Innovation in The Public Sector: Determinants, Process and Performance Impacts

A special issue of Administrative Sciences (ISSN 2076-3387).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2019) | Viewed by 21073

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Research Group Economics of Public Private Partnership, IPAG Business School, 75006 Paris, France
Interests: public management; public procurement; public private partnerships; innovation in public management

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Guest Editor
Interdepartmental Centre Giorgio Levi Cases (for Energy Economics and Technology), University of Padova, 35123 Padova, Italy
Interests: public economics; industrial organization; public procurement; public private partnerships; environmental economics; applied economics; public procurement for innovation

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the US, actions have been called for confronting the international economic competitiveness and innovation policy challenges (US President Obama, in his speech in 2011 State of the Union Address). In Europe, a set of specific laws and policies has been developed for innovation towards the horizon of 2020. In that regard, the European Union’s main objectives are to “(i) facilitate the formation of long-term tangible assets (e.g., energy, transport and communication infrastructures, industrial and service facilities, housing and climate change, and eco-innovation technologies) and intangible assets (e.g., education and research and development), and (ii) boost innovation and competitiveness”. Besides their short-term impact in raising the productive and industrial capacity of the economy, most of these actions have “wide public benefits since they generate significant returns for society as a whole by supporting essential services and improving living standards” (EU Green Paper, 2013).

While efforts have been made to set up policies towards innovation, the questions of how to drive innovation in quantity and speed and to control the quality of achievement at the same time still remain under debate. Moreover, there is a lack of understanding about the implementation process and the outcomes. In fact, innovation cannot just be a good idea, but has to be enforced operationally. Moreover, the objectives of public sector innovation cannot solely be expressed in terms of providing some competitive advantages: these innovations should achieve value for the society (OECD, 2014).

This Special Issue will dedicate attention to the actions of governmental organizations to boost innovation to its full potential, both inside the organization (optimizing work processes, using incentives schemes for public employees, e-government, etc.) and outside the organization (exploiting new practices of outsourcing like pre-commercial procurement, procurement of innovative solutions and innovation partnerships). The goal is to enhance the understandings about determinants of those actions and their impact on performance.

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

  • Determinants of innovation initiatives/actions
  • Incentive schemes for innovation initiatives/actions
  • Performance measurement of innovation
  • Public procurements for innovation
  • Innovation in public procurements

Dr. Phuong Tra Tran
Dr. Marco Buso
Guest Editors

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Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

15 pages, 306 KiB  
Article
Decentralization Policies in Public Administration in Slovakia and the Czech Republic, and Their Impact on Building Offices’ Scale Efficiency
by Peter Fandel, Eleonora Marišová, Tomáš Malatinec and Ivana Lichnerová
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(4), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9040089 - 23 Nov 2019
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 3811
Abstract
Decentralization policy schemes (DPSs) in the public sector have been implemented in different ways by Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Both approaches have led to a transfer of competencies from state administration to self-government with the aim of improving the efficiency of the [...] Read more.
Decentralization policy schemes (DPSs) in the public sector have been implemented in different ways by Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Both approaches have led to a transfer of competencies from state administration to self-government with the aim of improving the efficiency of the delivery of services. This paper presents a comparative scale efficiency analysis of the units performing services in the building order sector. The analysis is based on two unique regional datasets from two countries, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The DPS implemented in Slovakia is based on the principle of voluntary cooperation of municipalities. In the case of the Czech building sector, the competencies have been transferred to the newly created municipalities with delegated or extended competencies. This study aims to contribute to the research on efficiency in public administration. We focused on the relationship between two types of DPSs, and units’ scale efficiency. We also tried to determine whether a specific unit scale size could be identified as the most efficient. We employed a two-stage metafrontier approach based on procedures for evaluating program and managerial efficiency. The results show that different DPs have not led to statistically significant differences in performance, and it is not possible to identify the most efficient building office scale size. Full article
15 pages, 522 KiB  
Article
Deficiencies in Project Governance: An Analysis of Infrastructure Development Program
by Asadullah Khan, Muhammad Waris, Ishak Ismail, Mirza Rizwan Sajid, Mehfooz Ullah and Faisal Usman
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010009 - 11 Jan 2019
Cited by 16 | Viewed by 7602
Abstract
The governance of public sector infrastructure projects became an important topic of interest in the project, program, and portfolio management literature during the last decade. Today, it is becoming a central focus for policymakers seeking to ensure success in selecting, designing, and implementing [...] Read more.
The governance of public sector infrastructure projects became an important topic of interest in the project, program, and portfolio management literature during the last decade. Today, it is becoming a central focus for policymakers seeking to ensure success in selecting, designing, and implementing government-sponsored programs of multi-projects. Due to the multiple underlying risks and complexities, the governance of infrastructure programs constitutes a critical element in strategic planning in developing countries. This paper has analyzed the infrastructure development program in Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Pakistan), and revealed major shortcomings in the areas of decision-making, stakeholder management, and role ambiguity. Approaches to remedy these shortcomings have, thus, been proposed. Full article
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18 pages, 1420 KiB  
Article
The Value of Public Sector Risk Management: An Empirical Assessment of Ghana
by Yusheng Kong, Peter Yao Lartey, Fatoumata Binta Maci Bah and Nirmalya B. Biswas
Adm. Sci. 2018, 8(3), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci8030040 - 31 Jul 2018
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 8924
Abstract
This study investigates risk management practices in public entities in the Ghana. We relied on the popular framework designed by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission—COSO, to advocate for possible ways to minimize the occurrence and effects of risk in [...] Read more.
This study investigates risk management practices in public entities in the Ghana. We relied on the popular framework designed by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission—COSO, to advocate for possible ways to minimize the occurrence and effects of risk in public organizations. The internal control elements used include: control environment, commitment to ethics, segregation of duties, review and information and communication. These constitute the explanatory variables used in performing multivariate data analysis to determine the dimensionality of the data set and possible outcomes. The exploratory research followed a quantitative approach using the survey method and a structured equation model. We established that, due to globalization and increases in the scale of operations, it is practically impossible for management through the help of auditors and those in charge of governance to validate the entire operations of the public sector to ensure strict compliance to internal control principles, in order to minimize the detrimental impacts of risk. However, an alternative sustainability depends on the prominence of quality financial reporting, compliance, commitment to ethical values and consistency in pursuit of the strategic and operational objectives based on good corporate governance. On the other hand, the implications of risks should be embedded in the minds of public servants as part of the organizational culture that will complement existing tools and techniques of internal control. Full article
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