Table of Contents
Galaxies, Volume 7, Issue 1 (March 2019)
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Cover Story (view full-size image) The particle-in-cell (PIC) method was developed to investigate microscopic phenomena, and with the [...] Read more. The particle-in-cell (PIC) method was developed to investigate microscopic phenomena, and with the advances in computing power, newly developed codes have been used for several fields, such as astrophysical, magnetospheric, and solar plasmas. PIC applications have grown extensively, with large computing powers available in supercomputers such as Pleiades and Blue Waters in the US. For astrophysical plasma research, PIC methods have been utilized for several topics, such as reconnection, pulsar dynamics, non-relativistic shocks, relativistic shocks, and relativistic jets. This review summarizes PIC simulations, starting with the Weibel instability in slab models of jets, and then focuses on global relativistic jet evolution in helical magnetic field geometry. In particular, we address kinetic Kelvin–Helmholtz instabilities and mushroom instabilities besides the Weibel instabilities. View this paper