConcept Paper Leadership Multiplicities before and during the Post-Truth Era
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010001
Received: 25 November 2018 / Revised: 10 December 2018 / Accepted: 14 December 2018 / Published: 20 December 2018
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Abstract
Drawing from the ontology of the lack (Laclau and Mouffe 1985), aesthetic theory (Adorno 1997); practice theory (Bourdieu 2002), art perception theory (Bourdieu 1968), and storytelling theory (Boje 2001), we discuss leadership multiplicities and post-truth era phenomena. We conceptualize leadership as a heterogeneous [...] Read more.
Drawing from the ontology of the lack (Laclau and Mouffe 1985), aesthetic theory (Adorno 1997); practice theory (Bourdieu 2002), art perception theory (Bourdieu 1968), and storytelling theory (Boje 2001), we discuss leadership multiplicities and post-truth era phenomena. We conceptualize leadership as a heterogeneous field with an evolving incomplete set of contested narratives, at different development stages, entertained by different players. In the continuous re-occupation of the lack exists tensions, contradictions and conflicts within and between players’ narratives. This situation generates a large variability that requires acknowledgement, promotion, and some management. We relate our discussion to education. We suggest ways to create unity within diversity and resolve some of these contradictions and tensions. The concept of parallax (Zizek 2006), which offers a new gaze, illustrates how to configure sets of related leadership narratives. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Leadership)
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