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Open AccessArticle

Relativistic Jet Simulations of the Weibel Instability in the Slab Model to Cylindrical Jets with Helical Magnetic Fields

1
Department of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, Alabama A&M University, Normal, AL 35762, USA
2
Institute for Theoretical Physics, Goethe University, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
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Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Apartado 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
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Institute of Space Science, Atomistilor 409, RO-077125 Bucharest-Magurele, Romania
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Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Gent, Proeftuinstraat 86, B-9000 Gent, Belgium
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Space Sciences & Technologies for Astrophysics Research (STAR) Institute Universite de Liege, Sart Tilman, 4000 Liège, Belgium
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Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Kraków, Poland
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Institut fur Physik und Astronomie, Universität Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany
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DESY, Platanenallee 6, 15738 Zeuthen, Germany
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Laboratory for the Universe and THeory, Observatore de Paris-Meudon, 5 Place Jules Jansen, 92195 Meudon CEDEX, France
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Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
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Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Galaxies 2019, 7(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/galaxies7010029
Received: 14 November 2018 / Revised: 17 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 30 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cosmic Plasmas and Electromagnetic Phenomena)
The particle-in-cell (PIC) method was developed to investigate microscopic phenomena, and with the advances in computing power, newly developed codes have been used for several fields, such as astrophysical, magnetospheric, and solar plasmas. PIC applications have grown extensively, with large computing powers available on supercomputers such as Pleiades and Blue Waters in the US. For astrophysical plasma research, PIC methods have been utilized for several topics, such as reconnection, pulsar dynamics, non-relativistic shocks, relativistic shocks, and relativistic jets. PIC simulations of relativistic jets have been reviewed with emphasis placed on the physics involved in the simulations. This review summarizes PIC simulations, starting with the Weibel instability in slab models of jets, and then focuses on global jet evolution in helical magnetic field geometry. In particular, we address kinetic Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities and mushroom instabilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: particle-in-cell simulations; relativistic jets; the Weibel instability; kink-like instability; mushroom instability; global jets; helical magnetic fields; recollimation shocks particle-in-cell simulations; relativistic jets; the Weibel instability; kink-like instability; mushroom instability; global jets; helical magnetic fields; recollimation shocks
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nishikawa, K.-I.; Mizuno, Y.; Gómez, J.L.; Duţan, I.; Meli, A.; Niemiec, J.; Kobzar, O.; Pohl, M.; Sol, H.; MacDonald, N.; Hartmann, D.H. Relativistic Jet Simulations of the Weibel Instability in the Slab Model to Cylindrical Jets with Helical Magnetic Fields. Galaxies 2019, 7, 29.

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