Next Article in Journal
Fermentation of Blackberry with L. plantarum JBMI F5 Enhance the Protection Effect on UVB-Mediated Photoaging in Human Foreskin Fibroblast and Hairless Mice through Regulation of MAPK/NF-κB Signaling
Previous Article in Journal
Curcumin, Gut Microbiota, and Neuroprotection
Previous Article in Special Issue
Nutraceutical Supplements in the Thyroid Setting: Health Benefits beyond Basic Nutrition
Open AccessCommunication

Endemic Goiter and Iodine Prophylaxis in Calabria, a Region of Southern Italy: Past and Present

1
Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
2
Centro Sanitario, University of Calabria, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2428; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102428
Received: 11 September 2019 / Revised: 2 October 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 11 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Iodine Intake on Human Health)
Iodine, a micronutrient that plays a pivotal role in thyroid hormone synthesis, is essential for proper health at all life stages. Indeed, an insufficient iodine intake may determine a thyroid dysfunction also with goiter, or it may be associated to clinical features such as stunted growth and mental retardation, referred as iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs). Iodine deficiency still remains an important public health problem in many countries, including Italy. The effective strategy for the prevention and control of IDDs is universal salt iodization, which was implemented in Italy in 2005 as a nationwide program adopted after the approval of an Italian law. Despite an improvement in the iodine intake, many regions in Italy are still characterized by mild iodine deficiency. In this review, we provide an overview of the historical evolution of the iodine status in the Calabria region, located in the South of Italy, during the past three decades. In particular, we have retraced an itinerary from the first epidemiological surveys at the end of the 1980s to the establishment of the Regional Observatory of Endemic Goiter and Iodine Prophylaxis, which represents an efficient model for the surveillance of IDDs and monitoring the efficacy of iodine prophylaxis.
Keywords: iodine deficiency; iodine prophylaxis; goiter; urinary iodine concentration iodine deficiency; iodine prophylaxis; goiter; urinary iodine concentration
MDPI and ACS Style

Giordano, C.; Barone, I.; Marsico, S.; Bruno, R.; Bonofiglio, D.; Catalano, S.; Andò, S. Endemic Goiter and Iodine Prophylaxis in Calabria, a Region of Southern Italy: Past and Present. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2428.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop